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Saar, Betye Irene Brown. (b. Los Angeles, CA, 1926; active Los Angeles, CA, 2013)
 

Bibliography and Exhibitions

MONOGRAPHS AND SOLO EXHIBITIONS:

Ann Arbor (MI). University of Michigan Museum of Art.
BETYE SAAR: Extending the Frozen Moment.
October 15, 2005-January 8, 2006.
176 pp. exhib. cat., 61 color plates, additional color text illus., 10 b&w illus., chronol., bibliog., index. Artist's statement; texts by James Christen Steward, Deborah Willis, Kellie Jones, Richard Candida Smith, Sean M. Ulmer, Lowery Stokes Sims. Includes 57 works from 1967-2004. [Traveled to: Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL, March 18-June 4, 2006; Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, September 8-December 3, 2006; Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA, January 27-April 29, 2007.] 4to (31 cm.; 12.5 x 9.5 in.), cloth, pictorial d.j. First ed.

Ann Arbor (MI). University of Michigan Museum of Art.
BETYE SAAR: Fragmentation, Photography and the Time in Between.
2005.
Solo exhibition. [Also traveled to: West Palm Beach (FL). Norton Museum of Art, Mar. 18-June 11, 2006; Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Nov. 8-December 26, 2006.]

Auckland (New Zealand). ArtSpace.
BETYE SAAR: Fragments of Fate.
1989.
Solo exhibition.

Bauman, Suzanne [Dir.].
Spirit Catcher: The Art of BETYE SAAR (Video).
1977.
Film about Betye Saar’s deep interest in the mystical merges with social concerns. Discussion of assemblages, her interest in Caribbean culture, her use of astrology, the occult, fetishes, and historical photographs, and her ability to liberate stereotype images from derogatory contexts, thus creating new levels of awareness. [From the series Originals: Women in Art.] VHS-NTSC: color; sd; 30 min.

Berkeley (CA). Berkeley Art Center.
BETYE SAAR: Black Girl's Window.
December 15, 1972-January 25, 1973.
Solo exhibition. Announcement.

Brooklyn (NY). The Feminist Art Journal.
The Feminist Art Journal vol. 4, no. 4 (Winter 1975-76).
1976.
This issue contains important 6 pp. interview with BETYE SAAR (6 b&w illus.) by journal editor Cindy Nemser. 4to, wraps.

Cambridge (MA). List Visual Arts Center, MIT.
Mojotech: BETYE SAAR at M.I.T.
May 16-June 27, 1987.
Solo exhibition.

Canberra (Australia). Canberra School of Art.
BETYE SAAR: Uneasy Dancer.
1983.
Solo exhibition.

Carpenter, Jane H. with Betye Saar.
BETYE SAAR (David C. Driskell Series of African American Art, v. 2).
San Francisco: Pomegranate Press, 2003.
x, 116 pp., 70 full-page color plates, bibliog., index. Foreword by David Driskell. 4to (29 cm.; 11.3 x 9 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

Chicago (IL). Objects Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Sentimental Souvenirs.
1991.
Solo exhibition.

Conwill, Houston.
Interview with BETYE SAAR.
1979.
In: Black Art Quarterly Vol. 3, no. 1 (1979): 4-15. A conversation between two artists. 4to, wraps.

Des Moines (IA). Des Moines Art Center.
BETYE SAAR: The Visual Journey.
1996.
Solo exhibition.

EAST LANSING (MI). Kresge Art Museum, Michigan State University.
Kresge Art Museum Bulletin Vol. VII (1992) [BETYE SAAR].
1992.
132 pp. This issue includes an extensive interview with Betye Saar (with 1 b&w illus. and color cover plate,) 8vo, wraps.

Encino (CA). Kozlow Gallery.
BETYE SAAR.
1964.
Solo exhibition.

Eugene (OR). University of Oregon.
BETYE SAAR.
1978.
Solo exhibition.

Freeman, Linda (Prod.) and David Irving (Dir.).
BETYE and ALISON SAAR: Conjure Women of the Arts (Video).
1994.
Examines the personal and artistic relationship between artists Betye Saar and her daughter Alison Saar. Both artists are shown working in their studios, discussing their influences, and collaborating on the installation piece, House of Gris Gris. VHS-NTSC: color, sd.; 28 min.

Fresno (CA). Fresno Art Museum.
BETYE SAAR: The Secret Heart.
September 7, 1993-January 9, 1994.
40 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus. Text by Lizzetta LeFalle Collins. 4to (28 cm.), pictorial wraps. First ed.

Fullerton (CA). California State University Art Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Resurrection -- Site Installations, 1977 to 1987.
1988.
36 pp., 12 illus. (including 10 full-page color plates), biog., bibliog. Intro. by Dextra Frankel; text by Lowery S. Sims. Small sq. 4to (23 cm.), stiff wraps., pictorial d.j. First ed.

Hartford (CT). Wadsworth Atheneum.
BETYE SAAR (Matrix 22).
Early July-August, 1976.
4 pp. exhib. brochure, b&w cover illus., checklist of collage and assemblage works, biog., exhibs. Brief text. 8vo, folded sheet, printed on both sides.

Hurston, Zora Neale and BETYE SAAR (serigraphs).
Bookmarks from the Pages of Life.
New York: The Limited Editions Club, 2000.
Six short stories by Zora Neale Hurston (64 pp.), selected and illustrated with six original full-page serigraph prints by Betye Saar: Magnolia flower -- Mother Catherine -- High John De Conquer -- The conscience of the court -- The Bone of contention -- Now you cookin’ with gas. Powerful complex collage images created in fabric and faded old photographs have been transferred under Saar's direction to beautifully silkscreened color and sepia-toned prints on hand-torn heavy Rosaspina paper (imbued with cinnamon bark), a paper also specially selected by the artist. Printed at Drexel Press. A perfect match of text and visual narrative on African American identity. Numbered and signed by Saar in the colophon. [The prints were also issued as a portfolio with all prints individually signed in a limited ed. of 75.) Small folio (39 cm.; 16 1/4 x 12 1/4 in), bound in dark brown half leather over a special binding of paper and cinnamon bark, in a clamshell box covered in coffee-colored raw silk with inset gilt-stamped leather spine label. Limited numbered ed. of 300.

Kuala Lampur (Malaysia)..
BETYE SAAR: Shadow Song.
1988.
Solo exhibition.

Long Beach (CA). Long Beach Museum of Art.
Similar Differences: BETYE and ALISON SAAR.
1990.
The video profiles mother and daughter artists Betye and Alison Saar who work with sculpture and installation, frequently using found objects, wood, and sheet metal to evoke sacred African American rituals and images. Similar Differences was produced in concert with their collaborative exhibition "Secrets, Dialogues, Revelations," Wight Gallery, UCLA, 1990. [Distributed by Video Data Bank.] Video; color, sd. 09:30 min.

Los Angeles (CA). Ankrum Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Prints and Drawings.
1966.
Solo exhibition.

Los Angeles (CA). Baum/Silverman Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: New Work.
May 16-June 30, 1981.
Solo exhibition.

Los Angeles (CA). Baum/Silverman Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: New Work.
1979.
Solo exhibition.

Los Angeles (CA). Baum/Silverman Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Ritual.
1977.
Solo exhibition.

Los Angeles (CA). California State University.
BETYE SAAR (Selected Works 1964-1973).
October 1-25, 1973.
Solo exhibition.

Los Angeles (CA). Jan Baum Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Crossings.
1998.
Solo exhibition.

Los Angeles (CA). Multi-Cul Gallery.
BETYE SAAR.
1972.
Solo exhibition.

Los Angeles (CA). Museum of Contemporary Art.
BETYE SAAR.
July 2, 1984-October 7, 1984; Oasis, October 20, 1984-January 6, 1985 1984.
68 pp. exhib. cat. for two separate successive exhibitions: Selected Assemblages and Oasis (a site installation), with checklist of 46 works, illus. throughout, 6 color plates, 24 b&w illus., biog., exhibs., awards, colls., bibliog. Text by Peter Clothier. Beautifully designed by Sheila Levant de Bretteville. 2 small pieces of Saar's found object work specially created for the catalogue laid in (as issued). 8vo (22 cm.), stiff pink self-wraps. Ed. of 2500.

Los Angeles (CA). Museum of Contemporary Art.
BETYE SAAR [Selected Assemblages and Oasis].
1984.
68 pp. exhib. cat., checklist of 46 works, 6 color plates, 24 b&w illus., biog., exhibs., awards, colls., bibliog. Designed to accompany two exhibitions: Selected Assemblages (July 2, 1984-October 7, 1984) and Oasis, a site installation (October 20, 1984-January 6, 1985). Text by Peter Clothier; ed. Julia Brown. Beautifully designed by Sheila Levant de Bretteville. Issued with 2 small pieces of Saar's found-object work specially selected for the catalogue, laid in. 8vo, stiff pink self-wraps. Ed. of 2500.

Los Angeles (CA). Museum of Contemporary Art.
BETYE SAAR: In Context: Selected Assemblages.
July 21-October 7, 1984.
Exhib. cat., illus., checklist of 12 works. Text by Peter Clothier. The first of a two-part exhibition consisting of forty-eight works. Both shows were installed at 165 N. Central Ave., across the street from the Temporary Contemporary. The second part of the exhibition "Oasis" ran from October 20, 1984-January 6, 1985.

Los Angeles (CA). Saxon-Lee Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Altar of the Heart.
February, 1988.
Solo exhibition.

Manila (The Philippines)..
BETYE SAAR: House of Fortune.
1988.
Solo exhibition.

Mission Viejo (CA). Saddleback College of Art Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: A Woman's Boat: Voyages.
1998.
Solo exhibition.

Nemser, Cindy.
Conversation with BETYE SAAR.
1975.
In: Feminist Art Journal (Winter 1975/1976):19-24. Important early interview.

New Brunswick (NJ). Douglass College, Rutgers University.
Women Artists Series, Year 5: BETYE SAAR.
1976.
Solo exhibition.

New York (NY). Gallery 62, National Urban League.
BETYE SAAR: Collages.
May 7-June 15, 1979.
Unpag. (12 pp.) exhib. cat. photo of artist, plus 9 illus., checklist of 30 works, biog., exhibs. Statement by Saar and brief statement by Deborah Wharton; curated with text by Dr. Augustus Brown. Collages (1976-79) developed from mementos of the artist's great aunt, grouped in three series: Hankies, Letters from Home, Autographs. Small 8vo (21 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed.

New York (NY). Hypo Square, HypoBank.
BETYE SAAR: Signs of the Times.
1992.
Exhib. cat., illus. Text by Zina Davis. Solo exhibition. 4to, blue printed wraps. First ed.

New York (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Cage, A New Series of Assemblages and Collages.
November 6, 2010-January 15, 2011.
148 pp. exhib. cat., 25 color plates. Text by George Lipsitz. [Traveled to: California African American Museum, Los Angeles, CA, 2011.] 4to (13 x 9 in.), cloth spine, boards with die-cut title.

New York (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Colored: Consider the Rainbow.
September 12-November 2, 2002.
59 pp. exhib. cat., profuse color illus., checklist. Text by Leslie King-Hammond. Exhibition of thirty recent assemblages and collages. [Traveled to Columbus Museum Uptown, Columbus, GA, February 13-April 6, 2003.] 4to (26 cm.), cloth. Ed. of 2000.

New York (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: In Service, A Version of Survival.
March 9-May 6, 2000.
24 pp. exhib. cat., 14 color plates, chronol., checklist of works. Text by Lizzetta LaFalle-Collins. 4to (23 cm.), boards. First ed.

New York (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Migrations / Transformations.
September 8-October 28, 2006.
68 pp. exhib. cat., 62 color plates. Essays by Whitfield Lovell, Tracye Saar-Cavanaugh, Lowery Stokes Sims, and Sean M. Ulmer. Exhibition of seventeen mixed media collages and assemblages, Saar narrates seventeen distinctive journeys. Layered clues - a gold button, an African mask, a slave ship diagram, a weathered photograph, a pressed leaf, a tattered American flag - construct fictional biographies of nameless characters who represent the historical passages of millions. Large 4to (34 cm.), boards. First ed.

New York (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Workers + Warriors, The Return of Aunt Jemima.
September 10-October 31, 1998.
36 pp, 25 full-page color plates (including 2 fold-out), 1 b&w illus., bibliog. Text by Arlene Raven. Political mixed-media found-object combines, reworking Aunt Jemima images and other racial stereotypes. [Traveled to Greenville County Museum of Art, Greenville SC, November 18, 1998-January 17, 1999; The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI, February 21-April 1, 1999.] 8vo (25 cm.), pictorial stiff wraps. Ed. of 2500.

New York (NY). Monique Knowlton.
BETYE SAAR.
1976.
Solo exhibition.

New York (NY). Monique Knowlton.
BETYE SAAR: New Collages.
1981.
Solo exhibition.

New York (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
Rituals: The Art of BETYE SAAR.
April 13-June 29, 1980.
24 pp. exhib. cat., 9 illus. (incl. 5 in color), notes, bibliog., checklist of 55 works (assemblages and collages, handerchief collages), chronol., exhibs. Text by Mary Schmidt Campbell; poem and statement by artist. Important early retrospective. Sq. 8vo (21 cm.), stapled black glossy card covers, lettered in white. First ed.

New York (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art.
BETYE SAAR.
March 20-April 20, 1975.
(4 pp.), 1 b&w illus., photo of artist, checklist of 35 works, biog, exhibs. Text by Marcia Tucker; poem by Josine Ianco Starrels. All fitted onto a four-paneled folding card - the scant record of this important and influential exhibition. Sq. 8vo, folded card.

Philadelphia (PA). Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.
BETYE SAAR: Sentimental Sojourn: Strangers & Souvenirs.
1987.
Solo exhibition.

Purchase (NY). Neuberger Museum of Art, SUNY-Purchase.
MELVIN EDWARDS Sculpture: A Thirty-Year Retrospective 1933-1993.
1993.
144 pp. retrospective exhib. cat., 164 illus. (16 in color). chronol. with photos by Lynne Kenny, bibliog. Text by Lucinda Gedeon, with additional texts by Michael Brenson, Josephine Gear, Lowery Stokes Sims. The first major retrospective on this highly important contemporary African American sculptor. Well researched, with numerous other artists mentioned throughout: Herman Kofi Bailey, Marvin Harden, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Charles White, Milton Young, Benny Andrews, Ed Bereal, Camille Billops, the artist's grandfather James Benjamin Edwards, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, William Majors, Hale Woodruff, Malcolm Bailey, Romare Bearden, Gwendolyn Bennett, Norman Lewis, William T. Williams, Emma Amos, Frank Bowling, Peter Bradley, Vivian Browne, Ed Clark, Emilio Cruz, Al Loving, Bill Rivers, Jack Whitten, Bob Blackburn, Ernest Crichlow, Sam Gilliam, Lloyd McNeill, Frank Stewart, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Bill Hutson, Tom Feelings, Houston Conwill, Betye Saar, Grace Stanislaus, Beverly Buchanan, Tyrone Mitchell. 4to, wraps. First ed.

REED, ISHMAEL and BETYE SAAR (illus.).
A Secretary to the Spirits.
New York and London: NOK, 1978.
42 pp., 6 full-page illus. and several smaller in-text illus. and borders to poem titles. Reed's third book of poetry is combined here with Saar's mixed media images, created to illustrate the concepts and images in the verses. Her works combine elements of vodou, pop culture, antiquity, the occult, and found images from advertising, product labels, etc. 12mo (22 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

Rosemont (PA). Lawrence Gallery.
Going the Distance: A Generational Survey of Women Artists.
1997.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

Saar, Betye.
Personal Selection: Temple for Tomorrow.
Washington, DC: National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1994.
In: American Art 8 (Summer/Fall 1994):130-33, illus. Discussion of James Hampton's throne, including her first reactions to it; biog., illus. 4to, wraps.

SAAR, BETYE and ExhibitsUSA.
BETYE SAAR: Digital Griot.
New York: LTI/Voyager, 1998.
System requirements for Windows: 486DX-66 MHz or higher CPU; 640x480, 256-color display (accelerator recommended); 8 Mbytes RAM; MPC-2 compatible CD-ROM drive (double speed minimum); 16-bit sound card with external speakers or headphones; DOS 5.0 or later; Windows 3.1 or Windows 95. 1 computer laser disc: sd., col.; 4 3/4 in. + 1 user guide (6 pp.: col. illus.; 12 cm.)

Salina (CA). Salina Art Center.
BETYE SAAR: Personal Icons.
September 1-October 14, 1995.
46 pp., 11 color plates, b&w photo of artist, biog., exhibs., awards, colls., bibliog., exhib. checklist of 27 works. Includes: mixed-media, paintings, assemblages, polaroids made from 1987-1995. Intro. by Mary Kennedy McCabe; text by curator Lizzetta Lefalle-Collins, statement by artist. [Traveled to: William H. VanEvery Jr. Gallery, Davidson College, NC, November 4, 1995-January 7, 1996; DeSaisset Museum, Santa Clara, CA, January 28-March 16, 1996; Pennsylvania State University Art Gallery, University Park, April 6-May 24; Women and Their Work, Austin, TX, June 9-August 11; Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, NE, September 1-October 14; Tacoma Art Museum, WA, April 6-June 29, 1997; University Art Museum, University of New Mexico; Anderson Ranch Art Center, Snowmass Village, CO; and additional venues.] 12mo, stiff pictorial card wraps., plastic spiral binding. First ed.

San Antonio (TX). Southwest Craft Center, Emily Edwards Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Paperworks.
December 12, 1986-January 19, 1987.
Solo exhibition.

San Diego (CA). Mandeville Art Gallery, University of California-San Diego.
BETYE SAAR.
1979.
Solo exhibition.

San Francisco (CA). Quay Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Collages.
1982.
Solo exhibition.

Santa Monica (CA). Santa Monica Museum of Art.
BETYE SAAR: Limbo.
February, 1994.
Solo exhibition.

Savannah (GA). Savannah College of Art & Design [SCAD].
BETYE SAAR: As Time Goes By.
March 24-May 30, 2000.
32 pp. exhib. cat., 23 excellent color plates, notes, selected bibliog., checklist of 22 mixed media works from 1988-2000. Text by Judith Van Baron. 4to (10 x 8.5 in.), stapled printed vellum covered wraps. First ed.

Sebastian, Ellen and BETYE SAAR (illus.).
Sanctified Visions.
Los Angeles: Museum of Contemporary Art (Los Angeles, Calif.) Woman's Building1990.
Unpaginated (12 pp.) artist's book. Printed at the time of Saar's solo exhibition at MOCA, Los Angeles. The text consists of quotations from "Sanctified" by Ellen Sabastian. A three dimensional hand made paper book with vellum, collage, illustrations, handmade paper dust jacket, and other unusual details. A true artist's book, designed, printed letterpress and hand bound by Bonnie Thompson Norman and Cheri Gaulke at the Woman's Building , Los Angeles, CA. 12mo (16 x 17 cm.), wraps, Sewn fold binding, glued into folded paper cover, handmade green paper pulp dust jacket. Limited numbered ed. of 500.

State College (PA). Palmer Museum of Art, Pennsylvania State University.
BETYE SAAR: Tangled Roots.
1996.
Solo exhibition. Brochure with text by Patrick J. McGrady. Brochure.

Tacoma (WA). Tacoma Art Museum.
BETYE SAAR: Ritual and Remembrance.
1997.
Solo exhibition. [Traveled to California African American Museum, Los Angeles, CA]

Taichung (Taiwan). Taichung Museum of Art.
BETYE SAAR: Voyages, Dreams & Destinations.
1988.
Solo exhibition.

Van Proyen, Mark.
A Conversation with BETYE and ALISON SAAR.
1991.
In: ArtWeek vol. 22 (August 15, 1991):3.

Wellington (New Zealand). Wellington City Art Gallery.
BETYE SAAR: Illusions.
1989.
Solo exhibition.

West Hartford (CT). Joseloff Gallery, University of Hartford.
BETYE SAAR: The Ritual Journey.
1992.
Solo exhibition.

Willette, Jeanne S.M.
Stitching Lives: Fabric in the Arts of BETYE SAAR.
1977.
In: Fiberarts 23, No. 5 (March/April 1977):44-48.

Withers, Josephine.
BETYE SAAR.
1980.
In: Feminist Studies Vol. 6, no. 2 (Summer 1980):336-341.

GENERAL BOOKS AND GROUP EXHIBITIONS:

ALTSCHULER, BRUCE, ed.
Collecting the New: Museums and Contemporary Art.
Princeton University Press, 2005.
208 pp., illus. Unfortunately discussion of a museum collecting African or African American art is ghettoized in two essays about specialized museum collections (as if no other museum professional would consider such a purchase.) Passing mention of 70+ African American artists (only 14 women), most in the essay by Lowery Stokes Sims (Director, Studio Museum in Harlem) "Collecting the Art of African Americans at the Studio Museum in Harlem: Positioning the 'New' from the Perspective of the Past." The African artists are primarily clustered in the text by Pamela McClusky (Curator of African and Oceanic Art, Seattle Art Museum) "The Unconscious Museum: Collecting Contemporary African Art without Knowing It." 8vo (9.2 x 6.1 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

AMHERST (MA). Fine Arts Center, University of Massachusetts.
The Belles of Amherst: Contemporary Women Artists.
May 31-September 8, 2002.
Group exhibition. Included: Elizabeth Catlett, Sonya Y.S. Clark, Deborah Dancy, Helen Ramsaran, Betye Saar.

AMHERST (MA). Herter Art Gallery, University of Massachusetts.
Contemporary American Collage 1960-1986.
1987.
40 pp. exhib. catalogue, 44 b&w illus., 5 color plates, checklist of 63 works, addendum with biogs., laid in. Essay by Trevor Richardson. Includes: Romare Bearden, Sam Gilliam, Betye Saar. Oblong 4to (8 1/4 x 11 in.), wraps.

APPIAH, KWAME ANTHONY and HENRY LOUIS GATES, Jr.
Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience.
Oxford University Press, 1999; 2005.
5 Vols. 4500 pp., 1000 photographs, maps, illus. Expanded to 8 vols. No new information or in-depth discussion of the visual arts. Names of visual artists included in the accounts of each period of black history are often lumped into a one sentence list; very few have additional biographical entries. [As of 2011, far more substantial information on most of the artists is available from Wikipedia than is included in this Encyclopedia.] Includes mention of: James Presley Ball, Jean-Michel Basquiat, David A. Bailey, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Cornelius Battey, Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey, Everald Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Roland Charles, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Albert V. Chong, Robert H. Colescott, Allan R. Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Murry Depillars, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, the Goodridge Brothers, Rex Goreleigh, Tapfuma Gutsa, Palmer Hayden, Lyle Ashton Harris, Chester Higgins, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Seydou Keita, Lois Mailou Jones, William (Woody) Joseph, Wifredo Lam, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Fern Logan, Stephen Marc, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Willie Middlebrook, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald Motley, Gordon Parks, Horace Pippin, Prentiss H. Polk, James A. Porter, Elizabeth Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Chéri Samba, Augusta Savage, Jeffrey Scales, Addison L. Scurlock, Charles Sebree, Johannes Segogela, Twins Seven-Seven, Coreen Simpson, Lorna Simpson, Moneta Sleet, Marvin & Morgan Smith, Renée Stout, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Hank Willis Thomas, Dox Thrash, James Vanderzee, Christian Walker, the Wall of Respect, Laura Wheeler Waring, Augustus Washington, Carrie Mae Weems, Charles White, Cynthia Wiggins, Carla Williams, Pat Ward Williams, et al. The entry on African Women Artists includes an odd and out-of-date collection of names: Elizabeth Olowu, Agnes Nyanhongo, Alice Sani, Iriji Efflatoun, Grace Chigumira, Thersa Musoke, Palma Sintoa, Elsa Jacob, and Terhas Iyassu. Hopefully future editions will follow the path of the substantially expanded edition of 2005 and will alter the overall impression that black visual artists are not worth the time and attention of the editors. [Note: Now out-of-print and available only through exorbitant subscription to the Oxford African American Studies Center (OAASC) a single database incorporating multiple Oxford encyclopedias, ongoing addiitions will apparently be unavailable to individuals or to most small libraries in the U.S. or worldwide.] 4to (29 cm.; 10.9 x 8.6 in.), cloth. Seond ed.

ASHLAND (OR). Schneider Museum of Art.
Artist as Social Critic: Enrique Chagoya, Betye Saar, Roger Shimomura, and Ben Sakoguchi.
2008.
Group exhibition.

ATLANTA (GA). High Museum of Art.
African American Art in Atlanta: Public and Corporate Collections.
May 11-June 17, 1984.
18 pp., 16 b&w illus., checklist of 72 works by 50 artists, including numerous women artists. Text by Evelyn Mitchell. Important early reference. Includes: Jim Adair, Terry Adkins, Benny Andrews, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Herman Kofi Bailey, Romare Bearden, Shirley Bolton, Beverly Buchanan, Elizabeth Catlett, Floyd Coleman, Allan Rohan Crite, Michael Cummings, Joseph Delaney, Robert Duncanson, Tina Marie Dunkley, Sam Gilliam, Michael Harris, Jenelsie Holloway, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Viola Burley-Leak, Larry Francis Lebby, Samella Lewis, Arturo Lindsay, Jerome Meadows, John M. Howard, Lev Mills, Sana Musasama, Curtis Patterson, Maurice Pennington, Robert Edwin Peppers, K. Joy Ballard-Peters, Howardena Pindell, John Riddle, John D. Robinson, Betye Saar, Thomas Shaw, Jewel W. Simon, Freddie Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Carlton Omar Thompson, Yvonne Thompson, Charles White, Claudia Widdis, Sandra Kate Williams, John Wilson, and Hale Woodruff. Sq. 8vo (22 x 22 cm; 8.5 x 8.5 in.), wraps. First ed.

ATLANTA (GA). Spelman College Museum.
Bearing Witness: Contemporary Works by African-American Women Artists.
1996.
176 pp. exhib. cat., 80 color plates, 14 b&w illus., chronol., extensive bibliog., index. Ed. Jontyle Theresa Robinson; foreword by Maya Angelou, six essays, chronol., bibliog., index. A beautiful book with fine scholarly texts by African American women art historians covering the accomplishments of important women artists whose work has been absent from many other surveys. Includes: Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Hilda Wilkinson Brown, Beverly Buchanan, Selma H. Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Sarah Mapps Douglass, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Maren Hassinger, Freida High, Charnelle Holloway, Varnette P. Honeywood, Stephanie Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jean Lacy, Mary Edmonia Lewis, Valerie Maynard, Geraldine McCullough, Howardena, Pindell, Stephanie Pogue, Harriet Powers, Debra Priestly, Elizabeth Prophet, Rachelle Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, Lorna Simpson, Alma W. Thomas, Annie E.A. Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Philemona Williamson, Beulah Ecton Woodard. [Traveled to: Tuskegee University Art Gallery, Tuskegee, AL; Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, IN; St. Paul Museum, St. Paul, MN; Museum of African-American Culture, Fort Worth, TX; Portland Museum of Art, Portland, OR; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX.] 4to, cloth, dust jacket. First ed.

BAERT, RENEE, ed.
Territories of Difference.
Banff: Walter Phillips Gallery, 1993.
189 pp., illus. Writings on art, culture, and the politics of difference, primarily through the lens of Canadian history. Contributors include: Loretta Todd, Marlene Norbese Philip, Gwaganad (Diane Brown), Norbert Ruebsaat, Cameron Bailey, Monika Kin Gagnon, Kim Sawchuk, Rachel Weiss, Daina Augaitis, Amy Gogarty. Artists of African descent include: José Bedia and Betye Saar. 8vo (23 cm.), wraps.

BALTIMORE (MD). Maryland Historical Society and Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History and Culture.
At Freedom's Door: Challenging Slavery in Maryland.
February 3-October 28, 2007.
13 pp. brochure, illustrated in color. Historic investigation of Maryland's history of slavery. New works were commissioned from the following artists for the exhibition: Linda Day Clark, Maren Hassinger, Sam Christian Holmes, Whitfield Lovell, Michael Platt, and Joyce J. Scott. The exhibition included work by: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Willie Cole, Leo and Diane Dillon, Jacob Lawrence, Valerie Maynard, Anderson Pigatt, Jerry Pinkney, Betye Saar, Danny Simmons, Hank Willis Thomas. Joan M.E. Gaither and Arvie Smith were artists-in-residence on the project. Brochure. [digital.mica.edu/exhibition/word%20docs/AFD_finalbrochure.pdf]

BALTIMORE (MD). Maryland Institute College of Art.
Art as a Verb: The Evolving Continuum: Installations, Performances and Videos by 13 Afro-American Artists.
November 21, 1988-January 8, 1989.
Unpag. (42 pp.) exhib. cat., 14 illus. (11 in color)., biogs., awards, exhibs. for each of the 13 artists, bibliog. Texts by Leslie King-Hammond and Lowery Stokes Sims. Includes: Charles Abramson, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, Candace Hill-Montgomery, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Senga Nengudi, Lorraine O'Grady, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Faith Ringgold. Betye Saar, Joyce Scott, Kaylynn Sullivan. [Traveled to Met Life Gallery, March 6-April 8, 1989; Studio Museum in Harlem, March 12-June 18, 1989.] [Review: Arlene Raven, "Mojotech," Village Voice (March 28, 1989):93.] Sq. 8vo (23 x 23 cm.), wraps. First ed.

BANFF, Alberta (Canada). Walter Phillips Gallery, Banff Centre for the Arts.
Among Africas/In America: Betye Saar and José Bedia.
1990.
Two-person exhibition.

BATTLE CREEK (MI). Battle Creek Art Center.
American Black Art: Black Belt to Hill Country: the Known and the New.
January 9-February 13, 1977.
Unpag. (20 pp) exhib. cat., 15 b&w illus., checklist of 63 items. Text by J. Kline Hobbs. Includes: Benny Andrews, Steve Ashby, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Bruce Brice, Bernie Casey, Nathaniel Choate, Paul Collins, John E. Dowell, Robert S. Duncanson, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Russell T. Gordon, Ray Hamilton, David Hammons, Rufus Hinton, Jenelsie Holloway, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Lester L. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, W. H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Al Loving, Charles McGee, Allie McGhee, Richard Mayhew, Robert Merriweather, Keith Morrison, Archibald Motley, Jr., Robert Murray, Inez Nathaniel, Leslie Payne, Elijah Pierce, Robert Reid (as Reed), Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, William Edouard Scott, Charles Sebree, Henry O. Tanner, Wilson E. Thompson, Charles White, Walter J. Williams, Hale Woodruff, Joseph Yoakum. Small oblong 8vo, stapled black paper covers lettered in white. First ed.

BENNINGTON (VT). Bennington Museum.
Reimaging the Distaff Toolkit.
March-May, 2008.
Exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition. Curated by Rickie Solinger. Included: Colin Chase, Debra Priestly and Betye Saar. An exhibition of contemporary art work, each of which has, at its visible core, a tool that was important for women's domestic labor in the past (from the 18th century through World War II). The old tool becomes the fulcrum for a new work of art. [Traveled to: Mead Art Museum, Amherst, MA; Denison University Museum, Granville, OH; Gardiner Art Gallery, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK; Eleanor D. Wilson Museum, Hollins University, Roanoke, VA; The Morris Museum, Morristown, NJ; Mandeville Gallery, Union College, Schenectady, NY.]

BENTLEY, KENNETH W.
Beyond a Dream. Black Women in the Arts.
Los Angeles: Carnation, 1985.
Short shrift to visual arts. Includes only Betye Saar, Nanette Carter, Anna Rich, LaVon Leak (art director, Essence). Biog., quotations, discussion of work, photos for each.

BERGER, MAURICE.
How Art Becomes History: Essays on Art, Society, and Culture in Post-New Deal America.
New York: HarperCollins / Icon, 1992.
200 pp., 62 illus., notes, index. Including topics such as racial and cultural politics of the museum, sexual liberation, and avant-garde film, the politics of artists' writings in the 1980s, Adrian Piper, interviews with Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Pat Ward Williams, Johnetta Cole. Brief mention of Africobra, Benny Andrews, Robert Colescott, Roy DeCarava, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Maren Hassinger, Joe Lewis, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Carrie Mae Weems. 8vo, cloth, dust jacket. First ed.

BERKELEY (CA). Rainbow Sign Gallery.
Exhibit IV: Black Contributions (Black Heroes).
January 29-March 30, 1972.
Exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition curated by E. J. Montgomery. Included: 25 artists.

BERKELEY (CA). University Art Museum.
Women Artists in the Museum Collection.
1973.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

BERLIN (Germany). Orangerie, Schloss Charlottenburg.
Künstlerinnen International, 1877-1977.
March 8-April 10, 1977.
Group exhibition organized by Frauen in der Kunst. Over 100 artists. Included: Betye Saar.

BERNIER, CELESTE-MARIE.
African American Visual Arts: From Slavery to the Present.
Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
xii, 264 pp., 12 pp. illus. (16 in color), bibliog., index. Features 21 artists, including Elizabeth Catlett, Jacob Lawrence, William Edmondson, Howardena Pindell, Charles Alston, Romare Bearden, Norman Lewis, Betye Saar, Horace Pippin, Kara Walker, et al. 8vo (23 x 15 cm.; 8.4 x 5.4 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

BILLINGSLEA-BROWN, ALMA JEAN.
Crossing Borders through Folklore: African American Women's Fiction and Art.
Columbia: University of Mississippi Press, 1999.
160 pp., 15 illus. Includes discussion of the art of Faith Ringgold and Betye Saar. 8vo (24 x 16 cm.), wraps.

BILLINGSLEA-BROWN, ALMA JEAN.
The folk aesthetic in contemporary African American women's fiction and visual art.
Ann Arbor: UMI Dissertation Services, 1998.
xi, 263 leaves : illus. (some col.) Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Dallas, 1989. Includes: Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar. 8vo (21 cm.). Photocopy.

BIRMINGHAM (AL). Birmingham Museum of Art.
Etched in Collective History.
August 25-December 17, 2013.
Group exhibition in memory of the Sixteenth St. Baptist Church bombing. Sixty works by 30 artists. Included: Betye Saar.

BJELAJAC, DAVID.
American Art: A Cultural History.
New York: Prentice-Hall, 2004.
512 pp., 400 illus. (150 in color), bibliog. of books cited and books consulted for each chapter. Brief mention of: James Presley Ball, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, David Hammons, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Gordon Parks, Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson, Henry Ossawa Tanner, James Vanderzee, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems. This book is mentioned here because it is popular enough to have been reprinted and is credited as considering "America's visual culture as an arena in which conflicting notions of class, gender, race, and regional allegiance are fought." [Back cover blurb.] Unfortunately, this claim is not fulfilled. 4to (11.3 x 8.8 in.), cloth, d.j. 2nd ed.

BOLDEN, TONYA.
Wake up our Souls: A Celebration of Black American Artists.
New York: Abrams in association with Smithsonian American Art Museum, 2004.
128 pp., photo of each artist and 1-3 color illustrations for each, notes, glossary of art terms, bibliog., suggested reading, index. Written for young adults. Includes 32 artists illustrated with art from the Smithsonian's collection: Edward Mitchell Bannister, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Robert S. Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, James Hampton, Palmer Hayden, Felrath Hines, Earlie Hudnall, Jr., William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Malvin Gray Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Winnie Owens-Hart, Gordon Parks, James Porter, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Renée Stout, Hughie Lee-Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, James VanDerZee, Hale Woodruff. 4to (27 cm.; 10 x 8 in), cloth, d.j. First ed.

BONTEMPS, ARNA, ed.
Forever Free: Art by African-American Women 1862-1980.
Hampton: Hampton University and Stephenson Inc., Alexandria, VA, 1980.
214 pp. exhib. cat., 44 color plates, 4 b&w illus., plus b&w thumbnail photos of artists, checklist of 118 works, biogs., bibliogs., colls, exhibs. for each artist. Intro. David Driskell; intro. by Roslyn A. Walker, book-length text by Arna Bontemps and Jacqueline Fonvielle-Bontemps; afterword by Keith Morrison; biogs. by Alan M. Gordon (often with quotes from the artists.) Artists include: Rose Auld, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Vivian E. Browne, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Catti, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Minnie Evans, Meta Fuller, Ethel Guest, Maren Hassinger, Adrienne Hoard, Varnette Honeywood, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, Suzanne Jackson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Vivian Key, Edmonia Lewis, Geraldine McCullough, Victoria Susan Meek, Eva Hamlin-Miller, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Winnie Owens, Delilah Pierce, Georgette Powell, Nancy Prophet, Helen Ramsaran, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Sylvia Snowden, Shirley Stark, Ann Tanksley, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, Yvonne Tucker, Annie Walker, Laura Waring, Deborah Wilkins, Viola Wood, Shirley Woodson, Estella Wright, Barbara Zuber. [Traveled to: Center for Visual Arts, Normal, IL; Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, Montgomery, AL; Indianapolis Museum of Art.] [Review by Susan Willand Worteck, Feminist Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1. (Spring, 1982):97-108.] Large 4to, cloth, pictorial d.j. First ed.

BOSTON (MA). Boston University Art Gallery.
Syncopated Rhythms: 20th-Century African American Art from the George and Joyce Wein Collection.
November 18, 2005-January 22, 2006.
100 pp. exhib. cat., 64 color illus. Curated with text by Patricia Hills and catalogue entries by Hills and Melissa Renn; foreword by Ed Bradley. Includes 60 works (paintings, sculpture, drawings and a painted story quilt.) Exhibition of a range of works done in the late 1920s through the 1990s and is particularly strong in works of the 1940s-'70s. Artists include: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Bruce Brice, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Miles Davis, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Minnie Evans, Palmer Hayden, Oliver Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Wifredo Lam, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Bob Thompson, Charles White, Michael Kelly Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff and Richard Yarde. 4to (28 x 22 cm.), wraps.

BRENSON, MICHAEL.
Black Artists: A Place in the Sun.
1989.
In: NYT, March 12, 1989. A long and important historical breakpoint article marking the beginning of a shift in art world opinion toward the work of black artists. "In a sleepy, uneventful art season, there are the rumblings of an earthquake. After years of being dismissed as not even worthy of consideration, the work of black American artists has become essential to the future of American art and to understanding who we are./ This is true even though black artists continue to encounter tremendous resistance within the institutionalized art world, particularly in New York. It is true even though most people who follow, show and buy contemporary art do not have a clue how rich and complex the art of black Americans is./ The reasons for the change go to the heart of the concerns of many black artists, and they go to the heart of this international and historical moment. In a decade when artists feel free to draw from any artistic tradition, in any era, many black artists have been implicitly raising the notion of a world culture in which African, Asian and South American art have as much of a place as the art of Europe and the United States." The article does mention 18 individuals, but the particular artists, named mostly due to their inclusion in recent New York shows, are not as important as the general thesis. Included: Benny Andrews, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Melvin Edwards (singled out for special notice), Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Alvin D. Loving, John L. Moore, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Martin Puryear, Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson, and Bob Thompson.

BRITTON, CRYSTAL A.
African-American Art: The Long Struggle.
New York: Smithmark, 1996.
128 pp., 107 color plates (mostly full-page and double-page), notes, index. Artists include: Terry Adkins, Charles Alston, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Radcliffe Bailey, Xenobia Bailey, James P. Ball, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Edward Mitchell Bannister, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, David Bustill Bowser, Grafton Tyler Brown, James Andrew Brown, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Ed Clark, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Renée Cox, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Giza Daniels-Endesha, Dave [the Potter], Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Leonardo Drew, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, William Farrow, Gilbert Fletcher, James Forman, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Michele Godwin, David Hammons, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Thomas Heath, white artist Jon Hendricks (no illus.), Robin Holder, May Howard Jackson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Lois Mailou Jones, Cliff Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie-Lee Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Juan Logan, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Sam Middleton, Scipio Moorhead, Keith Morrison, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Sana Musasama, Marilyn Nance, Gordon Parks, Marion Perkins, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Harriet Powers, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, Patrick Reason, Gary Rickson, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Lorna Simpson, William H. Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, Frank Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Nelson Stevens, Renée Stout, Freddie L. Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Jean Toche (no illus.), Lloyd Toone, Bill Traylor, James Vanderzee, Annie E. Walker, William Walker, Laura Wheeler Waring, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Grace Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Pat Ward Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, Hale Woodruff, et al. 4to (32 cm.), pictorial boards, d.j. First ed.

BROOKLYN (NY). Norte Maar.
To Be a Lady.
September 24, 2012-January 18, 2013.
Group exhibition of 45 women artists. Curated by Jason Andrew. Included: Alma Thomas, Betye Saar.

BROOKVILLE (NY). Hillwood Art Museum, Long Island University.
BOB BLACKBURN's Printmaking Workshop: Artists of Color.
1992.
62, (2) pp., 74 illus. (8 color plates), biographies of over fifty artists. Intro. by Kay Walkingstick; text by Noah Jemisin. One of the early references to Blackburn's profound influence on the printmaking world, and still not focusing on his own prints. A tribute to the Printmaking Workshop with illus. of more than 70 artists who worked with Blackburn (approximately two thirds of those included are Black artists.) Includes: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Henry Bannarn, Romare Bearden, Hameed Benjamin, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Betty Blayton, Marion Brown, Vivian Browne, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Adger Cowans, Ernest Crichlow, Nadine DeLawrence, Louis Delsarte, Aaron Douglas, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, (John) Solace Glenn, Michele Godwin, Rex Goreleigh, Manuel Hughes, Zell Ingram, Noah Jemison, Ronald Joseph, Mohammad Omer Khalil, Jacob Lawrence, Spencer Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Norma Morgan, Sara Murrell, Otto Neals, Nefertiti, Lee Pate, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, AJ Smith, Jr., Vincent Smith, Maxwell Taylor, Luther Vann, Charles White, Michael Kelly Williams, William T. Williams. [One of the most widely circulated exhibitions of African American art. Traveled to: Bronx River Art Center and Gallery, Bronx, NY; Bergstrom-Mahler Museum, Neenah, WI, October 3-November 21, 1993; ; Chicago Public Library, Chicago, IL, July 10-August 28, 1994; Telfair Academy of Art and Sciences, Savannah, GA, December 12, 1994-January 30, 1995; Fisk University, Nashville, TN, September 18, 1994-January 15, 1995; Albany Institute of History & Art, Albany, NY, September 3-December 31, 1995; Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University; Wichita, KS, April 16-June 4, 1995; The Roger Guffey Gallery; Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, February 5-March 26, 1995.] Small oblong 4to, wraps. First ed.

BROUDE, NORMA and MARY D. GARRARD.
The Power of Feminist Art.
New York: Abrams, 1994.
One of the first attempts to incorporate the history of Black feminism into the usual account of the feminist art movement. Artists and groups mentioned include: Carole Blank, Kay Brown, Beverly Buchanan, Viola Burley, Selma Burke, Carole Byard, Gylbert Coker, Jerrolyn Crooks, Iris Crump, Pat Davis, Margret Gallegos, Janet Olivia Henry, Jamillah Jennings, Lois Mailou Jones, Doris Kane, Mai Mai Leabua, Dindga McCannon, Senga Nengudi, Lorraine O'Grady, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Willi Posey; Charlotte Richardson, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Elizabeth Scott, Joyce Scott, Akweke Singho, Clarissa Sligh, Ann Tanksley, Jean Taylor, Judith Wilson. Groups mentioned include: Artists for Black Art Liberation (WSABAL), founded in 1970 by Faith Ringgold and her daughter Michele Wallace; Coast to Coast; Where We At Black Women Artists. 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed.

BROWN, BETTY ANN and ARLENE RAVEN.
Exposures: Women and Their Art.
Pasadena: NewSage Press, 1989.
115 pp., color illus. Forward by Alessandra Comini. Biographies of women artists (mostly 70s feminists). Includes: Betye Saar. 4to (26 cm.), wraps.

BROWN, CAROLINE A.
The Black Female Body in American Literature and Art : Performing Identity.
Rutgers University Press, 2012.
xvi, 289 pp., illus., bibliog., index. Brown considers how the writings of Toni Morrison, Gayl Jones, Paule Marshall, Edwige Danticat, Jamaica Kincaid, Andrea Lee, Gloria Naylor, and Martha Southgate are bound to such contemporary, modernist and postmodern visual artists as Lorna Simpson, Carrie Mae Weems, Kara Walker, Betye Saar and Faith Ringgold. 8vo (24 cm.), cloth, d.j.

BRUNSWICK (ME). Bowdoin College Museum of Art.
Modern Times: Alumni Collect.
October 14, 2007-March 9, 2008.
Group exhibition. Included: Glenn Ligon, Betye Saar, Kara Walker.

BUFFALO (NY). Albright-Knox Art Gallery.
The Appropriate Object.
March 5-April 23, 1989.
79 pp. exhib. cat., b&w and color plates, exhib. checklist of 74 works, biogs., exhibs., commissions for each artist. Text by Beryl Wright. Artists include: Maren Hassinger, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Al Loving, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, John T. Scott. Substantial African American traveling exhibition. [Traveled to: The Detroit Institute of Arts, May 15-July 15; San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, CA, August 26-October 15; J.B. Speed Art Museum, Louisville, KY, November 13, 1989-January 7, 1990.] [Review: Charlotte Moser, Artweek 20 (October 7, 1989):4.] 4to (28 cm.; 11 x 8.5 in.), wraps. Ed. of 1000.

BURBANK (CA). Artpeace Gallery.
The Figure Revisited.
January 21-March 11, 2006.
Group exhibition - the opening show of the gallery. Included: William Attaway, Joseph Beckles, Talita Long, Michael Platt, Kadir Nelson, Charla Puryear, Tony Ramos, Angela Robinson, Betye Saar,

CAMBRIDGE (MA). Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, Harvard University.
Strength and Diversity: A Celebration of African-American Artists.
April 6-May 5, 2000.
Group exhibition. Included: Willie Cole, Robert Colescott, Glenn Ligon, Martin Puryear, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Kara Walker, et al.

CAMBRIDGE (MA). List Visual Arts Center, MIT.
19 projects: artists-in-residence at the MIT List Visual Arts Center.
Cambridge: MIT, 1996.
122 pp., b&w and color illus., bibliog. Texts by Marie Cieri, et al. Betye Saar was the only African American artist invited to do a project. 4to (28 cm.), spiral-bound wraps. First ed.

CAMBRIDGE (MA). List Visual Arts Center, MIT and Bank of Boston Art Gallery.
L.A. Hot and Cool.
1987.
72 pp. exhib. cat., b&w illus. 34 artists. Included only Betye Saar. A landmark exhibition that brought many Chicano artists to the attention of the art world but did little to dispel the myth that there were no black artists of note in Los Angeles. 4to, pink and yellow dayglo stapled wraps. First ed.

CARTER, CYNTHIA JACOBS.
Africana Woman: Her Story Through Time.
National Geographic Society, 2003.
150 photographs. Included: Betye Saar, Synthia Saint James, et al. 4to, cloth, d.j.

CATTELL, JACQUES, ed.
Who's Who in American Art 16.
New York: Bowker, 1984.
Curators who are not also artists are included in this bibliographic entry but are not otherwise listed in the database: We are NOT going to go through all of these volumes over the decades; this one is catalogued simply to record the degree to which living African American artists had entered the conciousness of the mainstream American art world as of 1984. [Should be consulted along with Falk's Who Was Who in American Art (1985) to complete the "awareness list" as of the mid-1980s.] 160 artists are included here along with 1000 pages of far more obscure white artists: p. 21, Benny Andrews, 33, Ellsworth Ausby, 50, Richmond Barthé; 57, Romare Bearden, 76, John Biggers, 83, Betty Blayton, 98, Frank Bowling, 108, Arthur Britt, 112, Wendell Brooks, 116, Marvin Brown, 117-18, Vivian Browne, 121, Linda Goode Bryant, 128, Calvin Burnett, 129, Margaret Burroughs, 132, Carole Byard, 133, Walter Cade, 148, Yvonne Pickering Carter, 168, Claude Clark, 178-79, Floyd Coleman, 179, Robert Colescott, 181, Paul Collins, 184, James Conlon, 188-89, Arthur Coppedge; 191, Eldzier Cortor, Averille Costley-Jacobs, 198, Allan Crite; 210, D'Ashnash-Tosi [Barbara Chase-Riboud], 213-14, Alonzo Davis, 219-20, Roy DeCarava, 222, Avel DeKnight, 226, Richard Dempsey, 228, Murry DePillars, 237, Raymond Dobard, 239, Jeff Donaldson, 243, John Dowell, 246, David Driskell, 256, Allan Edmunds, 256-57, James Edwards, 260, David Elder, 265, Whitney John Engeran, 267, Marion Epting, 270, Burford Evans, 271, Minnie Evans, 271-72, Frederick Eversley, 277, Elton Fax, 304, Charlotte Franklin, 315, Edmund Barry Gaither (curator), 317, Reginald Gammon, 325, Herbert Gentry, 326, Joseph Geran, 328, Henri Ghent (curator), 332, Sam Gilliam, 346, Russell Gordon, 354, Rex Goreleigh, 361, Eugene Grigsby, 375, Robert Hall, 380, Leslie King-Hammond (curator), 381, Grace Hampton, 385, Marvin Harden, 406, Barkley Hendricks, 418, Leon Hicks, 414, Freida High-Wasikhongo, 424-25, Al Hollingsworth, 428, Earl Hooks, 433, Humbert Howard, 439, Richard Hunt, 450, A. B. Jackson, Oliver Jackson; 451, Suzanne Jackson, 454, Catti James, Frederick James, 464, Lester L. Johnson; 467, Ben Jones, 467-68, Calvin Jones, 469, James Edward Jones, Lois Jones, 471, Theodore Jones, 489, Paul Keene; 492, James Kennedy, 495-96, Virginia Kiah, 535, Raymond Lark, 540-41, Jacob Lawrence, 546, Hughie Lee-Smith, 557, Samella Lewis, 586, Cheryl Ilene McClenney (arts admin.), 595, Anderson Macklin, 620, Philip Lindsay Mason, 625, Richard Mayhew, 597, Oscar McNary, 598, Kynaston McShine (curator), 610, 637, Marianne Miles a.k.a. Marianne; 638, Earl Miller, 640-41, Lev Mills, 649, Evangeline Montgomery; 653, Norma Morgan, 655, Keith Morrison, 657, Dewey Mosby (curator), 671, Otto Neals, 693, Ademola Olugebefola, 700, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Wallace Owens, 702, William Pajaud, 706, James Parks, 710, Curtis Patterson, 711, Sharon Patton (curator), 711-12, John Payne, 720, Regenia Perry (curator), 724, Bertrand Phillips; 727, Delilah Pierce, 728, Vergniaud Pierre-Noël, 729, Stanley Pinckney, Howardena Pindell, 744, Leslie Price, Arnold Prince, 747, Mavis Pusey, 752, Bob Ragland, 759, Roscoe Reddix, 763, Robert Reid, 768, John Rhoden, 772, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, 774, Faith Ringgold, 778, Lucille Roberts, 803, Mahler Ryder, 804, Betye Saar, 815, Raymond Saunders, 834, John Scott, 841, James Sepyo, 857, Thomas Sills, 859, Jewel Simon, 861, Merton Simpson, Lowery Sims (curator); 865, Van Slater, 869, Dolph Smith, 873, Vincent Smith, 886, Francis Sprout, 890-91, Shirley Stark, 898, Nelson Stevens, 920, Luther Stovall, 909, Robert Stull, 920, Ann Tanksley, James Tanner, 924, Rod Taylor, 922, William Bradley Taylor [Bill Taylor], 929, Elaine Thomas, 946, Curtis Tucker, 949, Leo Twiggs, 970, Larry Walker, 977, James Washington, 979, Howard Watson, 994, Amos White, 995, Franklin White, 996 Tim Whiten, 1001-2, Chester Williams, 1003, Randolph Williams, Todd Williams, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, 1005, Edward Wilson, George Wilson, 1005-6, John Wilson, 1007, Frank Wimberley, 1016, Rip Woods, 1017, Shirley Woodson, 1019, Bernard Wright, 1025, Charles Young, 1026, Kenneth Young, Milton Young.

CHAPEL HILL (NC). Ackland Art Museum, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Family Legacies: The Art of Betye, Alison and Lezley Saar.
Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2006.
xii, 131 pp. exhib. cat., illus., bibliog. Curated and text by Jessica Dallow and Barbara Matilsky, with essay by Tracye Saar-Cavanaugh. Includes thirty-six objects by this family of three important women artists, including mixed media sculptures, assemblages, collages and a collaborative installation created by the Saars. The selection covers the full chronological range and stylistic evolution of their oeuvre. [Traveled to: Pasadena Museum of California Art, Pasadena, CA, April 20-September 24, 2006; San Jose Museum of Art, October 22-December 31, 2006; Palmer Museum of Art, University Park, PA, January 30-April 22, 2007.] 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed.

CHAPEL HILL (NC). Ackland Art Museum, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Piece by Piece: Quilts, collages, and Constructions.
October, 2012-May 13, 2013.
Group exhibition. Included: Thornton Dial, Betye and Lezley Saar, a "Gee's Bend" quilt by Emma Lee Pettway Campbell.

CHARLESTON (SC). Gibbes Museum of Art.
Landscape of Slavery: The Plantation in American Art.
2007.
Group exhibition. Curated by Angela Mack and Maurie McInnis. Included: John T. Biggers, Betye Saar, Joyce Scott, Carrie Mae Weems. [Traveled to: University of Virginia Art Museum, Charlottesville, VA; Morris Museum of Art, Augusta, GA, August 23-October 19, 2008.]

CHARLESTON (SC). Tippy Stern Fine Art.
In the Shadow of the Flag.
Thru June 30, 2000.
Exhibition catalogue. Included: Radcliffe Bailey, Willie Cole, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, et al. [Review: Bruce Smith, "Look Away No More; In Charleston, Art Reflects on the Flag Debate" The Washington Post, June 3, 2000; "Flag Controversy Inspires Exhibit," Robesonian, June 3, 2000:2.]

CHARLESTON (WV). Clay Center for the Arts & Sciences of West Virginia.
African American Artists from the Permanent Collection.
September 24-November 2, 2008.
Group exhibition of prints, paintings, and sculpture by Romare Bearden, Rosa Bradford, Sam Gilliam, Leon Hicks, Gary Kirksey, Jacob Lawrence, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold and Betye Saar.

CHARLOTTE (NC). Harvey B. Gantt Center for African American Arts + Culture.
Beyond Bearden: Creative Responses.
September 2, 2011-January 22, 2012.
Group exhibition of artists inspired by Bearden or whose use of collage was affected by his work. Included: Benny Andrews, Maya Freelon Asante, Radcliffe Bailey, Camille Billops, Eugene Campbell, Nanette Carter, Brett Cook-Dizney, Michael Cummings, Louis Delsarte, Wadsworth Jarrell, Kerry James Marshall, Howardena Pindell, Betye Saar, Nelson Stevens, Larry Walker, David Wilson, and Nigerian artist Moyo Okediji.

CHIARMONTE, PAULA.
Women Artists in the United States. A Selective Bibliography and Resource Guide on the Fine and Decorative Arts, 1750-1986.
Boston: G.K. Hall & Co., 1990.
Non-black or male artists who were erroneously included are omitted from this list: Eileen Abdulrashid, Mrs. Allen, Charlotte Amevor, Emma Amos, Dorothy Atkins, Joan Cooper Bacchus, Ellen Banks, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, [as Bottanon], Shirley Bolton, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Sheryle Butler, Carole Byard, Catti [as Caiti], Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Doris L. Colbert, Luiza Combs, Marva Cremer, Doris Crudup, Oletha Devane, Stephanie Douglas, Eugenia Dunn, Queen Ellis, Annette Lewis Ensley, Minnie Jones Evans, Irene Foreman, Miriam Francis, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Ibibio Fundi [as Ibibin] (a.k.a. Jo Austin), Alice Gafford, Wilhelmina Godfrey [as Wihelmina], Amanda Gordon, Cynthia Hawkins, Kitty L. Hayden, Lana T. Henderson [as Lane], Vernita Henderson, Adrienne Hoard, Jacqui Holmes, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, Claudia Jane Hutchinson, Martha E. Jackson, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Rosalind Jeffries, Marie Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu [as Jones-Hogn], Harriet Kennedy, Gwendolyn Knight, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Ida Magwood, Mary Manigault, Valerie Maynard, Geraldine McCullough, Mrs. McIntosh, Dorothy McQuarter, Yvonne Cole Meo, Onnie Millar, Eva Hamlin Miller, Evangeline Montgomery, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Norma Morgan, Marilyn Nance, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Senga Nengudi, Winifred Owens-Hart, Denise Palm, Louise Parks, Angela Perkins, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Harriet Powers, Elizabeth Prophet, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Brenda Rogers, Juanita Rogers, Nellie Mae Rowe, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Elizabeth Scott, Joyce Scott, Jewel Simon, Shirley Stark, Della Brown Taylor [as Delia Braun Taylor], Jessie Telfair [as Jessi], Alma Thomas, Phyllis Thompson, Roberta Thompson, Betty Tolbert, Elaine Tomlin, Lucinda Toomer, Elaine Towns, Yvonne Tucker, Charlene Tull, Anna Tyler, Florestee Vance, Pinkie Veal, Ruth Waddy, Carole Ward, Laura W. Waring, Pecolia Warner, Mary Parks Washington, Laura W. Williams, Yvonne Williams. A few African American male artists are also included: Leslie Garland Bolling, Ademola Olugebefola [as Adennola].

CINCINNATI (OH). Contemporary Arts Center.
A Special Way of Seeing: The Art of Betye Alison & Me.
1991.
24 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Text by Betye and Alison Saar. [Funded by the Rockefeller Foundation and the George Gund Foundation in conjunction with the exhibition "Secrets, dialogues, revelations: the art of Betye and Alison Saar."] 8vo (17 x 24 cm.), wraps.

CLAREMONT (CA). Lang Art Gallery, Scripps College.
Benny, Bernie, Betye, Noah and John: Five Black Artists.
March, 1971.
Unpag. (20 pp.) exhib. cat., b&w and color illus. Text by Samella Lewis. Artists: Benny Andrews, Bernie Casey, Betye Saar, Noah Purifoy, John Outterbridge. 8vo (26 cm.), stapled wraps.

CLAREMONT (CA). Ruth Chandler Williamson Gallery, Scripps College.
African-American Visions: Selections From the Samella Lewis Collections.
September 1-October 14, 2012.
Exhib. cat., illus. Text by Mary MacNaughton. Included: Richmond Barthé, John T. Biggers, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, and John T. Scott.

COLLEGE PARK (MD). David C. Driskell Center, University of Maryland.
African American Art Since 1950: Perspectives from the David C. Driskell Center.
September 13-December 21, 2012.
Exhib. cat., illus. Text by Julie L. McGee. Group exhibition of work by 54 artists including: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Herman Kofi Bailey, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Sanford Biggers, Camille J. Billops, Robert Blackburn, Chakaia Booker, Sheila Pree Bright, Moe Brooker, Elizabeth Catlett, Nick Cave, Kevin Cole, Willie Cole, Bob Colescott, Jeff Donaldson, David C. Driskell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Vanessa German, Sam Gilliam, Barkley Hendricks, Felrath Hines, Robin Holder, Joseph Holston, Curlee Holton, Margo Humphrey, Jacob Lawrence, Whitfield Lovell, Kerry James Marshall, Keith Morrison, Floyd Newsum, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Howardena Pindell, Jefferson Pinder, Stephanie Pogue, William Pope.L, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, John T. Scott, Lorna Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, Frank Smith, Lou Stovall, Alma Thomas, Hank Willis Thomas, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, William T. Williams, Deborah Willis. [The exhibition is a collaboration between SITES and the David C. Driskell Center for the Study of the Visual Arts and Culture of African Americans and the African Diaspora at the University of Maryland, College Park.]

COLLEGE PARK (MD). University of Maryland Art Gallery.
Successions: Prints by African-American Artists from the Jean and Robert Steele Collection.
April 1-29, 2002.
48 pp. exhib. cat., 26 color & b&w illus., checklist of 62 works by 45 artists, glossary of terms. Intro. by David C. Driskell; statement by the collectors, text by Adrienne L. Childs. Includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Moe Brooker, Calvin Burnett, Nora Mae Carmichael, Elizabeth Catlett, Kevin Cole, Robert Colescott, Allan Rohan Crite, Louis Delsarte, David Driskell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Varnette Honeywood, Margo Humphrey, Paul Keene, Wadsworth Jarrell, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Percy B. Martin, Tom Miller, Evangeline Montgomery, Keith Morrison, Joseph Norman, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Anita Philyaw, Stephanie Pogue, John T. Riddle, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Preston Sampson, Frank Smith, Vincent Smith, Lou Stovall, James L. Wells, William T. Williams, John Wilson. [Traveled to: Mobile Museum of Art, Mobile, AL; David Driskell Center, University of Maryland.] 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), pictorial wraps. First ed.

COLLINS, JIMMIE LEE and GLENN B. OPITZ.
Women Artists in America: Eighteenth Century to Present.
Chattanooga, 1973.
Unpag. (426 pp.), illus. Lists Elizabeth Catlett, Meta Fuller, May Jackson, Lois Mailou Jones, Edmonia Lewis, Pauline Powell, Elizabeth Prophet, and Waring. The 1975 ediition adds: Barbara Chase-Riboud, Betye Saar, Jewel Simon. The 1980 edition adds: Carole Byard, Catti, Norma Morgan, Minnie Evans, Suzanne Jackson, Virginia Kiah, Valerie Maynard, Delilah Pierce, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Lucille (Malkia) Roberts, Ann Tanksley, Alma Thomas. 8vo, cloth.

COLLINS, LISA GAIL and MARGO CRAWFORD, eds.
New Thoughts on the Black Arts Movement.
New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2006.
402 pp., 40 illus., chapter notes, notes on contributors, index. Contributors include: Collins, Crawford, Kellie Jones, Mary Ellen Lennon, Erina Duganne, Cherise Smith, Lee Bernstein, and others. Includes: Billy (Fundi) Abernathy, Sylvia Abernathy, Muhammad Ahmad, Benny Andrews, Amiri Baraka, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Ed Brown, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Ben Caldwell, Dana Chandler, Edward Christmas, Dan Concholar, Houston Conwill, Kinshasha Conwill, Robert Crawford, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Roy DeCarava, Murry Depillars, Dj. Spooky (Paul D. Miller), Jeff Donaldson, Emory Douglas, Louis Draper, David Driskell, Melvin Edwards, Albert Fennar, Reginald Gammon, Ray Gibson, Sam Gilliam, Tyree Guyton, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, James Hinton, Richard Hunt, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Suzanne Jackson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Tom Lloyd. Clarence Major, Edward McDowell, Dindga McCannon, Senga Nengudi, John Outterbridge, Joe Oversotree, Gordon Parks, Judson Powell, Noah Purifoy, Sr., Herbert Randall, Betye Saar, Beuford Smith, Marvin Smith, Morgan Smith, Edward Spriggs, SUN RA, Curtis Tann, Askia Touré, James Vanderzee, Ruth Waddy, Bill Walker, Timothy Washington, Charles White, Randy Williams, William T. Williams, Deborah Willis, and Hale Woodruff. The texts explore the racial and sexual politics of the era, links with other contemporaneous cultural movements, prison arts, the role of Black colleges and universities, gender politics and the rise of feminism, color fetishism, photography, and more. 8vo (26 x 18 cm.; 9.9 x 7.1 in.), cloth, d.j.

COLUMBIA (SC). Columbia Museum of Art.
The Chemistry of Color: Contemporary African-American Artists.
February 5-May 9, 2010.
Exhib. cat., illus. Approximately 72 works by 41 artists. Includes: Benny Andrews, James Atkins, Romare Bearden, Willie Birch, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Beverly Buchanan, Barbara Bullock, Nanette Carter, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Gregory Coates, Allan Edmunds, Sam Gilliam, Curlee Raven Holton, Edward Hughes, Jacob Lawrence, Alvin D. Loving, Jr., Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Charles Searles, Andrew Turner, Richard J. Watson, Stanley Whitney, William T. Williams, among many others. [Seemingly the same exhibition exhibited in Philadelphia in 2005 under the title The Chemistry of Color: African American Artists in Philadelphia, 1970-1990. The Harold A. and Ann R. Sorgenti Collection of Contemporary African-American Art; and Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, NY, April-May, 2011.]

COLUMBUS (OH). Ohio Historical Center.
Soul! Art from the National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center [Wilburforce].
May 1, 2009-February 27, 2010.
Group exhibition. Curated by Floyd Thomas. Included: Cedric Adams, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Akosua Bandele, Richard Barclift, Richmond Barthé, John P. Beckley, Tina Brewer, Ashley Bryan, Calvin Burnett, Margarret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Claude Clark, Jeffrey Clark, Mary Reed Daniels, Willis (Bing) Davis, Louis Delsarte, Hayward Dinsmore, Raymond Dobard, Jeff Donaldson, Elton C. Fax, Tom Feelings, Manuel Gomez, Bernard Goss, M. E. Grayson, Clementine Hunter, Christina James, Brian Joiner, Jimi Jones, Jack Jordan, Clayton Lang, Jon Onye Lockard, Nola Lynch-Sheldon, Martina Johnson Allen, Victor Matthews, Valerie Maynard, Sylvia M. Miller, Velma Morris, Ademola Olugebefola, Elijah Pierce, Steve Prince, Patrick Reason, Annie Ruth, Betye Saar, Michael Sampson, Walter Simon, Michael Smith (sculptor), Ayanna Spears, Ann Tanksley, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Harry Washington, Richard Wyatt, James "Bongo" Allen and unknown artist named Tilman. [Review: Kevin Joy, "Selections cover range of experiences by African-Americans" Columbus Dispatch, May 4, 2009; illus. "Golden Prison" by Dana Chandler.]:

CONWILL, KINSHASHA HOLMAN.
Another Perspective. In Search of an 'Authentic' Vision. Decoding the Appeal of the Self-Taught African-American Artist.
Washington, DC: National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1991.
In: American Art 5 (Fall 1991):(2)-9, color illus. A discussion of the comparative appeal of black self-taught versus professionally trained artists. Includes: William Dawson, William Edmondson, James Hampton, Lonnie Holley, Charlie Lucas, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Nellie Mae Rowe, James Thomas, Bill Traylor, Joseph Yoakum. Melvin Edwards, Maren Hassinger, Howardena Pindell. Horace Pippin, Harriet Powers, Romare Bearden, Willi Posey, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Faith Ringgold. 4to, wraps.

COOKS, BRIDGET R.
Exhibiting Blackness: African Americans and the American Art Museum.
Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2011.
240 pp., color illus., notes, index. The narrative begins in 1927 with the Chicago "Negro in Art Week" exhibition, and in the 1930s with the Museum of Modern Art's exhibition of "William Edmondson" (1937) and "Contemporary Negro Art" (1939) at the Baltimore Museum of Art; the focus, however, is on exhibitions held from the 1960s to present with chapters on "Harlem on My Mind" (1969), "Two Centuries of Black American Art" (1976); "Black Male" (1994-95); and "The Quilts of Gee's Bend" (2202). Numerous artists, but most mentioned only in passing: Cedric Adams, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, numerous Bendolphs (Annie, Jacob, Mary Ann, Mary Lee, Louisiana) and Loretta Bennett, Ed Bereal, Donald Bernard, Nayland Blake, Gloria Bohanon, Leslie Bolling, St. Clair Bourne, Cloyd Boykin, Kay Brown, Selma Burke, Bernie Casey, Roland Charles, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Claude Clark, Linda Day Clark, Robert Colescott, Dan Concholar, Emilio Cruz, Ernest Crichlow (footnote only), Alonzo Davis, Selma Day (footnote only), Roy DeCarava, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Robert M. Douglass, Jr., David Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Elton Fax (footnote only), Cecil L. Fergerson, Roland Freeman, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon (footnote only), K.D. Ganaway, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Vertis C. Hayes, Barkley L. Hendricks, James V. Herring, Richard Hunt, Rudy Irwin, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Joshua Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Wifredo Lam, Artis Lane, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Alvin Loving (footnote only), William Majors (footnote only), Richard Mayhew, Reginald McGhee, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Richard Mayhew, Willie Middlebrook, Ron Moody, Lottie and Lucy Mooney, Flora Moore, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Sara Murrell (footnote only), Otto Neals (footnote only), Odili Donald Odita, Noni Olubisi, Ademola Olugebefola, John Outterbridge, Gordon Parks, six Pettways (Annie E., Arlonzia, Bertha, Clinton, Jr., Jesse T., Letisha), James Phillips, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Carl Pope, James A. Porter, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Martin Puryear, Okoe Pyatt (footnote only), Robert Reid (footnote only), John Rhoden, John Riddle, Faith Ringgold (footnote only), Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders (footnote only), Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Georgette Seabrook, James Sepyo (footnote only), Taiwo Shabazz (footnote only), Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Merton Simpson (footnote only), Albert Alexander Smith, Arenzo Smith, Frank Stewart, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Danny Tisdale, Melvin Van Peebles, James Vanderzee, Annie Walker, Kara Walker, Augustus Washington, Timothy Washington, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Pat Ward Williams, William T. Williams, Deborah Willis, Fred Wilson, Ernest C. Withers, Beulah Ecton Woodard, Hale Woodruff, Lloyd Yearwood, Annie Mae and Nettie Pettway Young. 8vo (9 x 6 in.), wraps.

COOPERSTOWN (NY). New York State Historical Association, Fenimore Art Museum.
Through the Eyes of Others: African Americans and Identity in American Art.
Thru December 31, 2008.
Group exhibition. Curated by Gretchen Sullivan Sorin. The exhibition's purpose was to juxtapose 19th-century views of American life with contemporary interpretations by prominent African American artists to examine how we, as Americans, have constructed and interpreted race. Not only a dated concept but a show in which (according to several reviews) the black perspective was represented by fewer than ten works. Included: Romare Bearden, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Whitfield Lovell, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson and Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to: New York State Museum, Albany, September 8, 2009-January 6, 2010.]

CULVER CITY (CA). Roberts & Tilton.
In Context.
October 29-December 17, 2011.
Group exhibition celebrating Betye Saar’s site-specific installation "Red Time." Included: Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Dale Brockman Davis, David Hammons, Demetrius Oliver, John Outterbridge, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Lezley Saar, Hank Willis Thomas.

DAKAR (Senegal). Biscuiterie de Medina.
III Festival Mondial des Arts Nègres: Modernités & Résistances - Aux Souffles du Monde/3rd World Festival of Black Arts and Cultures.
December 10-31, 2010.
Group exhibition. Curated by Florence Alexis. Included: Aicha Aidara, Nirveda Alleck, Owusu-Ankomah, Cheikhou Bâ, Nu Barreto, Bili Bidjocka, Jean-Francois Boclé, Vitshois Mwilambwe Bondo, Sokari Douglas Camp, Magdalena Campos-Pons, Diagne Chanel, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Albert Chong, Mansour Ciss, Soly Cissé, Francisco d'Almeida, Maksaens Denis, Viyé Diba, Luc Fosther Diop, Godfried Donkor, Ernest Duku, Edward Duval-Carrié, Melvin Edwards, Edoh El Loko, Ludovic Fadairo, Tchale Figueira, Florence Fofana, Meschac Gaba, Camara Gueye, Tapfuma Gutsa, Khaled Hafez, Braima Injai, Paulo Kapela, Souleymane Keita, Jems Koko Bi, Achilleka Komguem, Siriki Ky, Moshekwa Langa, Daniel Lind Ramos, Ndary Lô, El Loko, Yvette Mattern, Do Mesrine, Joel Mpah Dooh, Aimé Mpané, Zwelethu Mthethwa, Charles Mutanganwa, David Nal-Vad, Iba Ndiaye, Nike (Davies), Uche Okeke, Santiago Olazabal, Samuel Olou, Zak Ové, Alexis Peskine, Rodney Place, Barbara Prézeau, Gerard Quénum, Tony Ramos, Betye Saar, Berni Searle, Yinka Shonibare MBE, Mary Sibande, Julien Sinzogan, Amadou Sow, Barthélémy Toguo, Emeka Udemba, Abraão Vicente, Viteix, Carrie Mae Weems, Hank Willis-Thomas, William Wilson, Guy Wouété, Frantz Zéphirin, and Dominique Zinkpé.

DALLOW, JESSICA.
Reclaiming Histories: Betye and Alison Saar, Feminism, and the Representation of Black Womanhood.
2004.
In: Feminist Studies 30, no. 1 (Spring 2004):75-113.

DAVIES, CAROL BOYCE, ed.
Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora: Origins, Experiences and Culture.
ABC-CLIO, 2008.
3 vols. 1110 pp. Marked by a more than usual indifference to the visual arts, entries of erratic quality and less than desirable levels of research or scholarship. The essay on African Diaspora Art was allotted 17 pages to cover a period of 35,000 years and makes a courageous attempt to do so. It is not supported by any entries on individual artists, and many of the artists mentioned are not in the index. The entry is also plagued with inexcusable misspellings of numerous artists' names. The essay on Diaspora photography is also beset by the requirement of inappropriate brevity; the author desperately spends most of the allotted space listing the names of a fairly subjective selection of photographers, some with birth dates, others not. Other essays are depressingly vacuous - the essay on the Black Arts Movement, allotted 2 pages, spends only 31 lines on vague remarks about the movement which the reader is led to think is attributable to events that took place in the Nile Valley thousands of years before. What can you say about a book that devotes more space to rap and hip-hop than to Barbados. Not a book worth consulting? 4to (10.3 x 7.3 in.), cloth.

DAVIS (CA). Nelson Gallery, University of California-Davis.
Shared Histories: African American Art from Local Collections.
July 12-August 17, 2007.
Group exhibition. Includes painting, sculpture and drawing by 35 artists: Ernie Barnes, Romare Bearden, Charles Bibbs, Lynda E. Bibbs, Ella Mae Bolton, Milton Bowens, Manuelita Brown, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Betty Davies, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Ed Dwight, Frank Frazier, Jonathan Green, Mike Henderson, Oliver Jackson, Charles Joyner, Jacob Lawrence, Edna McIver, Mamie McKinstry, Betye Saar, John T. Scott, Sir Shadow, Bernice Sims, Hughie Lee-Smith, Jimmie Lee Sudduth, Milan Tiff, Mose Tolliver, Charles White, Fred Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Joseph Yoakum.

DOSS, ERIKA.
Twentieth-Century American Art.
Oxford University Press, 2002.
288 pp., 151 illus. (including 91 in color). Although it includes a chapter on "Feminist art and Black art," this by no means summarizes the level of inclusion of black artists at every point throughout the text. There are many glaring omissions (John Biggers, Mildred Howard, Lois Mailou Jones, Martin Puryear, Bob Thompson, etc.) and some odd summary comments (for example, Norman Lewis's work is described as "improvisatory environments"), but it's hard to quibble with the first survey of American art to give more than token acknowledgement to the work of African American artists. Over fifty artists and 17 illustrations are included: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Amiri Baraka, Jean-Michel Basquiat (illus.), Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Michael Ray Charles (illus.), Barbara Chase-Riboud, Robert Colescott (illus.), Thornton Dial (illus.), Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Melvin Edwards (illus.), Sam Gilliam, Coco Fusco (illus.), David Hammons (illus.), Palmer Hayden, Lonnie Holley, Cliff Joseph, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson (illus.), William H. Johnson, Cliff Joseph, Byron Kim, K.O.S., Jacob Lawrence (illus.), Norman Lewis (illus.), Alvin Loving, Kerry James Marshall, Archibald J. Motley (illus.), Chris Ofili, Lorraine O'Grady, Joe Overstreet, Gordon Parks, Adrian Piper, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Gary Rickson, Faith Ringgold (illus.), Alison Saar (illus.), Betye Saar (illus.), Augusta Savage, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Alma Thomas, Iké Udé, James Vanderzee, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems (illus.), Charles White, Pat Ward Williams (illus.), Fred Wilson (illus.), Hale Woodruff. Karamu House, the Black Arts Movement and Spiral are mentioned in passing. 8vo (9.2 x 6.5 in..), wraps.

DOTHAN (AL). Wiregrass Museum of Art.
Betye Saar and Phoebe Beasley: Print Portfolios from the Paul R. Jones Collection at the University of Alabama.
February 28-April 14, 2012.
Two-person exhibition.

DOWNEY (CA). Downey Museum of Art.
Unlimited.
June, 1972.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

DUBIN, STEVEN C.
Arresting Images: Impolitic Art and Uncivil Actions.
New York: Routledge, 1992.
374 pp., 27 illus., 2 in color, index. Essays on cultural, political and social issues in contemporary art. Extensive coverage of censorship, racism, homophobia, and neo-McCarthyism in America. Chapter 5 focuses on Dread Scott [a.k.a. Scott Tyler] and his installation What Is the Proper Way to Display a U.S. Flag. Other African American artists included: Betye Saar (her Aunt Jemima images), Robert Colescott, David Hammons, Faith Ringgold, Adrian Piper, Tim Rollins + K.O.S. 8vo, cloth, dust jacket. First ed.

DURHAM (NC). NCCU Art Museum, North Carolina Central University.
Black Women Artists: North Carolina Connections.
1990.
Exhib. cat. Includes important text by Lynn Igoe: "Black Women Artists: An Introduction." Provides an extensive list of exhibits featuring black women artists since the first such show in 1947 at the Barnett Aden Gallery, Washington, DC. Artists mentioned includes the usual 50-60 names: Edmonia Lewis, Meta Warrick Fuller, May Howard Jackson, Bertina Lee, Betty Blayton, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Harriet Powers, Minnie Evans, Clementine Hunter, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Eva Hamlin Miller, Jacqueline Fonvielle-Bontemps, Betye Saar, Alison Saar, Lezley Saar, Nellie Mae Rowe, Liani Foster, Barbara Tyson Mosley, Camille Billops, Alma Thomas, Maren Hassinger. Checklist of women artists includes: Emma Amos, Gwendolyn Bennett, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Kay Brown, Margery Wheeler Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Minnie Evans, Meta Warrick Fuller, Maren Hassinger, Varnette P. Honeywood, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Louise Jefferson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Saunders Lewis, Dindga McCannon, Geraldine McCullough, Allie McGhee, Valerie Maynard, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Norma Morgan, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Senga Nengudi (Sue Irons), Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Georgette Powell, Harriet Powers, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Malkia (Lucille) Roberts, Nellie Mae Rowe, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Jewel Simon, Ann Tanksley, Alma Thomas, Ruth Waddy, Laura Wheeler Waring. The exhibition includes many of the same artists but also a number of artists not in Igoe's essay or checklist. Exhib. checklist lists the following: Marvette Pratt Aldrich, Brenda Branch, Mable Bullock, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Collins, Davis, Minnie Evans, Olivia Gatewood, Gail Hansberry, Lana Thompson Henderson, Hill, Lois Mailou Jones, Eva Hamlin Miller, Norma Morgan, Stephanie Pogue, Mercedes Barnes Thompson.

EAST LANSING (MI). Kresge Art Museum, Michigan State University.
African-American Women Artists.
Thru March 1, 2010.
Listed by the Museum as on view, but not as an exhibition: seven works of art by African American women artists from the museum collection, including: Allison and Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson, Renée Stout, and others.

EDMUNDS, ALLAN L. and LOUISE D. STONE.
Three Decades of American Printmaking: The Brandywine Workshop Collection.
Manchester: Hudson Hills, 2004.
240 pp., 126 color plates, 21 b&w illus., bibliog., index. Texts by Halima Taha, Lois H. Johnson and Patricia Smith, Keith A. Morrison, and Claude Elliott. Among the artists who have had prints made at Brandywine are: Candida Alvarez, Emma Amos, Akili Ron Anderson, Benny Andrews, Roland Ayers, Belkis Ayon, Romare Bearden, Ron Bechet, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Terry Boddie, Berrisford Boothe, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Marvin P. Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Weldon Butler, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Kevin E. Cole, William Cordova, Adger Cowans, Alonzo Davis, Louis Delsarte, John E. Dowell, David Driskell, James Dupree, Walter Edmonds, Allen Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Rodney Ewing, Agbo Folarin, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Simon Gouverneur, Leamon Green, Eugene Grigsby, Maren Hassinger, Barkley L. Hendricks, Leon Hicks, Vandorn Hinnant, Margo Humphrey, Curlee Raven Holton, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Wadsworth Jarrell, Paul F. Keene, Jr., Lois Mailou Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Souleymane Keita, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Arturo Lindsay, Alvin Loving, Deryl Mackie, Jimmy Mance, Percy Martin, Valerie Maynard, Donna Meeks, Charles Mills, Ibrahim Miranda, Quentin Morris, Keith Morrison, Evangeline Montgomery, Quentin Morris, Abdouleye Ndoye, Floyd Newsum, Magdalene Odundo, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Laurie Ourlicht, Joe Overstreet, William Pajaud, Howardena Pindell, James Phillips, Michael Platt, Eric Pryor, Leo Robinson, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Juan Sanchez, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, AJ Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Vincent Smith, Sylvia Snowden, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, David Stephens, Hubert Taylor, Evelyn Terry, Phyllis Thompson, Kaylynn Sullivan Twotrees, Larry Walker, John Wade, Richard Watson, James Lesesne Wells, Stanley Whitney, Carl Joe Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Gilberto Wilson, Clarence Wood, Shirley Woodson, and Barbara Chase-Riboud. [Also issued in a limited numbered edition of 396 copies, including three offset lithographs by Sam Gilliam, each signed and numbered in pencil, bound in red cloth, in matching cloth covered slipcase.] 4to (12.4 x 9.2 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

ENGLISH, DARBY.
How to See a Work of Art in Total Darkness.
Cambridge: MIT Press, 2007.
356 pp. 22 color illus., 31 b&w illus., notes, bibliog., index. The opening discussion contains a substantial discussion of David Hammons's Concerto in Black and Blue; thereafter devoted to five black artists: Isaac Julien, Glenn Ligon, William Pope.L, Kara Walker, and Fred Wilson. Chapter topics include: Beyond black representational space -- New context for reconstruction: Kara Walker’s silhouette installations and some crises of landscape -- Fantasias of the museum -- Painting problems: Glenn Ligon’s postmodernism -- Aesthetics of dispossession: William Pope’s performance interventions. Several other artists are discussed to some degree: Romare Bearden, Byron Kim, Howardena Pindell, Betye Saar. 8vo (22.9 x 15.2 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

ESTELL, KENNETH.
African America: Portrait of a People.
Detroit: Visible Ink, 1994.
Section on Fine and Applied Arts pp. 593-655 mentions a sizeable number of artists (with many misspellings): Scipio Moorhead, Eugene Warburg, Bill Day [presumably Thomas Day], Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Henry Bannarn, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé (photo), Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, curator Horace Brockington, Elmer Brown, Eugene Brown, Kay Brown, Linda Bryant, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, E. Simms Campbell, Elizabeth Catlett, Cathy Chance, Dana Chandler, Gylbert Coker, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Michael Cummings, Ernest Crichlow, Emilio Cruz, Roy DeCarava (with photo), Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Robert Duncanson, William Edmondson, Elton Fax, (with photo), Meta Warrick Fuller, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Philip Hampton, Florence Harding (as Harney), Palmer Hayden, James V. Herring, George Hulsinger, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Zell Ingram, Venola Jennings, Larry Johnson, Lester L. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Emeline King, Jacob Lawrence (with photo); Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Ionis Bracy Martin, Cheryl McClenny, Geraldine McCullough, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Jimmy Mosely, Juanita Moulon, Archibald Motley (with photo), Otto Neals, Senga Nengudi, Ademola Olugebefola, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Gordon Parks, Marion Perkins, Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Jerry Pinkney, Horace Pippin, James Porter, Florence Purviance, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Searles, Lorna Simpson, Willi Smith (with photo), William E. Smith, Edward Spriggs, F. [Doc] Spellmon, Nelson Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Jean Taylor, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, James VanDerZee, Laura Waring, Faith Weaver, Edward T. P. Welburn, Charles White, Randy Williams, William T. Williams (with photo), John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Dolores Wright, Richard Yarde, and George Washington Carver. Also mentions fashion designers Stephen Burrows (photo), Gordon Henderson, Willi Smith. 4to, cloth.

FAILING, PATRICIA.
Black Artists Today: A Case of Exclusion.
1989.
In: ARTnews 88, no. 3 (March 1989):124-31, illus. Mentions: Charles Abramson, Benny Andrews, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Frederick Brown, Beverly Buchanan, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Robert Colescott, Robert Dilworth, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, Candace Hill, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Calvin Jones, Ken Jones, Lisa Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Joe Lewis, James Little, Al Loving, Geraldine McCullough, Senga Nengudi, Lorraine O'Grady, John Outterbridge, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Charles Ethan Porter, Leslie Price, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Joyce Scott, Lorna Simpson, Raymond Saunders, Kaylynn Sullivan Twotrees. 4to, wraps.

FALK, PETER HASTINGS, ed.
The Annual & Biennial Exhibition Record of the Whitney Museum of American Art 1918-1989.
Madison, CT: Sound View Press,.
Alphabetical listing by artist gives exhibition, work shown, artist's address. Includes exhibitions of the Whitney Studio Club, 1918-29; Whitney Studio Club Galleries, 1928-30; and Whitney Museum of American Art, 1932-89. Includes: Charles Alston; Richmond Barthé; Jean-Michel Basquiat; Romare Bearden, Lynn Bowers, Frank Bowling, Peter Bradley, Marvin Brown, Walter Cade III, Catti, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Clark. Robert Colescott, Beauford Delaney, John E. Dowell Jr., Frederick Eversley, Allan Freelon, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Alvin Loving, Richard Mayhew, Samuel M. Middleton Jr., Howardena Pindell;, Horace Pippin, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Thomas Sills, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff.

FARRINGTON, LISA E.
Creating Their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists.
New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
354 pp., 150 color plates, 100 b&w illus. A history of African American women artists, from slavery to the present day. Draws on numerous interviews with contemporary artists. The following are included with illustration(s): Laylah Ali, Emma Amos, Xenobia Bailey, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Chakaia Booker, Kay Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Carole Byard, Carol Ann Carter, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Yvonne Parks Catchings, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Luiza Francis Combs, Josie Covington, Renée Cox, Sarah Mapps Douglass, Sharon Dunn, Gaye Ellington, Minnie Evans, Meta Warrick Fuller, Ellen Gallagher, Deborah Grant, Alyne Harris, Bessie Harvey, Robin Holder, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Elizabeth Keckly, Pamela Jennings, Jean Lacy, Ruth Lampkins, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Geraldine McCullough, Vicki Meek, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Lorraine O'Grady, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Winnie Owens-Hart, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Harriet Powers, Debra Priestly, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Helen Evans Ramsaran, Nellie Mae Rowe, Betye Saar, Gail Shaw-Clemons, Mary T. Smith, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Joyce J. Scott, Lorna Simpson, Sylvia Snowden, Renée Stout, Freida High W. Tesfagiogis, Alma Thomas, Annie E. Anderson Walker, Kara Walker, Adell Westbrook, Laura Wheeler Waring, Carrie Mae Weems, Joyce Wellman, Philemona Williamson, Deborah Willis, Beulah Ecton Woodard. Others such as Margaret Burroughs, Catti, Tana Hargest, Kira Lynn Harris, Cynthia Hawkins, Jennie C. Jones, Adia Millett, Julie Mehretu, Camille Norment, Aminah Robinson, Nadine Robinson, Gilda Snowden, Ann Tanksley, Shirley Woodson, are briefly mentioned in passing. [Review: April F. Masten, Illuminating the Color Line Artist by Artist," Reviews in American History Vol. 35, No. 2 (June 2007):265-272; Renée Ater, "Creating Their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists," NWSA Journal Vol. 19, No. 1 (Spring 2007):211-217.] 4to (11 x 8 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

FARRIS, PHOEBE, ed.
Women Artists of Color: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook to Twentieth Century Artists in the Americas.
Westport (CT): Greenwood, 1999.
xx, 496 pp., afterword, notes, cultural resource list, index. Includes 25 African American women artists; biographical essay, exhibs. artist's statement and bibliog. for each artist. The choices are fairly predictable, with only a few surprise additions such as installation artist Marie T. Cochran and ceramicist Sana Musasama. However, the essays are substantial and the reference material is useful. 8vo, cloth, no d.j. (as issued). First ed.

FAYETTE VILLE (NC). Arts Council of Fayetteville and Cumberland County.
Distinguished Visions, Timeless Tradition.
January 23-March 21, 2009.
Group exhibition of African American work in Fayetteville collections. Included: Elizabeth Catlett, Ernie Barnes, John Biggers, Betye Saar, Hughie Lee-Smith, Mima McMillan, Dwight Smith, and many others.

FAYETTEVILLE (NC). Walton Arts Center.
Images of America, African American Voices: Selections from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Darrell Walker.
January 9-March 27, 2004.
125 pp., 83 color plates, 1 b&w illus., plus color and b&w text photos, checklist of 64 works in all media, endnotes, bibliog. Text by Michael D. Harris. A very substantial collection. Artists include: Ron Adams, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Frank Bowling, Calvin Burnett, Nanette Carter, William S. Carter, Ed Clark, Kevin Cole, Robert Colescott, Tarrance D. Corbin, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Louis Delsarte, David Driskell, Edward J. Dwight, Michael Ellison, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Luther Hampton, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Henri Linton, Juan Logan, Juan Logan, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin D. Loving, Clarence Morgan, Reginald McGhee, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, James Phillips, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Ray Saunders, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, A. J. Smith, Cedric Smith, Frank E. Smith, John H. Smith, Bill Taylor, Mildred J. Thompson, Dudley Vaccianna, James Vanderzee, Larry Walker, Joyce Wellman, William T. Williams. [Traveled to Tubman African American Museum, Macon, GA, July 23-September 26, 2004; Diggs Gallery, Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, NC, June 11-September 17, 2005; Aronoff Center for the Arts, Cincinnati, OH, September 15-November 11, 2006; and other venues.] Oblong 4to, pictorial wraps. First ed.

FINEBERG, JONATHAN.
Art Since 1940: Strategies of Being.
New York: Abrams, 1995.
496 pp., 557 illus. in color and b&w, list of illus., index. Includes 8 African American artists: Basquiat and Bearden (3 color plates each, photo of Basquiat), Robert Colescott (1 color plate), Martin Puryear (2 b&w illus.), and the remainder with 1 b&w illus. each: David Hammons, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Renée Stout. Wifredo Lam is mentioned in passing, but without illus. 4to, cloth, d.j.First ed.

FLUSHING (NY). Queens Museum of Art.
Sculpture Trends of the 80s.
1987.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

FRESNO (CA). Fresno Arts Center.
Passages: A Survey of California Women Artists Part II.
1987.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

FRESNO (CA). Fresno Arts Center and Museum.
Undercover, the Book as Format.
March 15-May 10, 1987.
Group exhibition. Included: Alison Saar, Betye Saar, and Lezley Saar. Exhib. invitation card.

FULLERTON (CA). Main Art Gallery, California State University.
A New Cosmopolitan: Preeminence of Place in Contemporary Art.
2008.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

GATES, HENRY LOUIS and EVELYN BROOKS HIGGINBOTHAM, eds.
African American National Biography.
2009.
Originally published in 8 volumes, the set has grown to 12 vollumes with the addition of 1000 new entries. Also available as online database of biographies, accessible only to paid subscribers (well-endowed institutions and research libraries.) As per update of February 2, 2009, the following artists were included in the 8-volume set, plus addenda. A very poor showing for such an important reference work. Hopefully there are many more artists in the new entries: Jesse Aaron, Julien Abele (architect), John H. Adams, Jr., Ron Adams, Salimah Ali, James Latimer Allen, Charles H. Alston, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Herman "Kofi" Bailey, Walter T. Bailey (architect), James Presley Ball, Edward M. Bannister, Anthony Barboza, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Cornelius Marion Battey, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Arthur Bedou, Mary A. Bell, Cuesta Ray Benberry, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Howard Bingham, Alpha Blackburn, Robert H. Blackburn, Walter Scott Blackburn, Melvin R. Bolden, David Bustill Bowser, Wallace Branch, Barbara Brandon, Grafton Tyler Brown, Richard Lonsdale Brown, Barbara Bullock, Selma Hortense Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Taylor Goss Burroughs, John Bush, Elmer Simms Campbell, Elizabeth Catlett, David C. Chandler, Jr., Raven Chanticleer, Ed Clark, Allen Eugene Cole, Robert H. Colescott, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest T. Crichlow, Michael Cummings, Dave the Potter [David Drake], Griffith J. Davis, Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Thornton Dial, Sr., Joseph Eldridge Dodd, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Sam Doyle, David Clyde Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Ed Dwight (listed as military, not as artist); Mel Edwards, Minnie Jones Evans, William McNight Farrow, Elton Fax, Daniel Freeman, Meta Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon, King Daniel Ganaway, the Goodridge Brothers, Rex Goreleigh, Tyree Guyton, James Hampton, Della Brown Taylor (Hardman), Edwin Augustus Harleston, Charles "Teenie" Harris, Lyle Ashton Harris, Bessie Harvey, Isaac Scott Hathaway, Palmer Hayden, Nestor Hernandez, George Joseph Herriman, Varnette Honeywood, Walter Hood, Richard L. Hunster, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Bill Hutson, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Claude Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Ann Keesee, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Jules Lion, Edward Love, Estella Conwill Majozo, Ellen Littlejohn, Kerry James Marshall, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Richard Mayhew, Carolyn Mazloomi, Aaron Vincent McGruder, Robert H. McNeill, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald H. Motley, Jr., Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Mr. Imagination (Gregory Warmack), Lorraine O'Grady, Jackie Ormes, Joe Overstreet, Carl Owens, Gordon Parks, Sr., Gordon Parks, Jr., C. Edgar Patience, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Margaret Smith Piper, Rose Piper, Horace Pippin, William Sidney Pittman, Stephanie Pogue, Prentiss Herman Polk (as Prentice), James Amos Porter, Harriet Powers, Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, Patrick Henry Reason, Michael Richards, Arthur Rose, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, Addison Scurlock, George Scurlock, Willie Brown Seals, Charles Sebree, Joe Selby, Lorna Simpson, Norma Merrick Sklarek, Clarissa Sligh, Albert Alexander Smith, Damballah Smith, Marvin and Morgan Smith, Maurice B. Sorrell, Simon Sparrow, Rozzell Sykes, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, J.J. Thomas, Robert Louis (Bob) Thompson, Mildred Jean Thompson, Dox Thrash, William Tolliver, Bill Traylor, Leo F. Twiggs, James Augustus Joseph Vanderzee, Kara Walker, William Onikwa Wallace, Laura Wheeler Waring, Augustus Washington, James W. Washington, Jr., Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, John H. White, Jack Whitten, Carla Williams, Daniel S. Williams, Paul Revere Williams (architect), Deborah Willis, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, John Woodrow Wilson, Ernest C. Withers, Beulah Ecton Woodard, Hale Aspacio Woodruff.

GAZE, DELIA.
Dictionary of Women Artists Vols. 1 & 2.
1997.
1512 pp. Includes: Emma Amos, Beverly Buchanan, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Meta Vaux Fuller, Lois Mailou Jones, Edmonia Lewis, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Clarissa T. Sligh, Alma Thomas. Brief mention of a few others such as Alison Saar and Carrie Mae Weems.

GLENDORA (CA). Downey Museum of Art.
Deja Vu: Masterpieces Updated.
June 25-September 3, 1978.
83 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Text by Ronald E. Steen. Included: Betye Saar. [Traveled to: Citrus Community College, September 11-29, 1978.] 4to (27.9 x 21.5 cm.), pictorial stapled wraps. Offset printing. First ed.

GOLDEN, THELMA, ed.
Black Male: Representations of Masculinity in Contemporary American Art.
New York: Abrams, 1995.
223 pp. exhib. catalogue, approx. 100 illus., 23 full-page color plates, bibliog., film and video program lists. Important compendium of writings on masculinity and race. Writers include: Henry Louis Gates, Jr., John G. Hanhardt, Elizabeth Alexander, Greg Tate, Valerie Smith, bell hooks, Ed Guerrero, Phillip Brian Harper, Isaac Julien, Tricia Rose, Andrew Ross, Clyde Taylor. 25 artists including: Emma Amos, Kenseth Armstead, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Nayland Blake, Skunder Boghossian, Mel Chinn, Robert Colescott, Renée Cox, Roy DeCarava, Aaron Douglas, Jean DeDeaux, Kevin Jerome Everson, David Hammons, Lyle Ashton Harris, Barkley Hendricks, K.O.S., Jacob Lawrence, Glenn Ligon, Carl Pope, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Martin Puryear, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, James Vanderzee, Christian Walker, Jack Waters (video The Male GaYze), Carrie Mae Weems, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Fred Wilson and filmmaker Marco Williams ("In Search of My Father." [Exhibited at the Whitney Museum of American Art, NY; Armand Hammer Museum, Los Angeles.] [Exhibition reviews (among others): Ellis Cose and Peter Plagens, "Black Like Whom?" Newsweek (November 14, 1994):64+; Michael Kimmelman, "Constructing Images of the Black Male," NYT, (November 11, 1994):C1; Elizabeth Hess, "Visible Man," Village Voice (November 22, 1994):31+; Mark Stevens, "Black and Blue," New York Magazine (November 21,1994):68; Sandra Hernandez, "Approaching 'Black Male' Agitates L.A." LA Weekly (January 6-12, 1995):10; Jen Budney, "Black Male," Flash Art, February 1995: 91; Linda Nochlin, "Learning from 'Black Male,'" Art in America 3 (March 1995):86-91; Joe Lewis, "More 'Black Male' for L.A.," Art in America 83 (April 1995):25; Okwui Enwezor, "The Body in Question: Whose Body? ‘Black Male: Representation of Masculinity in Contemporary Art'," Third Text, no. 31, Summer 1995.] 8vo, stiff wraps. First ed.

GORDAN, ALLAN M.
Nommo Muse: Black Improvisation in California.
1980.
In: New Art Examiner 7 (June 1980):6-7. Charles White, Samella Lewis, Alonzo Davis, John Outterbridge, Ruth Waddy, David Hammons, Noah Purifoy, Claude Clark Sr., Sargent Johnson, E. J. Montgomery. Cleveland Bellow, Charles Blackwell, Robert Colescott, Mike Henderson, Margo Humphrey, Suzanne Jackson, Marie Johnson, Arthur Monroe, Betye Saar, Larry Walker, Horace Washington, Oliver Jackson, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Raymond Saunders.

GRAND FORKS (ND). North Dakota Museum of Art.
Frontiers in Fiber: The Americans.
January 15-February 15, 1988.
Exhib. cat. Group exhibition that toured for two years in Asia. Included: Patricia Ravarra, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, et al. [Traveled in Asia for two years, including: Ishikawa Industrial Center, Kanazawa, Japan; Kyoto National Museum of Art, Kyoto, Japan; Taipei Fine Arts Museum, American Institute, Taiwan, August 13-October 2, 1988; Walker Hill Art Center, Seoul, Korea; Thailand Cultural Center, Bangkok, Thailand; National Art Galleries, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; in Guangzhou in the People's Republic of China; National Art Gallery, Jakarta, Indonesia; Metropolitan Museum of Art, Manila, Phillipines; Hong Kong Art Center, Hong Kong; National Art Gallery, Singapore.]

HAIN, MARK, ed.
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts: 200 Years of Excellence.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.
312 pp., 220 color plates, notes, index. Texts by 7 critics on aspects of the Academy's history, collections, curriculum and buildings. Color plates of work by Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Jacob Lawrence, Horace Pippin, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash. Also mentioned in the text is the presence of work by Sam Gilliam and Howardena Pindell in the collection. Most of the African American work was acquired in 2004 as the gift of Harold A. and Ann R. Sorgenti; eight works by Horace Pippin were bequeathed in 1979. 4to (12 x 9.1 in.), cloth, d.j.

HAJOSY, DOLORES.
Gallery 62: An Outlet . . . A Bridge.
1985.
In: Black American Literature Forum 19, No. 1 (Spring 1985):22-23. Mentions artists in 1978 inaugural exhibition at Gallery 62: Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, William Braxton, Selma Burke, Aaron Douglas, Palmer Hayden, Jacob Lawrence, Archibald Motley, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Albert A. Smith, Henry O. Tanner, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. Mentions the many other artists subsequently shown in Gallery 62 exhibitions: Jules Allen, Emma Amos, Toyce Anderson, Aleta Bass, Carole Byard, Adger Cowans, Virginia Cox, Nicholas Davis, Avel DeKnight, Nadine DeLawrence-Maine, Louis Delsarte, James Denmark, Tom Feelings, Manuel Hughes, Bill Hutson, Oliver Johnson, Ben Jones, Richard Leonard, James Little, Fern Logan, Jacqueline Patten, John Pinderhughes, John Rhoden, Faith Ringgold, Arthur Robinson (presumably Leo A. Robinson?), Betye Saar, Sidney Schenck, Coreen Simpson, Beauford Smith, George Smith, John Spaulding, Charles Stewart, Frank Stewart, Sharon Sutton, Jon Thomas, Leon Waller, Joyce Wellman, George Wilson, Maryam Zafar.

HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University.
The International Review of African American Art Vol. 10, no. 2 (1992).
1992.
The Spirit of Ritual, the Magic of Technology: performance, installation and digital art. Includes: "Performances, installations, environments" by Samella Lewis; "Betye Saar, an interview" by M.J. Hewitt; "Myth, symbol and technology, Cross-cultural ritual as art: the performances of Arturo Lindsay" by Samella Lewis; "Canvas and computer, painting and programming" by Jbamidele Agbasegbe Demerson; "Angela Perkins and the computer as palette" by Edmund Barry Gaither; "Frank Romero's Pingolandia" by M.J. Hewitt. Artists include: Frank Romero; John Biggers; Betye Saar; Arturo Lindsay; Acha Debela; Angela Perkins; Frank Romero. 4to, wraps.

HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University.
The International Review of African American Art Vol. 14, no. 3 (Stereotypes Subverted? Or for Sale?).
1997.
Important multi-article discussion of the use of racial stereotypes in the visual arts. Articles by Karen C.C. Dalton, Michael D. Harris and Lowery Sims (The Past is Prologue but is Parody and Pastiche Progress?); Phyllis J. Jackson (IN) forming the Visual: (RE) Presenting Women of African Descent; Robert G. O'Meally (Jazz Albums as Art: Some Reflections); Joanne Nerlino (The Visual Art of Miles Davis); Cece Bullard (Afrodisiac: A Taste of Black Erotic Art). Images by Kara Walker, Michael Ray Charles, Betye Saar, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Joanne Scott, Murray N. Depillars, Joyce J. Scott, Freida High, Robert Colescott, Manuel Hughes; Camille Billops, Angela Franklin, Tom Miller, Wendell Brown; Meta Warrick Fuller, Renée Stout, Carrie Mae Weems, Kira Lynn Harris, Deborah Willis, Faith Ringgold, Renée Cox, Clarissa Sligh, Adrian Piper, Pat Ward Williams, Sandra Rowe, Noni Olabisi, Lorna Simpson; Charles Alston, Miles Davis, John T. Biggers, Gwendolyn Aqui, Larry Poncho Brown; photos of the Tougaloo art colony (including Johnnie Mae Gilbert, Ricky Callaway, Emmit Patton, Yvonne Tucker, James Powell); Willis Bing Davis, José Bedia, Richard Wyatt (adv). 4to, wraps.

HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University.
The International Review of African American Art Vol. 6, no. 4. Special Issue on Printmaking.
1985.
63 pp. Long and richly illustrated article by Samella Lewis and Bob Biddle, approx. 28 b&w illus., 30 excellent color plates. Also contains article by Maudra Jones on "The Printmaking Workshop of New York City"; articles on Richmond Barthé, Elizabeth Catlett, Milton Sherrill, Maren Hassinger, Betye Saar, and Houston Conwill. Other artists include: Benny Andrews, Margo Humphrey, Lev Mills, Robert Martin, Muraina Oyelami, Stephanie Pogue, Mildred Thompson, John Riddle, Van Slater, Camille Billops, Marva Cremer, Bobbly Walls, Joyce Wellman, Charles White. 4to, wraps.

HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University.
The International Review of African American Art Vol. 9, no. 1: Bahia (Brazil).
.
Power of Tradition: Revitalization of Cachoeira; Cachoeira: People and Places; Abdias De Sacremento Nobre or Mestre Abdias; Creativity in Adversity: Afro-Bahian Women; Power and Art; Power of Place: Public Art Commemorates An African-American Midwife; Irmandade de Boa Morte. Artwork by: Aristides Alves; Antonio Moraes Riberiro; Master Abdias; Betye Saar; Bahiaturas. 4to, wraps.

HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University.
The International Review of African American Art Vol. 9, no. 4: Artists of the '30s and '40s.
1991.
"Wm. H. Johnson" by Leslie King-Hammond; "Romare Bearden" by June Kelly; "Color, Structure, Design: Artistic Expressions of Lois Mailou Jones" by Tritobia Benjamin; "Ellis Wilson's Pursuit of a Theme on Labor" by David Duckwork; "Ruth Waddy: A California." Artwork by: William H Johnson, Romare Bearden, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Ellis Wilson, Gordon Parks, Ruth Waddy, Mel Edwards, George Smith, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Margo Humphrey, Marie Johnson, Judy Houston, Irene Clark, Betye Saar. 4to, wraps.

HARLEY, RALPH L., JR.
Checklist of Afro-American Art and Artists.
1970.
In: Serif 7 (December 1970):3-63. What could have been the foundation of future scholarship is unfortunately marred by errors of all kinds and the inclusion of numerous white artists. All Black artists are cross-referenced.

HARTFORD (CT). Amistad Foundation, Wadsworth Atheneum.
Martin Luther King Jr.: Life, Times, and Legacy.
November 14, 2007-April 27, 2008.
Group exhibition. Artists included: Elizabeth Catlett, Jeff Donaldson, David Driskell, Terence Hammonds, Wadsworth Jarrell, Gordon Parks, Alexis Peskine, Sheila Pree-Bright, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Moneta Sleet, and others.

HARTFORD (CT). CRT's Craftery Gallery.
In Celebration of the Samella S. Lewis Collection.
June, 1991.
Group exhibition. Seems to have included: Ed Johnetta Miller, Herman Kofi Bailey, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, David Butler, Elizabeth Catlett, Floyd Coleman, Palmer Hayden, Leon Hicks, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, Jacob Lawrence, Noah Purifoy, Betye Saar, Howard Smith, Mildred Thompson, Mose Tolliver, Ruth Waddy.

HARTFORD (CT). Wadsworth Atheneum.
Double Exposure: African Americans Before and Behind the Camera.
2005-2006.
20 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition of daguerrotypes, ambrotypes, tintypes as well as work by contemporary photographers. Curated by Lisa Henry and Frank Mitchell. Includes: Maya Freelon Asante, April Banks, Sheila Pree Bright, Kesha Bruce, Albert Chong, Renée Cox, Gerald Cyrus, Roy DeCarava, Leslie Hewitt, Melvina Lathan, Stephanie Lindsey, Gordon Parks, Wendy Phillips, Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson, Bayeté Ross Smith, Darryl Smith, Hank Willis Thomas, James Vanderzee, Augustus Washington, Lewis Watts, Carrie Mae Weems, Amanda Williams, Carla Williams, Deborah Willis, et al. [Traveled to: DePaul University Art Museum, Chicago, IL, April 16-June 14, 2009.]

HAVANA (Cuba). Castillo de los Tres Reyes del Morro, Centro Wifredo Lam, Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes.
Bienal de la Habana V: arte, sociedad, reflexion.
May 6-June 30, 1994.
310 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus. Texts by Llilian Llanes, Nelson Herrera Ysla, Néstor García Canclini, Carla Stellweg, Ery Camara, Eugenio Valdés Figueroa, Hilda María Rodríguez, Ibis Hernández and Margarita Sánchez, Magda I. González, Juan Antonio Molina. Artists included: Jane Alexander, Ras Akyem, Thierry Alet, Ed Bereal, Willie Bester, Ernest Breleur, Stan Burnside, Albert V. Chong, Robert Cookhorne [Omari Ra], Annalee Davis, Amadou Diallo, El Anatsui, Angele Etoundi Essamba, Carlos Garaicoa, John Goba, Kcho, Bodys Kingelez, David Koloane, Los Carpinteros, Sam Nhlengethwa, Jean Baptiste Ngnetchopa, John Outterbridge, Keith Piper, Khalfani Ra, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Lesley Saar, Issa Samb, Juan Sanchez, Durant Sihlali, Penny Siopis, Pat Ward Williams. [A selection from the Biennial was exhibited at Ludwig Forum for International Art in Aachen/Germany in September 1994; catalog in German.] 4to (28 cm.), wraps.

HELENA (MT). Holter Museum of Art.
Speaking Volumes: Transforming Hate.
January 25-April 13, 2008.
Exhib. cat. Curated by Katie Knight. Texts by Peter Selz, Liz Gans. The Holter Museum challenged artists to "transform, incorporate or otherwise respond to books of hate propaganda published by the World Church of the Creator." Participating artists were provided with copies of the books from the Montana Human Rights Network, which had previously acquired and taken them out of circulation. Group exhibition of more than 60 works (in sculpture, video, painting, photography, collage, printmaking, book arts, beadwork, fiber and performance) contributed by artists from around the country. Included: Nick Cave, Betye Saar, Clarissa T. Sligh, Delita Pinchback-Martin. [Traveling on 3-year 10 museum tour, including: Art Gallery, University of Montana Western, November, 2008; Paris Gibson Square Museum of Art, Great Falls, MT, May 21-August 1, 2009; MonDak Heritage Center, Sydney, Australia, August 21-September 21, 2009; Yellowstone Art Museum, March 25-June 27, 2010; and other venues.]

HELLER, JULES and NANCY G. HELLER.
North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary.
New York: Garland, 1995.
612 pp., 100 b&w illus., 1500 aritsts' biogs. Includes 43 African American artists: Emma Amos, Ellen Banks, Betty Blayton-Taylor, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Lilian Thomas Burwell, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Dewayne Chase-Riboud, Barbara Chavous, Minnie Jones Evans, Meta Warrick Fuller, Maren Hassinger, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Fitzallen Jackson, Vera Jackson, Marie E. Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Viola Burley Leak, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Sanders Lewis, Geraldine McCullough, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Winnie Owens-Hart, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Elaine Pogue, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Augusta Christine Savage, Georgette Seabrooke, Jewel Woodard Simon, Clarissa Sligh, Sylvia Snowden, Renée Stout, Alma Thomas, Denise Ward-Brown, Laura Wheeler Waring. Stout 4to, cloth.

HOLMES, OAKLEY N., JR.
The Complete Annotated Resource Guide to Black American art: Books, doctoral dissertations, exhibition catalogs, periodicals, films, slides, large prints, speakers, filmstrips, video tapes, Black museums, art galleries, and much more.
Spring Valley, NY: Black Artists in America, 1978.
iii, 275 pp. A bibliographical reference superceded by Igoe who incorporated all of this information. AAVAD has not yet consulted or copied this information into the database, except where the reference appeared through other sources. Note: numerous misspellings of artists' names. 8vo (23 cm.), glossy printed wraps; text mimeographed. First ed.

HOPKINS, HENRY and MIMI JACOBS.
50 West Coast Artists.
San Francisco, 1981.
127 pp., b&w and color illus., index, photos and artist's statement for each. Artists selected by Henry Hopkins. Includes just one African American artist: Betye Saar.

HOUSTON (TX). The Menil Collection.
NeoHooDoo: Art for a Forgotten Faith.
June 27-September 21, 2008.
144 pp. exhib. cat., 88 color and 7 b&w illus., biogs. Texts by Franklin Sirmans, Arthur C. Danto, Greg Tate, Robert Farris Thompson, Jen Budney, Julia Herzberg; interview with Ishmael Reed by Franklin Sirmans and a work by poet Quincy Troupe. Group exhibition of approx. 50 works in all media using ritualistic practice as a means to recover a "lost" spirituality and to reexamine and reinterpret aspects of cultural heritage. The title follows Ismael Reed's invention of the term in his collection of poetry Conjure (1972). Included: Terry Adkins, Radcliffe Bailey, José Bedia, Sanford Biggers, Maria Magdalena Campos-Pons, William Cordova, David Hammons, Kcho, Adrian Piper, Betye Saar, Gary Simmons, George Smith, Nari Ward. [Traveled to: P.S.1, New York, October 19, 2008-January 26, 2009; Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL, February 22-September 13, 2009.) 4to (10.3 x 8.8 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

HUNT, DARNELL and ANA-CHRISTINA RAMON, eds.
Black Los Angeles: American Dreams and Racial Realities.
New York: NYU Press, 2010.
448 pp., 43 illus. (but this is not a photo book), introduction and 16 wide-ranging scholarly texts on Black Los Angeles history and culture, bibliog., index. Includes a chapter on Black Art in Los Angeles by Paul Von Blum (pp. 243-265) which does not add any new information to Von Blum's earlier more extensive publication or the heavily researched exhibitions of 2004-5. Mentions Richmond Barthe, Ernie Barnes, Roland Charles, Dan Concholar, mention of the Brockman Gallery, Alonzo and Dale Davis, Cecil Ferguson, David Hammons, Varnette Honeywood, Suzanne Jackson, Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, John Outterbridge, William Pajaud, John T. Riddle, Betye Saar, Roderick Sykes, Melvin Van Peebles, Ruth Waddy, Daryl Wells, Charles White, Paul R. Williams, Richard Wyatt. 8vo (8.6 x 5.9 in.)

ISOARDI, STEVE.
The Dark Tree: Jazz and the Community Arts in Los Angeles.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.
377 pp., b&w illus., appendix, notes, bibliog., index. While he was still in his twenties, Horace Tapscott gave up a successful career in Lionel Hampton's band and returned to his home in Los Angeles to found the Pan Afrikan Peoples Arkestra, a community arts group that focused on providing affordable, community-oriented jazz and jazz training. Over the course of almost forty years, the Arkestra, together with the related Union of God's Musicians and Artists Ascension (UGMAA) Foundation, were at the forefront of the vital community-based arts movements in black Los Angeles. Some three hundred artists (musicians, vocalists, poets, playwrights, painters, sculptors, and graphic artists) passed through these organizations, many ultimately remaining within the community and others moving on to achieve international fame. Based primarily on one hundred in-depth interviews with current and former participants, The Dark Tree is the first history of the important and largely overlooked community arts movement of African American Los Angeles. Dozens of interviews were conducted with musicians, but information on visual artists was drawn from the old interviews conducted for the UCLA Oral History Project in the early to mid-90s -- Ben Caldwell, Alonzo Davis, curator Cecil Ferguson, Suzanne Jackson, John Outterbridge, Noah Purifoy, John Riddle, Betye Saar, and Ruth Waddy. The visual arts receive almost no treatment whatsoever in this study. The handful of pages on Noah Purifoy and even less on John Outterbridge are the only substantive mention of the visual arts. Mentioned in passing, for example, is Purifoy's mentorship of artists such as John Riddle, Nathaniel Bustion, Melvin Edwards, David Hammons, and Betye Saar, but without explanation. The Brockman Gallery receives one paragraph; the Lincoln Motion Picture Company (the first black-owned film company) receives one sentence. 8vo (9.2 x 6.3 in.), cloth, d.j., with music CD.

ITHACA (NY). Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University.
Uncommon Threads: Contemporary Artists and Clothing.
2000.
58 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus., bibliog. Includes: Willie Birch, Nayland Blake, Betye Saar, et al. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed.

Ivoryton (CT). ART Gallery Magazine.
The ART Gallery Magazine: Afro-American issue (Vol. 11, no. 7, April 1968).
1968.
Special Afro-American issue. Approx. 100 pp., b&w and color illus. Includes: Alonzo J. Aden, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Eric Anderson, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Sheman Beck, Ed Bereal, John T. Biggers, Betty Blayton, Sylvester Britton, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, William S. Carter, Bernie Casey, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Christmas, Claude Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Emilio Cruz, Mary Reed Daniel, Charles C. Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Avel DeKnight, Richard Dempsey, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David C. Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Eugene Eda, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, John Farrar, Frederick C. Flemister, Meta Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Russell T. Gordon, Bernard Goss, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Romaine Harris, Eugene Hawkins, Palmer Hayden, Wilbur Haynie, Reginald Helm, James Herring, Leon Hicks, Vivian Hieber (?), Felrath Hines, Alvin Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Richard Hunt, A.B. Jackson, Hiram E. Jackson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frederic Jones (presumably Frederick D. Jones, Jr.), Lois Mailou Jones, Robert Edmond Jones, Jack Jordan, Sr., Louis Joseph Jordan, Ronald Joseph (as Joseph Ronald), Paul Keene, Joseph Kersey, Herman King, Sidney Kumalo, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Clifford Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, James Edward Lewis, Jr., Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Alvin Loving, William Majors, Howard Mallory, Jr., David Mann, Richard Mayhew, Anna McCullough, Geraldine McCullough, Charles W. McGee, Lloyd McNeill, Jr., Earl Miller, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Mosely, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Texeira Nash, Frank W. Neal, George E. Neal, Hayward L. Oubre, Jr., James D. Parks, Marion Perkins, Robert S. Pious, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Judson Powell, Ramon Price, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Mavis Pusey, Robert D. Reid, John W. Rhoden, Haywood "Bill" Rivers, Henry C. Rollins, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Jewel Simon, Merton D. Simpson, Van Slater, Carroll Sockwell, John Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Ralph M. Tate, Lawrence Taylor, John Torres, Jr., Alfred J. Tyler, Ruth G. Waddy, William Walker, Eugene Warburg, Howard N. Watson, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Jack H. White, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Sam William, Douglas R. Williams, Jose Williams, Todd Williams, Walter H. Williams, Stan Williamson, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, John W. Wilson, Roger Wilson, Hale A. Woodruff, James E. Woods, Roosevelt (Rip) Woods, Charles Yates, Hartwell Yeargans, et al. 8vo (24 cm.; 9 x 6 in.), wraps.

JACKSON, PHYLLIS.
Re-Living Memories: Picturing Death.
2002.
In: Ijele: art ejournal of the African World Issue 5 (2002). Excellent background information on lynching, followed by analysis of works by Elizabeth Catlett, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Freida High, Lois Mailou Jones, Adrian Piper, Sandra Rowe. E-journal.

JEGEDE, DELE.
Encyclopedia of African American Artists (Artists of the American Mosaic).
Westport (CT): Greenwood, 2009.
280 pp., b&w illus. and 8 pp. color plates, brief bibliogs. after biographical entries, short general bibliog., index. 66 artists included, some with full entries, some additional artists named in passing. Not remotely encyclopedic. Includes: Charles Alston, Olu Amoda, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, George Andrews, Herman Kofi Bailey, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Elmer Simms Campbell, George Washington Carver, Elizabeth Catlett, Sonya Clark, Robert Colescott, Larry Collins, Ed Colston, Achamyele Debela, Roy DeCarava, Gebre Desta, Buddie Jake Dial, Thornton Dial, Sr., Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Melvin Edwards, Victor Ekpuk, Ben Enwonwu, Tolulope Filani, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Charnelle Holloway, George Hughes, Richard Hunt, Wadsworth Jarrell, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Lois Mailiou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Byron Kim, Wosene Worke Kosrof, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Cynthia Lockhart, Frank (Toby) Martin, Richard, Mayhew, Carolyn Mazloomi, Julie Mehretu, Archibald Motley, Wangechi Mutu, Barbara Nesin, Odili Donald Odita, Christopher Okigbo, Bruce Onobrakpeya, Kolade Oshinowo, Gordon Parks, Thomas Phelps, Horace Pippin, Willi Posey (under Jones), Ellen Jean Price, Martin Puryear, Femi Richards, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Brenda Lynn Robinson, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, John T. Scott, Gerard Sekoto, Thomas Shaw, Lorna Simpson, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, SPIRAL, Renée Stout, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Fatimah Tuggar, Obiora Udechukwu, James Vanderzee, Ouattara Watts, Carrie Mae Weems, Charles White, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff. 4to (10.1 x 7.2 in.), boards.

JOHANNESBURG (South Africa).
Africus: Johannesburg Biennale 1995.
February 28-April 30, 1995.
304 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Texts by Rasheed Araeen, Ery Camara, Arthur C. Danto, Bongi Dhlomo, Rashid Diab, Amareswar Galla, Sander Gilman, Coco Fusco, Sandra Klopper, Jean-Hubert Martin, Thomas McEvilley, Charles Merewether, Adriano Mixinge, Anitra Nettleton, Apinan Poshyananda. Artists include: Fernando Alvim, El Anatsui, Mation Arnold, Vincent Baloyi, Maryam Baqeri, Dominic Benhura, Mario Benjamin, Willie Bester, Jodi Bieber, Lien Botha, David Boxer, Ezekiel Budeli, Mbongeni Richman Buthelezi, Tony Capellan, Alberto Chissano, Albert Chong, Robert Cookhorne [Omari Ra], Makandal Dada, Calixte Dakpogan, Leonard Daley, Tamsir Dia, Rashid Diab, Viyé Diba, Moustapha Dime, Muzi Donga, Victor Ekpuk, Nxabe Eland, Angele Etoundi Essamba, Dumile Feni, Angela Ferreira, Coco Fusco, Meek Gichugu, Christopher Gitau, Mokwaledi Gontswanetse, Joy Gregory, Zamu Gumede, Tapfuma Gutsa, Veliswa Gwintsa, Themba Hadebe, Romuald Hazoumé, Napoleon Jones Henderson, Gazland Hlungwane, Jackson Hlungwani, Barbara Jackson; Thamae Kaashe, Mohamed Kacimi, Samuel Kakaire, Paulo Kapela, Kcho, Souleymane Keita, Philip Kelly; Alf Khumalo, Kasule Maria Kizito, Edinam Wisdom Kudowor, Atta Kwami, Georges Lilanga, Los Carpinteros, Noria Mabasa, Titos Mabote, Adam Madebe, Jose Dias Mahlate, Motlhalefi Mahlabe, Sarah Mahlangu, Maria Makhamele, Doreen Mandawa, Billy Mandindi, Esther Maswanganye, Neo Matome, Kagiso Mautloa, Georges M'Bourou, Sezakele Mchunu, Luis Meque, Julius Mfete, Leah Mkhwebane, Johannes Mkize, Mavis Mlawe, Thami Mnyele, Santu Mofokeng, Ahmed Mohamed, Petrona Morrison, Ruth Motau, Rantefe Mothebe, Fabian Mpagi Kamalu, Sipho Msweli, Mavis Mtandeki, Boira Mteki, Simon Mthimkhulu, Peter Mthombeni, Nicholas Mukomberanwa, Albert Munyai, Fred Mutebi, Joseph Muzondo, Boniface Mwangi, Thomas Mykarombwe, Velaphi Mzimba, Lilian Nabulime, Richard Ndabagoye, Ferciano Ndala, Joe Ndhlovu, Karel Nel, Henriette Ngako, Miriam Ngubeni, Juda Ngwenya, Taylor Nkomo, Sokhaya Nkosi, Francis Nnaggenda; Bonnie Ntshalintshali, Nhlanhla Nsudwane, Cedric Nunn, Antonio Ole, Chijioke Onuora, Larry Otoo, John Outterbridge, Adrian Piper, Omari Ra, Belkis Ramirez, Marcos Lora Read, Betye Saar, Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi, Johannes Mashego Segogela, Edmund Setordji, Fulai Shipipa, Fasoni Sibanda, Durant Sihlali, Maud Sulter, Alfred Thoba, Guy Tillim, Obiora Udechukwu, Jan Wade, Sane Wadu, James Wainaina, Stanford Watson, Nhlanhla Xaba, Sandile Zulu. 4to (28 cm.), wraps.

JOHNSTONE, MARK.
Contemporary Art in Southern California.
North Ryde, Sydney, NSW: Craftsman House: G+B Arts International, 1999.
208 pp., illus., biogs., bibliog. 43 artists. Includes only: Charles Gaines, Betye Saar. 4to (30 cm.), cloth, d.j.

JONES, AMELIA, ed.
A Companion to Contemporary Art Since 1945.
Wiley-Blackwell, 2006.
648 pp., illus. Primarily a series of survey texts on decades and topics. No in-depth commentary on any individual artist, but the texts do include: Jean-Michel Basquiat, Sonia Boyce, Samuel Fosso, Coco Fusco, Lyle Ashton Harris, Isaac Julien, Chris Ofili, Joe Overstreet, Adrian Piper, Keith Piper, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Yinka Shonibare, Renée Stout, Iké Udé, Kara Walker, Fred Wilson. Passing mention of Beauford Delaney, Allan DeSouza, Jeff Donaldson, David Hammons, Moshekwa Langa, Norman Lewis, Lorraine O'Grady, Olu Oguibe, William Pope.L, Chéri Samba, Lorna Simpson, Ernest C. Withers. 8vo (9.5 x 6.5 in.), cloth, dust jacket. First ed.

JONES, KELLIE, with contributions by Amiri Baraka and Hettie Jones.
EyeMinded: Living and Writing Contemporary Art.
Duke University Press, 2011.
528 pp., 27 illus., bibliog., index. Contents: Eyeminded: commentary by Amiri Baraka -- Preface to a twenty volume suicide note by Amiri Baraka -- A.K.A. Saartjie: The Hottentot Venus in context (some reflections and a dialogue), 1998/2004 -- Tracey Rose: postapartheid playground -- (Un)seen and overheard: pictures by Lorna Simpson -- Life's little necessities: installations by women in the 1990s -- Interview with Kcho -- The structure of myth and the potency of magic -- Seeing through: commentary by Hettie Jones -- In the eye of the beholder by Hettie Jones -- To/from Los Angeles with Betye Saar -- Crown jewels -- Dawoud Bey: portraits in the theater of desire -- Pat Ward Williams: photography and social/personal history -- Interview with Howardena Pindell -- Eye-minded: Martin Puryear -- Large as life: contemporary photography -- An interview with David Hammons -- Excuse me while I kiss the sky & then fly and touch down : commentary by Lisa Jones -- How I invented multiculturalism by Lisa Jones -- Lost in translation : Jean-Michel in the (re)mix -- In the thick of it: David Hammons and hair culture in the 1970s -- Domestic prayer -- Critical curators: interview with Kellie Jones -- Poets of a new style of speak: Cuban artists of this generation -- In their own image -- Tim Rollins and K.O.S.: what's wrong with this picture -- Blues to the future -- Them there eyes: on connections and the visual : commentary / Guthrie P. Ramsey Jr. -- Free jazz and the price of Black musical abstraction / Guthrie P. Ramsey Jr. -- To the max: energy and experimentation -- It's not enough to say "Black is beautiful" : abstraction at the Whitney 1969-1974 -- Black West: thoughts on art in Los Angeles -- Brothers and sisters -- Bill T. Jones -- Abstract expressionism : the missing link -- Norman Lewis: The Black paintings. Many other artists mentioned in context. 8vo (25 x 17 cm.), cloth, d.j.

Jones, Regina Nickerson & Richard Arlen Wyatt, Jr.
Visions of a Spirit.
N.p.(Los Angeles): N.d..
(12 pp.), 17 b&w illus. plus cover illus. Curated by Richard Wyatt, Jr. Published in conjunction with an undated survey exhibition (early seventies?) of Los Angeles based African American artists sponsored by "Soul Publications." The participants for this exhibition were Guillermo Anderson, Carroll Parrott Blue, James Borders, Bernie Casey, Dan Concholar, Houston Conwill, Vernell De Silva, Varnette P. Honeywood, Suzanne Jackson, Samella Lewis, Collie Lowe, John Outterbridge, Greg Pitts, Betye Saar, John Stinson, Ruth Waddy, Timothy Washington, LaMonte Westmoreland, Charles White (whose image is featured on the cover), Billy Dee Williams, Emmett Wyatt, Jr. and Richard Wyatt, Jr. Oblong 8vo, stapled pictorial wraps. First ed.

KIENHOLZ, LYN, ed. (with Barbara Isenberg, Elizabeta Betinski & Corinne Nelson).
L.A. Rising: SoCal Artists Before 1980.
Los Angeles: California/International Arts Foundation, 2010.
516 pp., over 800 color and 100 b&w images of work by almost 500 artists. Brief text excerpts from critical reviews of exhibitions and writings of the period. Includes: Ron Adams, Herman Kofi Bailey, Richmond Barthé, Phoebe Beasley, Ed Bereal, Gloria Cole Bohanon, David Bradford, Nathaniel Bustion, Bernie Casey, Elizabeth Catlett, Dan Concholar, Houston Conwill, Alonzo Davis, Dale B. Davis, Charles Dickson, Sue Dirkson, Melvin Edwards, Marion Epting, Fredericl Eversley, Joe Goode, Mark Greenfield, Ron Griffin, David Hammons, Marvin Harden, Maren Hassinger, Varnette Honeywood, Bernard Hoyes, Suzanne Jackson, Daniel Larue Johnson, Doyle Lane, Samella Lewis, et al. 4to (31 x 24.7cm.; 12.2 x 9.8 in.), papered boards.

KING-HAMMOND, LESLIE and bell hooks.
Gumbo Ya Ya: An Anthology of Contemporary African American Women Artists.
New York: Midmarch Arts Press, 1995.
351 pp., over 300 illus. (11 in color), photo and /or illus., biogs., exhibs., and brief critical text for each artist, index. Intro. by Leslie King-Hammond. Essential reference listing of 152 women artists with brief entries by African American scholars and curators; more than a dozen others are mentioned in passing (see below primary list.) It should be mentioned that most performance artists, filmmakers, video artists, folk artists, quilters, most photographers, illustrators, and other categories such as the entire new generation of artists established in the decade preceding publication are omitted. Artists included in the primary listings: Emma Amos, Rose Auld, Xenobia Bailey, Mildred Baldwin, Ellen Banks, Trena Banks, Phoebe Beasley, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Lula Mae Blocton, Kabuya P. Bowens, Brenda Branch, Kay Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Millie Burns, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Carol Ann Carter, Nanette Carter, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Catti, Robin Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Marie Cochran, Virginia Cox, Pat Cummings, Mary Reed Daniel, Juette Day, Nadine DeLawrence, Julee Dickerson-Thompson, Marita Dingus, Yanla Dozier, Tina Dunkley, Malaika Favorite, Violet Fields, Ibibio Fundi, Olivia Gatewood, Jan Spivey Gilchrist, Michele Godwin, Gladys Barker Grauer, Renée Green, Ethel Guest, Cheryl Hanna, Inge Hardison, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins, Janet Henry, Candace Hill-Montgomery, Adrienne Hoard, Robin Holder, Jenelsie Holloway, Jacqui Holmes, Varnette Honeywood, Mildred Howard, Margo Humphrey, Irmagean, Suzanne Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Marva Lee Pitchford Jolly, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Kai Kambel, Margaret Slade Kelly, Gwendolyn Knight, Ruth Lampkins, Artis Lane, Viola Leak, Dori Lemeh, Mary Le Ravin, Rosalind Letcher, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Marcia Lloyd, Fern Logan, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Geraldine McCullough, Vivian McDuffie, Joanne McFarland, Vicki Meek, Yvonne Meo, Eva Hamlin Miller, Corinne Howard Mitchell, Evangeline Montgomery, Norma Morgan, Lillian Morgan-Lewis, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Deborah Muirhead, Sana Musasama, Marilyn Nance, Senga Nengudi, Lorraine O'Grady, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Winifred Owens-Hart, Sandra Payne, Janet Taylor Pickett, Delilah Williams Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Rose Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Debra Priestly, Mavis Pusey, Helen Ramsaran, Patricia Ravarra, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Aminah Robinson, Sandra Rowe, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Eve Sandler, Joanne Scott, Joyce J. Scott, Cheryl Shackleton, Yolanda Sharpe, Gail Shaw-Clemons, Jewel Simon, Coreen Simpson, Lorna Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, Gilda Snowden, Sylvia Snowden, Shirley Stark, Janet Stewart, Renée Stout, Elisabeth Sunday, Ann Tanksley, Vivian Tanner, Anna Tate, Evelyn Terry, Freida High Tesfagiorgis, Alma Thomas, Barbara Thomas, Mildred Thompson, Renée Townsend, Yvonne Tucker, Ruth Waddy, Denise Ward-Brown, Fan Warren, Bisa Washington, Mary Washington, Joyce Wellman, Adell Westbrook, Linda Whitaker, Pat Ward Williams, Philemona Williamson, Deborah Willis, Shirley Woodson, [OTHERS mentioned in passing or in footnotes include the following: May Howard Jackson, Meta Warrick Fuller, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Annie Walker, Laura Waring, Irene Clark, Clementine Hunter, Harriet Powers, Gladys-Marie Fry, Cuesta Benberry, Rosalind Jeffries [as Roslind], Sister Gertrude Morgan, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Nellie Mae Rowe, Mary T. Smith, Grannie Dear Williams. Mentions artists the editors hoped to include, but who weren't for various reasons: Amalia Amaki, Jacqueline Bontemps, Ora Williams Carter, Marva Cremer, Pat Davis, Terry Furchgott, Kira Harris, Ruth Beckman Holloman, May Howard, Dolores Johnson, Jean Lacy, Toni Lane, Laurie Ourlicht, Virginia Smit, Ming Smith, Phyllis Thompson, Deborah Wilkins, and Viola M. Wood.] 4to (11 x 8.5 in ), wraps. First ed.

KINGSLEY, APRIL.
Black Artists: Up Against the Wall.
1978.
In: The Village Voice, September 11, 1978:113, b&w illus. Full page article on the decreasing opportunities for black artists to exhibit in New York compared to the spate of exhibitions in 1969-72. Kingsley notes: "Currently there are fewer than half a dozen blacks spread among the dozen current "best" galleries (Leo Castelli, John Weber, Sidney Janis, Andre Emmerich, Paula Cooper, Sonnabend, Nancy Hoffmann, O.K. Harris, Fischbach, Marlborough, Pace, and Max Hutchinson.)" Mentions Melvin Edwards's powerful show at the Studio Museum, Ellsworth Ausby's new abstract paintings, William T. Williams's and Ed Clark's latest paintings, and the even fewer opportunities available to black women artists (with Howardena Pindell leading the list.) [Others mentioned in passing: Frank Bowling, Donna Byars, Houston Conwill, John Dowell, Wendy Ward Ehlers, Frederick Eversley, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Daniel Larue Johnson, James Little, Alvin D. Loving, Richard Mayhew, Senga Nengudi, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Jack Whitten, and Randy Williams.

Kornblau, Gary, ed.
Art Issues 11 (May 1990).
1990.
36 pp., illus. This issue inclued article on Betye and Alison Saar.

LA JOLLA (CA). La Jolla Museum of Art.
Dimensions of Black.
February 15-March 29, 1970.
vi, 154 pp. exhib. cat., approx. 100 b&w illus., bibliog. Ed. by Jehanne Teilhet. Included: Cleveland J. Bellow, Elizabeth Catlett, Dan R. Concholar, Robert S. Duncanson, David Hammons, Joshua Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, John Outterbridge, Betye Saar, Alma W. Thomas, et al. Sq. 8vo (23 x 26 cm.), wraps.

LAGUNA BEACH (CA). Laguna Art Museum.
Southern California Artists 1940-1980.
1981.
65 pp. exhib. cat., 11 color plates, 43 b&w illus. Text by Maudette W. Ball. Included: Betye Saar.

LAUTER, ESTELLA.
Woman as Mythmakers: Poetry and Visual Arts.
Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.
288 pp. Includes very brief mention of: Camille Billops, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Suzanne Jackson, and Betye Saar.

LEWIS, SAMELLA.
African American Art & Artists.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.
302 pp., 204 illus., many in color, substantial bibliog. A history of African American art from the seventeenth-century to the '90s. Revised and updated from Lewis's original publication Art: African American (1978). [See also entry on expanded edition, 2003]. Foreword by Floyd Coleman. Artists include: the slaves of Thomas Fleet, Boston,.Scipio Moorhead, Neptune Thurston, G.W.Hobbs (white artist), Joshua Johnston, Julien Hudson, Robert M. Douglass, Jr., Patrick Henry Reason, David Bustill Bowser, William Simpson, Robert S. Duncanson, Eugene Warburg, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Grafton Tyler Brown, Nelson A. Primus, Charles Ethan Porter, (Mary) Edmonia Lewis, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Meta Vaux Warrick (Fuller), William Edouard Scott, Laura Wheeler Waring, Aaron Douglas, Hale Woodruff, Palmer Hayden, Archibald Motley, Jr., Malvin Gray Johnson, Ellis Wilson, Sargent Claude Johnson, Augusta Savage, Richmond Barthé, William H. Johnson, James Lesesne Wells, Beauford Delaney, Selma Burke, Lois Mailou Jones, Alma Thomas, James A. Porter, William E. Artis, William Edmondson, Horace Pippin, Clementine Hunter, David Butler, Charles Alston, Norman Lewis, Romare Bearden, Hughie Lee-Smith, Eldzier Cortor, Jacob Lawrence, Charles White, Elizabeth Catlett, John Wilson, John Biggers, Ademola Olugebefola, Herman Kofi Bailey, Raymond Saunders, Lucille Malkia Roberts, David Driskell, Floyd Coleman, Paul Keene, Arthur Carraway, Mikelle Fletcher, Varnette Honeywood, Phoebe Beasley, Benny Andrews, Reginald Gammon, Faith Ringgold, Cliff Joseph, David Bradford, Bertrand Phillips, Manuel Hughes, Phillip Lindsay Mason, Dana Chandler, Malaika Favorite, Bob Thompson, Emilio Cruz, Leslie Price, Irene Clark, Al Hollingsworth, William Pajaud, Richard Mayhew, Bernie Casey, Floyd Newsum, Frank Williams, Louis Delsarte, William Henderson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Joe Overstreet, Adrienne W. Hoard, Sam Gilliam, Mahler Ryder, Oliver Jackson, Eugene Coles, Vincent Smith, Calvin Jones, Pheoris West, Noah Purifoy, Ed Bereal, Betye Saar, Ron Griffin, John Outterbridge, Marie Johnson, Ibibio Fundi, John Stevens, Juan Logan, John Riddle, Richard Hunt, Mel Edwards, Allie Anderson, Ed Love, Plla Mills, Doyle Foreman, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Artis Lane, John Scott, William Anderson, Martin Puryear, Thomas Miller, Fred Eversley, Larry Urbina, Ben Hazard, Sargent Johnson, Doyle Lane, Willis (Bing) Davis, Curtis Tucker, Yvonne Tucker, Bill Maxwell, Camille Billops, James Tatum, Douglas Phillips, Art Smith, Bob Jefferson, Evangeline Montgomery, Manuel Gomez, Joanna Lee, Allen Fannin, Leo Twiggs, James Tanner, Therman Statom, Marion Sampler, Arthur Monroe, James Lawrence, Marvin Harden, Raymond Lark, Murray DePillars, Donald Coles, Joseph Geran, Ron Adams, Kenneth Falana, Ruth Waddy, Van Slater, Joyce Wellman, William E. Smith, Leon Hicks, Marion Epting, Russell Gordon, Stephanie Pogue, Devoice Berry, Margo Humphrey, Howard Smith, Jeff Donaldson, Lev Mills, Carol Ward, David Hammons, Michael Kelly Williams, Laurie Ourlicht, Gary Bibbs, Houston Conwill, Mildred Howard, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Alison Saar, Lorenzo Pace. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. 2nd edition (Revised). Reprinted 1994.

LEWIS, SAMELLA.
Art: African American.
Los Angeles: Hancraft, 1990.
x (ii), 298 pp., 294 illus. (104 in color), bibliog. Excellent survey of African American art as of the mid-70s, with a discriminating selection of plates. Unfortunately very poor quality reproductions. [All 169 artists are cross-referenced, although not separately listed here.) 4to, wraps. Second revised ed. 1990

LEWIS, SAMELLA S. and RUTH G. WADDY, eds.
Black Artists on Art Vol. 1.
Los Angeles: Contemporary Crafts, Inc., 1969.
132 pp., approx. 200 illus., roughly half in color. 74 contemporary artists represented, numerous women sculptors and painters. The later edition leaves out some artists in this first edition, replacing them with others. An important reference work. Ron Adams, Jene Ballentine, Arthur Berry, David Phillip Bradford, Jr., Arthur L. Britt, Sr., Frederick James Brown, Henry Brownlee, Arthur Carraway, Bernie Casey, Dana C. Chandler, Donald E. Coles, Dan Concholar, Marva Cremer, Doris Crudup, William Curtis, Robert Raleigh D'Hue, Jr., David Driskell, Eugenia V. Dunn, Annette Lewis Ensley, Marion A. Epting, Fundi, Ibibio, Wes Gale, Robert H. Green, Jr., Donald O. Greene, Eugene Grigsby, Jr., Wesley Hall, David Hammons, Phillip J. Hampton, John Taylor Harris, Kitty L.Hayden, Benjamin W. Hazard, Leon Nathaniel Hicks, Raymond Howell, Margo Humphrey, Marie Johnson-Calloway. Lois Mailou Jones, Jack Jordan, Lawrence Compton Kolawole, Raymond Lark, Samella Lewis, Willie F. Longshore, David Mann, Phillip L. Mason, (Bill) Maxwell, Lawrence W. McGaugh, William McNeil, Yvonne Cole Meo, Eva Hamlin Miller, Evangeline Montgomery, Jimmie Mosely, Hayward L. Oubré,, Jr., John W. Outterbridge, William Pajaud, James D. Parks, Angela L. Perkins, Michael Kavanaugh Perry, William Reid, Gary Rickson, Malkia (Lucile D.) Roberts, Brenda Rogers, Charles D. Rogers, Betye Saar, Jewel Simon, Della Taylor, Elaine Towns, Royce H. Vaughn, Ruth G. Waddy, Lawrence M. (Larry) Walker, Mary Parks Washington, James C. Watkins, Roland Welton, Amos White, Laura W. Williams (as Laura G.), Bernard Wright. Small 4to (26 cm.), wraps. First printing.

LEWIS, SAMELLA S. and RUTH G. WADDY, eds.
Black Artists on Art Vol. 1 [Revised ed.].
Los Angeles: Contemporary Crafts, Inc., 1976.
141 pp., b&w and color illus., biographies of all artists. 18 artists who were in the first edition are omitted; others are added. Includes: Ron Adams, Jene Ballentine, Arthur Berry, Camille Billops, David Bradford, Arthur Britt, Fred Brown, Calvin Burnett, Cecil Burton, Arthur Carraway, Bernie Casey, Dana Chandler, Irene Clark, Donald Coles, Dan Concholar, Marva Cremer, Dewey Crumpler, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, J. Brooks Dendy, Robert D'Hue, David Driskell, Marion Epting, Mikele Fletcher, Ibibio Fundi, Joseph Geran, Eugene Grisby, Wesley Hall, David Hammons, Phillip Hampton, Ben Hazard, Leon Hicks, Raymond Howell, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Avotcja Jiltonilro, Marie Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Lois Jones, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, L. Compton Kolawole, Raymond Lark, Samella Lewis, Juan Logan, Willie Longshore, Lawrence McGough, Karl McIntosh, David Mann, Phillip Mason, William Maxwell, Yvonne Meo, Lev Mills, James Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Evangeline Montgomery, Constance Okwumabua, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Lorenzo Pace, James Parks, William Pajaud, Michael Perry, Bertrand Phillips, Elliott Pinkney, Gary Rickson, Malkia (Lucille) Roberts, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, Arthur Rose, Betye Saar, Robert Sengstacke, Kenn Simpson, Jewel Simon, Damballah Smith, Henry O. Tanner, Della Taylor, Evelyn Terry, Elaine Towns, Royce Vaughn, Ruth Waddy, Larry Walker, Bobby Walls, Mary Washington, James Watkins, Roland Welton, Amos White, Charles White, Dan Williams, Bernard Young. 4to, cloth, d.j. Revised ed.

Lewis, Samella, ed.
Black Art: an international quarterly Vol. 1, No. 4 (Summer 1977).
1977.
68 pp., b&w and color illus. Includes: Larry Walker Artist/Teacher; Fremez: Cuban Printmaker; Obituary: William Ellsworth Artis; The Image and the Poem; Kenneth Falana portfolio; Camille Billops's autobiographical essay; Raymond Saunders portfolio; The sculpture of Chester Williams; UCLA exhibition on Ghanaian art. Artwork by: Raymond Saunders, Larry Walker, Fremez, Betye Saar, Kenneth Falana, Camille Billops, Chester Williams, Howard Smith, Dana Chandler, Elizabeth Catlett, plus photographs by James VanDerZee. 4to, wraps.

Lewis, Samella, ed.
Black Art: an international quarterly Vol. 2, No. 2 (Winter 1978).
1978.
72 pp., b&w and color illus. Articles include: The art of Winston Branch (by David Simolke); A Virgin Island Vignette: Albert E. Daniel (by Annette Hochfield); photographs by Joe Schwartz; designs by Jae Jarrell); Muralist Steven Nelson's renaissance in Western Massachusetts (by Robin Chandler Smith); Profile: Jennifer Ray; Tutankhamun and Racism (by Eloise McKinney Johnson); Interview with Manoa Rasignalate about the Dance Theatre of Fiji; The Fine Art of Collecting (by Benny Andrews); Profile: Adrienne W. Hoard; Book review: Art & Ethics. Artwork by: Winston Branch, Albert E. Daniel, Nelson Stevens, Student Mural (Nelson Stevens Summer Mural Project), Jennifer Ray, Betye Saar, Adrienne W. Hoard, Edward M. Bannister, Rosalind Jeffries, Howard Smith, Dan Concholar, plus documentary photography. 4to, wraps.

Lewis, Samella, ed.
Black Art: an international quarterly Vol. 3, No. 1 (Fall 1978).
1978.
72 pp., 51 illus. (27 in color.) Extensive interview with Betye Saar by Houston Conwill (including poem by Saar and 6 illus.; articles on Ademola Olugebefola by Rosalind R. Jeffries; "Profile of Michael A. Cummings;" "George H. Smith, Sculptor" by Jack Quinan, the Wetlands Heritage (duck decoy carvers), Luce Turnier (numerous color plates, photo of artist); portfolio of images of African sculpture. 4to, wraps.

Lewis, Samella, ed.
The International Review of African American Art Vol. 6, no. 1 (1984): Sculpture Issue No. 1.
1984.
64 pp., 45 illus. (11 in color). Articles include: Bert D. Hammond, "A conversation: Richmond Barthé;" "Richmond Barthé and Elizabeth Catlett: An Exchange;" Terrie S. Rouse, "From Painter to Sculptor: Milton Sherrill's Projections;" "Maren Hassinger"; "Installation As Sculpture: Site Works by Betye Saar;" Judith Wilson, "Creating a Necessary Space: The Art of Houston Conwill 1975-1983." 4to, wraps.

LEWISBURG (PA). Center Gallery, Bucknell University.
Since the Harlem Renaissance: 50 Years of Afro-American Art.
April 13-June 6, 1984.
124 pp. exhib. cat., 96 illus. (19 in color), exhib. checklist of 133 works by 77 artists, bibliog. Text includes interviews with 12 of the artists: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, David Driskell, Sam Gilliam, Lois Mailou Jones, James Little, Al Loving, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Frank E. Smith, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams. Intro. mentions the following artist interviews which were not used but which are on deposit with the Hatch-Billops Collection: Jeff Donaldson, Mel Edwards, Bill Hutson, Richard Mayhew, Joe Overstreet. Excellent survey with many dozens of additional artists mentioned in passing. [Traveled to: SUNY, Old Westbury, November 1-December 9; Munson-Williams- Proctor Institute, Utica , NY, January 11-March 3, 1985; University of Maryland, College Park, MD, March 27-May 3; Museum of Art, Pennsylvania State University, July 19-September 1, 1985; The Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, VA, September 22-November 1, 1985.] 4to (31 cm.; 12 x 9 in.), wraps. First ed.

LINCOLN (MA). DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park and Museum of the National Center of Afro-American Artists.
Aspects of the 70's: African American Art of the 70's.
May 17-June 15, 1980.
Aspects of the 70's was a multi-institutional collaboration on 6 individual exhibitions, each with a catalogue. [Topics: Directions in Realism, Mavericks, Painterly Abstraction, Sitework, African American Art of the '70s, Photography: Recent Directions.] Each exhib. catalogue approx. 20 pp., illus., biogs. African American Art of the 70's, curated by Barry Gaither, was the only show to include black artists. Included: Benny Andrews, Kwasi Asantey, Ellen Banks, Dana Chandler, Floyd Coleman, Sam Gilliam, Barkley Hendricks, Oliver Jackson, Marie C. Johnson, Elliot Knight, Marcia Lloyd, Joe Overstreet, Robert Reed [as Reid], Faith Ringgold, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Charles Searles, Alfred Smith, Jr., Edgar Sorrells-Adewale [as Sorrell], Pheoris West, Richard Yarde. 4to (31 cm.), stapled multi-colored wraps., in original specially designed cardboard folder (as issued). First ed.

LIPPARD, LUCY R.
Mixed Blessings: New Art in A Multicultural America.
New York: Pantheon, 1990.
viii, 278 pp, illus., notes, bibliog., index. [Reissued in 2000 with new introduction.] African American artists include: Charles Abramson, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Trena Banks, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Willie Birch, Fred Brathwaite, Beverly Buchanan, Carole Byard, Albert Chong, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Aaron Douglas, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Murry DePillars, Thornton Dial, Melvin Edwards, Meta Warrick Fuller, David Hammons, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, William L. Hawkins, Candace Hill-Montgomery, Lonnie Holley, Clifford Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Rosalind Jeffries, Noah Jemison, William H. Johnson, K.O.S., Ben Jones, Jacob Lawrence, James Lewis, Joe Lewis, Samella Lewis, Tyrone Mitchell, Keith Morrison, Lorraine O'Grady, John Outterbridge, Joe Overstreet, Lorenzo Pace, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Willie Posey, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Nellie Mae Rowe, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Juan Sanchez, Joyce Scott, Coreen Simpson, Lorna Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, George Smith, Mary T. Smith, James (Son Ford). Thomas, Danny Tisdale, Kaylynn Sullivan TwoTrees, Christian Walker, Pat Ward Williams. Numerous others named in passing or mentioned briefly in the footnotes. Sq. 8vo, cloth backed boards, d.j. First ed.

LOGAN, FERN, MARGARET R. VENDRYES and DEBORAH WILLIS.
The Artist Portrait Series: Images of Contemporary African American Artists.
Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2001.
xviii, 122 pp., 61 b&w illus., index. Foreword by Margaret Rose Vendryes; intro. by Deborah Willis. Portrait images by photographer Fern Logan. Subjects include: Candida Alvarez, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Ellsworth Ausby, Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Vivian Browne, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Adger Cowans, Ernest Crichlow, Roy DeCarava, Louis Delsarte, Joseph Delaney, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, Rosa Guy, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight (as Gwendolyn Lawrence), Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, James Little, Al Loving, Fern Logan, Andrew Lyght, Richard Mayhew, Arthur Mitchell, Tyrone Mitchell, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Gordon Parks, Howardena Pindell, John Pinderhughes, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Coreen Simpson, Merton Simpson, Charles Smalls, Vincent Smith, Frank Stewart, Raymond Bo Walker, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Mel Wright, and others. 4to (27 cm.; 10 x 8 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

LONDON (UK). Whitechapel Art Gallery.
Back to Black: Art, Cinema, and the Racial Imaginary.
June 7-September 4, 2005.
200 pp. exhib. cat., 185 illus. (64 in color), bibliog. Curated by Dr. Petrine Archer-Straw, David A. Bailey, Richard J. Powell. Texts by curators and Mora Beauchamp-Byrd, Kathleen Cleaver, Manthia Diawara, Kodwo Eshun, Paul Gilroy, Kellie Jones. Artists and filmmakers (including many white film directors) on show include: Theodoros Bafaloukos (white director of "Rockers"), Ernie Barnes, Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey, Everald Brown, Vanley Burke, fashion designer Stephen Burrows, Marcel Camus (French director of "Black Orpheus"), Elizabeth Catlett, Larry Cohen, William Crain (director of "Blacula"), Ossie Davis, Haile Gerima, Christopher Gonzalez, Guy Hamilton, David Hammons, Barkley L. Hendricks, Perry Henzell (white director of "The Harder They Come"), Gavin Jantjes, Kapo, Kofi Kayiga, Patrick Lichfield, Donald Locke, Ed Love, Edna Manley, Arthur Marks, Gilbert Moses III, Horace Ové, Joe Overstreet, Gordon Parks, Adrian Piper, Faith Ringgold, Eddie Romero, Betye Saar, Barry Shear, Peter Simon, Melvin Van Peebles, Osmond Watson, Charles White, Aubrey Williams, Llewellyn Xavier. 4to (26 cm.), cloth. First ed.

LONG BEACH (CA). Long Beach Museum of Art.
Raymond Saunders: Some Choices.
Summer, 1989.
Group exhibition. Included: Martin Puryear, Adrian Piper, Carl Pope, Betye and Alison Saar, and others.

LONG, RICHARD, et al.
African American Works on Paper from the Cochran Collection.
Lagrange, 1991.
74 pp., 47 full-page illus. (6 in color), biogs. of 64 artists in this substantial collection. Intro. by Richard Long; texts by Judith Wilson, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn. Includes 66 major 20th-century artists (including 16 women artists and a few less well-known artists): Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Trena Banks, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Moe Brooker, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, John Dowell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Elton Fax, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Wilmer Jennings, Lois Mailou Jones, Mohammad Khalil, Ronald Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, James Little, Whitfield Lovell, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Norma Morgan, Frank Neal, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, Stephanie Pogue, Richard Powell, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Robinson, Betye Saar, Al Smith, Walter Agustus Simon, Morgan Smith, Marvin Smith, Vincent Smith, Luther Stovall, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Hartwell Yeargans. [16+ venue touring exhibition beginning at: Lamar Dodd Art Center, LaGrange College, La Grange, GA, March 3-31, 1991; Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia, SC; Lauren Rogers Museum, Laurel, MI; Hickory Museum of Art, Hickory, NC; Museum of the South, Mobile, AL; Museum of Arts and Sciences, Macon, GA; Greenville Museum of Art, Greenville, SC; Danville Museum of Fine Arts and History, Danville, VA; Gadsden Museum of Art, Gadsden, AL; Polk Museum of Art, Lakeland, FL; Gibbes Museum of Art, Charleston, SC; Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland, OH; York County Museum of Art, Rock Hill, SC; Pensacola Museum of Art, Pensacola, FL; Marietta-Cobb Museum of Art, Marietta, GA; Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN; Miami Univeristy Museum of Art, Oxford, OH; Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA; Jacksonville Museum of Art, Jacksonville, FL; William and Mary College, Williamsburg, VA; Northwest Visual Arts Center, Panama City, FL; Gertrude Herbert Institute, Augusta, GA; Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO; Beach Museum of Art, Manhattan, KS; Montgomery Museum of Art, Montgomery, AL; New Visions Gallery, Atlanta, GA.] 4to (28 x 22 cm.), wraps. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Armand Hammer Museum of Art, University of California-Los Angeles.
Now Dig This! Art and Black Los Angeles 1960-1980.
October 2, 2011-January 11, 2012.
350 pp. exhib. cat., color illus., excerpts from interviews with artists, scholarly essays, a comprehensive bibliog., and reproductions of archival materials, including posters, invitations, documentary photographs, and other items recently uncovered. Group exhibition of 140 works by 35 artists. Curated by Kellie Jones. Included: Marie Calloway, George Clack, Dan Concholar, Houston Conwill, Alonzo Davis, Dale Brockman Davis, Melvin Edwards, Fred Eversley, Charles Gaines, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, Suzanne Jackson, Daniel Larue Johnson, Elizabeth Leigh-Taylor, Samella Lewis, Senga Nengudi, John Outterbridge, Joe Overstreet, William Pajaud, Noah Purifoy, John T. Riddle, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Ruth Waddy, Charles White. [Traveled to MOMAP.S.1, thru March 11, 2013.] [Review: Ken Johnson, "Forged From the Fires of the 1960s," NYT, October 25, 2012:C24.] Large 4to, papered boards. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Artworks.
The Book as Art.
December 3, 1984-January 15, 1985.
Group exhibition. Included: Alison Saar, Betye Saar and Lezley Saar. Announcement card. Silver and red offset lithograph. 4 x 5.75 in.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Black Mirror.
The Drawing Show.
1973.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar, et al. [Also exhibited at WomanSpace, Los Angeles.]

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
19 Sixties: A Cultural Awakening Re-Evaluated, 1965-1975.
April 7-October 2, 1989.
63 pp. exhib. cat., 55 illus. (17 in color), bibliog. Text by Lizzetta Lefalle-Collins. The exhibition focuses on nine California artists who were part of the assemblage and collage aesthetic of the post-Watts riot decade: Alonzo Davis, David Hammons, Suzanne Jackson, Noah Purifoy, John Outterbridge, John Riddle, Betye Saar, Timothy Washington, Charles White, but dozens of other artists mentioned in the text. 4to (27 x 21 cm.), wraps. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
A Vibrant Force - Our Children.
September 18-October 20, 1979.
Group exhibition in celebration of the International Year of the Child. Included: Phoebe Beasley, Bernie Casey, Elizabeth Catlett, Dumile Feni, Varnette Honeywood, Suzanne Jackson, Samella Lewis, Betye Saar, Ruth Waddy, Richard Wyatt, Jr.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
Affirming a Visual Heritage: The Collection of Alonzo and Dale Davis.
September 29-December 5, 1996.
Exhibition of the collection of brothers Dale and Alonzo Davis who ran the Brockman Gallery in Leimart Park, Los Angeles in the 1960s and 1970s. Included: Mark Steven Greenfield, Betye Saar, John T. Scott, et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
African American Artists in Los Angeles: A Survey Exhibition: Pathways (1966-1989).
January 13-April 2, 2005.
Part Two of the exhibition, Pathways, included artwork created between 1966 and 1989. Curated by Dale Brockman Davis. Included work by: Ron Adams, Jacqueline Alexander-Sykes, Tina Allen, Ernie Barnes, Sharon Barnes, Phoebe Beasley, Charles Bibbs, Melonee Blocker, David Bradford, Nathaniel Bustion, Bernie Casey, George Clack, Myko Clark, Avery Clayton, Dan Conchalar, Houston Conwill, Bill Crite, Alonzo Davis, Dale Brockman Davis, Ronn Davis, Charles Dickson, Gregory Edwards, Marion Epting, Frederic Eversley, Claude Fiddler, Melvino Garretti, David Hammons, Eugene Hawkins, Camille Higgins, Varnette Honeywood, Paul Houzell, Bernard Hoyes, Suzanne Jackson, James W. Jeffrey, Jr., Masud Kordofan (a.k.a. Greg Pitts), Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Samella Lewis, Talita Long, Milton Loupe, Enrica Marshall, Yvonne Cole Meo, Willie Middlebrook, Howard Morehead, John Outterbridge, William Pajaud, Elliott Pinkney, Judson Powell, Noah Purifoy, Ramsess, John Riddle, Roho, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, John Simmons, Van Slater, Arenzo Smith, Asungi Smith, Donald R. Stinson, John Stinson, Roderick Sykes, Matthew Thomas, Teresa Tolliver, Yvonne Tucker, Ruth Waddy, Timothy Washington, Barbara Wesson, LaMonte Westmoreland, Charles White, Cynthia White, John Whitmore, Tyrone Whitmore, Stanley C. Wilson, Richard Wyatt, Milton Young. (Part Three - Fade was presented at the Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery in Barnsdall Art Park.)

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
African-American Abstractions in Printmaking from the Brandywine Graphic Workshop.
Thru December 10, 1989.
Group exhibition. Included: John Dowell, Sam Gilliam, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Howardena Pindell, Frank Smith, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Betye Saar, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
Between Two Worlds: The Alitash Kebede Collection.
June 14-September 2, 2007.
Exhibition of over 100 works. Included: Skunder Boghossian, Emilio Cruz, Richard Mayhew, Betye Saar, Alison Saar, Lezley Saar, Jacob Lawrence, James Vanderzee, Bob Thompson, and Todd Gray, plus many others.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
Blacks in and out of the Box.
September 13-December 30, 2007.
Exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition featuring 20 works from the permanent collection as well as historic and contemporary loans ranging from photos of African Americans on the frontier to contemporary video. Curated by Lisa Henry. Included: April Banks, Kendell Carter, Kimara Dixon, Kianga Ford, Charles Gaines, Todd Gray, Mark Steven Greenfield, Robert Hale, Keba Konte, Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson, Lewis Watts, Carrie Mae Weems, Hank Willis Thomas, Carla Williams, Lauren Woods, Brenna Youngblood, et al. [Review: Lynell George, LA Times, December 9, 2007.) Includes DVD.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
Los Angeles Collects: Works by over Thirty Artists from Fifteen Private Collections.
October 9-December 27, 1987.
36 pp. exhib. cat., b&w illus., bibliog., biogs., notes, exhib. checklist. Text by Paulette S. Parker. Curated by Alitash Kebede. Included: Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Pauline Powell Burns, Elizabeth Catlett, Charles Dickson, Frederick Eversley, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, Varnette Honeywood, Suzanne Jackson, Daniel Larue Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, William Pajaud, Howardena Pindell, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Howard Smith, Thurman Statom, Henry O. Tanner, Alma Thomas, Ruth Waddy, Charles White, Stanley Wilson, Beulah Woodard, Richard Yarde. [Review: Suzanne Muchnic, Los Angeles Times, November 7, 1987.) Sq. 8vo (9.75 x 9.75 in.), wraps.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
Permanent Collection: New Acquistions.
March 18-July 29, 1990.
Group exhibition of newly acquired work. Includes: Bob Thompson [Untitled (Tree Lift) 1962); Robert H. Colescott (A Stroll Through the Neighborhood, 1980, as well as the watercolor diptych study for the painting]; John Wilson [Standing Woman, 1980); John T. Riddle [9 assemblage in ammunition box pieces from the 1973 Spirit versus Technology Series); Martin Puryear (She, 1979 and Her, 1979); Doyle Lane [9 untitled Vases, early to mid 1960s); Howardena Pindell [Festival, 1985); Frederick James Brown (After the Hunt, 1985); Ed Clark (Circular 2, 1987); Benny Andrews (Cherries, 1982); Romare Bearden (Mecklenburg Morning & Evening Sunrise, 1986, Prevalence of Ritual #1-5, 1974, In the Garden, 1979; Quilting Time, 1979); Marie E. Johnson Calloway (Hope Street, Church Mothers, 1984); Robert S. Duncanson (Italianate Landscape, 1855); Herbert Gentry (Carnival, 1985); David Hammons (The Door (Admissions Office), 1969, Skillets in the Closet, 1988); Noah Purifoy (The Sound of One Hand Clapping, 1988 shadow box assemblage, and Watts Riot, 1966); Betye Saar (Nine Mojo Secrets, 1971, Sambo's Banjo, 1971-2 and Floating Figure with Seven Spades, 1977); Carroll H. Simms (He's Got the Whole World in His Hands, 1984); Timothy Washington (Energy, 1970); John Outterbridge (Lift Every Voice and California Crosswalk (both from Ethnic Heritage Series), 1984 and 1979 respectively); Herman Kofi Bailey, Jr. (Homework, 1973); Edward M. Bannister (10 landscape pencil drawings); Maren Hassinger (Leaning, 1971 and Interlock, 1984); Richmond Barthé (Mary McLeod Bethune, 1940s); Jacob Lawrence (The Capture (Toussaint L'Ouverture series), 1987, Confrontation on the Bridge, 1975); Clementine Hunter (Pecan Pickers); and three paintings by Francois Turenne des Pres.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
Places of Validation, Art & Progression.
2011.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar, et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
Spaces: Looking In/Looking Out, Installation and Video Art by Seven California Artists.
September, 1985.
Exhib. cat. Includes: Ben Caldwell, Mildred Howard, Betye Saar, Stanley Wilson, et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
The Banks Family Collection.
November 14, 1986-February 22, 1987.
Group exhibition. Sixty works of art from the Leon O. Banks Collection, collected since 1955. Included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Marvin Harden, Richard Hunt, Betye Saar, Bob Thompson, and others.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
The Portrayal of the Black Musician in American Art.
March 7-August 14, 1987.
40 pp. exhib. cat., 29 b&w illus. 5 color plates, notes, bibliog., checklist of works. Texts by Lizzetta LeFalle-Collins and Leonard Simon. Artists mentioned include: Robert Duncanson, Romare Bearden, William H. Johnson, Betye Saar, Edward Bannister, Palmer Hayden, Archibald Motley, Charles Alston, Aaron Douglas, Sargent Johnson, Augusta Savage, Hale Woodruff, Norman Lewis, Horace Pippin, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Charles White, Ernest Crichlow, Elizabeth Catlett, Margo Humphrey, Dana Chandler. Exhibition checklist: Pippin, Douglas, White, B. Andrews, Ashby, B. Saar, Humphrey, Chandler, Crichlow, Bearden, Duncanson, Albert Smith, W. H. Johnson, Motley, S. Johnson, Lewis, Catlett, Lawrence, Woodruff, Motley, Lee-Smith, Bearden, Pajaud, Brice. [Traveled to: Studio Museum in Harlem; Afro-American Historical and Cultural Museum in Philadelphia, January 8-March 15, 1988.] [Review: Raoul Abdul, "Reading the Score," NYT Amsterdam News (August 6, 1988:):30. 4to (26 cm.;10 x 8 in.), wraps. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California Community Foundation at Japanese American National Museum.
20 Years Ago Today: Supporting Visual Artists in L.A.
October 4, 2008-January 11, 2009.
Group exhibition. Curated by Kris Kuramitsu and Rita Gonzalez. Included: Todd Grey, Kori Newkirk, Betye Saar, and Lezley Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California Museum of African American Art.
Place of Validation: Art and Progression.
September 29, 2011-April 1, 2012.
Group exhibition of work by over 84 artists. Funded as part of the Getty's Pacific Standard Time exhibitions, but without funding for a catalogue.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California Museum of Afro-American History and Culture.
East/West Contemporary American Art.
July 22, 1984-January 15, 1985.
Unpag. exhib. cat., illus., biogs., exhib. checklist, bibliog. Text by Sharon F. Patton. 28 artists included: Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud. Houston Conwill, Alonzo Davis, David Driskell, Mel Edwards, Frederick Eversley, Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Jacob Lawrence, Alvin Loving, Keith Morrison, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, John Outterbridge, Howardena Pindell, Martin Puryear, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Carroll Simms, Vincent Smith, James Tanner, William T. Williams, and John Wilson. 4to, pictorial wraps. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California State University.
Miniature.
October 3-November 10, 1976.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). City of Los Angeles Cultural Affairs Department.
Homecoming: First Twenty-Five Years at the Watts Towers Art Center.
March 13-April 30, 1995.
Group exhibition. Included: Senga Nengudi, John Outterbridge, Noah Purifoy, Betye Saar, et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Dickson Art Galleries, UCLA Art Galleries.
The Negro In American Art: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Afro-American Art.
September 11-October 16, 1966.
63 pp. exhib. cat., 47 b&w illus., color cover plate, checklist of over 100 works by 48 artists, biogs., awards, exhibs., colls. for each artist. Curated with foreword by Frederick Wight; text by James A. Porter. [Porter's text originally appeared in Presence Africaine, and was re-edited for this publication.] In addition to the usual famous dozen, there are artists included here who are not in many of the other group shows due to the California emphasis. Includes: Charles Alston, Edward M. Bannister, Romare Bearden, Edmund Bereal, Calvin Burnett, Emilio Cruz, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Robert Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Marvin Harden, Eugene Hawkins, Wilbur Haynie, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Daniel L. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, William Majors, David Mann, Charles McGee, Lloyd G. McNeill, Norma Morgan, Horace Pippin, Judson Powell, Noah Purifoy, Mavis Pusey, Robert Reid, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Jewel W. Simon, Van Slater, John Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Robert Thompson, Ruth G. Waddy, Charles White, Todd Williams, Ed Wilson, Roosevelt Woods, Charles E. Yates. [Traveled to: University of California, Davis, November 1-December 15, 1966; Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego, San Diego, CA, January 5-February 12, 1967; Oakland Art Museum, Oakland, CA, February 24-March 19, 1967.] 4to (28 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Fisher Gallery, University of Southern California.
Four Los Angeles Area Artists [Nathaniel Bustion, Alonzo Davis, Betye Saar, Stanley Charles Wilson].
February, 1976.
16 pp. exhib. cat., 7 b&w illus. Four African American mixed media artists: Betye Saar, Sonny Nathaniel Bustion, Stanley Wilson, and Alonzo Davis, Jr. 8vo, stapled brown paper wraps. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Gallery 32.
Sapphire (You've Come A Long Way, Baby).
1971.
Group exhibition. Curated by Suzanne Jackson. Possibly the first African American women's art exhibition in California. Included: Gloria Bohanon, Senga Nengudi (as Sue Irons), Eileen Abdulrashid, Suzanne Jackson, Betye Saar,

LOS ANGELES (CA). J. Paul Getty Museum.
Pacific Standard Time: Crosscurrents in LA Painting and Sculpture, 1945-1970.
2011.
352 pp., illus. Texts by Andrew Perchuk, Katherine Taft, Lucy Bradnock, Rani Singh, Ken D. Allen, Lisa Turvey, Donna Conwell, Glenn Phillips, Jane McFadden, et al. An extraordinary near-exclusion of African American artists from a purportedly comprehensive account of the development of art in Los Angeles during a critical 25 year period. Most of the artists listed here are included in one of four sentences: Ed Bereal, Dan Concholar, Alonzo and Dale Davis, Emory Douglas, Melvin Edwards, David Hammons, Suzanne Jackson, Ulysses Jenkins, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Senga Nengudi, John Outterbridge, William Pajaud, Noah Purifoy, Betye Saar, Ruth Waddy, Timothy Washington, Charles White. Information on galleries and collections (including the Golden State Mutual Collection (51 lines, no illus. of the collection or important murals by Hale Woodruff.) 4to (11.7 x 9.2 in.), boards.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Jack Rutberg Fine Arts.
Art of Engagement.
2005.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Jack Rutberg Fine Arts.
Some Assembly Required: Assemblage and Collage.
February 19-April 30, 2011.
Group exhibition of 50 works by approximately three dozen artists, seemingly an enlargement of the exhibition launched by Santa Cruz in 2009. Included: Romare Bearden, Len Davis, Mildred Howard, Willie Little, Adia Millett, Dominique Moody, Betye Saar, Alison Saar, Flo Oy Wong.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Jack Tilton Gallery.
L.A. Object and David Hammons Body Prints.
October 20-November 22, 2006; Book published in 2011.
300 pp. exhib. cat., approx. 350 color and 260 b&w images. The group exhibition of work from the 1960s and 1970s was held in 2006. Texts by Yael Lipschutz, Tobias Wofford, Kellie Jones, Dale Davis, Josine Ianco-Starrels, Steve Cannon, et al. Curated by Cecil Fergerson. Artists included: Ed Bereal, Nathaniel Bustion, Alonzo Davis, Charles Dickson, David Hammons, Daniel Larue Johnson, Senga Nengudi, John Outterbridge, Noah Purifoy, Betye Saar, Timothy Washington, Lamonte Westmoreland. [Review NYT, November 14, 2006.] Sq. 4to (27 x 28 cm.; 10.25 x 12.25 in.), papered boards. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). José Drudis-Biada Art Gallery, Mount St. Mary's College.
Inside/Insight LA Art.
2009.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Judson Gallery of Contemporary and Traditional Art.
The S-Word: The State of Spirituality in Contemporary Art.
October 7, 2006-January 6, 2007.
Group exhibition of 11 artists. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Laband Art Gallery, Loyola Marymount University.
Gallery 32 and its Circle.
January 24-March 22, 2009.
Group exhibition of work by artists associated with Gallery 32, founded by Suzanne Jackson, an important Los Angeles alternative art gallery (1968-1970) exhibiting African American artists. Exhibition included: Gloria Bohanon, Nathaniel Bustion, Dan Concholar, Emory Douglas, Greg Edwards, David Hammons, Bob Heliton, Suzanne Jackson, Elizabeth Leigh-Taylor, Ron Moore, Senga Nengudi, John Outterbridge, John Riddle, Betye Saar, AR Smith, Jr., John Stinson, Roderick Sykes, Joe Van Ramp, Timothy Washington, Charles White.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).
Black Artist Invitational.
1973.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar, et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).
Dimensional Prints.
February-June, 1973.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).
Human Nature: Contemporary Art from the Collection.
March 13-July 4, 2011.
Group exhibition of approximately 75 works of art. Curated by: Christine Y. Kim and Franklin Sirmans. Included: Mark Bradford, Charles Gaines, Leslie Hewitt, Glenn Ligon, Kerry James Marshall, Rodney McMillian, Paul Pfeiffer, Noah Purifoy, Betye Saar, Yinka Shonibare, Lorna Simpson, Henry Taylor, et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).
Los Angeles 1972: A Panorama of Black Artists.
February 8-March 19, 1972.
Exhib. cat., illus. Curated by Cecil Fergerson and Claude Booker who are generally acknowledged only as "Co-sponsored by the Black Arts Council." The first exhibition of black artists at LACMA included 51 artists. Text by Carroll Greene, Jr. Includes: Abdu, Eileen Anderson, Guillermo Anderson, Romare Bearden, Melonee Blocker, M. Alex Bowie, Nathaniel Bustion, Bernie Casey, Robert D'Hue, Jr., Charles E. Dickson, Ernest Leroy Herbert, David Hammons, John Outterbridge, Elliott Pinkney, Gregory Pitts, Noah Purifoy, John T. Riddle, Elmer Rivers, Betye Saar, Lyle Suter, Timothy Washington, LaMonte Westmoreland, Stanley Wilson, Fred R. Wilson, Richard Wyatt, et al. 8vo, wraps.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).
SoCal: Southern California Art of the 1960s and 70s from LACMA's Collection.
August 19, 2007-March 30, 2008.
Large exhibition of work with only two works by African American artists: Betye Saar's "Gris Gris Guardian," 1990-1993, and John Outterbridge's "John Ivery's Truck: Hauling Away the Traps and Saving the Yams," 1993 - both are obvious add-ons, not to speak of late additions to the collection; neither is even a work from the period covered by the exhibition.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art.
Collage & Assemblage.
March 29-May 5, 1975.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery.
Civic Virtue: Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery and the Watts Towers Art Center 1950-1980.
2011.
144 pp. exhib. cat., approx 80 b&w and color illus. and photos, checklist, bibliog. Curated by Pilar Tompkins Rivas; texts by Suzanne Muchnic, Pilar Tompkins Rivas, Josine Ianco Starrels, D.J. Waldie, and an informative interview with John Outterbridge by Jeffrey Herr. Includes: Afrasne Asungi, Nathaniel Bustion, Dan Concholar, Dale Davis, Charles Dickson, Harry Drinkwater, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, Ulysses Jenkins, Toni Love, Willie Middlebrook, Dominique Moody, Senga Nengudi, Noni Olabisi, John Outterbridge, Elliott Pinkney, Judson Powell, Noah Purifoy, John T. Riddle, Betye Saar, Timothy Washington, Charles White, Richard Wyatt. 4to (10 x 7.5 in.), self-wraps. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park.
500 Years: With the Breath of our Ancestors.
June 30-August 16, 1992.
15 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition. In English and Spanish. Included: Roberto Delgado, Betye Saar ("Diaspora" - a mixed media installation), et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park.
African American Artists in Los Angeles, a Survey Exhibition: Reaction (1945-1965).
January 21-April 10, 2005.
The historical first section of a three-part retrospective of African American artists in Los Angeles, covering the years 1930-1965. Curated by Leonard Simon. Features nearly twenty artists. Included: Herman Kofi Bailey, Jr., Melonee Blocker, Melvin Edwards, Eugene Hawkins, Daniel Larue Johnson, Yvonne Cole Meo, P'lla Mills, William Pajaud, Betye Saar, Rozzell Sykes, Richard Jason Temple, Ruth Waddy, Roland Welton, Charles White, Beulah Woodard.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park.
An Exhibition in Tribute to Martin Luther King, Jr.
January 15-February 15, 1976.
39 pp. exhib. cat., b&w illus. Group exhibition. Included: David Hammons, Marvin Harden, John Outterbridge, Betye Saar, et al. 4to, pictorial wraps. Ed. of 500.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park.
Approaches to Xerography.
June 5-July 7, 1979.
Exhib. cat., color and 1 b&w illus. consisting of a red card pocket folder with two pockets filled with loose leaves containing statements, biographical data, photocopied works and details. 6 leaves + 28 & 29 leaves, including 12 & 14 plates. Included: Betye Saar and Raymond Saunders. 4to (29 x 24.5 cm.).

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park.
Connections: LA Printmaking 1962 to 1973.
October 29, 2009-January 3, 2010.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar, Charles White ("Elijah").

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park.
LAPS 20th National.
October 29, 2009-January 3, 2010.
Exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition of 193 artists, as well as recent prints selected from eight of the celebrated Los Angeles presses: Cirrus Editions, Gemini G.E.L., Hamilton Press, Josephine Press, Pat Merrill Fine Art Prints, Mixografia, El Nopal Press and Zita Press. Included: Kori Newkirk, Betye Saar, et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park.
Multiple Vantage Points: Southern California Women Artists, 1980-2006.
February 25-April 15, 2007.
128 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Large group exhibition curated by Dextra Frankel. Catalogue text by Suvan Geer. Included: Sandra A. Rowe, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Lezley Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art.
WACK: Art and the Feminist Revolution.
April 4-June 18, 2007.
400 pp., 475 color illus. Work in all media by over 120 international artists from 1965-80. Conelia H. Butler and Lisa Gabriel Mark, eds. Texts by Butler, Judith Russi Kirshner, Catherine Lord, Marsha Meskimmon, Richard Meyer, Helen Molesworth, Peggy Phelan, Nelly Richard, Valerie Smith, Abigail Solomon-Godeau and Jenni Sorkin. African American artists include: Senga Nengudi, Lorraine O’Grady, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar. [Travelied to P.S.1, New York; Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia.] [Review: Art Sperlinger, Art Monthly, June, 2007.] 4to (10.5 x 9 in.), boards, d.j.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles Southwest College Art Gallery.
Beasley, Hassinger, Honeywood, Saar.
1983.
Group exhibition of four Los Angeles women artists.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Louis Stern Fine Arts.
American Color: A Late 20th Century Perspective.
April 22-June 7, 1995.
Group exhibition. Included: Dewey Crumpler, Sam Gilliam, Russell T. Gordon, David Hammons, Marvin Harden, Mildred Howard, Oliver Jackson, Jacob Lawrence, John Outterbridge, Adrian Piper, Martin Puryear, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Lezley Saar, Raymond Saunders, John Scott, Lorna Simpson, Renée Stout. [Also exhibited at Porter Troupe Gallery, San Diego, perhaps with slightly different roster of artists.)

LOS ANGELES (CA). Luckman Gallery, California State-LA; California Craft and Folk Art Museum.
African American Artists in Los Angeles, A Survey Exhibition: Part One, Fade (1990-2003).
January 16-February 29, 2004.
Exhibition catalogue published by the City of Los Angeles Department of Cultural Affairs. Multi-venue group exhibition. Curator Malik Gaines. Artists included: Riua Akinshegun, Edgar Arceneaux, William Attaway, Joseph Beckles, Donald Bernard, Mark Bradford, Dennis O. Callwood, Lavialle Campbell, Roland Charles, Gerald Cyrus, Vaginal Davis, Marita Dingus, Nzuji De Magalhães, June Edmonds, Charles Gaines, Todd Gray, Mark Steven Greenfield, Marvin Harden, Kira Lynn Harris, Lyle Ashton Harris, Maren Hassinger, Ulysses Jenkins, Vincent Johnson, Jaime Macias, Kerry James Marshall, Guy J. Maxwell, Rodney McMillian, Willie Middlebrook, Ralph Middleton, Adia Millett, Dominique Moody, Senga Nengudi, Kori Newkirk, Lorraine O’Grady, John Outterbridge, Michael Queenland, Glynnis Reed, Sandra Rowe, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Lezley Saar, Raymond Saunders, Gary Simmons, Joseph Sims, Rufus Snoddy, Eric Wesley, LaMonte Westmoreland, C. Ian White, Kehinde Wiley, Pat Ward Williams. [Long descriptive review by Doug Harvey, LAWeekly, February 12, 2004.]

LOS ANGELES (CA). Lytton Center of the Visual Arts.
25 California Women of Art.
1968.
Group exhibition. Curated by Josine Ianco-Starrels. The first WCA West Coast show of women artists. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). MOCA Geffen Contemporary.
The Artist's Museum.
September 19, 2010-January 24, 2011.
Group exhibition of over 150 artists. Fewer than a dozen black artists included: Edgar Arceneaux, Mark Bradford, Vaginal Davis, Frederick Eversley, Charles Gaines, Kerry James Marshall, Rodney McMillian, Kori Newkirk, John Outterbridge, Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Mount St. Mary's College.
Visions: Margit Omar / Betye Saar.
1983.
Two-person exhibition.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Museum of Contemporary Art, The Geffen Contemporary.
Under the Big Black Sun: California Art 1974-1981.
October 1, 2011-February 13, 2012.
320 pp. exhib. cat., 345 illus. (180 in color), chronol. Texts by Francis Colpitt, Thomas Crow, Charles Desmarais, Peter Frank, Paul Schimmel, Rebecca Solnit, Kristine Stiles, and others. Group exhibition of approximately 500 works by 130 artists. As excluding of black art as the period in question. Includes only: Robert H. Colescott, Charles Gaines, David Hammons, Senga Nengudi, John Outterbridge, Betye Saar. 4to, boards. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Natural History Museum.
A History of Los Angeles.
2011.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.
Artistic Evolution: Southern California Artists.
2011.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Otis Art Institute.
Festival in Black: Otis Art Exhibition.
1977.
Unpag. (28 pp.), illus. Included: Betye Saar, Marvin Harden, Maren Hassinger, John Outterbridge, Sam McCrary, Ronn (as Ron) Davis, Oliver Nowlin, Frederick Eversley, Alonzo Davis, William Pajaud. 4to (27 cm.), wraps.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Otis Art Institute.
Prints & Drawing.
December, 1974.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Roberts & Tilton.
Betye Saar: Red Time.
September 10-December 17, 2011.
Group exhibition. Included: Alison Saar and Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Roberts & Tilton.
The Road Ahead.
June 16-July 28, 2012.
Group exhibition. Included: Derrick Adams, Noah Davis, Betye Saar, and Kehinde Wiley.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Security Pacific Bank.
Contemporaries: 17 Artists.
January-March, 1980.
Unpag. (48 pp.), 17 illus. (14 in color), checklist of 67 works, biog notes, colls., bibliog. and statements by each artist. An exhibition of contemporary American women artists, all of whom were living and working in Southern California in 1980. Pref. by curator Laurie Slater Albert; commentary by Robin Vaccarino; text Melinda Wortz. Includes 12 works by Betye Saar (with full-page color plate of "Seated Ladies with Trees" 1979, mixed media hankie collage. 9 x 9 in.) Saar's statement reads: "Mostly my work is about energy...from the past, present and future. The materials I select have this energy; the found objects mixed media are all recycled, layered, encased. There are secrets everywhere and everywhere revelations; my work is about both." Sq. 4to (10 x 10 in.), wraps. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Security Pacific National Bank.
Art Expressions on Paper.
1986.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Tobey C. Moss Gallery.
And Friends....
November 17-December 30, 2007.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Tobey C. Moss Gallery.
Modernist Women.
April 5-June 28, 2008.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Tobey C. Moss Gallery.
Not Standard in Pacific Standard Time: Art in L.A. 1945-1980.
October 1-December 29, 2011.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar, et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Tobey C. Moss Gallery.
On Common Ground.
2001.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Tobey C. Moss Gallery.
Paper Passion 2008.
January 12-March 29, 2008.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Tobey C. Moss Gallery.
Shifting Dimensions: Sculptors on Paper.
June 29-September 7, 2006.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Tobey C. Moss Gallery.
The Artist as Social Critic.
February 25-April 22, 2006.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar's screenprint "National Racism" (1998).

LOS ANGELES (CA). Tobey C. Moss Gallery.
The She of It.
May 12-June 30, 2007.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Tobey C. Moss Gallery.
Thirty Years of California Modernism.
September 25-December 31, 2008.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). University Galleries and Southern Illinois University.
Small Environments.
October-December, 1972.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Watts Towers Art Center.
BAILA con Duende.
September 9, 2012-January 6, 2013.
Group exhibition. Curated by Lili Bernard. Donna Angers, Asungi, Sharon Louise Barnes, Phoebe Beasley, Joseph Beckles, Donald Bernard, Lili Bernard, Charles BIbbs, Oriana Bolden, Mark Bradford, Angela Briggs, Steven J. Brooks, Mark Broyard, LaVialle Campbell, Dale Davis, Charles Dickson, June Edmonds, George Evans, Isaiah Bernard Ferguson, Charles Gaines, Zeal Harris, Kenyatta A.C. Hinkle, Bernard Hoyes, Ulysses Jenkins, Vincent Johnson, Artis Lane, Joseph Lewis, Samella Lewis, Milton Loupe, Isabelle Lutterodt, Enoch Mach, Michael Massenburg, Rodney McMillian, Keith Mikell, Dave Miller, Domnique Moody, Ngene Mwaura, John Outterbridge, Sam Pace, William Pajaud, Duane Paul, Numa Perrier, Greg Pitts, Charla Puryear, Miles Regis, Betye Saar, Toni Scott, Joseph Sims, Carlos Spivey, Henry Taylor, Yohannes Tesfaye, Teresa Tolliver, Aaron Waugh, LaMonte Westmoreland, Kehinde Wiley, and two artists in memoriam Willie Middlebrook and Joseph Beckles. [The opening included live performances by Silfredo La O, Kenyatta A.C. Hinkle, Charles Dickson, Ingrid Elburg, and Anna Martine Whitehead.]

LOS ANGELES (CA). Watts Towers Art Center.
The Watts Towers/50 Years Inspiring Art.
2009-January 17, 2010.
Group exhibition. Curated by Rosie Lee Hooks and Sarah L. Canon. Included: Cedric Adams, Joseph Beckles, David Brown, Alonzo Davis, Dale Brockman Davis, Charles E. Dickson, George Evans, Varnette P. Honeywood, Talita Long, Toni Love, Overton Loyd, Howard Marshall, Jr., Michael Massenburg, Willie Robert Middlebrook, Dominique Moody, John Outterbridge, Samuel Pace, William Pajaud, Elliott Pinkney, R. Judson Powell, Noah Purifoy, Betye Saar, Carlos Spivey, Curtis Tann, Timothy E. Washington, Charles White, Richard Wyatt, et al.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Wight Art Gallery, UCLA.
Forty Years of California Assemblage.
April 4-May 21, 1989.
241 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus. Texts by Peter Boswell, Philip Brookman, et al. Includes: Ed Bereal, John Outterbridge, Betye Saar, Renée Stout. 4to (31 cm.; 11.9 x 9 in.), boards.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Wight Art Gallery, UCLA.
Secrets, Dialogue, Revelation: The Art of BETYE and ALISON SAAR.
January 9-February 25, 1990.
128 pp. (86 half-size) with 65 illus. (16 in color.). Ed. by Elizabeth Shepherd. Unique multiple spiral binding design to match this mother-daughter exhibition by two major contemporary artists. [Traveling exhibition.] See also video "Similar Differences" produced in concert with this exhibition. Oblong 4to (23 x 31 cm.), double spiral bound double catalogue. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Womanhouse.
Diaries, Notebooks, and Journals by Women Artists.
.
Group exhibition. Included Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Womanhouse.
Eight Los Angeles Women Artists.
1973.
Group exhibition. Included Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Womanspace.
Black Mirror.
April 1-22, 1973.
Group exhibition of work by African American women artists. Curated by Betye Saar. Included: Gloria Bohanon, Suzanne Jackson, Marie Johnson, Samella Lewis, Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Womanspace.
The Drawing Show.
March 1974.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

LOS ANGELES (CA). Women's Building.
Contemporary Issues: Works on Paper by Women.
February 3-March 1, 1977.
Group exhibition. Included: Lois Mailou Jones (as Johnson), Betye Saar.

LUBBOCK (TX). Museum of Texas Tech University.
Living With Art: Modern & Contemporary African American Art from collection of Alitash Kebede.
January 1-March 31, 2003.
Traveling exhibition of 75 works (painting, drawing, prints, sculpture) by 38 artists. Includes: Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Skunder Boghossian, David Butler, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Emilio Cruz, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, James Little, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Tyrone Mitchell, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Betye Saar, Alison Saar, Lezley Saar, Eve Sandler, Charles Searles, William Smith, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Charles White, Richard Wyatt, Richard Yarde. [Traveled to: Center For Contemporary Art, Univ. of Colorado, Colorado Springs, CO, October 1-December 31, 2003; Pritchard Art Gallery, Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID, January 23-February 29, 2004; Smith Robertson Cultural Center, Jackson, MS, July 14-October 31, 2004; Stark University Ctr. Galleries, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, January 19-March 19, 2006; Peninsula Fine Arts Center, Newport News, VA, June 3-August 27, 2006; Shaw Center for the Arts, LSU, Baton Rouge, LA, January 26-April 27, 2007; California African American Museum, Los Angeles, CA, May 31-September 2, 2007; Bermuda National Gallery of Art, October 8, 2007-January 4, 2008, and other venues.] 4to, wraps.

LUCIE-SMITH, EDWARD.
Race, Sex, and Gender in Contemporary Art.
New York, Abrams, 1994.
224 pp., 100 color illus., 15 b&w, notes, bibliog., index. Includes chapters on Afro-American, Afro-Brit., feminist art, African and Asian art, and more. Uniquely interesting book. Black artists include: Benny Andrews, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Frank Bowling, Aaron Douglas, Robert Duncanson, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Glenn Ligon, Ronald Moody, Regenia A. Perry, Adrian Piper, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Chéri Samba, John Scott, Henry Ossawa Tanner. 4to (11.3 x 8.5 in.), cloth, d.j.

LYNCHBURG (VA). Anne Garry Pannell Center Art Gallery, Sweet Briar College.
Women Artists of the Twentieth Century.
2004.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

MARROW, MARVA.
Inside the L.A. Artist.
Salt Lake City: Gibbs M. Smith, Inc./Peregrine Books, 1988.
104 pp., color illus. 95 artists. Intro. by Josine Ianco-Starrels. Includes: Betye Saar. 4to (28 cm.), wraps.

MERCER, KOBENA, ed.
Pop Art and Vernacular Cultures.
Cambridge: MIT Press, 2007.
232 pp., 34 color illus. Texts by: Holly Barnet-Sanchez, Gavin Butt, Geeta Kapur, Martina Koppel-Yang, Kobena Mercer (Tropes of the Grotesque in the Black Avant Garde"), Colin Richards, Sonia Salzstein, Tomas Ybarra-Frausto. Artists included: Shirley Clarke, Robert Colescott, David Hammons, David Koloane, Esther Mahlangu, Zwelethu Mthethwa, Betye Saar. 8vo, wraps.

MIAMI (FL). Florida International University, North Miami Campus.
Contemporary Black Art: A Selected Sampling.
September 23-October 2, 1977.
Unpag. exhib. cat., illus. 34 artists included: Benny Andrews, Ellsworth Ausby, Romare Bearden, Ed Clark, Art Coppedge, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Barkley Hendricks, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Jacob Lawrence, Al Loving, Robert McKnight, Tyrone Mitchell, Earl Miller, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Bill Rivers, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, John Andrew Smith, Vincent Smith, Lou Stovall, Alma Thomas, Phyllis Thompson, Luther Vann, Paul Waters, Pheoris West, Charles White, Franklin White, William A. White, Walter Williams, Roland Woods, Purvis Young. [Traveled to Florida International Univ. Tamiami Campus, October 4-22, 1977.] 4to, wraps. First ed.

Miami (FL). The Patricia & Phillip Frost Art Museum, Florida International University.
American Art Today: Fantasies and Curiosities.
September 15-November 5, 2000.
88 pp., 47 full-page color plates, 3 b&w text illus., biogs. and exhibs. for all artists. Avant-garde contemporary group show curated by Dahlia Morgan; essay by Dominique Nahas. Over 20 women artists including: Betye Saar (2 color plates) and Joyce Scott (1 color plate.) 4to, pictorial wraps. First ed

MIDDLETOWN (CT). Davison Art Center, Wesleyan University.
Shades of Black(ness).
January 25-March 3, 2005.
Two-person exhibition: Jacob Lawrence and Betye Saar.

MINNEAPOLIS (MN). Minneapolis Institute of Arts.
30 Contemporary Black Artists.
October 17-November 24, 1968.
Unpag. (20 pp), 2 b&w illus., list of artists with brief biog and checklist of 53 works (several works for each artist.) Intro. by Roger Mandle. A significant traveling show mounted with the assistance of Ruder & Finn. Includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Betty Blayton, Peter Bradley, Floyd Coleman, Emilio Cruz, Avel DeKnight, Melvin Edwards, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Robert Gordon, Marvin Harden, Felrath Hines, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Daniel Larue Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, William Majors, Richard Mayhew, Earl Miller, Robert Reid, Mahler B. Ryder, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Thomas Albert Sills, Jack White, Ed Wilson. (Note the list of artists in the traveling show seems to have been somewhat different. The same 30 were shown at the IBM Gallery, NY (April 28-May 29, 1969) but the brochure indicates that 8 smaller works were substituted for the works exhibited in Minneapolis. At the Houston Contemporary Art Museum (January 20-February 16, 1970), however, several artists were added: George Carter, Cliff Joseph, James Denmark, Hughie Lee-Smith, Russ Thompson, Lloyd Toone; others seem to have been omitted: Melvin Edwards, Daniel Larue Johnson, William Majors, Mahler B. Ryder. Small sq. 4to, stapled wraps. First ed.

MINNEAPOLIS (MN). Montgomery Glasoe Fine Art.
Works by Betye, Lezley and Alison Saar.
1995.
Group exhibition.

MOHAMMAD, JALALUDDIN and ZAHRA PARTOVI (trans.).
Divan e Shams.
New York: Vincent FitzGerald and Company, 1996.
Fine press and artist's book. 112 pp. including 4 double folds. Presenting the writings of the 13th century Persian poet, jurist, theologian and teacher of Sufism, Jalaluddin Mohammad Rumi (1207-1273). Contains original graphic works and one sculpture (glass laid into the back of the custom-made clamshell box) by 15 artists, some works mounted, some on multiple or folded leaves, some on colored or translucent paper; most signed in pencil by the respective artist. Also signed by Partovi in the colophon. Printed by Daniel Kelleher on BFK Rives and hand-made papers by Dieu Donne. Artists include: Betye Saar. 12.5 x 14 in., bound in linen, in silk covered clamshell box. Limited ed. of 50 copies.

MONTCLAIR (NJ). Montclair Art Museum.
African American Art from the Collection.
May 10-August 16, 1992.
Group exhibition. Included: Camille Billops, Lois Mailou Jones, Betye Saar, Charles Searles, Hale Woodruff.

MONTCLAIR (NJ). Montclair Art Museum.
The Afro-American Artist in the Age of Cultural Pluralism.
February 1-March 8, 1987.
24 pp. exhib. cat., 9 excellent full-page color plates, 5 b&w photos of artists by Dawoud Bey, Coreen Simpson, et al., biogs., bibliog., exhib. checklist of 21 works. Texts by Wendy McNeil and Clement Alexander Price. 7 artists included, with statements: Emma Amos, Camille Billops, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Al Loving, Howardena Pindell, and Betye Saar. Sq. 8vo (10 x 9 in.; 25 cm.), stapled pictorial wraps. First ed.

MOORE, SYLVIA, ed.
Yesterday and Tomorrow: California Women Artists.
New York: Middlemarch, 1989.
Includes one chapter of interest: Betty Kaplan Gubert, "Black Women Artists in California." (193-201, illus.) Artists mentioned: Varnette Honeywood, Betye Saar, Elizabeth Catlett, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Alison Saar, Ruth Waddy, Suzanne Jackson, Samella Lewis, Mildred Howard, Faith Ringgold, Margo Humphrey, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Camille Billops, Maren Hassinger; also mentions Gylbert Coker, David Hammons, Lois Mailou Jones, Howardena Pindell.

MORRIS, VALERIE B. and DAVID B. PANKRATZ, eds.
The Arts in a New Millenium: Research and the Arts Sector.
Praeger, 2003.
bibliog., index. 18 essays on topics such as government support, the market economy, the interrelationship of nonprofit and commercial arts, policy paradigms, etc. Not really about art, as you might imagine. Brief mention of David Hammons and Betye Saar. 8vo (9.1 x 6 in.), cloth.

MUNRO, ELEANOR.
Originals: American Women Artists.
New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.
528 pp., over 200 b&w illus., 37 color plates, notes, bibliog., index. Mostly post-1940 period. African American representation includes only Alma Thomas, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, and Barbara Chase-Riboud. Stout 8vo, cloth, dust jacket. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY)..
The New York Public Library African American Desk Reference.
Wiley, 1999.
Includes a short and dated list of the usual 110+ artists, with a considerable New York bias, and a random handful of Haitian artists, reflecting the collection at the Schomburg: architect Julian Francis Abele. Josephine Baker, Edward M. Bannister, Amiri Baraka, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, Frank Bowling, Grafton Tyler Brown, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, David Butler, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Clark, Robert Colescott, Ernest Crichlow, Emilio Cruz, William Dawson, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, John Dowell, Robert S. Duncanson, John Dunkley, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Sam Gilliam, Henry Gudgell, David Hammons, James Hampton, William A. Harper, Bessie Harvey, Isaac Hathaway, Albert Huie, Eugene Hyde, Jean-Baptiste Jean, Florian Jenkins, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Lois Mailou Jones, Lou Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Ronald Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Georges Liautaud, Seresier Louisjuste, Richard Mayhew, Jean Metellus, Oscar Micheaux, David Miller, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald J. Motley, Abdias do Nascimento, Philomé Obin, Joe Overstreet, Gordon Parks, David Philpot, Elijah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, David Pottinger, Harriet Powers, Martin Puryear, Gregory D. Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Sultan Rogers, Leon Rucker, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Senegalese filmmaker Ousmane Sembene, Ntozake Shange, Philip Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Moneta J. Sleet, Vincent D. Smith, Micius Stéphane, Renée Stout, SUN RA, Alma Thomas, Neptune Thurston, Mose Tolliver (as Moses), Bill Traylor, Gerard Valcin, James Vanderzee, Melvin Van Peebles. Derek Walcott, Kara Walker, Eugene Warburg, Laura Wheeler Waring, James W. Washington, Barrington Watson, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Lester Willis, William T. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde. 8vo (9.1 x 7.5 in.), cloth, d.j.

NEW YORK (NY). Alternative Museum.
Totems, Fetishes.
May 24-June 21, 1980.
Exhib. cat. Intro. by Robert Browning. 12 artists including: Gini Hamilton, Betye Saar. 8vo, stiff pictorial wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Black Enterprise.
Group Show: A Look at Different Artists, Their Works, Styles and Techniques.
1975.
In: Black Enterprise 6 (Dec. 1975): (51-62). Article consists of one paragraph on each artist, with accompanying color plate. Includes: Art Coppedge, Valerie Maynard, Alma Thomas, Barkley Hendricks, Charles White, Camille Billops, Ed Clark, Vincent Smith, Norman Lewis, Betye Saar, Benny Andrews, Fred Eversley.

NEW YORK (NY). Ceres Gallery.
Agents of Change: Women, Art & Intellect.
February 1-24, 2007.
Group exhibition of work by 20 artists. Curated by Leslie King-Hammond. Group exhibition of 21 artists. Curated by Leslie King-Hammond. The exhibition included a sampling of founding artists of the feminist art movement. With the exception of Mimi Gross and emerging artist Sungmi Lee, these are all well-known figures. Includes: Elizabeth Catlett, Renée Cox, Maren Hassinger, Ana Mendieta, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Joyce J. Scott, Kara Walker, Deborah Willis. [Review by Holland Cotter, NYT, February 16, 2007.]

NEW YORK (NY). DC Moore Gallery.
The Likeness of Being: Contemporary Self-Portraits by 60 Women.
January 12-February 5, 2000.
Exhib. cat., illus. Text by curator Judith E. Stein. Included: Chakaia Booker, Elizabeth Catlett, Maria Magdalena Campos-Pons, Diane Edison, Betye Saar, Joyce Scott, Renée Stout.

NEW YORK (NY). Dorfman Projects.
Tip of the Iceberg: A Response to New York Museums.
February 27-March 21, 1998.
Group exhibition. Curated by Art Resources Transfer. Included: Emma Amos, Janet Olivia Henry, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Lezley Saar, and possibly others.

NEW YORK (NY). Ebony editors.
15 Leading Black Artists.
1986.
In: Ebony 41, no. 7 (May, 1986):46-54, color illus. of one work by each with photo of artist. Included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Howardena Pindell, Martin Puryear, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders. 4to, wraps.

NEW YORK (NY). Ebony editors.
Women in the Arts: A Cultural Explosion.
1982.
In: Ebony 37, no. 10 (August, 1982):150-152. Very short article. Mentions Barbara Chase-Riboud (b&w photo and color photo of her sculpture "The Cape" in Lannan Foundation Collection) and Betye Saar (color photo of Saar.) 4to, wraps.

NEW YORK (NY). Feminist Art Institute.
Transformations. Women in Art 70's-80's.
New York: Artexpo, (March 5-9) 1981.
20 pp. exhib. cat., Illus. and brief biog. for each artist. 4 African American artists included: Kay Brown, Catti, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar. Text by Judith Chiti. 8vo, wraps.

NEW YORK (NY). Heresies Collective.
Heresies: A Feminist Publication on Art and Politics 3, no. 4 (Issue 12) The Sex Issue.
New York, Heresies Collective, 1981.
96 pp., b&w illus. This issue includes: Coreen Simpson "The Stripper" (photograph), Betye Saar "Gently Stalking Solitude" (mixed media assemblage.) 4to, wraps.

NEW YORK (NY). Heresies Collective.
Heresies: A Feminist Publication on Art and Politics 4, no. 3 (Issue 15): Racism is the Issue.
New York, Heresies Collective, 1982.
Featured in this issue: text by Emma Amos "Some Do's and Don'ts for Black Women Artists" and Amos "Self-Portrait"; "Untitled" by Lorna Simpson; "Black Dreams" text by Lorraine O'Grady; "Untitled" by Janet Henry; "An American Black Woman in a Japanese Garden" by Howardena Pindell; "If the Present Looks Like the Past, What Does the Future Look Like?" by Alice Walker; "Object into Subject: Some Thoughts on the Work of Black Women Artists" by Michelle Cliff (with images of work by Vivian E. Browne, Edmonia Lewis, Harriet Powers, Betye Saar.) 4to, wraps.

NEW YORK (NY). INTAR Hispanic American Arts Center.
Migrations of Meaning, a source book.
January 27-May 1, 1992.
68 pp. exhib. cat., illus., bibliog. Texts by Judith McWillie and Inverna Lockpez. Two successive exhibitions. Included: Bennie Lusane, Betye Saar, Renée Stout, James Son Ford Thomas. [Venues: Hillwood Art Museum, Long Island Univ., Brookville, NY, August 14-September 25, 1992; Pittsburgh Center for the Arts, November 7-December 27, 1992; and Lehigh Art Galleries, Bethlehem, Pa., January 29-February 29, 1993.] 8vo (23 cm.), wraps.

NEW YORK (NY). Just Above Midtown.
Contextures.
1978.
103 pp. exhib. cat., 58 illus. (including 16 color plates), notes, bibliog., list of illus., index. Substantial text by Linda Goode-Bryant and Marcy S. Philips positioning African American abstraction in the context of American abstraction. A groundbreaking catalogue including many artists who would no longer be seen as abstractionists. Includes: Banerjee, Frank Bowling, Marvin Brown, Donna Byars, Ed Clark, Houston Conwill, John Dowell, Melvin Edwards, Wendy Ward Ehlers, Fred Eversley, Sam Gilliam, Gini Hamilton, David Hammons, Manual Hughes, Suzanne Jackson, Noah Jemison, James Little, Al Loving, Senga Nengudi, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Susan Fitzsimmons, Sharon Sutton, Alma Thomas, Randy Williams, William T. Williams. Small sq. 4to, wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Regarding Warhol: Sixty Artists, Fifty Years.
September 18-December 31, 2012.
Exhib. cat., illus. Text by Rebecca Lowery, et al. Included: Jean-Michel Basquiat, Glenn Ligon, Kalup Linzy,

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
...On Paper.
April 14-June 29, 2012.
Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Robert Colescott, Beauford Delaney, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Betye Saar, Bob Thompson, and Charles White.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
African American Art, 20th century Masterworks, VI.
January 14-March 6, 1999.
60 pp., 41 color plates, 36 b&w illus. Foreword by Michael Rosenfeld. Artists include: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Harold Cousins, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Betye Saar, William Edouard Scott, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, James VanDerZee, Charles White and Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to Flint Institute of Art, Flint, MI.] 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
African American Art: 200 Years: 40 distinctive voices reveal the breadth of nineteenth and twentieth century art.
January 11-March 15, 2008.
156 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Texts by Jonathan P. Binstock and Lowery Stokes Sims. Includes: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden John Biggers, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Harold Cousins, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Allan Freelon, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Archibald Motley Jr., Marion Perkins, Horace Pippin, Charles Ethan Porter, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Charles Sebree, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Laura Wheeler Waring, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff. 4to (34 cm.), boards.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
African American Art: 20th century Masterworks, III.
February 1-April 6, 1996.
48 pp. exhib. cat., 49 color plates (most full-page), exhib. checklist; statements by artists and brief biogs. of each. Includes: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Bearden, Richmond Barthé, Eldzier Cortor, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, William Edmondson, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois. Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Prentiss Polk, James Porter, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Henry O. Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, James Vanderzee, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff. 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
African American Art: 20th century Masterworks, V.
January 22-March 21, 1998.
52 pp., checklist of 44 works, all illus. in color, plus b&w photos of artists with brief biog. notes for each. Text by Leslie King-Hammond. Includes: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Harold Cousins, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, William Edmondson, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Haywood Oubré, Marion Perkins, Horace Pippin, Betye Saar, Henry O. Tanner, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, VanDerZee, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to Newcombe Art Gallery, Tulane University, New Orleans.] 8vo (8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, IV.
January 23-March 26, 1997.
48 pp. exhib. cat., 38 color illus., biogs. 30 artists included: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, William Ellisworth Artis, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Eldzier Cortor, Beauford Delaney, William Edmondson, Sam Gilliam, William Harper, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Charles White, and Hale Woodruff. [Also exhibited at Fisk University, Nashville, April 1-June1, 1997.] 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, IX.
January 17-March 9, 2002.
64 pp. exhib. catalogue, 40 illus. (most in color), biogs., bibliog. Text by Dr. Leslie King-Hammond. Artists include: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Romare Bearden, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Marion Perkins, Horace Pippin, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Charles Sebree, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, James VanDerZee, Laura Wheeler Waring, Charles White, and Hale Woodruff. 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, VII. Educating our children.
January 13-March 4, 2000.
70 pp., color illus., bibliog. Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Harold Cousins, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Palmer Hayden, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Edward Loper, Marion Perkins, Horace Pippin, Betye Saar, Albert Alexander Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, James VanDerZee, Laura Wheeler Waring, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to Appleton Museum, Florida State University, Ocala, FL.] 8vo (23 cm., 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, VIII.
January 18-March 10, 2001.
68 pp. exhib. catalogue, 70 illus. (mostly in color), bibliog. Foreword by Alvia J. Wardlaw; text by hallery k harrisburg and Michael Rosenfeld. Artists include: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Herbert Gentry, Palmer Hayden, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Charles Sebree, Albert Alexander Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, James VanDerZee, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to: Texas Southern University Museum, Houston, TX.] Sq. 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
African-American art: 20th Century Masterworks, X.
January 17-March 8, 2003.
80 pp. exhib. cat., illus. (44 in color), bibliog. Text by Robin Kelley. 27 artists included: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Eldzier Cortor, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Palmer Hayden, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Marion Perkins, Horace Pippin, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Charles Sebree, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, James VanderZee, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff. 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
Collage.
May 26-August 5, 2011.
Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden and Betye Saar.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
Collage: Made in America.
June 8-August 25, 1995.
Group exhibition of collages from Surrealism to abstraction. Salon-style exhibition of 49 artists. Four African American artists included: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Sam Gilliam, Norman Lewis, and Betye Saar.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
Embracing the Muse: Africa and African American Art.
January 15-March 6, 2004.
100 pp., 56 color plates, notes, bibliog. Text by Nnamdi Elleh. Includes African tribal art juxtaposed with African American artists: Charles Alston, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, Sargent Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Betye Saar, Vincent Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bob Thompson, Charles White and Hale Woodruff. [This substantial essay by Elleh is reprinted without illustrations in Resource Library: http://www.tfaoi.com/aa/5aa/5aa207.htm.] 4to (26 cm.), brown leatherette covers, card slipcase. First ed. of 1500.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
Exultations: African American Art: 20th century Masterworks, II.
February 1-April 8, 1995.
48 pp., 45 color plates, 3 b&w illus., exhib. checklist of 51 works by 29 artists. Text by Richard J. Powell. Includes: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Norman Cousins, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Horace Pippin, Robert Pious, Prentice H. Polk, James A. Porter, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Henry O. Tanner, Bob Thompson, James VanDerZee, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, and Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to Flint Art Institute, Flint, MI.] Sq. 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
Eye Contact: Painting and Drawing in American Art.
May 20-August 6, 2005.
Exhib. cat., 33 color illus. Included: John Biggers, Beauford Delaney, Minnie Evans, Norman Lewis, Bob Thompson, Archibald Motley, Jr., Betye Saar, Laura Wheeler Waring and Charles White.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
Fiber and Form: The Woman's Legacy.
June 13-September 3, 1996.
20 pp., 24 color plates, 7 b&w illus. Text by halley k harrisburg. Betye Saar is included (with white artists Hannelore Baron, Lee Bontecou, Nancy Grossman, Eve Peri, Anne Ryan, and Lenore Tawney.) 4to, wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
INSite/INChelsea.
December 18, 2012-March 9, 2013.
Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Eldzier Cortor, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Charles White. [Reviews: Lily Wei, Art News, February 2013; Troy Segal, New York Magazine, February 2013;

NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery.
The First Decade.
May 11-August 10, 2000.
96 pp., 83 full-page color plates, plus additional color photos of exhibition installations. A celebration of the exhibitions mounted by the Rosenfeld Gallery during its first decade. 72 artists, including ten African American artists from Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Beauford Delaney, William H. Johnson, Norman Lewis, Augusta Savage, Betye Saar, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, and Hale Woodruff. 4to, gilt-lettered cloth, pictorial endpapers. No d.j. (as issued). First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Museum of Arts and Design (MAD).
Against the Grain: Wood in Contemporary Art, Craft and Design.
March 19-September 15, 2013.
Group exhibition of 90 installations, sculptures, furniture, and objects by 57 artists. Included: Alexandre Arrechea, Willie Cole, Leonardo Drew, William Pope.L, Martin Puryear, Marc Andre Robinson, Betye Saar. Barthélémy Toguo. [Organized by the Museum of Arts & Design, the exhibition debuted at the Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, NC.]

NEW YORK (NY). Nathan Cummings Foundation.
Big Picture: Provisions for the Arts of Social Change.
February-May, 2007.
Group exhibition of 24 artists and writers. Included: April Banks, Mildred Howard, Adrian Piper, Betye Saar.

NEW YORK (NY). National Academy of Design Museum.
Seismic Shifts: 10 Visionaries in Contemporary Art and Architecture.
January 31-May 5, 2013.
Group exhibition. Included: Nick Cave, Thornton Dial, Wangechi Mutu, Betye Saar.

NEW YORK (NY). New Museum of Contemporary Art, Museum of Contemporary Hispanic Art, and Studio Museum in Harlem.
The Decade Show: Frameworks of Identity in the 1980s.
May 12-August 19, 1990.
364 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus., biogs., bibliog. Texts by Marcia Tucker, Nilda Peraza, Kinshasha Holman Conwill, Sharon F. Patton, Thelma Golden, et al. African American artists include: Emma Amos, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Beverly Buchanan, Frederick J. Brown, Albert Chong, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Emilio Cruz, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Tyrone Mitchell, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Juan Sanchez, Raymond Saunders, Coreen Simpson, Lorna Simpson, Christian Walker, Pat Ward Williams and important installation ("Leave no Footprints") by Kaylynn Sullivan TwoTrees. Also included: Carlos Alfonzo (Afro-Cuban artist.) 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). New York Cultural Center.
Blacks: USA: 1973.
September 26-November 15, 1973.
28 pp. exhib. cat., 20 b&w illus., checklist of approx. 100 works by 42 artists. Intro. Mario Amaya; text by artist Benny Andrews. Excellent reference to many of the leading African American artists of the '60s and early '70s. Includes work by Roland Ayers, Ellen Banks, Camille Billops, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Carole Byard, Art Carraway, Dana Chandler, Art Coppedge, Melvyn Ettrick, Frederick J. Eversley, Reginald Gammon, Palmer Hayden, Ben Hazard, Leon Hicks, Manuel Hughes, Suzanne Jackson, Marie Johnson-Callaway, Ben Jones, Stephanie Jones, Cliff Joseph, Robert Jerden, Kassan (a.k.a. Joseph Washington), Jacob Lawrence, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Ademola Olugebefola, James Phillips, Howardena Pindell, Leslie K. Price, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Vincent Smith, John Steptoe, Nelson Stevens, Russel Thompson, William Travis, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. The first major exhibition of Black art chosen by an all-Black jury. 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). New York Historical Society.
Legacies: Contemporary Artists Reflect on Slavery.
June 16, 2006-January 7, 2007.
54 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Group exhibition curated by Lowery Stokes Sims; texts by Sims, Kathleen Hulser, Cynthia R. Copeland. Includes work by 32 living artists. Includes: Fatima Allotey, Malcolm Bailey, Willie Birch, Magdalena Campos-Pons, Renée Cox, Leonardo Drew, Eli Kince, Whitfield Lovell, Kerry Marc Latamie, Joseph Lewis III, Glenn Ligon, James Marshall, Algernon Miller, Lorenzo Pace, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Joyce Scott, Cedric Smith, Jeff Sonhouse, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems.. Commissioned works included an installation by Fred Wilson; Leslie King-Hammond and the architect José J. Mapily's rendering of Seneca Village, Manhattan's first significant community of African-American property owners (a site within what is now Central Park); interracial husband-and-wife team Bradley McCallum and Jacqueline Tarry, created a contraption to turn themselves over and over to create a living "topsy-turvy" doll - a video of this performance is exhibited, and others. [Exhibition review by Felicia R. Lee, "Slavery's Legacy, Seen Through Art," NYT, June 13, 2006; Holland Cotter, "Emancipation Remains a Work in Progress," NYT, June 20, 2006; Rob Peree, "Forward Drive," Kunstbeeld.nl, June, 2006, and many more.] 8vo (23 cm.), wraps.

NEW YORK (NY). Nohra Haime Gallery.
Layered / Boxed.
March 26-May 16, 2009.
Group exhibition of 55 works on paper, assemblages, and constructions. Included: Romare Bearden, Betye Saar.

NEW YORK (NY). Queens County Art and Cultural Center.
Sculpture of the Eighties: Alice Aycock, Jackie Ferrara, Mary Frank, Pat Lasch, Mary Miss, Judy Pfaff, Betye Saar, Ann Sperry, Ursula Von Rydingsvard, Barbara Zucker.
May 23-July 19, 1987.
40 pp. exhib. cat., 20 b& illus., biogs., bibliogs. Curated by Lowery S. Sims. Includes: Betye Saar. 4to (10 x 8.5 in.), wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Ronald Feldman Fine Arts.
Videotape Interviews with 27 California Artists.
September 14-23, 1976.
The interviewer, Gerry Rosen, is a lawyer, and the camera man/editor, Andy Eason, is a film maker. The tapes are edited as essays of 20 to 30 minutes in length. Includes interviews with: Fred Eversley, Betye Saar.

NEW YORK (NY). Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.
Art of the Masters: A Survey of African American Images, 1980-2000.
April 5-30, 2001.
Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, John Biggers, Romare Bearden, Kwame Brathwaite, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Adger Cowans, Willis Bing Davis, David Driskell, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Hugh Grannum, Al Hinton, Al Hollingsworth, Wadsworth Jarrell, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Jon Lockard, Samella Lewis, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, E.J. Montgomery, Otto Neals, Aaron Ibn Pori Pitts, Greg Ridley, Betye Saar, Frank Smith, Nelson Stevens, Donald Stinson, Robert Stull, Ann Tanksley, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Raymond Wells, Emmett Wigglesworth, Rip Woods, Shirley Woodson, et al.

NEW YORK (NY). Sidney Mishkin Gallery, Baruch College, CUNY.
In Memory: The Art of Afterward.
September 6-October 3, 2002.
40 pp. exhib. cat., b&w and color illus. Curated by Clifford Chanin. 26 international artists including: Ibrahim El Salahi, Betye Saar, Kebedech Tekleab. Organized by The Legacy Project. 4to (29 cm.; 11.5 x 8.5 in.), wraps.

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
California Black Artists.
June 19-July 24, 1977.
Unpag. (16 pp.) exhib. cat., 9 b&w illus., checklist of 93 works. Intro. Leanard Simon. 26 Artists including: Gloria Bohanon, David Bradford, Nathaniel Bustion, Dan Concholar, Houston Conwill, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Thom Eubank, Mark Steven Greenfield, Ben Hazard, Ray Holbert, Varnette P. Honeywood, Suzanne Jackson, Audobon Lucas, Sam McCrary, Senga Nengudi, Oliver Nowlin, John Outterbridge, William Pajaud, Ted Phillips, Gregg Pitts, Betye Saar, Joseph Sims, Asungi Smith, Charles Rae Spears, Jr., Alfonzo Washington. Sq. 8vo, stapled mustard color paper covers, lettered in black. First ed. Announcement card give dates of exhibition.

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
Collected. Propositions on the Permanent Collection.
April 1-June 28, 2009.
Group exhibition of over 200 works by more than 100 artists. Included: John Ahearn, Jules Allen, Charles Alston, Xenobia Bailey, John Bankston, Romare Bearden, Chakaia Booker, Beverly Buchanan, Elizabeth Catlett, Roy DeCarava, Nzuji De Magalhaes, Thornton Dial, Sr., Lamidi Fakeye, Amos Ferguson, Meschac Gaba, Deborah Grant, Rashawn Griffin, David Hammons, Clementine Hunter, Gwen Knight, Glenn Ligon, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Kerry James Marshall, Dave McKenzie, Quentin Morris, Wangechi Mutu, Chris Ofili, William Pope.L, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Nadine Robinson, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Lezley Saar, Malick Sidibé, Lorna Simpson, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Hank Willis Thomas, James Vanderzee, William Villalongo, Kara Walker, Larry Walker, Jack Whitten, Deborah Willis, Fred Wilson, Paula Wilson, Hale Woodruff.

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
Collected. Ritual.
November 10-March 11, 2011.
Group exhibition of 25 works from the collection spanning the past thirty years. Curated by Naima J. Keith.

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
Impressions/Expressions: Black American Graphics.
October 7, 1979-January 6, 1980.
56 pp. exhib. cat., illus., brief biogs., bibliog. Substantial intro. by curator Richard Powell. Includes: Emma Amos, Casper Banjo, Cleveland Bellow, Bob Blackburn, Elmer Brown, Grafton Tyler Brown, Sam Brown, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Sr., Dan Concholar, Alonzo Davis, John Dowell, Allan Edmunds, Marion Epting, Kenneth Falana, Russell Gordon, Raymond Grist, David Hammons, Leon Hicks, Raymond Holbert, Jacqui Holmes, Margo Humphrey, Wilmer Jennings, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Winston Kennedy, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Jules Lion, Percy Martin, Valerie Maynard, Lev Mills, Jay Moon, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Nefertiti, Ademola Olugebefola, Patrick Reason, Joe Ross (presumably Joseph B. Ross, Jr.), Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, A. J. Smith, Albert A. Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, William Smith, Raymond Steth, Lou Stovall, Sharon Sutton, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Mildred Thompson; Phyllis Thompson, Dox Thrash, Ruth Waddy, Bobby Walls, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Walter H. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Stephanie Pogue, Calvin Reid. [Traveled to: Gallery of Art, Howard University, Washington, DC, February 10-March 28, 1980.] 8vo (23 cm.), wraps. Errata slip.

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
Ritual and Myth: A Survey of African American Art.
June 20-November 1, 1982.
52 pp., 8 color plates (including cover), 18 b&w illus., checklist of 70 works, bibliog. Intro. David C. Driskell; text by Leslie King Hammond. Includes 9 African sculptures; 11 early works by Edmonia Lewis, Meta Warrick Fuller, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Richmond Barthé, Aaron Douglas, and Allan Rohan Crite; 15 works by seven artists grouped as Intuitives and Visionaries: Harriet Powers, William H. Johnson, Horace Pippin, Elijah Pierce, Nellie Mae Rowe, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Elizabeth Caldwell Scott; six Caribbean artists: Wifredo Lam, Leroy Clarke, Luis Flores, Murat Brierre, Edgar Brierre, Georges Liautaud; and 28 works by fourteen contemporary African American artists under the category Contemporary Mythmakers: Melvin Edwards, Romare Bearden, Beverly Buchanan, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Hughie Lee Smith, Lorenzo Pace, Noah Jemisin, Joyce Scott, Betye Saar, Ben Jones, George Smith, Ademola Olugebefola, Edgar H. Sorrells-Adewale. Sq. 8vo (21 cm.), pictorial stapled wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
The Studio Museum in Harlem: 25 Years of African-American Art.
Thru May, 1994.
56 pp., 43 color plates, checklist of 45 paintings, sculptures, drawings, and prints, brief bibliog. and short biogs. of the 43 artists included. Intro. by Valerie J. Mercer. Includes: painting by Frederick J. Brown, Ed Clark, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Cynthia Hawkins, Manuel Hughes, Kerry James Marshall, Howardena Pindell, John Rozelle, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams; sculpture by Colin Chase, Nadine DeLawrence, Melvin Edwards, Richard Hunt, Donald Locke, Betye Saar; drawings by Juan Cash, Robert Colescott, Emilio Cruz, Louis J. Delsarte, Thornton Dial, Sr., John E. Dowell, Barkley Hendricks, Ben Jones, Nellie Mae Rowe, Leon Waller; collages by Romare Bearden, Candace Hill; prints by Nanette Carter, James E. Dupree, Ray Grist, Michael Kendall, Norman Lewis, Carolyn Maitland, Valerie Maynard, Howard McCalebb, Lloyd McNeill, Lev Mills, Lee Pate, Stephanie Weaver, Michael Kelly Williams, Richard Yarde. [Review by Holland Cotter, NYT, May 5, 1993.] [Traveled to 14 national venues.] Sq. 8vo, wraps. Ed. of 5000 copies.

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
Tradition and Conflict: Images of a Turbulent Decade 1963-1973.
1985.
100 pp. exhib. cat., 69 b&w illus., checklist of 151 works, bibliog. Important exhibition curated by Mary Schmidt Campbell. Includes Benny Andrews' journal/chronology of black political art activism 1963-1973, the curator's chronologies of historical and art historical events. Included: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Malcolm Bailey, Romare Bearden, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Arthur Carraway, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Houston Conwill, Murry Depillars, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Calvin Douglass, Melvin Edwards, Perry Ferguson, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Linda Goode-Bryant, Emilio Cruz, David Hammons, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Wadsworth Jarrell, Sargent Johnson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, William Majors, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Earl B. Miller, Tyrone Mitchell, Joe Overstreet, James Phillips, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Willi Posey, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Merton Simpson, George H. Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde, James Yeargans, photographs by Robert A. Sengstacke. [Traveled to: Galleries of the Claremont Colleges, Claremont, CA; The Heckscher Museum, Huntington, NY; Museum of the Center of Afro-American Artists, Boston, MA; New York State Museum, Albany, NY; David and Alfred Smart Gallery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL; Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AK; Tower Fine Arts Gallery, State University College, Brockport, NY.] 4to, wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). United Nations Headquarters.
Towards a Society for All Ages: World Artists at the Millennium.
1999.
Group exhibition presented in celebration of The International Year of Older Persons 1999. Included: Kamala Ibrahim Ishaq, Iba N'Diaye, Betye Saar.

NEW YORK (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art.
Contemporary Black Artists in America.
April 6-May 16, 1971.
64 pp. exhib. catalogue of 84 works by 58 artists. 48 illus., 6 in color, excellent bibliog. by Libby W. Seaberg. Text by Robert Doty. Includes: Ralph Arnold, Edward A. Ausby, Roland Ayers, Frank Bowling, James Brantley, Marvin Brown, Walter Cade III, Catti, John E. Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Walter Davis, Avel DeKinight, Murry N. DePillars, David Driskell, Frederick J. Eversley, Ernest Frazier, Russell T. Gordon, William H. Henderson, Barkley Hendricks, Alvin Hollingsworth, Manuel Hughes, Nathaniel Hunter, Jr., Lester L. Johnson, Jr., B. Nathaniel Knight, Jacob Lawrence, James Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Tom Lloyd, Alvin Loving, Phillip L. Mason, Charles W. McGee, Lloyd G. McNeill, Algernon Miller, Norma Morgan, Howardena Pindell, Stephanie Pogue, Noah Purifoy, Mavis Pusey, Robert Reid, John Rhoden, Henry Rollins, Joseph B. Ross, Jr., Mahler B. Ryder, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Charles Searles, Frank Sharpe, Thomas Sills, Vincent Smith, Evelyn P. Terry, Alma Thomas, John Torres, Charles White, Franklin A. White, Jr., Reginald Wickham, Todd Williams, Hartwell Yeargans, Elyn Zimmerman. Highly controversial exhibition from which 16 artists withdrew, including Romare Bearden, John Dowell, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Daniel Johnson, Joe Overstreet, and William T. Williams. [Reviews included: John Canaday, "Black Artists on View in Two Exhibitions," NYT, April 7, 1971: 52; Lawrence Alloway, "Art," The Nation 212, May 10, 1971:604-5; Grace Glueck, "Black Show Under Fire at the Whitney," NYT, January 31, 1971, D25; and Glueck's follow-up article: "15 of 75 Artists Leave as Whitney Exhibition Opens," NYT, April 6, 1971:50.] Small sq. 4to (25 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art.
Dirt & Domesticity: Constructions of the Feminine.
June 12-August 14, 1992.
79 pp. exhib. cat., b&w illus. Texts include: Myth and matriarchy: an analysis of the mammy stereotype by Kate Haug. Artists include: Gordon Parks, Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson, Carrie Mae Weems, Pat Ward Williams. 8vo (23 cm; 9 x 6 in.), wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art.
Sculpture Annual 1968.
1968.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

NEW YORK (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art.
Sculpture Annual 1970.
1970.
63 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Curated by Robert Doty with Marcia Tucker and James K. Monte. Included: Barbara Chase-Riboud, Melvin Edwards, Frederick Eversley, Daniel Larue Johnson, Betye Saar.

NEW YORK (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art.
The American Century: Art & Culture Part II: 1950-2000.
1999.
408 pp., 608 color and b&w illus., notes, bibliog., index. Texts by Barbara Haskell, Lisa Phillips, et al. Includes Jean-Michel Basquiat, David Hammons, Glenn Ligon, Betye Saar, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Kara Walker, et al. 4to, black cloth, lettered in silver, pictorial d.j. First ed.

NEWARK (DE). University of Delaware.
African American Art: The Paul R. Jones Collection.
February 11-April 4, 1993.
24 pp., 20 b&w illus., 4 color plates, biogs., bibliog., notes, checklist of 74 items by 53 artists, mostly prints, drawings, and photographs. Text by William I. Homer. Artists include: Amalia Amaki, William Anderson, Benny Andrews, Trena Banks, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Frank Bowling, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret T. Burroughs, Nanette Carter, William Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Roy DeCarava, Edwin Augustus Harleston, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jacob Lawrence, James Little, Lev Mills, Evelyn Mitchell, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Heyward Oubré, Howardena Pindell, P. H. Polk, John Riddle, Betye Saar, Addison Scurlock, Jewel Simon, Freddie L. Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Leo Twiggs, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Hale Woodruff. 4to, stapled wraps. First ed.

NEWARK (NJ). Newark Museum.
Free Expressions: Community Voices and Contemporary African American Art from the Collection.
February 7-July 28, 2002.
Group exhibition of eight artists, accompanied by the responses of community leaders to individual pieces. Includes: Romare Bearden, Sam Gilliam, Bill Hutson, Tyrone Mitchell, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Alma Thomas, and Jack Whitten.

NEWPORT BEACH (CA). Orange County Museum of Art.
Art Since the 1960s: California Experiments.
July 15-September 14, 2008.
Group exhibition of 13 artists. Included: Betye Saar and Lorna Simpson.

OAKLAND (CA). Ebony Museum of Art.
In Celebration of the African-American Artist, Expo 1989.
1989.
Unpag. (52 pp.), illus. Includes: Betye Saar, Selma Burke, Richmond Barthé, Jacob Lawrence, Alma Thomas, and dozens of others. Sq. 8vo (21 cm.; 7.75 x 7.75 in.), wraps.

OAKLAND (CA). Oakland Art Museum.
On and Off the Wall: Shaped and Colored.
1983.
52 pp., 18 full-page color plates, biogs., bibliogs. Text by Judith Bettelheim. 18 artists including one African American artist: Betye Saar. Traveling exhibition. 4to, pictorial wraps. First ed.

OAKLAND (CA). Oakland Museum of Art.
Black Untitled II: Dimensions of the Figure.
November 2-December 12, 1971.
Group exhibition. Included: Cleveland J. Bellow, David Phillip Bradford, Marion Epting, Oliver Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Betye Saar, et al.

OPITZ, GLENN B. ed.
Dictionary of American Sculptors: 18th Century to the Present.
Poughkeepsie: Apollo, 1984.
656 pp. Includes: Charles Alston, William Artis, Annabelle Baker, Richmond Barthé, Edward Bereal, John Biggers, Leslie Bolling, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Harold Cousins, Frederick Eversley, Florville Foy, Charlotte White Franklin, James Hampton, Richard Hunt, May Howard Jackson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Lester Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Edmonia Lewis, Juan Logan, Lester Nathan Matthews, Valerie Maynard, Ned [Brown], Daniel G. Olney, Hayward Oubré, Curtis Patterson, Elliott Pinkney, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, John Rhoden, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Jewel Woodard Simon, Robert J. Stull, Bill Taylor (William Badley Taylor], Rod Allen Taylor, Dox Thrash, Eugene Warburg, Meta Vaux Warrick [Fuller], James W. Washington, Jr., and Todd Williams.

OTFINOSKI, STEVEN.
African Americans in the Visual Arts.
New York: Facts on File, 2003.
x, 262 pp., 50 b&w photos of some artists, brief 2-page bibliog., index. Part of the A to Z of African Americans series. Lists over 170 visual artists (including 18 photographers) and 22 filmmakers with brief biographies and token bibliog. for each. An erratic selection, far less complete than the St. James Guide to Black Artists, and inexplicably leaving out over 250 artists of obvious historic importance (for ex.: Edwin A. Harleston, Grafton Tyler Brown, Charles Ethan Porter, Wadsworth Jarrell, John Outterbridge, Noah Purifoy, William Majors, Camille Billops, Whitfield Lovell, Al Loving, Ed Clark, John T. Scott, Maren Hassinger, Lorraine O'Grady, Winnie Owens-Hart, Adrienne Hoard, Oliver Jackson, Frederick Eversley, Glenn Ligon, Sam Middleton, Ed Hamilton, Pat Ward Williams, etc. and omitting a generation of well-established contemporary artists who emerged during the late 70s-90s. [Note: a newly revised edition of 2012 (ten pages longer) has not rendered it a worthy reference work on this topic.] 8vo (25 com), laminated papered boards.

PAINTER, NELL IRVIN.
Creating Black Americans: African American History and its Meanings 1619 to the Present.
New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
xvi, 458 pp., 148 illus. (110 in color), 4 maps, bibliog., index. Valuable for its images. A historical and cultural narrative that stretches from Africa to hip-hop with unusual attention paid to visual work. However, Painter is a historian not an art historian and therefore deals with the art in summary fashion without discussion of its layered imagery. Artists named include: Sylvia Abernathy, Tina Allen, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Xenobia Bailey, James Presley Ball, Edward M. Bannister, Amiri Baraka (as writer), Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, C. M. Battey, Romare Bearden, Arthur P. Bedou, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Carroll Parrott Blue, Leslie Bolling, Chakaia Booker, Cloyd Boykin, Kay Brown, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Chris Clark, Claude Clarke, Houston Conwill, Brett Cook-Dizney, Allan Rohan Crite, Willis "Bing" Davis, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David C. Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, Tom Feelings, Roland L. Freeman, Meta Warrick Fuller, Paul Goodnight, Robert Haggins, Ed Hamilton, David Hammons, Inge Hardison, Edwin A. Harleston, Isaac Hathaway, Palmer Hayden, Kyra Hicks, Freida High-Tesfagiogis, Paul Houzell, Julien Hudson, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Wadsworth Jarrell, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jacob Lawrence, Viola Burley Leak, Charlotte Lewis, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Estella Conwill Majozo, Valerie Maynard, Aaron McGruder, Lev Mills, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald Motley, Jr., Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Harriet Powers, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, JoeSam, Melvin Samuels (NOC 167), O.L. Samuels, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, Herbert Singleton, Albert A. Smith, Morgan & Marvin Smith, Vincent Smith, Nelson Stevens, Ann Tanksley, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, James Vanderzee, Kara Walker, Paul Wandless, Augustus Washington, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Pat Ward Williams, Hale Woodruff, Purvis Young. 8vo (9.4 x 8.2 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

PALM BEACH (FL). Norton Museum of Art.
African American Art from the Norton Collection.
April 19-August 31, 2008.
Group exhibition of work by African American artists from the 1920s-90s. Included: Jacob Lawrence, Gordon Parks, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Thermon Statom, Bob Thompson, and others.

PALM SPRINGS (CA). Palm Springs Desert Museum.
Return of the Narrative.
March 17-June 3, 1984.
[2] + 105 pp. exhib. cat., 42 illus. (10 in color). Includes 110 narrative sculptures by 43 artists. Foreword by Morton Goldman; text by Katherine Plake Hough and Roberta Arnold Cove. Group sculpture exhibition. Included: Betye Saar. 4to, stapled wraps.

PALOS VERDES (CA). Palos Verdes Art Center.
Three Women Artists.
August, 1974.
Included: Betye Saar.

PALOS VERDES (CA). Palos Verdes Library.
Palos Verdes Invitational.
1961.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

PARIS (France). Centre Georges Pompidou.
Los Angeles 1955-1985: The Birth of an Artistic Capital.
March 8-July 17, 2006.
379 pp. exhib. cat., b&w and color illus., bibliog. Texts by Howard N. Fox, David E. James, Sophie Dannenmüller, et al. Curated by Catherine Grenier. Approximately 350 works by 85 artists. Included only four black artists: Ed Bereal, David Hammons, John Outterbridge and Betye Saar. 4to (28 cm.), wraps.

PASADENA (CA). Armory Center for the Arts.
Installations: Inside/Out 20th Anniversary Exhibition.
September 20-December 31, 2009.
Group exhibition. Curated by Jay Belloli and Sinead Finnerty-Pyne. Included: Edgar Arceneaux and Betye Saar.

PASADENA (CA). Baxter Art Gallery, California Institute of Technology.
Four Women / Four Cultures.
October 1976.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

PASADENA (CA). Flintridge Foundation.
Flintridge Foundation: Visual Artists' Awards 1997/1998.
1997-98.
The First biennial Visual Artists Awards. 44,(2) pp., 41 color plates, biogs., exhibs., awards, colls., bibliogs. and photo for each of the 12 prize recipients. Text by Noriko Gamblin. The inaugural year included three women and two Black artists: Betye Saar and Noah Purifoy. Despite the purported purpose of the grants to provide support to neglected mature artists of merit, all but Purifoy are well known artists with extensive exhibition histories and a total of 31 NEA and Guggenheim grants among them (Chris Burden, Lynn Hershman, Ron Nagle, etc.). Juried by Vicki Halper, Margaret Honda, George Longfish, Mia McEldowney, and Catherine Wagner. Tall 4to, wraps. Ed. of 3000.

PASADENA (CA). Pasadena Museum of California Art.
L.A. Raw: Abject Expressionism in Los Angeles, 1945-1980: From Rico Lebrun to Paul McCarthy.
Foggy Notion Books/Pasadena Museum of California Art, 2012.
288 pp. exhib. cat., 161 color illus. Text by Michael Duncan. Afterword by Peter Selz. Group exhibition of works by 41 artists in a variety of media. Included: David Hammons, Betye Saar and Charles White. Sq. 4to (10.6 x 10.25 in.), papered boards.

PATTON, SHARON F.
African American Art.
New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
319 pp., illus. throughout in color and b&w, notes, list of illus., timeline, index. Excellent new survey covering approximately 108 artists from Scipio Moorhead to Dawoud Bey, including 22 women artists: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Malcolm Bailey, James Presley Ball, Henry (Mike) Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Dutreuil Barjon, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Peter Bentzon, Dawoud Bey, Bob Blackburn, Grafton Tyler Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Jacob (Jacoba) Bunel, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Ed Clark, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Dave (the Potter), Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Jean-Louis Dolliole, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Robert M. Douglass, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans. Frederick J. Eversley, John Frances, Meta Fuller, Reginald Gammon, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Célestin Glapion, Thomas Goss, Jr., Henry Gudgell, David Hammons, James Hampton, Maren Hassinger, Palmer Hayden, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Clifford L. Jackson, May Howard Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Oliver Jackson, Wadsworth A. Jarrell, Daniel Larue Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Jules Lion, Tom Lloyd, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Sam Middleton, Scipio Moorhead, Keith Morrison, Archibald Motley, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Rose Piper, Horace Pippin, Harriet Powers, Noah Purifoy, Martin Puryear, Patrick Reason, Faith Ringgold, Jean Rousseau, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Addison Scurlock, Lorna Simpson, Merton D. Simpson, Vincent D. Smith, Thelma Streat, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, James Vanderzee, Christian Walker, William W. Walker, Eugene Warburg, Charles White, Pat Ward Williams, Walter J. Williams, Hale Woodruff. 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed

PERRY, GIL, ed.
Difference and Excess in Contemporary Art: The Visibility of Women's Practice.
Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
183 pp., illus., bibliog., index. Includes: "Reading black through white in the work of Kara Walker: a discussion between Michael Corris and Robert Hobbs" and a chapter on Lubaina Himid's "Plan B" by Jane Beckett. Also includes mention of: Sonia Boyce, Michael Ray Charles, Robert Colescott, Nina Edge, Ellen Gallagher, Renée Green, Isaac Julien, Glenn Ligon, Steve McQueen, Betye Saar, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Howardena Pindell, Keith Piper, Fred Wilson. [First published as Art History Vol. 26, no. 3.] 8vo (25 cm.; 9.4 x 6.7 in.), wraps.

PETERSEN, KAREN and J.J. WILSON.
Women Artists: Recognition and Reappraisal From the Early Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century.
New York: Harper & Row, 1976.
212 pp., b&w illus., notes, bibliog., list of illus., index. Includes: Edmonia Lewis, Augusta Savage, Elizabeth Catlett, Lois Mailou Jones, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Barbara Chase-Riboud. 8vo, cloth, d.j. First ed.

PHELAN, PEGGY and HELENA RECKITT.
Art and Feminism.
London: Phaidon, 2001.
304 pp., color illus., biogs. of artists, bibliog. Of 146 artists, includes only: Sonia Boyce, Cheryl Dunye, Coco Fusco, Renée Green, Lubaina Himid, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems.

PHILADELPHIA (PA). Palmer Museum of Art, Pennsylvania State University.
Picturing the Banjo.
March 30-June 25, 2006.
200 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Texts by Leo Mazow; Sarah Burns, John Davis, Michael D. Harris, Joyce Henri Robinson, and Cecelia Tichi. Exhibition of 72 works on loan from 41 collections, with a focus on visual representations of the banjo and its aesthetic and cultural usage in American paintings, drawings, photographs, and other items such as rare historic instruments. A few African American artists included: William H. Johnson, Betye Saar, Dox Thrash, and Albert A. Smith. Others such as Kara Walker only mentioned in passing. [Traveled to the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, December 10, 2005-March 5, 2006.]

PHILADELPHIA (PA). Pannsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.
Pannsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1805-2005: 200 Years of Excellence.
2005.
312 pp., color and b&w illus., index of illus., timeline. A catalogue of highlights from the collection. Among the approx. 200 artists, the list includes only a token smattering of black artists: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett. Jacob Lawrence, Horace Pippin, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash. 4to (30.5 x 22.5 cm.), pictorial wraps.

PHILADELPHIA (PA). Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.
The Chemistry of Color: African American Artists in Philadelphia, 1970-1990. The Harold A. and Ann R. Sorgenti Collection of Contemporary African-American Art.
January 11-April 10, 2005.
96 pp. exhib. cat., 69 color plates, plus 31 color thumbnail illus., bibliog., index, timeline integrating artistic achievements with local and national events. Text by Kim Sajet, with foreword by Howardena Pindell. Exhibition of the Harold A. and Ann R. Sorgenti Collection of contemporary African American art. Includes works by Benny Andrews, James Atkins, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Beverly Buchanan, Barbara Bullock, Calvin Burnett, Charles Burwell, Donald Camp, Syd Carpenter, Nanette Carter, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Nannette Acker Clark, Gregory Coates, Adger W. Cowans, John E. Dowell, Jr., Allan L. Edmunds, Sam Gilliam, Curlee Raven Holton, Edward Hughes, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Earl B. Lewis, Alvin Loving, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, John McDaniel, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, John E. Rozelle, Betty Saar, Raymond Saunders, Charles Searles, Andrew Turner, Richard J. Watson, Stanley K. Whitney, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Gilberto Antonio Wilson. Numerous other artists mentioned in passing: Ellsworth Ausby, Betty Blayton, Deryl Mackie, James Phillips, Horace Pippin, Martin Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Louis Sloan, Bradley Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Hubert Taylor, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, Ellen Tiberino, Pheoris West, et al. [Seemingly the same exhibition at the Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, NY, February 5-May 8, 2011.] 4to (31 x 23 cm.; 11.8 x 9 in.), stiff self-wraps. First ed.

PHILADELPHIA (PA). Philadelphia Museum of Art.
An Exuberant Bounty: Prints and Drawings by African Americans.
February 5-April 16, 2000.
Group exhibition consisting of a chronological survey of 70 pieces from the Museum's holdings of over 200 works on paper by 20th-century African American artists. Curated by Innis Howe Shoemaker. Included: Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Sam Brown, Charles Burwell, Elizabeth Catlett, Willie Cole, John Dowell, Reginald Gammon, Humbert Howard, Margo Humphrey, Paul Keene, Juan Logan, Al Loving, Quentin Morns, Keith Morrison, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Charles Searles, Lorna Simpson, Raymond Steth, Dox Thrash, Ellen Powell Tiberino. Charles White, John Wilson.

PHILADELPHIA (PA). Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Contemporary Works by African American Artists and Pertaining to Philadelphia: Contemporary Acquisitions.
May 20-August 16, 1992.
Two interrelated group exhibitions. Curated by John B. Ravenal. Included: Ned Cheadham, Thomas Gross, Jr. (cabinetmaker), William Hawkins, Furman Humphrey, Paul Keene, Jacob Lawrence, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Ellen Powell Tiberino, Bill Traylor, Beauford Delaney, Lorna Simpson, Carrie Mae Weems, and presumably others. [Review: Carla Maria Verdino-Sullivan, The Crisis 102, no. 8 (November-December, 1992.)]

PHILADELPHIA (PA). Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Full Spectrum: Prints from the Brandywine Workshop.
September 7-November 25, 2012.
80 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Curated from the Museum's collection by Shelley R. Langdale. Text by Ruth Fine and Shelley Langdale. The exhibition included 54 prints whose subject ranged from cultural identity, political and social issues to portraiture, landscape, patterning, and pure abstraction. Note: The catalogue extends the scope of the exhibition to include a total of 100 prints by 89 artists (the majority are African American artists), donated by the Brandywine Workshop to the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Artists included: Danny Alvarez, Emma Amos, Akili Ron Anderson, Benny Andrews, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Nanette Clark, Louis Delsarte, John Dowell, James Dupree, Alan Edmunds, Rodney Ewing, Sam Gilliam, Michael D. Harris, Barkeley Hendricks, Curlee Holton, Ed Hughes, Richard Hunt, Wadsworth Jarrell, Martina Johnson-Allen, Paul Keene, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Alvin Loving, Valerie Maynard, Ibrahim Miranda, Evangeline Montgomery, Keith Morrison, Howardena Pindell, Dwight Pogue, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Clarissa Sligh, Vincent Smith, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, Vuyile Voyiya, Larry Walker, James Lesesne Wells, William T. Williams. 4to (27.9 x 21.6 cm.), wraps.

PHILADELPHIA (PA). Philadelphia Museum of Art.
New Art on Paper: The Hunt Manufacturing Co. Collection.
April 16-July 3, 1988.
Exhib. cat., illus., biogs. Pref. Anne d'Harnoncourt and Innis Howe Shoemaker; foreword, Ronald J. Naples. Includes: Howardena Pindell and Betye Saar.

PHILADELPHIA (PA). Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin.
A Selection of Works by African American Artists in the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
1995.
In: Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin Vol. 90, nos. 382-83 (Winter 1995):4-(47), biog and full color illus. for each artist. Texts by Glenn C. Tomlinson and Rolando Corpus. Includes: Thomas Gross Jr., Peter Bentzon, face vessels, Henry O. Tanner, Dox Thrash, Raymond Steth, Horace Pippin, Jacob Lawrence, Barkley Hendricks, Howardena Pindell, Ellen Powell Tiberino, Paul Keene, Betye Saar, Martin Puryear, Charles Searles, Thornton Dial, Lorna Simpson, Glenn Ligon, Alzie Jackson, John Dowell, James E. Dupree, Faith Ringgold. 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), wraps.

PHILADELPHIA (PA). The African American Museum in Philadelphia.
Contemporary Romanticism.
2001.
Group exhibition of four artists. Included: Louis Delsarte, Howardena Pindell, Betye Saar, Richard Watson.

PITTSBURGH (PA). University of Pittsburgh Art Gallery.
A Sense of Place: Recent Work by Six Contemporary African American Artists.
October 6-December 9, 2005.
Group exhibition of painting sculpture, photography, mixed media work. Co-curated by Joyce Henri Robinson and Josienne N. Piller. Included: Beverly Buchanan, Willie Cole, Whitfield Lovell, Betye Saar, Renée Stout, and Deborah Willis. [Review: Tenanche Golden, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 13, 2005, extensive descriptive review; http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/ae/uncategorized/african-american-artists-express-sense-of-place-609921/]

PLOSKI, HARRY A., ed.
The Negro Almanac: A Reference Work on the Afro-American.
New York: A Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1983.
1550 pp. Includes essay on The Black Artist. Gylbert Coker cited as art consultant. Many misspellings. Artists mentioned include: Scipio Moorhead, James Porter, Eugene Warburg, Robert Duncanson, William H. Simpson, Edward M. Bannister, Joshua Johnston, Robert Douglass, David Bowser, Edmonia Lewis, Henry O. Tanner, William Harper, Dorothy Fannin, Meta Fuller, Archibald Motley, Palmer Hayden. Malvin Gray Johnson, Laura Waring, William E. Scott, Hughie Lee-Smith, Zell Ingram, Charles Sallee, Elmer Brown, William E. Smith, George Hulsinger, James Herring, Aaron Douglas, Augusta Savage, Charles Alston, Hale Woodruff, Charles White, Richmond Barthé, Malvin Gray Johnson, Henry Bannarn, Florence Purviance, Dox Thrash, Robert Blackburn, James Denmark, Dindga McCannon, Frank Wimberly, Ann Tanksley, Don Robertson, Lloyd Toones, Lois Jones, Jo Butler, Robert Threadgill, Faith Ringgold, Romare Bearden, Ernest Crichlow, Norman Lewis, Jimmy Mosley, Samella Lewis, F. L. Spellmon, Phillip Hampton, Venola Seals Jennings, Juanita Moulon, Eugene Jesse Brown, Hayward Oubré, Ademola Olugebefola, Otto Neals, Kay Brown, Jean Taylor, Genesis II, David Hammons, Senga Nengudi, Randy Williams, Howardena Pindell, Edward Spriggs, Beauford Delaney, James Vanderzee, Melvin Edwards, Vincent Smith, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Gordon Parks, Rex Goreleigh, William McBride, Jr., Eldzier Cortor, James Gittens, Joan Maynard. Kynaston McShine, Coker, Cheryl McClenney, Faith Weaver, Randy Williams, Florence Hardney, Dolores Wright, Cathy Chance, Lowery Sims, Richard Hunt, Roland Ayers, Frank Bowling, Marvin Brown, Walter Cade, Catti, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Manuel Hughes, Barkley Hendricks, Juan Logan, Alvin Loving, Tom Lloyd, Lloyd McNeill, Algernon Miller, Norma Morgan, Mavis Pusey, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Thomas Sills, Thelma Johnson Streat, Alma Thomas, John Torres, Todd Williams, Mahler Ryder, Minnie Evans, Jacob Lawrence, Haywood Rivers, Edward Clark, Camille Billops, Joe Overstreet, Louise Parks, Herbert Gentry, William Edmondson, James Parks, Marion Perkins, Bernard Goss, Reginald Gammon, Emma Amos, Charles Alston, Richard Mayhew, Al Hollingsworth, Calvin Douglass, Merton Simpson, Earl Miller, Felrath Hines, Perry Ferguson, William Majors, James Yeargans. Ruth Waddy; Evangeline Montgomery, Jeff Donaldson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Gerald Williams, Carolyn Lawrence, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Frank Smith, Howard Mallory, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Nelson Stevens, Vivian Browne, Kay Brown, William Harper, Isaac Hathaway, Julien Hudson, May Howard Jackson, Edmonia Lewis, Patrick Reason, William Simpson, A. B. Wilson, William Braxton, Allan Crite, Alice Gafford, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, William Artis, John Biggers, William Carter, Joseph Delaney, Elton Fax, Frederick Flemister, Ronald Joseph, Horace Pippin, Charles Sebree, Bill Traylor, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Starmanda Bullock, Dana Chandler, Raven Chanticleer, Roy DeCarava, John Dowell, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Daniel Johnson, Geraldine McCullough, Earl Miller, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Skunder Boghossian, Bob Thompson, Clifton Webb, Jack Whitten. 4to, cloth. 4th ed.

POWELL, RICHARD.
African American Art.
2005.
Entry in AFRICANA: The Encyclopeida of the African and African American Experience (Ed. Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Kwame Anthony Appiah. Oxford University Press; April 2005.) Includes mention of: Scipio Moorhead, Joshua Johnson, Patrick Reason, William Simpson, Robert Douglass, Daniel and Eugene Warburg, Edmonia Lewis, Robert S. Duncanson, Edward M. Bannister, William Harper, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Harriet Powers, Edwin A. Harleston, Isaac Scott Hathaway, May Howard Jackson, John Henry Adams, Jr., Meta Warrick Fuller, Palmer C. Hayden, Malvin Gray Johnson, Laura Wheeler Waring, Richmond Barthé, Sargent Johnson, Augusta Savage, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Allan Rohan Crite, Ernest Crichlow, Dox Thrash, William Edmondson, Jacob Lawrence, Horace Pippin, William H. Johnson, Charles Sebree, Eldzier Cortor, Hughie-Lee Smith, Charles White, Minnie Evans, James Hampton, Bob Thompson, Romare Bearden, Murry N. DePillars, Ben Jones, Dana Chandler, Jeff Donaldson, Lois Mailou Jones, John T. Biggers, Elizabeth Catlett, Frank Bowling, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Raymond Saunders, Alma Thomas, Al Loving, Ed Clark, Joe Overstreet, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Clementine Hunter, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Barkley L. Hendricks, Ernie Barnes, Benny Andrews, Betye Saar, (David Driskell, Samella Lewis and Ruth Waddy - as curators), David Hammons, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Alison Saar, Renée Stout, Albert Chong, Lyle Ashton Harris, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Glenn Ligon, Lorna Simpson, Dawoud Bey, Renée Cox, Lorraine O'Grady, Kerry James Marshall, Howardena Pindell, Gary Simmons, Kara Walker, and Fred Wilson.

POWELL, RICHARD J.
9/9 Afro-American Printmakers.
1980.
In: New Art Examiner 7 (June 1980):10-11, illus. Discusses Dox Thrash, Charles White, Hale Woodruff, Jacob Lawrence, Raymond Steth, Elizabeth Catlett. Illus. include Leon Hicks, Percy Martin, Aden Hachman, John T. Scott, Margo Humphrey, Nefertiti. Calvin Reid, Betye Saar, Jacqui Holmes.

POWELL, RICHARD J.
Black Art and Culture in the 20th Century.
New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997.
256 pp., 176 illus. (including 31 in color), biog. notes, list of illus., bibliog. 8vo, cloth, d.j. First ed.

POWELL, RICHARD J.
Black Art: A Cultural History.
London: Thames & Hudson, 2002.
272 pp., 192 illus. including 39 in color, biog. notes, list of illus., index. Revised and slightly enlarged from 1997 edition. 8vo, wraps. Second Revised ed.

POWELL, RICHARD J.
Cutting a Figure: Fashioning Black Portraiture.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
292 pp., 116 illus. (43 in color), notes, bibliog., index. Substantial chapter devoted to Barkley L. Hendricks. 8vo (25 x 23 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

PROVIDENCE (RI). Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design.
Contemporary Black Artists.
July 1-31, 1969.
Unpag. (40 pp.), 33 b&w illus., checklist of 52 works, brief biogs., exhibs., colls., and exhib. checklist for each of the 34 artists. Introductions by Nina Kaiden Wright and Caroline S. Lerner. Includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Betty Blayton, Peter A. Bradley, George C. Carter, Floyd Coleman, Emilio Cruz, James Denmark, Avel DeKnight, Melvin Edwards, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Robert Gordon, Marvin Harden, Felrath Hines, Al Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Cliff Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Richard Mayhew, Earl Miller, Robert Reid, Mahler B. Ryder, Betye Saar, Ray Saunders, Thomas Albert Sills, Russ Thompson, Lloyd Toone, Jack White, Ed Wilson. [A traveling exhibition that was very similar to the traveling show entitled 30 Contemporary Black Artists, 1968-69, with several artists omitted and approx. six artists added.) [Review: Alvin Hollingsworth, "Wealth of Expression in Black Artists", Rhode Island School of Design exhibition, Providence Sunday Journal, June 29, 1969.] 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), stapled black wraps, white lettering front and back covers. First ed.

REED, ISHMAEL.
Shrovetide in Old New Orleans.
Garden City: Doubleday & Co., 1978.
viii, [4], 292, [1] pp. Reed's first collection of 32 essays including discussions of Josephine Baker, Betye Saar (and others such as Chester Himes, Muhammad Ali and Charlie Parker, along with a "self-interview.") 8vo, cloth, d.j. First ed.

RIGGS, THOMAS, ed.
St. James Guide to Black Artists.
Detroit: St. James Press, 1997.
xxiv, 625 pp., illus. A highly selective reference work listing only approximately 400 artists of African descent worldwide (including around 300 African American artists, approximately 20% women artists.) Illus. of work or photos of many artists, brief descriptive texts by well-known scholars, with selected list of exhibitions for each, plus many artists' statements. A noticeable absence of many artists under 45, most photographers, and many women artists. Far fewer artists listed here than in Igoe, Cederholm, or other sources. Stout 4to (29 cm.), laminated yellow papered boards. First ed.

ROBERTSON, JACK.
Twentieth-Century Artists on Art. An Index to Artists' Writings, Statements, and Interviews.
Boston: G.K. Hall & Co., 1985.
Useful reference work; includes numerous African American artists: Ron Adams, Charles Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Benny Andrews, Dorothy Atkins, Casper Banjo, Ellen Banks, Romare Bearden, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, John Biggers, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Shirley Bolton, David Bradford, Arthur Britt, Frederick Brown, Kay Brown, Winifred Brown, Vivian Browne, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Cecil Burton, Sheryle Butler, Carole Byard, Arthur Carraway, Bernie Casey, Yvonne Catchings, Mitchell Caton, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Claude Clark Jr., Irene Clark, Donald Coles, Robert Colescott, Dan Concholar, Eldzier Cortor, Marva Cremer, Doris Crudup, Dewey Crumpler, Emilio Cruz, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, Alonzo Davis, Bing Davis, Dale Davis, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Brooks Dendy, Murry DePillars, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Leo Dillon, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, David Driskell, Eugenia Dunn, Annette Ensley, Eugene Eda, Melvin Edwards, Marion Epting, Minnie Evans, Frederick Eversley, Tom Feelings, Mikele Fletcher, Moses O. Fowowe, Miriam Francis, Ibibio Fundi, Alice Gafford, West Gale, Joseph Geran, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Wilhelmina Godfrey, Rex Goreleigh, Robert H. Green, Donald O. Greene, Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby. Horathel Hall, Wes Hall, David Hammons, Philip Hampton, Marvin Harden, John T. Harris, William Harris, Kitty Hayden, Ben Hazard, Napoleon Jones-Henderson (as Henderson), William H. Henderson, Ernest Herbert, Leon Hicks, Candace Hill-Montgomery, Alfred Hinton, Al Hollingswoth, Earl Hooks, Raymond Howell, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Rosalind Jeffries, Marie Johnson, Ben Jones, Laura Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, Gwendolyn Knight, Larry Compton Kolawole, Raymond Lark, Jacob Lawrence, Flora Lewis, James E. Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Juan Logan, Willie Longshore, Ed Love, Al Loving, Philip Mason, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Karl McIntosh, William McNeil, Yvonne Meo, Sam Middleton, Onnie Millar, Eva H. Miller, Sylvia Miller, Lev Mills, James Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Evangeline Montgomery, Ron Moore, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Mosely, Otto Neals, Trudell Obey, Kermit Oliver, Haywood Oubré, John Outterbridge, Lorenzo Pace, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, James Parks, Angela Perkins, Howardena Pindell, Elliott Pinkney, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Leslie Price, Noah Purifoy, Martin Puryear, Roscoe Reddix, Jerry Reed, Robert G. Reid, William Reid, John Rhoden, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Faith Ringgold, Haywood Rivers, Lethia Robertson, Brenda Rogers, Charles D. Rogers, Bernard Rollins, Arthur Rose, John Russell, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Charles Shelton, Thomas Sills, Jewel Simon, Merton Simpson, Van Slater, Alfred James Smith, Arenzo Smith, Arthur Smith, Damballah Smith, George Smith, Howard Smith. Greg Sparks, Sharon Spencer, Nelson Stevens, James Tanner, Della Taylor, Rod Taylor, Evelyn Terry, Alma Thomas, James "Son Ford" Thomas, Bob Thompson. John Torres, Elaine Towns, Curtis Tucker, Yvonne Tucker, Charlene Tull, Leo Twiggs, Alfred Tyler, Anna Tyler, Bernard Upshur, Florestee Vance, Royce Vaughn, Ruth Waddy, Larry Walker, William Walker, Bobby Walls, Carole Ward, Pecolia Warner, Mary Washington, James Watkins, Roland Welton, Amos White, Charles White, Tim Whiten, Acquaetta Williams, Chester Williams, Daniel Williams, Laura Williams, William T. Williams, Luster Willis, Fred Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley Wilson, Bernard Wright, Richard Wyatt, Bernard Young, Charles Young, Milton Young. 4to, cloth.

ROBINSON, CHARLOTTE, ed.
The Artist and the Quilt.
New York: Knopf, 1983.
144 pp. exhib. cat., over 100 illus. and photos (73 in color), photos of artists, biogs., index. Texts by Charlotte Robinson, Miriam Schapiro, Lucy Lippard, Eleanor Munro. Eighteen American women artists collaborated with 16 women quilters to produce 20 quilts. Artists include: Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar. [Published to accompany the exhibition originating at the McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, TX; traveling to: The Arts Council, Winston Salem, NC; Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ; Hernon Art Gallery, Indianapolis, IN; Huntington Gallery, Huntington, WV; Columbus Museum, Columbus, OH; Moore College of Art and Design, Philadelphia, PA, September 25-October 29, 1983.]

ROCHESTER (MI). Oakland University Art Gallery.
Seminal Works from the N'Namdi Collection of African American Art.
September 13-October 12, 2008.
100 pp., 42 color illus. Pref. by George N'Namdi; text by Dick Goody; artist entries by Monica Bowman. Includes: Charles H. Alston, Araujo, Romare Bearden, Chakaia Booker, Frank Bowling, Nanette Carter, Ed Clark, Robert Colescott, Beauford Delaney, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Johnson, Phyllis Dianne Jones, Artis Lane, Norman Lawrence, Lewis, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Charles McGee, Allie McGhee, Tyrone Mitchell, Vicente Pimentel, Howardena Pindell, Saar, Raymond Saunders, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, Vincent Smith, Bob Thompson, Jack Whitten, Bernard Williams. 4to (30 cm.), wraps.

ROCHESTER (NY). International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House.
Electroworks.
1979.
85 pp., over 100 color and b&w illus. 250 works in various forms of reproductive media (chiefly color Xerox) by 85 artists, biogs. Preface by C. Peter McCollough; intro. and acknowledgments by Marilyn McCray. Included: Betye Saar. 4to, wraps.

ROELOF-LANNER, T.V., ed. and RUTH G. WADDY.
Prints by American Negro Artists.
Los Angeles: Cultural Exchange Center, 1965.
Unpag. (ii, 112 pp.), 51 full page illus. in color and b&w, beautifully printed on recto only. Biogs. of most artists. Foreword by Rosemarie Von Studnitz; texts by James A. Porter, Ruth G. Waddy. Pictorial endpapers and title page illus. by Brumsic Brandon Jr. The 51 artists in the first edition included: Emma Amos, Ralph Arnold, Brumsic Brandon, Jr., Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Joyce Cadoo, Mel Carey, Yvonne Carter, Eugene Cheltenham, Floyd Coleman, Wm. Lawrence Compton, Eugenia Dunn, Charles Ferguson, Robert Glover, Hugh Harrell, Scotland Harris, Eugene Hawkins, Leroy Henderson, Leon Hicks, Alvin Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Wilmer James, Jack Jordan, Richard Kinney, Anderson Macklin, Geraldine McCullough, James McNeil, William McNeil, Yvonne Meo, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Lee Mosely, Alvin Pope, Mavis Pusey, Don Pyburn, John Riddle, Charles D. Rogers, Betye Saar, Ernest Satchell, Jewel W. Simon, Van Slater, Frank E. Smith, William E. Smith, Sylvia Snowden, Laura Soares, Ruth G. Waddy, James Lesesne Wells, Fred R. Wilson, John Wilson, William T. Williams, Charles Yates, and Heartwell Yeargans. [NOTE: The second expanded edition of 1967 contained 60 artists, adding images by: John T. Biggers, Sylvester Britton, David C. Driskell, Marion Epting, Milton Derr (as Johnson), Michael K. Perry, Harper T. Phillips, Sue Smock and David F. Stephens.] 4to (31 cm.), cloth, printed green and white paper labels on spine and front cover, d.j.

ROSEN, RANDY and CATHERINE C. BRAWER.
Making Their Mark: Women Artists Move into the Mainstream, 1970-85.
New York: Abbeville Press, 1989.
Exhib. cat. biogs., exhibs., colls. for each artist, bibliog. Essays by Randy Rosen, Ellen G. Landau, Calvin Tomkins, Judith E. Stein and Ann-Sargent Wooster, Thomas McEvilley, Marcia Tucker, Ferris Olin and Catherine C. Brawer. Includes: Faith Ringgold, Adrian Piper, Alma Thomas, Howardena Pindell, Clarissa Sligh, Betye Saar; text also mentions Willi Posey, Elizabeth Catlett, Maren Hassinger, Clementine Hunter, Candace Hill-Montgomery, Margo Humphrey, Marie Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Mary Lovelace O'Neal. [Traveling exhibition: Cincinnati Art Museum (February 22-April 2, 1989); New Orleans Museumof Art (May 6-June 18, 1989); Denver Art Museum (July 22-September 10, 1989); Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (October 20-December 31, 1989). 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed.

ROSENBERG, JUDITH PIERCE.
A Question of Balance: Artists and Writers on Motherhood.
Papier-Mache Press, 1995.
275 pp. 25 visual artists including: Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar. 8vo, wraps.

ROUNTREE, CATHLEEN.
On Women Turning 70: Honoring the Voices of Wisdom / interviews and photography.
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1999.
xiii, 241 pp., illus. Interviews with 16 women. Includes Betye Saar. 8vo (24 cm.).

SACRAMENTO (CA). 40 Acres Art Gallery.
Black: A Celebration of African American Art in Sacramento-Area Collections.
July 12-September 13, 2008.
65 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Intro. by Felicenne Ramey, essay by Kim Curry-Evans. Co-curated by Kim Curry-Evans and Felicenne Ramey. Included: John Bankston, Ernie Barnes, Romare Bearden, Milton Bowens, Marie Johnson Calloway, Elizabeth Catlett, Robert Colescott, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Marion Epting, Harry Evans, Kevin Hellon, Mike Henderson, Oliver Jackson, Lois Mailou Jones, Charles Joyner, Brenda Joysmith, Akinsanya Kambon, Wosene Kosrof, Jacob Lawrence, Peter Wayne Lewis, Larry Love, Clarence Major, Richard Mayhew, Shonna McDaniels, Beverly McIver, Mary Lovelace O’Neal, William Pajaud, Erika Ranee, Donald Regusters, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, John Scott, Dexter Sessoms, Gerald GOS Simpson, Hughie Lee Smith, Tafa, TWIN (Jerry and Terry Lynn), Horace Washington, Carrie Mae Weems, Jessica Wimbley, Purvis Young.

SACRAMENTO (CA). E.B. Crocker Art Gallery and Los Angeles, Barnsdall Municipal Art Gallery.
West Coast 74: The Black Image.
September 13-October 13, 1974.
Unpag. (69 pp.) exhib. cat., b&w illus. and biog. for each artist, bibliog. Text by Allan M. Gordon. Invitational exhibition. Includes: Cleveland J. Bellow, Albert A. Byrd, Robert Colescott, Dan Concholar, Marva Cremer, Charles Dickson, Joseph Geran, Russell T. Gordon, David Hammons, William Henderson, Margo Humphrey, Oliver Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Mafie Johnson, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Noah Purifoy, John T. Riddle, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Larry Walker, Carole Ward, Horace Washington, LaMonte Westmoreland, Charles White, Milton Young. [Traveled to: Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park, Los Angeles, January 22-February 16, 1975.] Sq. 8vo (23 cm.), white stiff card covers, lettered in blind and in black. First ed.

SACRAMENTO (CA). E.B. Crocker Art Museum.
African-American Art and Artifacts Featuring the Chris Webber Collection.
January 24-March 9, 2003.
Four-person exhibition. Included: Oliver Jackson, Richard Hunt, Romare Bearden, Erika Ranee, and Betye Saar.

SALT LAKE CITY (UT). Salt Lake Art Center.
West Coast Masters of Assemblage & Collage.
2007.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

SAN ANTONIO (TX). San Antonio Museum of Art.
The Poetic Object: Hannelore Baron, Varujan Boghosian, Wallace Berman, Doris Cross, Roy Fridge, George Herms, Jess, Jim Love, David McManaway, Betye Saar.
September 9-October 30, 1988.
74 pp., 10 color plates and 31 b&w illus., photos of artists, bibliogs., exhib. checklist. Curated by Jim Edwards. Texts by Edwards, Peter Clothier. Includes Betye Saar. [Traveled to Boise Art Museum, Boise, Idaho, December 1, 1988-January 29, 1989; Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi TX, February 17-April 9, 1989; Amarillo Art Center, Amarillo, TX, May 13-June 25, 1989.] 4to (28 x 22 cm.), pictorial wraps. First ed.

SAN DIEGO (CA). San Diego Museum of Art.
Sculpture in California 1975-1980.
May 18-July 6, 1980.
95 pp. exhib. cat., 66 b&w illus., biog. and bibliog. for each artist. Included: Betye Saar and Elyn Zimmerman. 8vo (26 cm.), wraps.

SAN FRANCISCO (CA). CCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts.
Huckleberry Finn (in 49 days).
September 28-December 11, 2010.
108 pp. exhib. cat., 39 color illus., 18 additional b&w and duotone illus. Texts by Jens Hoffmann, Maurice Berger, Mirjana Blankenship, Elyse Mallouk. Includes 30 artists. Edgar Arceneaux, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Jamal Cyrus, Emory Douglas, Ellen Gallagher, David Hammons, Clementine Hunter, Glenn Ligon, Horace Pippin, Betye Saar, Yinka Shonibare, MBE, Hank Willis Thomas, and Kara Walker. In addition, the Wattis presented the West Coast premiere of the newly restored 1920 silent film Huckleberry Finn. 8vo (8.8 x 6.9 in.), pictorial stamped cloth.

SAN FRANCISCO (CA). Hansen Library Foyer, E.B. Crocker Art Museum.
Works on Paper by Black American Artists.
1992.
Brochure with brief discussion and illus. of each artist. Included works by: Oliver Jackson, Raymond Saunders; Betye Saar, Richard Hunt, Roy DeCarava, Stephen Von Mason, Margo Humphrey.

San Francisco (CA). San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA).
Marie Johnson/Betye Saar.
April 15-May 29, 1977.
Exhib. brochure, b&w illus. Two-person exhibition. Text by Rolando Castellon. 8 x 8 in., card stock, folded in four.

SAN FRANCISCO (CA). San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA).
Painting and Sculpture in California: The Modern Era.
September 3-Novermber 21, 1976.
272 pp., 340 illus. (14 in color), exhibition checklist, artist biogs., bibliog. Texts by Henry T. Hopkins and Jan Leering. This huge exhibition of 200 artists included work by only a few African American artists: Sargent Johnson, Robert Colescott, Ed Bereal, Daniel Larue Johnson, Betye Saar, Frederick Eversley. [Also exhibited at National Collection of Fine Arts, Washington, DC, May 20-September 11, 1977.] 4to (28 cm.), wraps.

SAN FRANCISCO (CA). San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA).
Voices & Images of California Art.
1997.
In-depth profiles of eight living California artists through a combination of audio and video clips, artwork reproductions, photographs, and other documents. Includes: Betye Saar. Produced by Interactive Educational Technologies. Awarded the "Best CD-ROM" and Muse prizes by the American Association of Museums. CD-ROM

SAN FRANCISCO (CA). San Francisco State University.
Black Power/Black Art: and the struggle continues: Political Imagery from the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s and 1970s.
September 19-October 21, 1994.
Group exhibition. Project Director: Joe Louis Moore. Curated by Samella Lewis and Mary Jane Hewitt. Artists included: Benny Andrews, Kofi Bailey, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Bob Black, David Bradford, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Floyd Coleman, Dewey Crumpler, Murray DePillars, Emory Douglas, Melvin Edwards, Malaika Favorite, Hal Franklin, Claude Fiddler, Reginald Gammon, Ron Griffin, David Hammons, Ben Hazard, Mike Henderson, Barbara Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Artis Lane, Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, Philip Mason, Joe Moore, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Clarissa Sligh, Ruth Waddy, William Walker, Charles White. [Review: Bruce Nixon, "Aftershock. Black Power/Black Art at San Francisco State University," Artweek 25 (Oct. 20, 1994):16.]

SAN FRANCISCO (CA). Yerba Buena Center for the Arts.
In Out of the Cold: The End of the Cold War, Dislocation, Diaspora, and Identity.
October 12-December 5, 1993.
79 pp. exhib. cat., 32 col. illus., biogs. Curated and text by Renny Pritikin with Rene de Guzman. 35 artists including several African American artists: Shirley Carter, David Hammons, Lyle Ashton Harris, Stephanie Anne Johnson, Betye Saar. Text by Jonathan Katz, Harryette Mullen, Victor Zamudio-Taylor. Includes installations, mixed media work, digital images, paper cutouts, photography, painting. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed.

SAN JOSE (CA). San Jose Museum of Art.
Art/Women/California, 1950-2000: Parallels and Intersections.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.
388 pp. exhibition catalogue, color and b&w illus. Edited by Diana Burgess Fuller and Daniela Salvioni. Includes: Mildred Howard, Thelma Johnson Streat, Betye Saar, Samella Lewis, Faith Ringgold, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, filmmakers Julie Dash, Barbara McCullough, et al. 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed.

SAN JOSE (CA). San Jose Museum of Art.
Twentieth Century Black American Artists.
September, 1976.
Group exhibition. Included: Lev T. Mills, Betye Saar, et al.

SANCONIE, MAICA.
African American Visual Artists in France: A Panorama, 1980-2008.
2009.
In: Transatlantica revue d'etudes americaines 1 (2009). [mis en ligne le 20 juillet 2009, Consulté le 10 octobre 2011. URL: http://transatlantica.revues.org/4275] A very brief outline of 20 American artists who spent time working in Paris or whose work was exhibited there. Interesting excerpts from French press reviews.

SANTA BARBARA (CA). College of Creative Studies Gallery, University of California-Santa Barbara.
Southern California Assemblage: Past and Present.
September 20-October 25, 1986.
36 pp. exhib. cat., 85 b&w illus. Texts by curator Elena Mary Siff, Gordon Wagner, Ann Ayres, Diana Zlotnick and George Herms. African American artists include: Ed Bereal, Melvin Edwards, Daniel LaRue Johnson, John Outterbridge, Noah Purifoy, Alison Saar and Betye Saar. Oblong 4to (21.5 x 26 cm.), wraps. Ed. of 1000.

SANTA BARBARA (CA). Santa Barbara Museum of Art.
Art of Black Americans '73.
March 31-April 29, 1973.
Group exhibition. Included: Abdu, Benny Andrews, H. Kofi Bailey, Bernie Casey, Elizabeth Catlett, Floyd Coleman, Dan Concholar, Suzanne Jackson, Samella Lewis, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Howard Smith, James D. Smith.

SANTA BARBARA (CA). Santa Barbara Museum of Art.
California Calling: Works from Santa Barbara Collection, 1948-2009.
July 18-December 27, 2009.
Group exhibition of 71 artists in Parts I and II. Included: Edgar Arceneaux, Fred Eversley, David Hammons, and Betye Saar.

SANTA BARBARA (CA). Santa Barbara Museum of Art.
Contemporary Viewpoint: Highlights of the Permanent Collection.
Thru December 30, 1984.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

SANTA CRUZ (CA). Mary Porter Sesnon Art Gallery, Porter College, University of California-Santa Cruz.
Some Assembly Required: race, gender + globalization.
February 4-April 18, 2009.
Group exhibition. Curated by Shelby Graham. Included: Len Davis, Mildred Howard, Willie Little, Adia Millett, Alison Saar, Betye Saar. [Traveled to: Craft and Folk Art Museum, Los Angeles, CA, May, 2010.]

SANTA MONICA (CA). Santa Monica Museum of Art.
Incognito.
October 12-November 12, 2005.
Group exhibition. Included: Edgar Arceneaux, Phoebe Beasley, Mark Bradford, Mark Broyard, Kianga Ford, Charles Gaines, Rico Gatson, Ken Green, Mark Greenfield, Kira Lynn Harris, Vincent Johnson, Rodney McMillian, Odili Donald Odita, Chris Ofili, John Outterbridge, William Pope.L, Marc André Robinson, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Lezley Saar, Iké Udé, Kehinde Wiley and Fred Wilson.

SANTA MONICA (CA). Shoshanna Wayne Gallery.
Lost and Found in California: Four Decades of Assemblage Art.
July 16-September 7, 1988.
119 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Text by Sandra Leonard Starr. Large group exhibition. Includes: Ed Bereal, Betye Saar. 4to (28 x 21.5 cm.; 10.8 x 8.4 in.), pictorial wraps.

SANTA MONICA). Arena 1 Gallery.
Breaking in Two: Provocative Visions of Motherhood.
February 11-April 14, 2012.
Group exhibition of work from the 1960s to the present by some 40 Southern California artists (including a few collectives.) Curated by Bruria Finkel. Included: Betye, Alison, and Lezley Saar.

SANTIAGO, CHIORI.
Private Dialogues, Shared Visions.
1991.
In: Museum of California 15 (Summer 1991). Includes quotes from artists Alison and Betye Saar.

SAO PAULO (Brazil). 22a Internacional Bienal de São Paulo.
The Art of Betye Saar & John Outterbridge: The Poetics of Politics, Iconography and Spirituality.
1994.
40 pp., 24 color illus., 2 b&w illus., checklist of 12 works by each artist, biogs., exhibs. Curated and with separate text on each artist by Lizzetta Lafalle-Collins. Dual lang. English / Portuguese. Two artists of the same generation from different parts of America who create found-object assemblages that bear on the same political issues. [Traveled to Johannesburg Biennale, 1995.] Oblong 4to, stapled wraps. First ed.

SAVANNAH (GA). Savannah College of Art & Design [SCAD].
Icons of a Century: A Retrospective.
2000.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye Saar.

SCHAPIRO, MIRIAM, ed.
Anonymous was a Woman: A Documentation of the Women's Art Festival and a Collection of Letters to Young Women Artists.
Los Angeles: The Feminist Art Program, California Institute of the Arts, 1974.
137 pp., b&w illus. Includes: Betye Saar. 8vo, pictorial wraps.

SCOTTSDALE (AZ). Suzanne Brown Gallery.
Women and Art.
January 21-February 4, 1981.
32 pp., b&w illus. Over 20 artists. Includes only Betye Saar. 4to, wraps.

SEATTLE (WA). Key Tower Gallery, City Space.
Black History Month Exhibition.
Thru May 9, 2003.
Group exhibition consisting of a selection of artwork from the City's Portable Works Collection created by African Americans. Artists included: Jacob Lawrence, Gwen Knight, Barbara Thomas, Almerphy Frank-Brown, Weldon Butler, Kara Walker, Baba Wague Diakité, Marita Dingus, Monad Elohim Graves, Betye Saar, Brenetta Ward, James Washington, and Gwen Maxwell-Williams.

SEATTLE (WA). Office of Arts and Cultural Affairs.
A Sampling of African-American Artists Represented in the City of Seattle Portable Works Collection.
2003.
Artists included: Jacob Lawrence, Gwen Knight, Barbara Thomas, Almerphy Frank-Brown, Weldon Butler, Kara Walker, Baba Wague Diakité, Marita Dingus, Monad Elohim Graves, Gwen Maxwell-Williams, Betye Saar, Brenetta Ward, James Washington. [No catalogue.]

SELZ, PETER.
Art of Engagement: Visual Politics in California And Beyond.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.
310 pp., illus., index. An overview of the key role of California's art and artists in politics and culture since 1945. Includes many types of media: photographs, found objects, drawings and prints, murals, painting, sculpture, ceramics, installations, performance art, and collage. Nearly 100 pages are devoted to a chapter on racism, discrimination, and identity politics, yet only 11 African American artists are included with illustration of their work: Robert Colescott, David Hammons, Mildred Howard, Noah Purifoy, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, William (Bill) Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Charles White. Brief mention (name only) of Jean-Michel Basquiat, Roy DeCarava, Aaron Douglas, George Herriman, Sargent Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Anthony Lee, John Outterbridge, John Riddle, James Vanderzee. [Issued in conjunction with the exhibition "Visual Politics: The Art of Engagement," San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, CA, November 20, 2005-March 5, 2006; The American University Museum at the Katzen Art Center, Washington, DC, April i19-July 30, 2006.] 4to (10.5 x 8.9 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

SHARPE, CHRISTINA.
Monstrous Intimacies: Making Post-Slavery Subjects.
Durham: Duke University Press, 2010.
272 pp., notes, bibliog. Of particular interest are chapters 3 and 4: "Isaac Julien's The Attendant and the Sadomasochism of Everyday Black Life" -- an analysis of Julien's film set in a slavery museum; and "Kara Walker's Monstrous Intimacies," readings of works by Kara Walker and discussion of the charges leveled against Walker by her critics. Also mentioned: Rotimi Fani-Kayode, Marlon Riggs, Betye Saar, Carrie Mae Weems, and Fred Wilson. 8vo (22.9 x 15.5 cm; 9.2 x 5.2 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

SILLS, LESLIE.
Visions: Stories about Women Artists: Mary Cassatt, Betye Saar, Leonora Carrington, Mary Frank.
Morton Grove (IL): Albert Whitman & Co., 1993.
64 pp., 59 illus., mostly color plates, bibliog. Includes Betye Saar. Oblong 4to (23 x 28 cm.), papered boards, d.j. First ed.

SMITH, JESSIE CARNEY, ed.
Notable Black American Women Books I and II.
Detroit: Gale Research, 1992; 1995.
Book I: 1333 pp.; Book II: 775 pp., illus., indices. Artists who receive individual biographies in Book I: Phoebe Beasley, Camille Billops, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Charlotte White Franklin, Meta Warrick Fuller, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Lois Mailou Jones, Elizabeth Keckly, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Effie Lee Newsome, Elizabeth Prophet, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Alma Thomas, Laura Wheeler Waring. Many other artists mentioned in passing. Book II includes: Minnie Evans, Louise E. Jefferson, and Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe. Stout 4to (11.4 x 8.7 in.), cloth.

SNUG HARBOR (NY). Snug Harbor Cultural Center.
Relatively Speaking: Mothers and Daughters in Art.
November 6, 1994-January 15, 1995.
Group exhibition. Included: Betye and Lezley Saar. Traveled to numerous other venues. [Traveled to Rahr West Museum, Manitowock, WI, April 14- May 16, 1995; Sweet Briar College Art Gallery, Lynchburg, VA, August 25- October 25, 1994.]

SOUTHAMPTON (NY). Parrish Art Museum.
An American Legacy: Art from the Studio Museum.
March 23-June 1, 2003.
Group exhibition of 85 works Curated by Thelma Golden. Included: James Vanderzee, Terry Adkins, Charles Alston, Dawoud Bey, Willie Cole, Beauford Delaney, Melvin Edwards, David Hammons, Norman Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Al Loving, Kerry James Marshall, Sam Middleton, Wangechi Mutu, Odili Donald Odita, Martin Puryear, Betye Saar, Alma Thomas, Kara Walker, Nari Ward, Jack Whitten, et al. [Review: Helen A. Harrison "Out of Harlem Comes a Vibrant Chronicle," NYT, April 27, 2003.]

SPRADLING, MARY MACE.
In Black and White: Afro-Americans in Print.
Kalamazoo: Kalamazoo Public Library, 1980.
2 vols. 1089 pp. Includes: John H. Adams, Ron Adams, Alonzo Aden, Muhammad Ali, Baba Alabi Alinya, Charles Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Benny Andrews, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Jacqueline Ayer, Calvin Bailey, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Dutreuil Barjon, Ernie Barnes, Carolyn Plaskett Barrow, Richmond Barthé, Beatrice Bassette, Ad Bates, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Roberta Bell, Cleveland Bellow, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, DeVoice Berry, Cynthia Bethune, Charles Bible, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Irving Blaney, Bessie Blount, Gloria Bohanon, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Charles Bonner, Michael Borders, John Borican, Earl Bostic, Augustus Bowen, David Bowser, David Bradford, Edward Brandford, Brumsic Brandon, William Braxton, Arthur Britt Sr., Benjamin Britt, Sylvester Britton, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Kay Brown, Margery Brown, Richard L. Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Henry Brownlee, Linda Bryant, Starmanda Bullock, Juana Burke, Selma Burke, Eugene Burkes, Viola Burley, Calvin Burnett, John Burr, Margaret Burroughs, Nathaniel Bustion, Sheryle Butler, Elmer Simms Campbell, Thomas Cannon, Nick Canyon, Edward Carr, Art Carraway, Ted Carroll, Joseph S. Carter, William Carter, Catti, George Washington Carver, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Dana Chandler, Kitty Chavis, George Clack, Claude Clark, Ed Clark, J. Henrik Clarke, Leroy Clarke, Ladybird Cleveland, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Margaret Collins, Paul Collins, Sam Collins, Dan Concholar, Arthur Coppedge, Wallace X. Conway, Leonard Cooper, William A. Cooper, Art Coppedge, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, William Craft, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Jerrolyn Crooks, Harvey Cropper, Doris Crudup, Robert Crump, Dewey Crumpler, Frank E. Cummings, William Curtis, Mary Reed Daniel, Alonzo Davis, Charles Davis, Willis "Bing" Davis, Dale Davis, Charles C. Dawson, Juette Day, Thomas Day, Roy DeCarava, Paul DeCroom, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Murry DePillars, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Leo Dillon, Raymond Dobard, Vernon Dobard, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Robert Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, David Driskell, Yolande Du Bois, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Dunn, Adolphus Ealey, Eugene Eda, Melvin Edwards, Gaye Elliington, Annette Ensley, Marion Epting, Minnie Evans, Frederick Eversley, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Allen Fannin, John Farrar, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Muriel Feelings, Tom Feelings, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Thomas Floyd, Doyle Foreman, Mozelle Forte (costume and fabric designer), Amos Fortune, Mrs. C.R. Foster, Inez Fourcard (as Fourchard), John Francis, Miriam Francis, Allan Freelon, Meta Warrick Fuller, Stephany Fuller, Gale Fulton-Ross, Ibibio Fundi, Alice Gafford, Otis Galbreath, West Gale, Reginald Gammon, Jim Gary, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Jimmy Gibbez, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Manuel Gomez, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Samuel Green, William Green, Donald Greene, Joseph Grey, Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Henry Gudgell, Charles Haines, Clifford Hall, Horathel Hall, Wesley Hall, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Lorraine Hansberry, Marvin Harden, Arthur Hardie, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Gilbert Harris, John Harris, Maren Hassinger, Isaac Hathaway, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Wilbur Haynie, Dion Henderson, Ernest Herbert, Leon Hicks, Hector Hill, Tony Hill, Geoffrey Holder, Al Hollingsworth, Varnette Honeywood, Earl Hooks, Humbert Howard, James Howard, Raymond Howell, Julien Hudson, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Thomas Hunster, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Norman Hunter, Orville Hurt, Bill Hutson, Nell Ingram, Tanya Izanhour, Ambrose Jackson, Earl Jackson, May Jackson, Nigel Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Louise Jefferson, Ted Joans, Daniel Johnson, Lester L. Johnson, Jr., Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Barbara Jones, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Frederick D. Jones Jr., James Arlington Jones, Lawrence Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Eddie Jack Jordan, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Paul Keene, Elyse J. Kennart, Joseph Kersey, Gwendolyn Knight, Lawrence Compton Kolawole, Oliver LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Lewis H. Latimer, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Bertina Lee, Joanna Lee, Peter Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Leon Leonard, Curtis Lewis, Edmonia Lewis, James Edward Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Charles Lilly, Henri Linton, Jules Lion, Romeyn Lippman, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Juan Logan, Willie Longshore, Ed Loper, Ed Love, Al Loving, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, James McMillan, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, David Mann, William Marshall, Helen Mason, Philip Mason, Winifred Mason, Calvin Massey, Lester (Nathan) Mathews, William Maxwell, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Yvonne Meo, Sam Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Eva Miller, Lev Mills, P'lla Mills, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Arthur Monroe, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Ken Morris, Calvin Morrison, Jimmie Mosely, Leo Moss, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Frank Neal, George Neal, Otto Neals, Shirley Nero, Effie Newsome, Nommo, George Norman, Georg Olden, Ademola Olugebefola, Conora O'Neal (fashion designer), Cora O'Neal, Lula O'Neal, Pearl O'Neal, Ron O'Neal, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Carl Owens, Lorenzo Pace, Alvin Paige, Robert Paige, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, Norman Parish, Jules Parker, James Parks, Edgar Patience, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Jacqueline Peters, Douglas Phillips, Harper Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Julie Ponceau, James Porter, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Nancy Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Otis Rathel, Patrick Reason, William Reid, John Rhoden, Barbara Chase-Riboud, William Richmond, Percy Ricks, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, George Rogers, Arthur Rose, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russell, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, Marion Sampler, John Sanders, Walter Sanford, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Thomas Sills, Carroll Simms, Jewel Simon, Walter Simon, Merton Simpson, William H. Simpson, Louis Slaughter, Gwen Small, Albert A. Smith, Alvin Smith, Hughie Lee-Smith, John Henry Smith, Jacob Lawrence, John Steptoe, Nelson Stevens, Edward Stidum, Elmer C. Stoner, Lou Stovall, Henry O. Tanner, Ralph Tate, Betty Blayton Taylor, Della Taylor, Bernita Temple, Herbert Temple, Alma Thomas, Elaine Thomas, Larry Thomas, Carolyn Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Mozelle Thompson, Robert (Bob) Thompson, Dox Thrash, Neptune Thurston, John Torres, Nat Turner, Leo Twiggs, Bernard Upshur, Royce Vaughn, Ruth Waddy, Anthony Walker, Earl Walker, Larry Walker, William Walker, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Carole Ward, Laura Waring, Mary P. Washington, James Watkins, Lawrence Watson, Edward Webster, Allen A. Weeks, Robert Weil, James Wells, Pheoris West, Sarah West, John Weston, Delores Wharton, Amos White, Charles White, Garrett Whyte, Alfredus Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas R. Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Morris Williams, Peter Williams, Rosetta Williams (as Rosita), Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley Wilson, Vincent Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Bernard Wright, Charles Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. [Note the 3rd edition consists of two volumes published by Gale Research in 1980, with a third supplemental volume issued in 1985.] Large stout 4tos, red cloth. 3rd revised expanded edition.

ST LOUIS (MO). St. Louis Public Library.
An index to Black American artists.
St. Louis: St. Louis Public Library, 1972.
50 pp. Also includes art historians such as Henri Ghent. In this database, only artists are cross-referenced. 4to (28 cm.)

STAMFORD (CT). Whitney Museum of American Art at Champion.
Working on the Railroad: Art Projects for the Northeast Corridor.
1985.
Unpag. [12 pp.) exhib. cat., 9 illus. Catalogue of 40 drawings, studies, models for eight projects for railroad stations from Washington, D.C. to Boston, including sculpture, murals and windows, with statements by the artists. Includes two African American artists: Betye Saar and Charles Searles. Intro. by Pamela Gruninger Perkins. 12mo, wraps.

SYRACUSE (NY). Everson Museum of Art.
Other Gods: Containers of Belief.
Washington, DC: Fondo del Sol, 1986.
64 pp. exhib. cat., 37 illus., 4 color plates, statements by all artists, checklist of exhibition. Texts by Rebecca Kelley Crumlish, David Driskell, Houston Conwill. Mostly wall sculpture and installation pieces. Roughly 35 artists including numerous women artists and artists of color: African American artists: Martha Jackson-Jarvis, John Outterbridge, Alison and Betye Saar, Joyce Scott, Skunder Boghossian. [Traveled to Contemporary Art Center, New Orleans.] 4to, stapled wraps. First ed.

SYRACUSE (NY). Everson Museum of Art.
Some Assembly Required: Collage Culture in Post-War America.
September-, 2002.
Exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition of 38 artists. Included: Romare Bearden, Betye Saar, Mildred Howard, [Traveled to: Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Madison, WI, June 7-August 17, 2003; Polk Museum of Art, Lakeland, FL, August 30-November 2, 2003.]

TALLAHASSEE (FL). FAMU Art Gallery, Florida A&M State University.
Impact 79: Afro-American Women Artists.
April 2-20, 1979.
Unpag. (16 pp.) exhib. cat., photos of artists, biogs., some statements. Text by Regenia Perry. Artists included: Camille Billops, Vivian E. Browne [as Brown], Doris Colbert, Oletha DeVane, Wilhelmina Godfrey, Lana Henderson, Adrienne Hoard, Martha Jackson, Winnie Owens, Betye Saar, Elizabeth Scott, Joyce Scott, Jewel Simon, Yvonne Tucker. 8vo (16 x 24 cm.), wraps.

TELLES, RAY and RICK TAJ.
Race is the Place (DVD).
Berkeley: Paradigm Productions, 2005.
Analysis of racism through the prism of performance, music, poetry and visual art intercut with documentary sequences and archival materials from popular culture, including Hollywood films, old newsreels, photographs, early sound recordings, posters and product packaging. Visual artists include: Faith Ringgold, Michael Ray Charles, Paula de Joie, Betye Saar (along with Ben Sakoguchi and Enrique Chagoya.) DVD: sd., col. with b&w sequences; 4 3/4 in.; 91:33 min.

TEMPE (AZ). Nelson Fine Arts Center, Arizona State Universitiy Art Museum.
Rhapsody: Selections from Valley Art Collections.
February 10-May 13, 2001.
6 pp. exhib. brochure. Foreword by Jean Makin. Group exhibition including works by Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Radcliffe Bailey, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Elizabeth Catlett, Michael Ray Charles, Robert Colescott, Renée Cox, Charles Gaines, Sam Gilliam, Eugene Grigsby. Artis Lane, Jacob Lawrence, Stephen Marc, Kerry James Marshall, Richard Mayhew, Beverly McIver, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Lezley Saar, Charles Sebree, Lorna Simpson, Therman Statom, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Charles White, Hale Woodruff and Rip Woods. 4to (28 cm.), wraps.

THOMISON, DENNIS.
The Black Artist in America: An Index to Reproductions.
Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1991.
Includes: index to Black artists, bibliography (including doctoral dissertations and audiovisual materials.) Many of the dozens of spelling errors and incomplete names have been corrected in this entry and names of known white artists omitted from our entry, but errors may still exist in this entry, so beware: Jesse Aaron, Charles Abramson, Maria Adair, Lauren Adam, Ovid P. Adams, Ron Adams, Terry Adkins, (Jonathan) Ta Coumba T. Aiken, Jacques Akins, Lawrence E. Alexander, Tina Allen, Pauline Alley-Barnes, Charles Alston, Frank Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Emma Amos (Levine), Allie Anderson, Benny Andrews, Edmund Minor Archer, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso [as Y. Pedroso Argudin], Anna Arnold, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Kwasi Seitu Asante [as Kwai Seitu Asantey], Steve Ashby, Rose Auld, Ellsworth Ausby, Henry Avery, Charles Axt, Roland Ayers, Annabelle Bacot, Calvin Bailey, Herman Kofi Bailey, Malcolm Bailey, Annabelle Baker, E. Loretta Ballard, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Bill Banks, Ellen Banks, John W. Banks, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Curtis R. Barnes, Ernie Barnes, James MacDonald Barnsley, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Daniel Carter Beard, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Falcon Beazer, Arthello Beck, Sherman Beck, Cleveland Bellow, Gwendolyn Bennett, Herbert Bennett, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, Devoice Berry, Ben Bey, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Eloise Bishop, Robert Blackburn, Tarleton Blackwell, Lamont K. Bland, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Hawkins Bolden, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Higgins Bond, Erma Booker, Michael Borders, Ronald Boutte, Siras Bowens, Lynn Bowers, Frank Bowling, David Bustill Bowser, David Patterson Boyd, David Bradford, Harold Bradford, Peter Bradley, Fred Bragg, Winston Branch, Brumsic Brandon, James Brantley, William Braxton, Bruce Brice, Arthur Britt, James Britton, Sylvester Britton, Moe Brooker, Bernard Brooks, Mable Brooks, Oraston Brooks-el, David Scott Brown, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Frederick Brown, Grafton Brown, James Andrew Brown, Joshua Brown, Kay Brown, Marvin Brown, Richard Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian Browne, Henry Brownlee, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Arlene Burke-Morgan, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Cecil Burton, Charles Burwell, Nathaniel Bustion, David Butler, Carole Byard, Albert Byrd, Walter Cade, Joyce Cadoo, Bernard Cameron, Simms Campbell, Frederick Campbell, Thomas Cannon (as Canon), Nicholas Canyon, John Carlis, Arthur Carraway, Albert Carter, Allen Carter, George Carter, Grant Carter, Ivy Carter, Keithen Carter, Robert Carter, William Carter, Yvonne Carter, George Washington Carver, Bernard Casey, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Frances Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Catti, Charlotte Chambless, Dana Chandler, John Chandler, Robin Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Kitty Chavis, Edward Christmas, Petra Cintron, George Clack, Claude Clark Sr., Claude Lockhart Clark, Edward Clark, Irene Clark, LeRoy Clarke, Pauline Clay, Denise Cobb, Gylbert Coker, Marion Elizabeth Cole, Archie Coleman, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Robert Colescott, Carolyn Collins, Paul Collins, Richard Collins, Samuel Collins, Don Concholar, Wallace Conway, Houston Conwill, William A. Cooper, Arthur Coppedge, Jean Cornwell, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Norma Criss, Allan Rohan Crite, Harvey Cropper, Geraldine Crossland, Rushie Croxton, Doris Crudup, Dewey Crumpler, Emilio Cruz, Charles Cullen (White artist), Vince Cullers, Michael Cummings, Urania Cummings, DeVon Cunningham, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, Artis Dameron, Mary Reed Daniel, Aaron Darling, Alonzo Davis, Bing Davis, Charles Davis, Dale Davis, Rachel Davis, Theresa Davis, Ulysses Davis, Walter Lewis Davis, Charles C. Davis, William Dawson, Juette Day, Roy DeCarava, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Nadine Delawrence, Louis Delsarte, Richard Dempsey, J. Brooks Dendy, III (as Brooks Dendy), James Denmark, Murry DePillars, Joseph DeVillis, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Voris Dickerson, Charles Dickson, Frank Dillon, Leo Dillon, Robert Dilworth, James Donaldson, Jeff Donaldson, Lillian Dorsey, William Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Calvin Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, John Dowell, Sam Doyle, David Driskell, Ulric S. Dunbar, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Morris Dunn, Edward Dwight, Adolphus Ealey, Lawrence Edelin, William Edmondson, Anthony Edwards, Melvin Edwards, Eugene Eda [as Edy], John Elder, Maurice Ellison, Walter Ellison, Mae Engron, Annette Easley, Marion Epting, Melvyn Ettrick (as Melvin), Clifford Eubanks, Minnie Evans, Darrell Evers, Frederick Eversley, Cyril Fabio, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Josephus Farmer, John Farrar, William Farrow, Malaika Favorite, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Claude Ferguson, Violet Fields, Lawrence Fisher, Thomas Flanagan, Walter Flax, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Batunde Folayemi, George Ford, Doyle Foreman, Leroy Foster, Walker Foster, John Francis, Richard Franklin, Ernest Frazier, Allan Freelon, Gloria Freeman, Pam Friday, John Fudge, Meta Fuller, Ibibio Fundi, Ramon Gabriel, Alice Gafford, West Gale, George Gamble, Reginald Gammon, Christine Gant, Jim Gary, Adolphus Garrett, Leroy Gaskin, Lamerol Gatewood, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Ezekiel Gibbs, William Giles, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, William Golding, Paul Goodnight, Erma Gordon, L. T. Gordon, Robert Gordon, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Joe Grant, Oscar Graves, Todd Gray, Annabelle Green, James Green, Jonathan Green, Robert Green, Donald Greene, Michael Greene, Joseph Grey, Charles Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Raymond Grist, Michael Gude, Ethel Guest, John Hailstalk, Charles Haines, Horathel Hall, Karl Hall, Wesley Hall, Edward Hamilton, Eva Hamlin-Miller, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William Harper, Hugh Harrell, Oliver Harrington, Gilbert Harris, Hollon Harris, John Harris, Scotland J. B. Harris, Warren Harris, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins (as Thelma), William Hawkins, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, William Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Anthony Haynes, Wilbur Haynie, Benjamin Hazard, June Hector, Dion Henderson, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, William Henderson, Barkley Hendricks, Gregory A. Henry, Robert Henry, Ernest Herbert, James Herring, Mark Hewitt, Leon Hicks, Renalda Higgins, Hector Hill, Felrath Hines, Alfred Hinton, Tim Hinton, Adrienne Hoard, Irwin Hoffman, Raymond Holbert, Geoffrey Holder, Robin Holder, Lonnie Holley, Alvin Hollingsworth, Eddie Holmes, Varnette Honeywood, Earl J. Hooks, Ray Horner, Paul Houzell, Helena Howard, Humbert Howard, John Howard, Mildred Howard, Raymond Howell, William Howell, Calvin Hubbard, Henry Hudson, Julien Hudson, James Huff, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Raymond Hunt, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Elliott Hunter, Arnold Hurley, Bill Hutson, Zell Ingram, Sue Irons, A. B. Jackson, Gerald Jackson, Harlan Jackson, Hiram Jackson, May Jackson, Oliver Jackson, Robert Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Bob James, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jasmin Joseph [as Joseph Jasmin], Archie Jefferson, Rosalind Jeffries, Noah Jemison, Barbara Fudge Jenkins, Florian Jenkins, Chester Jennings, Venola Jennings, Wilmer Jennings, Georgia Jessup, Johana, Daniel Johnson, Edith Johnson, Harvey Johnson, Herbert Johnson, Jeanne Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Milton Derr (as Milton Johnson), Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Dorcas Jones, Frank A. Jones, Frederick D. Jones, Jr. (as Frederic Jones), Henry B. Jones, Johnny Jones, Lawrence Arthur Jones, Leon Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Nathan Jones, Tonnie Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Edward Judie, Michael Kabu, Arthur Kaufman, Charles Keck, Paul Keene, John Kendrick, Harriet Kennedy, Leon Kennedy, Joseph Kersey; Virginia Kiah, Henri King, James King, Gwendolyn Knight, Robert Knight, Lawrence Kolawole, Brenda Lacy, (Laura) Jean Lacy, Roy LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, James Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Louis LeBlanc, James Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Lizetta LeFalle-Collins, Leon Leonard, Bruce LeVert, Edmonia Lewis, Edwin E. Lewis, Flora Lewis, James E. Lewis, Norman Lewis, Roy Lewis, Samella Lewis, Elba Lightfoot, Charles Lilly [as Lily], Arturo Lindsay, Henry Linton, Jules Lion, James Little, Marcia Lloyd, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Donald Locke, Lionel Lofton, Juan Logan, Bert Long, Willie Longshore, Edward Loper, Francisco Lord, Jesse Lott, Edward Love, Nina Lovelace, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin Loving, Ramon Loy, William Luckett, John Lutz, Don McAllister, Theadius McCall, Dindga McCannon, Edward McCluney, Jesse McCowan, Sam McCrary, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, Karl McIntosh, Joseph Mack, Edward McKay, Thomas McKinney, Alexander McMath, Robert McMillon, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, Clarence Major, William Majors, David Mann, Ulysses Marshall, Phillip Lindsay Mason, Lester Mathews, Sharon Matthews, William (Bill) Maxwell, Gordon Mayes, Marietta Mayes, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Victoria Meek, Leon Meeks, Yvonne Meo, Helga Meyer, Gaston Micheaux, Charles Mickens, Samuel Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Algernon Miller, Don Miller, Earl Miller, Eva Hamlin Miller, Guy Miller, Julia Miller, Charles Milles, Armsted Mills, Edward Mills, Lev Mills, Priscilla Mills (P'lla), Carol Mitchell, Corinne Mitchell, Tyrone Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Elizabeth Montgomery, Ronald Moody, Ted Moody, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Sabra Moore, Theophilus Moore, William Moore, Leedell Moorehead, Scipio Moorhead, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Patricia Morris, Keith Morrison, Lee Jack Morton, Jimmie Mosely, David Mosley, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Betty Murchison, J. B. Murry, Teixera Nash, Inez Nathaniel, Frank Neal, George Neal, Jerome Neal, Robert Neal, Otto Neals, Robert Newsome, James Newton, Rochelle Nicholas, John Nichols, Isaac Nommo, Oliver Nowlin, Trudell Obey, Constance Okwumabua, Osira Olatunde, Kermit Oliver, Yaounde Olu, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary O'Neal, Haywood Oubré, Simon Outlaw, John Outterbridge, Joseph Overstreet, Carl Owens, Winnie Owens-Hart, Lorenzo Pace, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, James Pappas, Christopher Parks, James Parks, Louise Parks, Vera Parks, Oliver Parson, James Pate, Edgar Patience, John Payne, Leslie Payne, Sandra Peck, Alberto Pena, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Bertrand Phillips, Charles James Phillips, Harper Phillips, Ted Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Elijah Pierce, Harold Pierce, Anderson Pigatt, Stanley Pinckney, Howardena Pindell, Elliott Pinkney, Jerry Pinkney, Robert Pious, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Betty Pitts, Stephanie Pogue, Naomi Polk, Charles Porter, James Porter, Georgette Powell, Judson Powell, Richard Powell, Daniel Pressley, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Arnold Prince, E. (Evelyn?) Proctor, Nancy Prophet, Ronnie Prosser, William Pryor, Noah Purifoy, Florence Purviance, Martin Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Helen Ramsaran, Joseph Randolph; Thomas Range, Frank Rawlings, Jennifer Ray, Maxine Raysor, Patrick Reason, Roscoe Reddix, Junius Redwood, James Reed, Jerry Reed, Donald Reid, O. Richard Reid, Robert Reid, Leon Renfro, John Rhoden, Ben Richardson, Earle Richardson, Enid Richardson, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Haywood Rivers, Arthur Roach, Malkia Roberts, Royal Robertson, Aminah Robinson, Charles Robinson, John N. Robinson, Peter L. Robinson, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, Herbert Rogers, Juanita Rogers, Sultan Rogers, Bernard Rollins, Henry Rollins, Arthur Rose, Charles Ross, James Ross, Nellie Mae Rowe, Sandra Rowe, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russsell, Mahler Ryder, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, JoeSam., Marion Sampler, Bert Samples, Juan Sanchez, Eve Sandler, Walter Sanford, Floyd Sapp, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Ann Sawyer, Sydney Schenck, Vivian Schuyler Key, John Scott (Johnny) , John Tarrell Scott, Joyce Scott, William Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Bernard Sepyo, Bennie Settles, Franklin Shands, Frank Sharpe, Christopher Shelton, Milton Sherrill, Thomas Sills, Gloria Simmons, Carroll Simms, Jewell Simon, Walter Simon, Coreen Simpson, Ken Simpson, Merton Simpson, William Simpson, Michael Singletary (as Singletry), Nathaniel Sirles, Margaret Slade (Kelley), Van Slater, Louis Sloan, Albert A. Smith, Alfred J. Smith, Alvin Smith, Arenzo Smith, Damballah Dolphus Smith, Floyd Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Howard Smith, John Henry Smith, Marvin Smith, Mary T. Smith, Sue Jane Smith, Vincent Smith, William Smith, Zenobia Smith, Rufus Snoddy, Sylvia Snowden, Carroll Sockwell, Ben Solowey, Edgar Sorrells, Georgia Speller, Henry Speller, Shirley Stark, David Stephens, Lewis Stephens, Walter Stephens, Erik Stephenson, Nelson Stevens, Mary Stewart, Renée Stout, Edith Strange, Thelma Streat, Richard Stroud, Dennis Stroy, Charles Suggs, Sharon Sulton, Johnnie Swearingen, Earle Sweeting, Roderick Sykes, Clarence Talley, Ann Tanksley, Henry O. Tanner, James Tanner, Ralph Tate, Carlton Taylor, Cecil Taylor, Janet Taylor Pickett, Lawrence Taylor, William (Bill) Taylor, Herbert Temple, Emerson Terry, Evelyn Terry, Freida Tesfagiorgis, Alma Thomas, Charles Thomas, James "Son Ford" Thomas, Larry Erskine Thomas, Matthew Thomas, Roy Thomas, William Thomas (a.k.a. Juba Solo), Conrad Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Bob Thompson, Russ Thompson, Dox Thrash, Mose Tolliver, William Tolliver, Lloyd Toone, John Torres, Elaine Towns, Bill Traylor, Charles Tucker, Clive Tucker, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Charlene Tull, Donald Turner, Leo Twiggs, Alfred Tyler, Anna Tyler, Barbara Tyson Mosley, Bernard Upshur, Jon Urquhart, Florestee Vance, Ernest Varner, Royce Vaughn, George Victory, Harry Vital, Ruth Waddy, Annie Walker, Charles Walker, Clinton Walker, Earl Walker, Lawrence Walker, Raymond Walker [a.k.a. Bo Walker], William Walker, Bobby Walls, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Denise Ward-Brown, Evelyn Ware, Laura Waring, Masood Ali Warren, Horace Washington, James Washington, Mary Washington, Timothy Washington, Richard Waters, James Watkins, Curtis Watson, Howard Watson, Willard Watson, Richard Waytt, Claude Weaver, Stephanie Weaver, Clifton Webb, Derek Webster, Edward Webster, Albert Wells, James Wells, Roland Welton, Barbara Wesson, Pheoris West, Lamonte Westmoreland, Charles White, Cynthia White, Franklin White, George White, J. Philip White, Jack White (sculptor), Jack White (painter), John Whitmore, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Benjamin Wigfall, Bertie Wiggs, Deborah Wilkins, Timothy Wilkins, Billy Dee Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas Williams, Frank Williams, George Williams, Gerald Williams, Jerome Williams, Jose Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Michael K. Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Randy Williams, Roy Lee Williams, Todd Williams, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Yvonne Williams, Philemona Williamson, Stan Williamson, Luster Willis, A. B. Wilson, Edward Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, George Wilson, Henry Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley C. Wilson, Linda Windle, Eugene Winslow, Vernon Winslow, Cedric Winters, Viola Wood, Hale Woodruff, Roosevelt Woods, Shirley Woodson, Beulah Woodard, Bernard Wright, Dmitri Wright, Estella Viola Wright, George Wright, Richard Wyatt, Frank Wyley, Richard Yarde, James Yeargans, Joseph Yoakum, Bernard Young, Charles Young, Clarence Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young.

TILBURG (The Netherlands). Nederlands Textielmuseum.
USA Today in Fiber Art.
1993.
64 pp. exhib. cat., b&w and color illus., biogs. In English/Dutch. Includes: Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Elizabeth T. Scott, Joyce J. Scott. [Traveled to Museum of Applied Arts, Helsinki, Finland.] 4to (31 x 24 cm.), stiff wraps.

TRENTON (NJ). New Jersey State Museum.
In Celebration: Six Black Americans.
January26-March 30, 1980.
Unpag. (22 pp.) exhib. cat., color illus. Text by Carroll Greene, Jr. Artists include: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Betye Saar. 4to, wraps. First ed.

TRENTON (NJ). New Jersey State Museum.
Material Dialogues: Contemporary Arts: The New Jersey Context.
1997.
Group exhibition of work by 12 artists who use recycled materials. Curated by Alison Weld. Included: Terry Adkins, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Minnie Evans, Lonnie Holley, Joshua Johnson, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor. [Review: Charles Hegen, "A Multitude of Gifts in One Big Package," NYT (March 9, 1997.]

TUCHMAN, MAURICE.
Masquerade.
San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1993.
107 pp., illus. Pref. by Maurice Tuchman; foreword by Joseph E. Campbell. Exhibition of 64 masks commissioned by the Los Angeles Museum of art. Included: Betye Saar. Sq. 8vo (7.25 x 7.25 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

URBANA-CHAMPAIGN (IL). Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Rivers of Spirit: Art Women of the African Diaspora.
June 2-August 6, 1999.
Group exhibition. Curated by Isobel Neal and Robin Chandler. Included: Bongi Bengu, Elizabeth Catlett, Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson, Carrie Mae Weems.

VALLEY GLEN (CA). Los Angeles Valley College.
Cultural Windows: The Art of Ruth Asawa, Ynez Johnston and Betye Saar.
2010.
Three-person exhibition.

VON BLUM, PAUL.
Resistance, Dignity, and Pride: African American Artists in Los Angeles.
Los Angeles: CAAS Publications, 2004.
xvi, 111 pp., 32 pp. illus., bibliog., index. Focuses on 16 artists including: Enie Barnes, Lavialle Campbell, Roland Charles, Varnette Honeywood, Samella Lewis, Willie Middlebrook, John Outterbridge, William Pajaud, Elliott Pinkney, Ramsess, Sandra Rowe, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, C. Ian White, Pat Ward Williams, Richard Wyatt. Dozens of others included in passing: Roy DeCarava, David Hammons, Faith Ringgold, Ruth Waddy, Charles White, et al. 8vo (23 cm.), wraps.

WALLACE, MICHELE.
Invisibility Blues, From Pop to Theory.
New York: Verso, 1990.
267 pp., index. Important critical essays in black feminist cultural criticism. Numerous artists, filmmakers, politicians, musicians and issues in historical and contemporary culture from the civil rights movement to the end of the 80s. Artists mentioned include: Benny Andrews, Malcolm C. W. Bailey, Josephine Baker, Amiri Baraka, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Vivian Browne, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Melvin Edwards, David Hammons, Richard Hunt, Daniel L. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Issac Julien, K.O.S., Jacob Lawrence, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Vincent Smith, Carrie Mae Weems. 4to, black cloth, lettered in silver, dust jacket. First ed.

WALLACE, MICHELLE.
Dark Designs and Visual Culture.
Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.
551 pp., index. Outstanding substantial collection of the critical essays of one of the foremost cultural critics and black feminists of the past three decades. 8vo (8.7 x 6.1 in.), wraps.

WASHINGTON (DC). Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture.
Locating the Spirit: Religion and Spirituality in African American Art.
February 14-June 15, 1999.
27 pp. exhib. cat., 39 illus. (most in color). Texts by Deborah Willis, Leslie King-Hammond, Halima Taha. Artists include: Akili Ron Anderson, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Donald Bernard, John Biggers, David Boothman, Archie Byron, Schroeder Cherry, Carl Clark, Linda Day Clark, Alvin Clayton, Floyd Coleman, Adger W. Cowans, Allan Rohan Crite, Michael Cunningham, Willis Bing Davis, Nadine DeLawrence, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, James E. Dupree, Espi Frazier, L'Merchie Frazier, Reginald Gammon, Eugene J. Grigsby, Jr., Leslie King-Hammond, Michael D. Harris, Chester Higgins, Reginald L. Jackson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Winston Kennedy, Melvina Lathan, Nashormeh Lindo, Arturo Lindsay, Valerie Maynard, Tom Miller, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Yahya Muhammad, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Lorenzo Pace, Johnice I. Parker, James Phillips, Paula Phillips, Elijah Pierce, Horace Pippin, Sheila Pree, Ken Royster, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Jeffrey Scales, Meg Henson Scales, Michael E. Scoffield, Elizabeth Talford Scott, Joyce Scott, Danny Simmons, Clarissa Sligh, David Smedley, Frank Smith, MeiTei Sing Smith, Nelson Stevens, Renée Stout, Allen tringfellow, Nina G. Squires, Henry Ossawa Tanner, William B. Taylor, James W. Washington, Jr., Richard J. Watson, James L Wells, Pheoris West, Carlton Wilkinson, Richard Yarde. 4to (28 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed.

WASHINGTON (DC). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Artists' files for exhibition of African-American women artists, 1969-1978.
1979.
The National Women's Caucus for Art, College Art Association. An exhibition on Afro-American Women Artists was to be held in conjunction with CAA's Annual meeting, 1979. Emily Martin and Tritobia Benjamin were co-curators. The exhibition was cancelled due to lack of funding. Artists included are: Rose A. Auld, Loretta E. Ballard, Camille Billops, Barbara Jane Bullock, Viola Burley [Leak], Margaret Gross Burroughs, Lilian T. Burwell, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Juette Johnson Day, Karen D. Eutemey, Gloria Terry Freeman, Varnette P. Honeywood, Martha Jackson (presumably Martha Jackson-Jarvis), Georgia Mills Jessup, Marie Johnson, Arinthia Lynn Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Harriet Forte Kennedy, Patricia Mattison Landry, Samella S. Lewis, Geraldine McCullough, Edith Martin, Yvonne Olivia Cole Meo, Elizabeth Catlett Mora, Norma Morgan, Leigh H. Mosley, Marilyn Nance, Nefertiti, Winnie Owens, Kathleen J. Ballard Peters, Delilah Pierce, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Mavis Pusey, Helen Evans Ramsaran, Faith Ringgold, Lucille (Malkia) Roberts, Bettye Saar, Jewel Simon, Mei-Tei-Sing Smith, Joan C. Stephens, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Bertie Wiggs, Roberta Wolfe, Theresa India Young.

WASHINGTON (DC). Corcoran Gallery of Art.
Black is a Color: African American Art from the Corcoran Gallery of Art.
February 1-April 7, 2003.
(6 pp.) exhib. brochure, coloe illus. Traveling exhibition curated by Susan Badder. Drawn predominantly from the Corcoran's permanent collection of paintings, sculptures, drawings, prints and photographs by African American artists, this exhibition features works made since the 1960s whose palettes are primarily black and white. Artists include: Ken Ashton, Radcliffe Bailey, Robert Colescott, David Driskell, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Whitfield Lovell, Carl Pope, Martin Puryear, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Lorna Simpson, Sylvia Snowden, Renée Stout, Kara Walker. Single folded sheet (10 x 20 cm.).

WASHINGTON (DC). Evans-Tibbs Collection.
The Art of Collage.
1985.
12 pp., 9 color plates, list of works, bibliog. Texts by Thurlow E. Tibbs, Jr. Includes: Romare Bearden, David Driskell, Kenneth Falana, Sam Gilliam, Ulysses Marshall, Barbara Mosley, Betye Saar, Sharon Sutton. 8vo, stapled pictorial wraps. Ed. of 1000.

WASHINGTON (DC). Gelman Library, George Washington University.
Africana Woman at the Dawn of the New Millennium.
2000.
Group exhibition. Curated by Cynthia Jacobs Carter.

WASHINGTON (DC). National Museum of Women in the Arts.
Generations of Mentors.
1994.
Exhib. cat., illus. [Traveled to: Fresno Metropolitan Museum, Fresno, CA; Mount Saint Mary's College Gallery, Los Angeles, CA; The Madison Art Center, Madison, WI; De Cordova Museum and Sculpture Park, Lincoln, MA; Center for the Fine Arts, Miami, FL.]

WASHINGTON (DC). Renwick Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.
The Object as Poet.
December 1976-June 1977.
88 pp. exhib. cat., 63 illus. (6 in color). Text by Rose Slivka, with extensive notes and individual essays (many in the form of poetry) accompanying each of the individual works. Includes: Barbara Chase-Riboud, Betye Saar. [Traveled to: Museum of Contemporary Crafts, NY, June 1977.] 4to (11.5 x 8.75 in.), wraps.

WASHINGTON (DC). Sixth District Police Headquarters.
The Evans-Tibbs Collection: Selections from the Permanent Holdings. 19th and 20th Century American Art.
August 25-31, 1985.
Unpag., 18 b&w illus., checklist of 40 works by 41 artists. Text by Thurlow E. Tibbs, Jr. An exhibition sponsored by the Far East Community Services, Inc. and the D.C. Commission on the Arts and Humanities. Artists included: Charles Alston, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Hilda Brown, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Mary Reed Daniel, Beauford Delaney, Louis Delsarte, Richard Dempsey, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Clementine Hunter, Joshua Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Gerald McCain, Lev Mills, Marion Perkins, Delilah Pierce, Patrick Reason, Betye Saar, William E. Scott, Addison Scurlock, Charles Sebree, Sharon Sutton, Henry O. Tanner, Alma W. Thomas, Bill Traylor, Curtis Tucker, Yvonne Tucker, James Vanderzee, Joyce Wellman, James L. Wells, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed.

WASHINGTON (DC). Smithsonian Museum of American Art.
African American Masters: Highlights from the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
New York: Abrams, 2003.
112 pp., 52 color plates, bibliog., index. Text by Gwen Everett. Includes: Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Allan Rohan Crite, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Melvin Edwards, Roland Freeman, Sam Gilliam, Russell T. Gordon, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Norman Lewis, Whitfield Lovell, Robert McNeill, Gordon Parks, Horace Pippin, James Porter, Betye Saar, Renée Stout, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, James Vanderzee, Hale Woodruff, Purvis Young, et al. [Traveled to: New-York Historical Society, April 1-June 1, 2003, Cheekwood Museum of Art, Nashville, TN, June 28-September 7, 2003, Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens, Jacksonville, FL, October 2-November 30, 2003, Cincinnati Art Museum, January 8-March 7, 2004, Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, NH, April 3-June 7, 2004, Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, DE, July 2-September 5, Long Beach Museum of Art, October 3-November 28, Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Salt Lake City, UT, January 8-February 28, 2005, Spelman College Museum of Fine Arts, Atlanta, GA, March 24-May 13, 2005.] Sq. 4to (25 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

WEED (CA). College of the Siskiyous.
California Collage.
1981.
Unpag. (approx. 30 pp.) exhib. cat. illus. Text by Donn Brannon. Two African American artists included: Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders. Square 8vo, wraps. First ed.

WEINERT, SUSAN M.
Politics, aesthetics and gender relations in African-American art: das Werk von Elizabeth Catlett und Betye Saar (1940-2005).
Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2009.
326 pp., 54 b&w thumbnail illus., bibliog., notes, index, list of illus. In German; the numerous text citations from English-lang. sources are in English without German translation. Extensive analyses of Catlett's "Negro Mother and Child" (1939/40) and Saar's "The Liberation of Aunt Jemima" (1972). [Originally presented as the author’s thesis (doctoral)--Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.] Wide-ranging text including many other artists in passing: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Romare Bearden, Eddie Chambers, Renée Cox, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David C. Driskell, Ellen Gallagher, Beverley Guy-Sheftal, David Hammons, Sargent Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, Olu Oguibe, John Outterbridge, Joe Overstreet, Murry DePillars, James Porter, Noah Purifoy, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Lezley Saar, Ntozake Shange, Carroll H. Simms, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Frieda High Tesfiagoris, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. 8vo (24 cm.), wraps.

WELD, ALISON, ed.
Art by African Americans in the Collection of the New Jersey State Museum.
Trenton: The New Jersey State Museum, 1998.
159 pp., b&w and color illus., chronology of Black America (by Larry Greene), selected general bibliog., checklist of 170 works. Foreword by David C. Driskell; individual biographical texts (some with footnotes) and full-page color plate for each of the 60 artists by Alison Weld (curator), Sharon Patton, Margaret Rose Vendryes, Tritobia H. Benjamin, James Smalls, Carl E. Hazlewood, Calvin Reid, and Ronne Hartfield. Artists included in this selection: Uthman Ibn Abdur-Rahmen, Terry Adkins, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Anthony Barboza, Romare Bearden, Frank Bowling, Wendell T. Brooks, James Andrew Brown, Selma Burke, Willie Cole, Allan Rohan Crite, Victor Davson, Roy DeCarava, Nadine DeLawrence, Thornton Dial, Sr., Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, Sam Gilliam, Rex Goreleigh, Gladys Grauer, Renée Green, Larry Hilton, Milton Hinton, Lonnie Holley, Diane Horn, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Joshua Johnson, Ben Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, James Little, Tom Lloyd, Al Loving, Thomas Malloy, John Moore, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Joe Overstreet, Lorenzo Pace, Gordon Parks, Janet T. Pickett, Horace Pippin, P.H. Polk, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Mei Tei-Sing Smith, Chuck Stewart, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, Bill Traylor, James VanDerZee, Shawn Walker, Charles White, and Hale Woodruff. An exhibition of the same name (September 19-December 31, 1998) was organized to accompany publication of the catalogue. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed.

WEST PALM BEACH (FL). Norton Museum of Art.
Image and Identity in African American Art, Highlights from the Collection.
2008.
Group exhibition. Includes: Betye Saar, et al.

WEST PALM BEACH (FL). Norton Museum of Art.
Say it Loud: Art by African and African American Artists in the Collection.
December 27, 2012-March 3, 2013.
Group exhibition. Curated by Cheryl Brutvan. Included: Charles Alston, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Mark Bradford, Nick Cave, Willie Cole, Robert H. Colescott, Sam Gilliam, Jacob Lawrence, Al Loving, Kerry James Marshall, J.D. 'Okhai Ojeikere, Gordon Parks, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Yinka Shonibare, Mary Sibande, Malick Sidibé, Lorna Simpson, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, James Vanderzee, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems.

WIDENER, DANIEL.
Black Arts West: Culture and Struggle in Postwar Los Angeles.
Durham: Duke University Press, 2010.
xiv, 368 pp., 48 illus. (mostly historical photos), notes, bibliog., index. Chapters: Hollywood scuffle : the Second World War, Los Angeles, and the politics of wartime representation -- The Negro as human being? Desegregation and the Black arts imperative -- Writing Watts : the rise and fall of cultural liberalism -- Notes from the underground : free jazz and Black power in South Los Angeles -- Studios in the street : creative community and visual arts -- The arms of criticism : the cultural politics of urban insurgency -- An intimate enemy : culture and the contradictions of Bradleyism -- How to survive in South Central : Black film as class critique. Artists included (many just brief passing mention): William Alexander, Amiri Baraka, Camille Billops, William Blackman, Gloria Bohanon, Margaret Burroughs, Ben Caldwell, Bernie Casey, Dan Concholar, Houston Conwill, Julie Dash, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Zeinabu Irene Davis, Emory Douglas, Melvin Edwards, Jacqueline Frazier, Alice Taylor Gafford, David Hammons, Suzanne Jackson, Charles Johnson, Doyle Lane, Alile Sharon Larkin, Joe Lewis, Samella Lewis, Constance McClendon, Barbara McCullough, Oscar Micheaux, Willie Middlebrook, P'lla Mills, Lenora Moore, Senga Nengudi, Judson Powell, Noah Purifoy, John T. Riddle, Betye Saar, Van Slater, William E. Smith, Curtis Tann, Ruth Waddy, Timothy Washington, Charles White, Beulah Ecton Woodard, Richard Wyatt, Jr. 8vo (25 x 17 cm.; 9.3 x 6.2 in.), cloth, d.j.

WINTER PARK (FL). Cornell Museum of Art & American Culture, Rollins College.
Beyond the Veil: Art of African American Artists at Century's End.
January 16-February 28, 1999.
64 pp. exhib. cat., 39 color plates (mostly full-page), biogs. of artists. Text by Mary Jane Hewitt. Artists include: Benny Andrews, Phoebe Beasley, John Biggers, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Sam Gilliam, Mildred Howard, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Artis Lane, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Kerry James Marshall, Richard Mayhew, Gordon Parks, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, John T. Scott. 4to (26 cm.), wraps. Ed. of 1500.

WINTER PARK (FL). George D. and Harriet W. Cornell Fine Arts Museum, Rollins College.
Crossing the Line: African American Artists in the Jacqueline Bradley and Clarence Otis, Jr. Collection.
January 19-May 20, 2007.
84 pp. exhib. cat., 69 illus. (63 in color), bibliog. Ed. by E. Luanne McKinnon; text by Franklin Sirmans. Included: Candida Alvarez, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Bob Blackburn, Elizabeth Catlett, Colin Chase, Albert Chong, Renée Cox, Xiomara de Oliver, Sam Gilliam, Lyle Ashton Harris, Maren Hassinger, Chantal James, William H. Johnson, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Arturo Lindsay, Whitfield Lovell, Al Loving, Christine Matuschek, Demetrius Oliver, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Larry Potter, Faith Ringgold, Nadine Robinson, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Shinique Smith, Hank Willis Thomas, Bob Thompson, Carrie Mae Weems, Benjamin L. Wigfall, Kehinde Wiley, Michael Kelly Williams, Philemona Williamson, Fred Wilson, et al. 4to (28 x 18 cm.), pictorial wraps.