Smith, Frank E. (b. Chicago, IL, 1935; active Baltimore, MD, 2008)

Bibliography and Exhibitions


Chicago (IL). Satori Fine Arts.
Solo Exhibition of Works by FRANK SMITH.
December 1, 1995-January 13, 1996.
Solo exhibition.

Orangeburg (SC). Arthur Rose Museum, Claflin University.
FRANK SMITH: Visualizing Jazz.
October 21-November 29, 2010.
Solo exhibition.

Washington (DC). Historical Society of Washington, D.C.
FRANK SMITH: 40 Years Since the Riots.
June 1-December 15, 2008.
Solo exhibition.

Washington (DC). Sun Gallery.
FRANK SMITH Paintings.
March-April 24, 1984.
Solo exhibition.


AMHERST (MA). University of Massachusetts.
Afri-Cobra III.
September 7-30, 1973.
Unpag. (32 pp.) exhib. cat., 19 b&w illus., plus b&w photo, statement, and biog, forr each artist. Intro. by Edward Spriggs; texts by Barbara Jones-Hogu, John H. Bracey, Jr., Jeff Donaldson. Artists include: Carolyn Lawrence, Jae Jarrell, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Frank E. Smith, Gerald Williams, Jeff Donaldson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Howard Mallory, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Nelson Stevens. [The exhibition originally opened at Howard University.] Oblong 8vo (18 cm.), pictorial wraps. First ed.

ATLANTA (GA). Atlanta Life Insurance Co.
The Third Annual Atlanta Life National Art Competition and Exhibition.
December 4, 1982-January 21, 1983.
20 pp. exhib. cat., 16 b&w illus. Special tribute to Nellie Mae Rowe. 95 items in all media with one image each for the following fourteen artists: Richard Jordan, Robert E. Peppers, Evelyn Terry (Second Place Purchase Award), Carlton Thompson, Freddie Styles, Robert Martin, Lamerol A. Gatewood, Tarrence Corbin, Geraldine McCullough, John T. Scott (purchase award), Michael Harris, Thom Shaw, James E. Pate, Mark E. Marse. Other artists in the show include: Regina Addison, Phoebe Beasley, Jacqueline Bontemps, Marvin P. Brown, Albert V. Chong, Roger Copeland, Tarrance Corbin, James Counts, Chandra Cox, Frank E. Cummings, Earnest Davidson, Tina Dunkley, Michael Ellison, Winston Falgout, Aubra Ford, Lamerol A. Gatewood, Wilhelmina Godfrey, Phyllis Gooden, Kathy Harper, Michael D. Harris, Gaylord Hassan, Cynthia Hawkins, Lee Hill, Terry Hunter, Arnold J. Hurley, Reginald Jackson, Walter C. Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Leroy Johnson, Ted Jones, Richard S. Jordan, LaVerne Kemp, Spencer Lawrence, Viola Burley Leak, Robert J. Martin, Geraldine McCullough, Juanita Miller, Lev Mills, Mark E. Morse, Willie Lee Nash, Floyd Newsum, Laurie Ourlicht, John Pass, James E. Pate, Robert E. Peppers, Harper T. Phillips, Alvin Poindexter, Leslie K. Price, Junius Redwood, James R. Reed, Malkia Roberts, Rudy Robinson, Ernest R. Satchell, John T. Scott, Joyce J. Scott, Thom Shaw, Charles Smith, Frank E. Smith, Freddie Syles, Evelyn P. Terry, Carlton Thompson, Billy Uganda, Anthony Utley, Richard Watson, Stephen Watson, Jack White, William Wilkerson, George Wilson, Stanley Wilson. 4to, wraps. First ed.

ATLANTA (GA). Fay Gold Gallery.
January 8-February 2, 1988.
Group exhibition. Included: Akili Ron Anderson, Adger W. Cowans, Murry DePillars, Jeff Donaldson, Michael Harris, Wadsworth Jarrell, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, James Phillips, Frank Smith, and Nelson Stevens. [Review: Lee Ransaw, Art Papers 12 (March/April, 1988):42.]

ATLANTA (GA). Nexus Contemporary Art Center.
Africobra: The First Twenty Years.
July 16-August 14, 1990.
36 pp. exhib. cat., 11 full-page color plates (including cover plate), b&w group photo of artists, notes, checklist of 44 works by ten artists with brief biogs. and exhibs. for each artist. Important catalogue on this African American art movement. Excellent text by Nubia Kai. Includes: Akili Ron Anderson, Adger W. Cowans, Murry N. Depillars, Jeff Donaldson, Michael D. Harris, Wadsworth A. Jarrell, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, James Phillips, Frank Smith, Nelson Stevens. [Traveled to Lee Gallery, Clemson University, Clemson, SC; Afro-American Cultural Center, Charlotte, NC; Indiana Art Museum, Bloomington, March 27-May 8, 1991; Hickory Museum of Art, NC, May 17-June 28, 1991; and three other locations.] 8vo (23 cm.), stapled pictorial wraps. First ed.

BALTIMORE (MD). Decker Gallery at Mt. Royal Station, MICA.
Baltimore/Chicago Show.
June 20-July 31, 2004.
Group exhibition of twelve artists (six from each city). Curated by Kerry James Marshall. Included: Mequitta Ahuja, Zoe Charlton, Carl Pope, and Frank E. Smith. [Review: Ben McNaft, "MICA exhibit offers artistic tale of two cities," Baltimore Sun, June 24, 2004.]

BALTIMORE (MD). James E. Lewis Museum of Art, Morgan State University.
Black Male Identity: Speak My Name.
November 10, 2011-January 4, 2012.
Group exhibition. Artists included: Lavett Ballard, Rams Brisueno, MA Booker, Eric Briscoe, David Brown, Larry Brown, Brandon Buckson, Schroeder Cherry, Colette Veasey-Cullors, Jenai Davis, Thommy Davis, Bobby English, Matthew Freel, Garth Gardner, David Alan Harris, Winston Harris, John Holyfield, Guy Jones, Tiffany Jones, Ursula Cain-Jordan, Joe Lewis, Fletcher Mackey, Charles McGill, Ashley Milburn, Jefferson Pinder, Ernest Shaw, Amy Sherald, Frank Smith, Sulaymaan, Ken Royster and Tobechi Tobechukwu.

BALTIMORE (MD). James E. Lewis Museum of Art, Morgan State University.
Riffs and Rhythms: Abstract Forms / Lived Realities.
Thru April 23, 2006.
Group exhibition of six regional contemporary artists. Curated by Leslie King-Hammond. Included: Maren Hassinger, Jose Mapily, James Phillips, Danny Simmons, Frank Smith, and Oletha Devane.

BALTIMORE (MD). Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History and Culture.
A People's Geography: The Spaces of African American Life.
May 2-September 7, 2008.
Group exhibition of work by 20 artists. Included: Willie Birch, Terry Boddie, Sheila Pree Bright, Evelyn Chatmon, Carl Clark, Linda Day Clark, Loring Cornish, Steven M. Cummings, Dissident Display (Eric Brewer, Adrian Loving, and Ayo Okunseinde), Roland Freeman, Jason Miccolo Johnson, Gediyon Kifle, Leslie King-Hammond (and Jose Mapily), Stephen Marc, Anthony McKissic, Felicia Megginson, I. H. Webster Phillips, III, Jefferson Pinder, Elizabeth T. Scott, Joyce J. Scott, Frank E. Smith, Deborah Willis. Brochure.

BALTIMORE (MD). School 33 Art Center.
Abstract in Black.
Group exhibition of abstract work by five artists. Curated by Angela Franklin. Included: Frank Bowling, Kevin Cole, Clayton Evans, Frank Smith, Sylvia Snowden.

BALTIMORE (MD). School 33 Art Center.
Kevin Cole, Frank Bowling, Frank Smith, Clayton Evan, and Sylvia Snowden.
Group exhibition.

BAMAKO (Mali)..
U.S.A. Printworks: Selections from the Brandywine Workshop.
October 15, 1987-January 30, 1988.
Group exhibition. Sponsored by the U.S. Information Agency. Curated by Keith Morrison. includes Candida Alvarez, Benny Andrews, Willie Birch, Moe Brooker, Marvin Brown, Weldon Butler, David Driskell, John Dowell, James Dupree, Walter Edmonds, Sam Gilliam, Leon Hicks, Richard Hunt, Paul Keene, Deryl Mackie, Percy Martin, Frank Smith, David Stephens, James L. Wells, Clarence Wood. (Traveled to: Bamako, Mali, October 15-November 15; Freetown, Sierra Leone, December 15-January 30, 1988; 12 other sites 1988-89.]

Choosing: An Exhibit of Changing Perspectives in Modern Art and Art Criticism by Black Americans, 1925-1985.
Hampton (VA): Hampton University, 1985.
142 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus., biogs., photo and illus. for each artist. Curated by Leslee Stradford. Essays by David Driskell, Keith Morrison (on printmaking), Allan Gordon, and Arna Bontemps include many artists not in the show. Artists exhibited include: Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Moe Brooker, Vivian E. Browne, Elizabeth Catlett, Catti, Claude Clark, Houston Conwill, Emilio Cruz, Mary Reed Daniel, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, John Dowell, David Driskell, Ed Dwight, Allan Edmunds, Sam Gilliam, Ed Hamilton, Michael Harris, Maren Hassinger, Barkley Hendricks, Robin Holder, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Persis Jennings, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Juan Logan, Ed Love, Geraldine McCullough, Lloyd McNeill, Percy Martin, Keith Morrison, Nefertiti, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Gregory Page, Howardena Pindell, Martin Puryear, John Rhoden, Raymond Saunders, Joyce Scott, Clemon Smith, Frank Smith, Vincent Smith, Sylvia Snowden, Nelson Stevens, Lou Stovall, Lloyd McNeill, Robert Stull, Alma Thomas, Eugene Roy Vango, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde, James L. Wells, Charles White. [Traveled to Portsmouth Museum, Portsmouth, VA; Chicago State University, Chicago, IL; Howard University, Washington, DC.] 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed.

BRENTWOOD (MD). Gateway Arts Center.
Resonant Forms: Alonzo Davis, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Frank Smith.
February 11- April 9, 2011.
Three-person exhibition.

African-American Art: The Long Struggle.
New York: Smithmark, 1996.
128 pp., 107 color plates (mostly full-page and double-page), notes, index. Artists include: Terry Adkins, Charles Alston, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Radcliffe Bailey, Xenobia Bailey, James P. Ball, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Edward Mitchell Bannister, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, David Bustill Bowser, Grafton Tyler Brown, James Andrew Brown, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Ed Clark, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Renée Cox, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Giza Daniels-Endesha, Dave [the Potter], Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Leonardo Drew, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, William Farrow, Gilbert Fletcher, James Forman, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Michele Godwin, David Hammons, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Thomas Heath, white artist Jon Hendricks (no illus.), Robin Holder, May Howard Jackson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Lois Mailou Jones, Cliff Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie-Lee Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Juan Logan, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Sam Middleton, Scipio Moorhead, Keith Morrison, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Sana Musasama, Marilyn Nance, Gordon Parks, Marion Perkins, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Harriet Powers, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, Patrick Reason, Gary Rickson, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Lorna Simpson, William H. Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, Frank Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Nelson Stevens, Renée Stout, Freddie L. Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Jean Toche (no illus.), Lloyd Toone, Bill Traylor, James Vanderzee, Annie E. Walker, William Walker, Laura Wheeler Waring, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Grace Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Pat Ward Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, Hale Woodruff, et al. 4to (32 cm.), pictorial boards, d.j. First ed.

BROOKLYN (NY). Brooklyn Museum of Art.
Contemporary Afro-American Arts.
September 29-October 31, 1968.
Group exhibition 126 works by artists. The Brooklyn Museum Archives also records the following information: "September 1968: The Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, the parent body of The Brooklyn Museum, Botanic Garden, Children's Museum and the Academy of Music, announces the opening of a new Community Gallery, Sunday, September 29 at 1 p.m., in The Brooklyn Museum. This is the first time that a community gallery has been established within the walls of a major cultural institution for the express purpose of encouraging and stimulating creativity in the arts. Henri Ghent, who is also Assistant Director of the Institute, will be the new gallery’s director. The post was made possible last June by a grant from the New York State Council on the Arts...The inaugural exhibition will be comprised of works by black artists from the Bedford Stuyvesant area, under the sponsorship of the Federated Institute of Cultural Enrichment (FICE), whose desire to exhibit in the Museum provided the original impetus for the gallery. The exhibition of Contemporary Afro-American Arts will include painting, sculpture, photography, tapestry, films and Audio-Visual, and will be shown for four weeks, terminating October 31." Reviews and mention: Alexander Keneas, "The Brooklyn Museum's New Community Gallery Focuses on Black America" NYT, September 30, 1968:53; New York Amsterdam News, October 12, 1968:(24); Diana David, "An Institute Reaches Out. The Brooklyn Museum and the Community," Harvard Art Review 3 (Winter 1968-69):(33)-38, discussion of Ghent, the new gallery and this exhibition; photo of David Butler with his sculpture. Editor's Note: The images of the original exhibition checklist, available on the Brooklyn Museum Archives website, makes clear that the exhibition was entirely organized by F.I.C.E. (the federated institute of cultural enrichment), a black artists organization in Brooklyn, not curated by Henri Ghent, hence the large number of misspellings in the names of the artists in the only extant list of participants. The checklist, created by F.I.C.E., appears to have been created from an attempt to read the artists' scribbled signatures from the works or from cards submitted with the works. This has made it impossible to identify all of the participants in this significant historic exhibition. The following (with names corrected wherever possible) were included in the exhibition: Tejumola Adetutu, Staiwo Balogun, Carol Bateman, Falcon Beazer, Carol Blank, Kay Brown, Alga Carr, Kitty Chavis, Charles Creary, Dwight E. Dates, David Elder, Tom Feelings, Raymond Gibson, Melvin Green, Hugh Harrell, Gaylord Hassan, Karl Holman, Bill Howell, Onnie Millar, Jessie Mosley, Otto Neals, Ademola Olugebefola, Joe Overstreet, Mantaque Pollars (?), Oko Pyatt, Abdul Rahman, Bobby Richardson, David F. Samuel, Frank Smith, George Wilson, artists listed only as Bosley, Jukulo, Torment, Torrence, Henery/Hennery, Rafiet, and also white photographer/painter Builder Levy who was an important civil rights community activist/organizer in Brooklyn at the time.) 3 pp. checklist in Brooklyn Museum Archives

CHARLOTTE (NC). Harvey B. Gantt Center for African American Arts + Culture.
Rhythm-A-Ning: James Phillips, Charles Searles, and Frank Smith.
January 13-May 27, 2012.
Three-person exhibition of work whose color and rhythms are purportedly inspired by the qualities and characteristics of jazz.

CHICAGO (IL). DuSable Museum of African American History.
Africobra and Beyond.
July 28-September 29, 2013.
Group exhibition. Curated by Arlene Crawford. Included: Jeff Donaldson, Sherman Beck, Wadsworth Jarrell, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Omar Lama, Carolyn Lawrence, Frank Smith, and Nelson Stevens.

COLLEGE PARK (MD). David C. Driskell Center, University of Maryland.
African American Art Since 1950: Perspectives from the David C. Driskell Center.
September 13-December 21, 2012.
Exhib. cat., illus. Text by Julie L. McGee. Group exhibition of work by 54 artists including: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Herman Kofi Bailey, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Sanford Biggers, Camille J. Billops, Robert Blackburn, Chakaia Booker, Sheila Pree Bright, Moe Brooker, Elizabeth Catlett, Nick Cave, Kevin Cole, Willie Cole, Bob Colescott, Jeff Donaldson, David C. Driskell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Vanessa German, Sam Gilliam, Barkley Hendricks, Felrath Hines, Robin Holder, Joseph Holston, Curlee Holton, Margo Humphrey, Jacob Lawrence, Whitfield Lovell, Kerry James Marshall, Keith Morrison, Floyd Newsum, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Howardena Pindell, Jefferson Pinder, Stephanie Pogue, William Pope.L, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, John T. Scott, Lorna Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, Frank Smith, Lou Stovall, Alma Thomas, Hank Willis Thomas, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, William T. Williams, Deborah Willis. [The exhibition is a collaboration between SITES and the David C. Driskell Center for the Study of the Visual Arts and Culture of African Americans and the African Diaspora at the University of Maryland, College Park.]

COLLEGE PARK (MD). University of Maryland Art Gallery.
Narratives of African American Art and Identity: The David C. Driskell Collection.
192 pp., 94 color plates, 33 b&w illus., checklist of 100 works by 61 artists, biogs., bibliog. Text by Terry Gipps. Important artist's collection. Includes: Terry Adkins, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Grafton Tyler Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Sr., Robert Colescott, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, Meta Warrick Fuller, Sam Gilliam, Michael D. Harris, James V. Herring, Earl J. Hooks, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, Wilmer Jennings, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Jerome Meadows, William McNeil, Sam Middleton, Keith Morrison, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, James Phillips, Stephanie Pogue, P.H. Polk, Charles Ethan Porter, James A. Porter, Martin Puryear, Ray Saunders, Augusta Savage, Charles Sebree, Frank Smith, Vincent Smith, Gilda Snowden, Frank Stewart, Lou Stovall, Henry O. Tanner, Bill Traylor, Alma Thomas, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, James VanDerZee, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff. 4to (12 x 9 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

COLLEGE PARK (MD). University of Maryland Art Gallery.
Selections from the David C. Driskell Collection.
January 20-March 22, 2003.
An exhibition of work by 39 major African American artists: Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Grafton Tyler Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Kevin E. Cole, Bob Colescott, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Roy DeCarava, Aaron Douglas, Meta Warrick Fuller, Sam Gilliam, Michael D. Harris, Earl J. Hooks, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Keith Morrison, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Stephanie Pogue, Martin Puryear, Augusta Savage, Frank E. Smith, Frank Stewart, Lou Stovall, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, James Vanderzee, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Walter J. Williams, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff.

COLLEGE PARK (MD). University of Maryland Art Gallery.
Successions: Prints by African-American Artists from the Jean and Robert Steele Collection.
April 1-29, 2002.
48 pp. exhib. cat., 26 color & b&w illus., checklist of 62 works by 45 artists, glossary of terms. Intro. by David C. Driskell; statement by the collectors, text by Adrienne L. Childs. Includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Moe Brooker, Calvin Burnett, Nora Mae Carmichael, Elizabeth Catlett, Kevin Cole, Robert Colescott, Allan Rohan Crite, Louis Delsarte, David Driskell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Varnette Honeywood, Margo Humphrey, Paul Keene, Wadsworth Jarrell, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Percy B. Martin, Tom Miller, Evangeline Montgomery, Keith Morrison, Joseph Norman, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Anita Philyaw, Stephanie Pogue, John T. Riddle, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Preston Sampson, Frank Smith, Vincent Smith, Lou Stovall, James L. Wells, William T. Williams, John Wilson. [Traveled to: Mobile Museum of Art, Mobile, AL; David Driskell Center, University of Maryland.] 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), pictorial wraps. First ed.

The Black Photographers Annual Vol. 4 (1980).
Brooklyn: Another View, 1980.
104 pp., 79 full-page b&w illus. Intro. by John A. Williams, essays on Parks and Saunders, interview with James Vanderzee. Includes: Jules Allen, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Anthony Barboza, Ronald Barboza, Dawoud Bey, Carroll Parrott Blue, Adger W. Cowans, Cary Beth Cryor, Louis Draper, Sharon C. Farmer, Roland Freeman, Keith Hale, Robert Houston, Marilyn Nance, Gordon Parks, Jacqueline LaVetta Patten, Paul Phillips, Richard Saunders, Moneta Sleet, Beuford Smith, Hamilton S. Smith, Ming Smith, Frank Smith, Frank Stewart, Gerald Straw, James Vanderzee, Mel Wright. 4to, printed papered boards. First ed.

DETROIT (MI). National Conference of Artists Gallery.
Africobra in Detroit.
September 25-October 28, 1987.
Group exhibition. Included: Akili Ron Anderson, Adger Cowans, Murry DePillars, Jeff Donaldson, Michael Harris, Wadsworth Jarrell, Napoleon Jones Henderson, James Phillips, Frank Smith, Nelson Stevens, Gerald Williams.

Three Decades of American Printmaking: The Brandywine Workshop Collection.
Manchester: Hudson Hills, 2004.
240 pp., 126 color plates, 21 b&w illus., bibliog., index. Texts by Halima Taha, Lois H. Johnson and Patricia Smith, Keith A. Morrison, and Claude Elliott. Among the artists who have had prints made at Brandywine are: Candida Alvarez, Emma Amos, Akili Ron Anderson, Benny Andrews, Roland Ayers, Belkis Ayon, Romare Bearden, Ron Bechet, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Terry Boddie, Berrisford Boothe, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Marvin P. Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Weldon Butler, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Kevin E. Cole, William Cordova, Adger Cowans, Alonzo Davis, Louis Delsarte, John E. Dowell, David Driskell, James Dupree, Walter Edmonds, Allen Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Rodney Ewing, Agbo Folarin, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Simon Gouverneur, Leamon Green, Eugene Grigsby, Maren Hassinger, Barkley L. Hendricks, Leon Hicks, Vandorn Hinnant, Margo Humphrey, Curlee Raven Holton, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Wadsworth Jarrell, Paul F. Keene, Jr., Lois Mailou Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Souleymane Keita, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Arturo Lindsay, Alvin Loving, Deryl Mackie, Jimmy Mance, Percy Martin, Valerie Maynard, Donna Meeks, Charles Mills, Ibrahim Miranda, Quentin Morris, Keith Morrison, Evangeline Montgomery, Quentin Morris, Abdouleye Ndoye, Floyd Newsum, Magdalene Odundo, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Laurie Ourlicht, Joe Overstreet, William Pajaud, Howardena Pindell, James Phillips, Michael Platt, Eric Pryor, Leo Robinson, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Juan Sanchez, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, AJ Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Vincent Smith, Sylvia Snowden, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, David Stephens, Hubert Taylor, Evelyn Terry, Phyllis Thompson, Kaylynn Sullivan Twotrees, Larry Walker, John Wade, Richard Watson, James Lesesne Wells, Stanley Whitney, Carl Joe Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Gilberto Wilson, Clarence Wood, Shirley Woodson, and Barbara Chase-Riboud. [Also issued in a limited numbered edition of 396 copies, including three offset lithographs by Sam Gilliam, each signed and numbered in pencil, bound in red cloth, in matching cloth covered slipcase.] 4to (12.4 x 9.2 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

FAYETTEVILLE (NC). Walton Arts Center.
Images of America, African American Voices: Selections from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Darrell Walker.
January 9-March 27, 2004.
125 pp., 83 color plates, 1 b&w illus., plus color and b&w text photos, checklist of 64 works in all media, endnotes, bibliog. Text by Michael D. Harris. A very substantial collection. Artists include: Ron Adams, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Frank Bowling, Calvin Burnett, Nanette Carter, William S. Carter, Ed Clark, Kevin Cole, Robert Colescott, Tarrance D. Corbin, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Louis Delsarte, David Driskell, Edward J. Dwight, Michael Ellison, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Luther Hampton, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Henri Linton, Juan Logan, Juan Logan, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin D. Loving, Clarence Morgan, Reginald McGhee, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, James Phillips, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Ray Saunders, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, A. J. Smith, Cedric Smith, Frank E. Smith, John H. Smith, Bill Taylor, Mildred J. Thompson, Dudley Vaccianna, James Vanderzee, Larry Walker, Joyce Wellman, William T. Williams. [Traveled to Tubman African American Museum, Macon, GA, July 23-September 26, 2004; Diggs Gallery, Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, NC, June 11-September 17, 2005; Aronoff Center for the Arts, Cincinnati, OH, September 15-November 11, 2006; and other venues.] Oblong 4to, pictorial wraps. First ed.

HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University.
The International Review of African American Art Vol. 7, no. 4 (1987).
64 pp., 45 illus. (18 in color). Articles include: "James Phillips" by A. B. Spellman; "The Dreaming People" by Donna Lauren Gold; "Nola Hatterman: In Celebration of a People" by Dolores Yonker; "Brandywine's Conception of Offset Lithography" by Bernard Young; "Lamidi Fakeye" by Victoria Scott; "Edna Manley: A Legend In Her Own Time" by Mae Tate; Open Letter to Potential Art Investors. Artists include: James Phillips, Robin Ravales, Nola Hatterman, Richard Hunt, Benny Andrews, Willie Birch, Moe Brooker, Percy Martin, David Driskell, Frank Smith, James Dupree, Lamidi Fakeye, Edna Manley, Richmond Barthé, Elizabeth Catlett, Omowale Stewart, Babalu. 4to, wraps.

Heading for a Black Aesthetic.
In: Art Papers 9 (November-December, 1985):16-19. Lists Africobra members with media and affiliations: Akili Ambenemu, Michael Auld, Adger Cowans, Jeff Donaldson, Michael Harris, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Wadsworth Jarrell, James Phillips, Murry DePillars, Frank Smith, Nelson Stevens, Gerald Williams. Folio, wraps.

LARGO (MD). Marlboro Gallery, Prince George's Community College.
Convergence of Vision: The Power of Art.
September 18-October 12, 2006.
Presented by Black Artists of DC (BADC). Group exhibition of 34 artists. Curated by Amber Robles-Gordon. Included: Rosetta Deberardinis, Gwendolyn Aqui, Deidra Bell, Barbara Blanco, Annie Bouie, Daniel Brooking, Audrey Brown, James Brown, Miles Bumbray, John Earl Copper, Liani Foster, Mekbib Gebertsadik, Bill Harris, Francine Haskins, Joshua Isaac, Gloria C. Kirk, Gina Lewis, Juliette Madison, Bruce McNeil, Yvette Mitchell, Adrienne Mills, R.W. Pointer, Alanzo Robles-Gordon, Greg Scott, Monica Seaberry-Beasley, Alec Simpson, Francis Washington, Claudia Gibson Hunter, Akili Ron Anderson, Frank Smith, Michael Platt, Harlee Little and Viola Leak

Lewis, Samella, ed.
Black Art: an international quarterly Vol. 2, No. 3 (Spring 1978).
72 pp., 17 color plates, numerous b&w illus., and color ads. Articles include: I Too; Am America: Protest and Black Power - Philosophical Continuities in Prints by Black Americans (by Richard Powell); The Art of Stanley Wilson (by Dorothy Katz); Towards an Aesthetic Toughness in Afro American Art (by Floyd Coleman); Is Black Art for Real? (by Yvonne Parks Catchings); Profile of Carmen McRae (by Jeanne King). Artwork by: Phillip Mason, Mildred Thompson, Sam Middleton, Robert Blackburn, Albert A. Smith, Charles White, John Wilson, Walter Williams, Dox Thrash, Samella Lewis, Elizabeth Catlett, Lev Mills, Leon Hicks, David Hammons, Dan Concholar, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Frank Smith, Ademola Olugebefola, Russell T. Gordon, Margo Humphrey, Phyllis Thompson, Ruth Waddy, Stanley Wilson, Jacob Lawrence, Reginald Gammon, Herman Bailey, Cleveland Bellow; photographs by Guille Roland of jazz singer Carmen McRae, and documentary photography. 4to, wraps.

LEWISBURG (PA). Center Gallery, Bucknell University.
Since the Harlem Renaissance: 50 Years of Afro-American Art.
April 13-June 6, 1984.
124 pp. exhib. cat., 96 illus. (19 in color), exhib. checklist of 133 works by 77 artists, bibliog. Text includes interviews with 12 of the artists: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, David Driskell, Sam Gilliam, Lois Mailou Jones, James Little, Al Loving, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Frank E. Smith, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams. Intro. mentions the following artist interviews which were not used but which are on deposit with the Hatch-Billops Collection: Jeff Donaldson, Mel Edwards, Bill Hutson, Richard Mayhew, Joe Overstreet. Excellent survey with many dozens of additional artists mentioned in passing. [Traveled to: SUNY, Old Westbury, November 1-December 9; Munson-Williams- Proctor Institute, Utica , NY, January 11-March 3, 1985; University of Maryland, College Park, MD, March 27-May 3; Museum of Art, Pennsylvania State University, July 19-September 1, 1985; The Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, VA, September 22-November 1, 1985.] 4to (31 cm.; 12 x 9 in.), wraps. First ed.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
African-American Abstractions in Printmaking from the Brandywine Graphic Workshop.
Thru December 10, 1989.
Group exhibition. Included: John E. Dowell, Jr., Sam Gilliam, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Quentin Morris, Keith Morrison, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Howardena Pindell, Betye Saar, Frank Smith, John T. Scott, Phyllis Thompson, et al. [Traveled to: African-American Museum of Fine Arts, San Diego, CA, thru February 28, 1990 - the museum's inaugural exhibition.] [Review: Leah Ollman, Los Angeles Times, January 12, 1990.]

McELROY, GUY C., et al.
African-American Artists 1880-1987. Selections from the Evans-Tibbs Collection.
Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1989.
125 pp. exhib. cat., 68 illus. of work by 55 artists, most are excellent quality full-page color plates, biogs., bibliog. Texts by McElroy, Richard J. Powell, Sharon F. Patton. Intro. by David Driskell. A selection from one of the most important wide-ranging collections of African American art ever assembled. Artists include: Charles H. Alston, Elizabeth Catlett, Richard Dempsey, Palmer C. Hayden, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Delilah Pierce, Raymond Saunders, Sylvia Snowden, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bill Traylor, et al. [Major traveling exhibition.] 4to (11.3 x 8.9 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.
Art of the Masters: A Survey of African American Images, 1980-2000.
April 5-30, 2001.
Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, John Biggers, Romare Bearden, Kwame Brathwaite, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Adger Cowans, Willis Bing Davis, David Driskell, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Hugh Grannum, Al Hinton, Al Hollingsworth, Wadsworth Jarrell, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Jon Lockard, Samella Lewis, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, E.J. Montgomery, Otto Neals, Aaron Ibn Pori Pitts, Greg Ridley, Betye Saar, Frank Smith, Nelson Stevens, Donald Stinson, Robert Stull, Ann Tanksley, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Raymond Wells, Emmett Wigglesworth, Rip Woods, Shirley Woodson, et al. [Traveled to: Arts Council, Fayetteville, January 22-March 6, 2010; Chicago.]

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
Harlem Artists '69.
July 22-September 7, 1969.
16 pp. exhib. cat., 8 b&w illus., useful reference exhibition checklist of over 100 works by 54 artists with brief info on most artists. Intro. by Theodore Gunn. Includes James L. Archie, William Archie, Reuben Berry, Clemson Brown, David Scott Brown, Huntley Brown, Jo Butler, Benjamin Campbell, George C. Carter, William Chambers, Leroy P. Clarke, Raymond H. Daniels, Dwight E. Dates, Nicholas Davis, Morris Dawson, William E. Day, Karl Deago, Edward L. Donawa, Harold Drysdale, Julio Duverger, Kirby Duvillier, Charles Earley, Ronald Fisher, Franklin Gaskin, Meschac Gill, Gilbert H. Hatcher, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Louise Janvier, John H. Jefferson, Barry C. Johnson, Doris T. Kane, William Keith, Luckner Lazard (as Lucner), Larry Lewis, Latif A. Malik, Horacio T. Masdeu, Stephen Mayo, Leon Meeks, Oscar Moore, Wilbert Moore, John P. Osborn, Joe Overstreet, Rhomeyn Simuel, Michael J. Singletary, Carl R. Smith, Frank E. Smith, Philippe G. Smith, Fern Stanford, Njoroge Tawa, Osman Tyner, Bernard Wah, Ceola Williams (as Madam Ceola), George Lewis Wilson, et al. [Review by Peter Schjeldahl, NYT and important reply by Henri Ghent, Oct. 26, 1969) 2:27.] Oblong 12mo (15 x 23 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
Howard University Art Faculty.
Unpag. exhib. cat., 4 b&w illus. of work plus thumbnail sketches of the faculty with history of when they joined, what they teach, etc., exhib. checklist of work. Intro. by Edward S. Spriggs; statement by Jeff R. Donaldson. African American faculty included: Star Bullock, Tritobia H. Benjamin, Winston Kennedy, Lois Mailou Jones, Wadsworth A. Jarrell, Edward A. Love, Frank E. Smith, James L. Kane, Alfred J. Smith, Jr., Albert J. Carter, Skunder Boghossian, Kojo Fosu (Baiden), Jeff R. Donaldson. Sq. 8vo, stapled wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
Impressions/Expressions: Black American Graphics.
October 7, 1979-January 6, 1980.
56 pp. exhib. cat., illus., brief biogs., bibliog. Substantial intro. by curator Richard Powell. Includes: Emma Amos, Casper Banjo, Cleveland Bellow, Bob Blackburn, Elmer Brown, Grafton Tyler Brown, Sam Brown, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Sr., Dan Concholar, Alonzo Davis, John Dowell, Allan Edmunds, Marion Epting, Kenneth Falana, Russell Gordon, Raymond Grist, David Hammons, Leon Hicks, Raymond Holbert, Jacqui Holmes, Margo Humphrey, Wilmer Jennings, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Winston Kennedy, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Jules Lion, Percy Martin, Valerie Maynard, Lev Mills, Jay Moon, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Nefertiti, Ademola Olugebefola, Patrick Reason, Joe Ross (presumably Joseph B. Ross, Jr.), Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, A. J. Smith, Albert A. Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, William Smith, Raymond Steth, Lou Stovall, Sharon Sutton, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Mildred Thompson; Phyllis Thompson, Dox Thrash, Ruth Waddy, Bobby Walls, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Walter H. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Stephanie Pogue, Calvin Reid. [Traveled to: Gallery of Art, Howard University, Washington, DC, February 10-March 28, 1980.] 8vo (23 cm.), wraps. Errata slip.

NEWARK (DE). Mechanical Hall, University of Delaware and David C. Driskell Center, University of Maryland.
Abstract Relations.
February 10-June 6, 2010.
Two-venue group exhibition. A collaboration of the David C. Driskell Center. Co-curated by Julie L. McGee and Adrienne L. Childs. Artists included: Ellen Banks, Frank Bowling, Ed Clark, Nanette Acker Clark, David C. Driskell, Sam Gilliam, Felrath Hines, Norman Lewis, Al Loving, E.J. Montgomery, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Frank Smith, Gilda Snowden, Lou Stovall, Freddie Styles, Alma Thomas, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams. The exhibit highlights recent gifts from the widow of artist and conservator Felrath Hines. [See catalogue online at: http://www.driskellcenter.umd.edu/Abstract-Relations/introduction.php]

PHILADELPHIA (PA). African American Museum in Philadelphia.
Exhib. cat. Group exhibition. Included: Jeff Donaldson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Frank Smith, Nelson Stevens, et al.

The Negro Almanac: A Reference Work on the Afro-American.
New York: A Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1983.
1550 pp. Includes essay on The Black Artist. Gylbert Coker cited as art consultant. Many misspellings. Artists mentioned include: Scipio Moorhead, James Porter, Eugene Warburg, Robert Duncanson, William H. Simpson, Edward M. Bannister, Joshua Johnston, Robert Douglass, David Bowser, Edmonia Lewis, Henry O. Tanner, William Harper, Dorothy Fannin, Meta Fuller, Archibald Motley, Palmer Hayden. Malvin Gray Johnson, Laura Waring, William E. Scott, Hughie Lee-Smith, Zell Ingram, Charles Sallee, Elmer Brown, William E. Smith, George Hulsinger, James Herring, Aaron Douglas, Augusta Savage, Charles Alston, Hale Woodruff, Charles White, Richmond Barthé, Malvin Gray Johnson, Henry Bannarn, Florence Purviance, Dox Thrash, Robert Blackburn, James Denmark, Dindga McCannon, Frank Wimberly, Ann Tanksley, Don Robertson, Lloyd Toones, Lois Jones, Jo Butler, Robert Threadgill, Faith Ringgold, Romare Bearden, Ernest Crichlow, Norman Lewis, Jimmy Mosley, Samella Lewis, F. L. Spellmon, Phillip Hampton, Venola Seals Jennings, Juanita Moulon, Eugene Jesse Brown, Hayward Oubré, Ademola Olugebefola, Otto Neals, Kay Brown, Jean Taylor, Genesis II, David Hammons, Senga Nengudi, Randy Williams, Howardena Pindell, Edward Spriggs, Beauford Delaney, James Vanderzee, Melvin Edwards, Vincent Smith, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Gordon Parks, Rex Goreleigh, William McBride, Jr., Eldzier Cortor, James Gittens, Joan Maynard. Kynaston McShine, Coker, Cheryl McClenney, Faith Weaver, Randy Williams, Florence Hardney, Dolores Wright, Cathy Chance, Lowery Sims, Richard Hunt, Roland Ayers, Frank Bowling, Marvin Brown, Walter Cade, Catti, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Manuel Hughes, Barkley Hendricks, Juan Logan, Alvin Loving, Tom Lloyd, Lloyd McNeill, Algernon Miller, Norma Morgan, Mavis Pusey, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Thomas Sills, Thelma Johnson Streat, Alma Thomas, John Torres, Todd Williams, Mahler Ryder, Minnie Evans, Jacob Lawrence, Haywood Rivers, Edward Clark, Camille Billops, Joe Overstreet, Louise Parks, Herbert Gentry, William Edmondson, James Parks, Marion Perkins, Bernard Goss, Reginald Gammon, Emma Amos, Charles Alston, Richard Mayhew, Al Hollingsworth, Calvin Douglass, Merton Simpson, Earl Miller, Felrath Hines, Perry Ferguson, William Majors, James Yeargans. Ruth Waddy; Evangeline Montgomery, Jeff Donaldson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Gerald Williams, Carolyn Lawrence, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Frank Smith, Howard Mallory, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Nelson Stevens, Vivian Browne, Kay Brown, William Harper, Isaac Hathaway, Julien Hudson, May Howard Jackson, Edmonia Lewis, Patrick Reason, William Simpson, A. B. Wilson, William Braxton, Allan Crite, Alice Gafford, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, William Artis, John Biggers, William Carter, Joseph Delaney, Elton Fax, Frederick Flemister, Ronald Joseph, Horace Pippin, Charles Sebree, Bill Traylor, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Starmanda Bullock, Dana Chandler, Raven Chanticleer, Roy DeCarava, John Dowell, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Daniel Johnson, Geraldine McCullough, Earl Miller, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Skunder Boghossian, Bob Thompson, Clifton Webb, Jack Whitten. 4to, cloth. 4th ed.

St. James Guide to Black Artists.
Detroit: St. James Press, 1997.
xxiv, 625 pp., illus. A highly selective reference work listing only approximately 400 artists of African descent worldwide (including around 300 African American artists, approximately 20% women artists.) Illus. of work or photos of many artists, brief descriptive texts by well-known scholars, with selected list of exhibitions for each, plus many artists' statements. A noticeable absence of many artists under 45, most photographers, and many women artists. Far fewer artists listed here than in Igoe, Cederholm, or other sources. Stout 4to (29 cm.), laminated yellow papered boards. First ed.

Prints by American Negro Artists.
Los Angeles: Cultural Exchange Center, 1965.
Unpag. (ii, 112 pp.), 51 full page illus. in color and b&w, beautifully printed on recto only. Biogs. of most artists. Foreword by Rosemarie Von Studnitz; texts by James A. Porter, Ruth G. Waddy. Pictorial endpapers and title page illus. by Brumsic Brandon Jr. The 51 artists in the first edition included: Emma Amos, Ralph Arnold, Brumsic Brandon, Jr., Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Joyce Cadoo, Mel Carey, Yvonne Carter, Eugene Cheltenham, Floyd Coleman, Wm. Lawrence Compton, Eugenia Dunn, Charles Ferguson, Robert Glover, Hugh Harrell, Scotland Harris, Eugene Hawkins, Leroy Henderson, Leon Hicks, Alvin Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Wilmer James, Jack Jordan, Richard Kinney, Anderson Macklin, Geraldine McCullough, James McNeil, William McNeil, Yvonne Meo, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Lee Mosely, Alvin Pope, Mavis Pusey, Don Pyburn, John Riddle, Charles D. Rogers, Betye Saar, Ernest Satchell, Jewel W. Simon, Van Slater, Frank E. Smith, William E. Smith, Sylvia Snowden, Laura Soares, Ruth G. Waddy, James Lesesne Wells, Fred R. Wilson, John Wilson, William T. Williams, Charles Yates, and Heartwell Yeargans. [NOTE: The second expanded edition of 1967 contained 60 artists, adding images by: John T. Biggers, Sylvester Britton, David C. Driskell, Marion Epting, Milton Derr (as Johnson), Michael K. Perry, Harper T. Phillips, Sue Smock and David F. Stephens.] 4to (31 cm.), cloth, printed green and white paper labels on spine and front cover, d.j.

SANTA FE (NM). Western States Arts Federation.
Withinsight: Visual Territories of Thirty Artists.
126 exhib. cat., biogs., exhibs., illus. for each artist. Texts by Benjamin Forgey, Keith Morrison. Artists mentioned or in the exhibition: John Robinson, Ed Love. Romare Bearden, Aaron Douglas, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Alma Thomas, David Driskell, Lloyd McNeil, David Stephens, Lou Stovall, Ken Young, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, James Phillips, Frank Smith, Edgar Sorrells-Adewole, Gerald Williams, Sam Gilliam, Skunder Boghossian, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Percy B. Martin, Carroll Sockwell, James Lesesne Wells. Sq. 4to, self-wraps.

SYRACUSE (NY). Community Folk Art Gallery, Syracuse University.
AfriCOBRA: Liberated Image.
February 2-April 5, 2008.
Group exhibition celebrating 40 years of the AfriCOBRA artists collective. Curated by Napoleon Jones-Henderson. Artists included: Akili Ron Anderson, Kevin Cole, Adger Cowans, Murry DePillars, Jeff Donaldson (1932-2004), Michael D. Harris, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, James Phillips, Frank Smith and Nelson Stevens.

The Black Artist in America: An Index to Reproductions.
Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1991.
Includes: index to Black artists, bibliography (including doctoral dissertations and audiovisual materials.) Many of the dozens of spelling errors and incomplete names have been corrected in this entry and names of known white artists omitted from our entry, but errors may still exist in this entry, so beware: Jesse Aaron, Charles Abramson, Maria Adair, Lauren Adam, Ovid P. Adams, Ron Adams, Terry Adkins, (Jonathan) Ta Coumba T. Aiken, Jacques Akins, Lawrence E. Alexander, Tina Allen, Pauline Alley-Barnes, Charles Alston, Frank Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Emma Amos (Levine), Allie Anderson, Benny Andrews, Edmund Minor Archer, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso [as Y. Pedroso Argudin], Anna Arnold, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Kwasi Seitu Asante [as Kwai Seitu Asantey], Steve Ashby, Rose Auld, Ellsworth Ausby, Henry Avery, Charles Axt, Roland Ayers, Annabelle Bacot, Calvin Bailey, Herman Kofi Bailey, Malcolm Bailey, Annabelle Baker, E. Loretta Ballard, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Bill Banks, Ellen Banks, John W. Banks, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Curtis R. Barnes, Ernie Barnes, James MacDonald Barnsley, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Daniel Carter Beard, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Falcon Beazer, Arthello Beck, Sherman Beck, Cleveland Bellow, Gwendolyn Bennett, Herbert Bennett, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, Devoice Berry, Ben Bey, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Eloise Bishop, Robert Blackburn, Tarleton Blackwell, Lamont K. Bland, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Hawkins Bolden, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Higgins Bond, Erma Booker, Michael Borders, Ronald Boutte, Siras Bowens, Lynn Bowers, Frank Bowling, David Bustill Bowser, David Patterson Boyd, David Bradford, Harold Bradford, Peter Bradley, Fred Bragg, Winston Branch, Brumsic Brandon, James Brantley, William Braxton, Bruce Brice, Arthur Britt, James Britton, Sylvester Britton, Moe Brooker, Bernard Brooks, Mable Brooks, Oraston Brooks-el, David Scott Brown, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Frederick Brown, Grafton Brown, James Andrew Brown, Joshua Brown, Kay Brown, Marvin Brown, Richard Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian Browne, Henry Brownlee, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Arlene Burke-Morgan, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Cecil Burton, Charles Burwell, Nathaniel Bustion, David Butler, Carole Byard, Albert Byrd, Walter Cade, Joyce Cadoo, Bernard Cameron, Simms Campbell, Frederick Campbell, Thomas Cannon (as Canon), Nicholas Canyon, John Carlis, Arthur Carraway, Albert Carter, Allen Carter, George Carter, Grant Carter, Ivy Carter, Keithen Carter, Robert Carter, William Carter, Yvonne Carter, George Washington Carver, Bernard Casey, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Frances Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Catti, Charlotte Chambless, Dana Chandler, John Chandler, Robin Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Kitty Chavis, Edward Christmas, Petra Cintron, George Clack, Claude Clark Sr., Claude Lockhart Clark, Edward Clark, Irene Clark, LeRoy Clarke, Pauline Clay, Denise Cobb, Gylbert Coker, Marion Elizabeth Cole, Archie Coleman, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Robert Colescott, Carolyn Collins, Paul Collins, Richard Collins, Samuel Collins, Don Concholar, Wallace Conway, Houston Conwill, William A. Cooper, Arthur Coppedge, Jean Cornwell, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Norma Criss, Allan Rohan Crite, Harvey Cropper, Geraldine Crossland, Rushie Croxton, Doris Crudup, Dewey Crumpler, Emilio Cruz, Charles Cullen (White artist), Vince Cullers, Michael Cummings, Urania Cummings, DeVon Cunningham, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, Artis Dameron, Mary Reed Daniel, Aaron Darling, Alonzo Davis, Bing Davis, Charles Davis, Dale Davis, Rachel Davis, Theresa Davis, Ulysses Davis, Walter Lewis Davis, Charles C. Davis, William Dawson, Juette Day, Roy DeCarava, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Nadine Delawrence, Louis Delsarte, Richard Dempsey, J. Brooks Dendy, III (as Brooks Dendy), James Denmark, Murry DePillars, Joseph DeVillis, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Voris Dickerson, Charles Dickson, Frank Dillon, Leo Dillon, Robert Dilworth, James Donaldson, Jeff Donaldson, Lillian Dorsey, William Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Calvin Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, John Dowell, Sam Doyle, David Driskell, Ulric S. Dunbar, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Morris Dunn, Edward Dwight, Adolphus Ealey, Lawrence Edelin, William Edmondson, Anthony Edwards, Melvin Edwards, Eugene Eda [as Edy], John Elder, Maurice Ellison, Walter Ellison, Mae Engron, Annette Easley, Marion Epting, Melvyn Ettrick (as Melvin), Clifford Eubanks, Minnie Evans, Darrell Evers, Frederick Eversley, Cyril Fabio, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Josephus Farmer, John Farrar, William Farrow, Malaika Favorite, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Claude Ferguson, Violet Fields, Lawrence Fisher, Thomas Flanagan, Walter Flax, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Batunde Folayemi, George Ford, Doyle Foreman, Leroy Foster, Walker Foster, John Francis, Richard Franklin, Ernest Frazier, Allan Freelon, Gloria Freeman, Pam Friday, John Fudge, Meta Fuller, Ibibio Fundi, Ramon Gabriel, Alice Gafford, West Gale, George Gamble, Reginald Gammon, Christine Gant, Jim Gary, Adolphus Garrett, Leroy Gaskin, Lamerol A. Gatewood, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Ezekiel Gibbs, William Giles, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, William Golding, Paul Goodnight, Erma Gordon, L. T. Gordon, Robert Gordon, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Joe Grant, Oscar Graves, Todd Gray, Annabelle Green, James Green, Jonathan Green, Robert Green, Donald Greene, Michael Greene, Joseph Grey, Charles Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Raymond Grist, Michael Gude, Ethel Guest, John Hailstalk, Charles Haines, Horathel Hall, Karl Hall, Wesley Hall, Edward Hamilton, Eva Hamlin-Miller, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William Harper, Hugh Harrell, Oliver Harrington, Gilbert Harris, Hollon Harris, John Harris, Scotland J. B. Harris, Warren Harris, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins (as Thelma), William Hawkins, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, William Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Anthony Haynes, Wilbur Haynie, Benjamin Hazard, June Hector, Dion Henderson, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, William Henderson, Barkley Hendricks, Gregory A. Henry, Robert Henry, Ernest Herbert, James Herring, Mark Hewitt, Leon Hicks, Renalda Higgins, Hector Hill, Felrath Hines, Alfred Hinton, Tim Hinton, Adrienne Hoard, Irwin Hoffman, Raymond Holbert, Geoffrey Holder, Robin Holder, Lonnie Holley, Alvin Hollingsworth, Eddie Holmes, Varnette Honeywood, Earl J. Hooks, Ray Horner, Paul Houzell, Helena Howard, Humbert Howard, John Howard, Mildred Howard, Raymond Howell, William Howell, Calvin Hubbard, Henry Hudson, Julien Hudson, James Huff, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Raymond Hunt, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Elliott Hunter, Arnold Hurley, Bill Hutson, Zell Ingram, Sue Irons, A. B. Jackson, Gerald Jackson, Harlan Jackson, Hiram Jackson, May Jackson, Oliver Jackson, Robert Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Bob James, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jasmin Joseph [as Joseph Jasmin], Archie Jefferson, Rosalind Jeffries, Noah Jemison, Barbara Fudge Jenkins, Florian Jenkins, Chester Jennings, Venola Jennings, Wilmer Jennings, Georgia Jessup, Johana, Daniel Johnson, Edith Johnson, Harvey Johnson, Herbert Johnson, Jeanne Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Milton Derr (as Milton Johnson), Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Dorcas Jones, Frank A. Jones, Frederick D. Jones, Jr. (as Frederic Jones), Henry B. Jones, Johnny Jones, Lawrence Arthur Jones, Leon Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Nathan Jones, Tonnie Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Edward Judie, Michael Kabu, Arthur Kaufman, Charles Keck, Paul Keene, John Kendrick, Harriet Kennedy, Leon Kennedy, Joseph Kersey; Virginia Kiah, Henri King, James King, Gwendolyn Knight, Robert Knight, Lawrence Kolawole, Brenda Lacy, (Laura) Jean Lacy, Roy LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, James Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Louis LeBlanc, James Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Lizetta LeFalle-Collins, Leon Leonard, Bruce LeVert, Edmonia Lewis, Edwin E. Lewis, Flora Lewis, James E. Lewis, Norman Lewis, Roy Lewis, Samella Lewis, Elba Lightfoot, Charles Lilly [as Lily], Arturo Lindsay, Henry Linton, Jules Lion, James Little, Marcia Lloyd, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Donald Locke, Lionel Lofton, Juan Logan, Bert Long, Willie Longshore, Edward Loper, Francisco Lord, Jesse Lott, Edward Love, Nina Lovelace, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin Loving, Ramon Loy, William Luckett, John Lutz, Don McAllister, Theadius McCall, Dindga McCannon, Edward McCluney, Jesse McCowan, Sam McCrary, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, Karl McIntosh, Joseph Mack, Edward McKay, Thomas McKinney, Alexander McMath, Robert McMillon, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, Clarence Major, William Majors, David Mann, Ulysses Marshall, Phillip Lindsay Mason, Lester Mathews, Sharon Matthews, William (Bill) Maxwell, Gordon Mayes, Marietta Mayes, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Victoria Meek, Leon Meeks, Yvonne Meo, Helga Meyer, Gaston Micheaux, Charles Mickens, Samuel Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Algernon Miller, Don Miller, Earl Miller, Eva Hamlin Miller, Guy Miller, Julia Miller, Charles Milles, Armsted Mills, Edward Mills, Lev Mills, Priscilla Mills (P'lla), Carol Mitchell, Corinne Mitchell, Tyrone Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Elizabeth Montgomery, Ronald Moody, Ted Moody, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Sabra Moore, Theophilus Moore, William Moore, Leedell Moorehead, Scipio Moorhead, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Patricia Morris, Keith Morrison, Lee Jack Morton, Jimmie Mosely, David Mosley, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Betty Murchison, J. B. Murry, Teixera Nash, Inez Nathaniel, Frank Neal, George Neal, Jerome Neal, Robert Neal, Otto Neals, Robert Newsome, James Newton, Rochelle Nicholas, John Nichols, Isaac Nommo, Oliver Nowlin, Trudell Obey, Constance Okwumabua, Osira Olatunde, Kermit Oliver, Yaounde Olu, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary O'Neal, Haywood Oubré, Simon Outlaw, John Outterbridge, Joseph Overstreet, Carl Owens, Winnie Owens-Hart, Lorenzo Pace, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, James Pappas, Christopher Parks, James Parks, Louise Parks, Vera Parks, Oliver Parson, James Pate, Edgar Patience, John Payne, Leslie Payne, Sandra Peck, Alberto Pena, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Bertrand Phillips, Charles James Phillips, Harper Phillips, Ted Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Elijah Pierce, Harold Pierce, Anderson Pigatt, Stanley Pinckney, Howardena Pindell, Elliott Pinkney, Jerry Pinkney, Robert Pious, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Betty Pitts, Stephanie Pogue, Naomi Polk, Charles Porter, James Porter, Georgette Powell, Judson Powell, Richard Powell, Daniel Pressley, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Arnold Prince, E. (Evelyn?) Proctor, Nancy Prophet, Ronnie Prosser, William Pryor, Noah Purifoy, Florence Purviance, Martin Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Helen Ramsaran, Joseph Randolph; Thomas Range, Frank Rawlings, Jennifer Ray, Maxine Raysor, Patrick Reason, Roscoe Reddix, Junius Redwood, James Reed, Jerry Reed, Donald Reid, O. Richard Reid, Robert Reid, Leon Renfro, John Rhoden, Ben Richardson, Earle Richardson, Enid Richardson, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Haywood Rivers, Arthur Roach, Malkia Roberts, Royal Robertson, Aminah Robinson, Charles Robinson, John N. Robinson, Peter L. Robinson, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, Herbert Rogers, Juanita Rogers, Sultan Rogers, Bernard Rollins, Henry Rollins, Arthur Rose, Charles Ross, James Ross, Nellie Mae Rowe, Sandra Rowe, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russsell, Mahler Ryder, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, JoeSam., Marion Sampler, Bert Samples, Juan Sanchez, Eve Sandler, Walter Sanford, Floyd Sapp, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Ann Sawyer, Sydney Schenck, Vivian Schuyler Key, John Scott (Johnny) , John Tarrell Scott, Joyce Scott, William Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Bernard Sepyo, Bennie Settles, Franklin Shands, Frank Sharpe, Christopher Shelton, Milton Sherrill, Thomas Sills, Gloria Simmons, Carroll Simms, Jewell Simon, Walter Simon, Coreen Simpson, Ken Simpson, Merton Simpson, William Simpson, Michael Singletary (as Singletry), Nathaniel Sirles, Margaret Slade (Kelley), Van Slater, Louis Sloan, Albert A. Smith, Alfred J. Smith, Alvin Smith, Arenzo Smith, Damballah Dolphus Smith, Floyd Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Howard Smith, John Henry Smith, Marvin Smith, Mary T. Smith, Sue Jane Smith, Vincent Smith, William Smith, Zenobia Smith, Rufus Snoddy, Sylvia Snowden, Carroll Sockwell, Ben Solowey, Edgar Sorrells, Georgia Speller, Henry Speller, Shirley Stark, David Stephens, Lewis Stephens, Walter Stephens, Erik Stephenson, Nelson Stevens, Mary Stewart, Renée Stout, Edith Strange, Thelma Streat, Richard Stroud, Dennis Stroy, Charles Suggs, Sharon Sulton, Johnnie Swearingen, Earle Sweeting, Roderick Sykes, Clarence Talley, Ann Tanksley, Henry O. Tanner, James Tanner, Ralph Tate, Carlton Taylor, Cecil Taylor, Janet Taylor Pickett, Lawrence Taylor, William (Bill) Taylor, Herbert Temple, Emerson Terry, Evelyn Terry, Freida Tesfagiorgis, Alma Thomas, Charles Thomas, James "Son Ford" Thomas, Larry Erskine Thomas, Matthew Thomas, Roy Thomas, William Thomas (a.k.a. Juba Solo), Conrad Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Bob Thompson, Russ Thompson, Dox Thrash, Mose Tolliver, William Tolliver, Lloyd Toone, John Torres, Elaine Towns, Bill Traylor, Charles Tucker, Clive Tucker, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Charlene Tull, Donald Turner, Leo Twiggs, Alfred Tyler, Anna Tyler, Barbara Tyson Mosley, Bernard Upshur, Jon Urquhart, Florestee Vance, Ernest Varner, Royce Vaughn, George Victory, Harry Vital, Ruth Waddy, Annie Walker, Charles Walker, Clinton Walker, Earl Walker, Lawrence Walker, Raymond Walker [a.k.a. Bo Walker], William Walker, Bobby Walls, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Denise Ward-Brown, Evelyn Ware, Laura Waring, Masood Ali Warren, Horace Washington, James Washington, Mary Washington, Timothy Washington, Richard Waters, James Watkins, Curtis Watson, Howard Watson, Willard Watson, Richard Waytt, Claude Weaver, Stephanie Weaver, Clifton Webb, Derek Webster, Edward Webster, Albert Wells, James Wells, Roland Welton, Barbara Wesson, Pheoris West, Lamonte Westmoreland, Charles White, Cynthia White, Franklin White, George White, J. Philip White, Jack White (sculptor), Jack White (painter), John Whitmore, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Benjamin Wigfall, Bertie Wiggs, Deborah Wilkins, Timothy Wilkins, Billy Dee Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas Williams, Frank Williams, George Williams, Gerald Williams, Jerome Williams, Jose Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Michael K. Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Randy Williams, Roy Lee Williams, Todd Williams, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Yvonne Williams, Philemona Williamson, Stan Williamson, Luster Willis, A. B. Wilson, Edward Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, George Wilson, Henry Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley C. Wilson, Linda Windle, Eugene Winslow, Vernon Winslow, Cedric Winters, Viola Wood, Hale Woodruff, Roosevelt Woods, Shirley Woodson, Beulah Woodard, Bernard Wright, Dmitri Wright, Estella Viola Wright, George Wright, Richard Wyatt, Frank Wyley, Richard Yarde, James Yeargans, Joseph Yoakum, Bernard Young, Charles Young, Clarence Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young.

WASHINGTON (DC). Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture.
Locating the Spirit: Religion and Spirituality in African American Art.
February 14-June 15, 1999.
27 pp. exhib. cat., 39 illus. (most in color). Texts by Deborah Willis, Leslie King-Hammond, Halima Taha. Artists include: Akili Ron Anderson, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Donald Bernard, John Biggers, David Boothman, Archie Byron, Schroeder Cherry, Carl Clark, Linda Day Clark, Alvin Clayton, Floyd Coleman, Adger W. Cowans, Allan Rohan Crite, Michael Cunningham, Willis Bing Davis, Nadine DeLawrence, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, James E. Dupree, Espi Frazier, L'Merchie Frazier, Reginald Gammon, Eugene J. Grigsby, Jr., Leslie King-Hammond, Michael D. Harris, Chester Higgins, Reginald L. Jackson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Winston Kennedy, Melvina Lathan, Nashormeh Lindo, Arturo Lindsay, Valerie Maynard, Tom Miller, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Yahya Muhammad, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Lorenzo Pace, Johnice I. Parker, James Phillips, Paula Phillips, Elijah Pierce, Horace Pippin, Sheila Pree, Ken Royster, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Jeffrey Scales, Meg Henson Scales, Michael E. Scoffield, Elizabeth Talford Scott, Joyce Scott, Danny Simmons, Clarissa Sligh, David Smedley, Frank Smith, MeiTei Sing Smith, Nelson Stevens, Renée Stout, Allen tringfellow, Nina G. Squires, Henry Ossawa Tanner, William B. Taylor, James W. Washington, Jr., Richard J. Watson, James L Wells, Pheoris West, Carlton Wilkinson, Richard Yarde. 4to (28 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed.

WASHINGTON (DC). Embassy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
Beneath the Surface.
March 15-April 28, 2007.
Group exhibition of ten artists. Included: Kevin Cole, Tim Davis Verna Hart, Nestor Hernandez, Lester Gunter, Betty Murchison, Michael Platt, Preston Sampson, Frank Smith, Ron Walton. [Organized by International Visions.]

WASHINGTON (DC). Graham Collection.
FOUND! Black Artists of DC.
July 1-29, 2006.
Barbara Blanco, Curator. The 2nd Annual Exhibition of Black Artists of DC (BADC) included 64 artists working in the Washington DC area. including:: Gwendolyn Aqui, Anne Bouie, Daniel T. Brooking, James Brown, Jr., Nicole Cutts, Liani Foster, T. H. Gomillion, Bill Harris, Francine Haskins, Gloria C. Kirk, Viola Burley Leak, Juliette Madison, Amber Robles-Gordon, Miriam Rylands, Stan Squirewell, Renée Stout, Frank E. Smith, Julee Thompson, and many others.

WASHINGTON (DC). Howard University Gallery of Art.
8th Annual Faculty Exhibition.
March 22-April 14, 1978.
46 pp., 39 b&w illus. including photos of artists and their work, statements by artists and others, exhibition checklist of 83 works. Artists include: Lila O. Asher (white artist), Michael Auld, Skunder Boghossian, Starmanda Bullock (Featherstone), Doris Colbert, David Driskell, Raymond Dobard, Kojo Fosu, Winston Kennedy, Ed Love, Winnie Owens, Malkia Roberts, Alfred J. Smith, Jr., Frank E. Smith, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, Mildred Thompson, James Wells. Oblong 4to, stapled wraps. First ed.

WASHINGTON (DC). International Visions Gallery.
Artists for Obama - Restoration of America.
September 3-28, 2008.
Group exhibition of images of Obama and current political issues such as civil rights, disabilities, education, energy and environment, ethics, faith, family, poverty, Iraq, service. Included: Alex Bay, (Virginia) Adam Abdalla, Adger Cowans, Alonzo Davis, Betty Murchison, Bill Dorsey, Frank E. Smith, James Phillips, Joe Ruffin, Kevin Cole, Leonard Dawson, Louis Delsarte, Michael Platt, Otis Motley, Peter Robinson, Preston Sampson, Ron Walton, Tafa, Tim Davis, Ulysses Marshall.

WASHINGTON (DC). International Visions Gallery.
Dancing with Color: New works by Kevin Cole and Frank Smith.
April 1-May 2, 2009.
Two-person exhibition.

WASHINGTON (DC). International Visions Gallery.
Signs, Symbols, & Words: Small Works.
March 24-April 24, 2010.
Group exhibition. Included: Adam Abdalla, Milton Bowens, Kevin Cole, Alonzo Davis, Tim Davis, Bill Dorsey, April Harrison, Verna Hart, Iris (Genevieve Esper), Wadsworth Jarrell, Gina Lewis, Samella Lewis, Tamara Natalie Madden, Barry Mason, Ulysses Marshall, Betty Murchison, Fred Mutebi, Ibou Ndoye, Charly Palmer, James Phillips, Michael Platt, Ellington Robinson, Preston Sampson, Michael Singletary, Frank Smith, George Smith-Shomari, Carroll Sockwell, Stan Squirewell, Ron Walton. Invitation card.

WASHINGTON (DC). International Visions Gallery.
Walking in Rhythm: Paintings by Kevin Cole and Frank Smith.
March 2-March 26, 2005.
Two-person exhibition. Cole showed paintings in the shape of ties - ambiguous symbols of power, lynching, celebration. Smith, true to his Cobra origins, showed rough edged collages that make no gesture toward commercial product.

WASHINGTON (DC). Millennium Arts Salon.
Ten Artists for Ten Years.
October 22-December 15, 2010.
Group exhibition. Curated by Sharon J. Burton. Included: Gwen Aqui, Anne Marchand, Doris Colbert Kennedy, Billy Colbert, Sonya Lawyer, Chris Malone, Michael Singletary, Frank Smith, Elsa Gebreyesus, and Victor Ekpuk.

WASHINGTON (DC). National Museum of American Art.
Free Within Ourselves: African-American Artists in the Collection of the National Museum of American Art.
205 pp., over 100 illus., 90 in excellent color, bibliog., list of works, checklist of 105 artists represented in National Museum of American Art. Curated and text by Regenia A. Perry. 32 artists discussed: Edward Mitchell Bannister, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Frederick J. Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Minnie Evans, Sam Gilliam, James Hampton, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frank Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Keith Morrison, Marilyn Nance, James A. Porter, Augusta Savage, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, Hale Woodruff, and Joseph Yoakum. Other artists mentioned as part of the collection, but not featured: Leroy Almon, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Steve Ashby, Ed Bereal, Wendell T. Brooks, Samuel Joseph Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Richard Burnside, Claude Clark, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Emilio Cruz, William Dawson, Hilliard Dean, Roy DeCarava, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Arthur "Pete" Dilbert, John Edward Dowell, Jr., Melvin Edwards, Frederick Eversley, Josephus Farmer, Walter Flax, Roland L. Freeman, Herbert Gentry, William Hawkins, Felrath Hines, Lonnie Holley, Margo Humphrey, Mr. Imagination, Keith Jenkins, Malvin Gray Johnson, Larry Francis Lebby, Norman Lewis, Ed Loper, Richard Mayhew, Eric Calvin McDonald, Lloyd McNeill, Robert McNeill, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Joseph Norman, Leslie Payne, Elijah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Michael Platt, Earle Richardson, John N. Robinson, Nellie Mae Rowe, Charles Sallee Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Frank Smith, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, Henry Speller, Raymond Steth, Lou Stovall, Jimmie Lee Sudduth, Mildred Thompson, Dox Thrash, Mose Tolliver, Laura Wheeler Waring, James W. Washington, Jr., Edward B. Webster, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Franklin A. White, George W. White, Jr., Ellis Wilson, Richard Yarde, Kenneth Young. [Traveled to: Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT; IBM Gallery of Science and Art, New York, NY; Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA; Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, Memphis, TN; The Columbus Museum, Columbus, GA.] Small 4to, cloth, dust jacket. First ed.

WASHINGTON (DC). Nyangoma's Gallery.
The Summer Show.
July-August 12, 1982.
Group exhibition. Included: James Denmark, Sam Gilliam, Al Loving, Charles Searles, and Frank Smith.

WASHINGTON (DC). Parish Gallery.
Celebrating 50 Years: Fine Artists and Art 1959-2009.
September 18-October 13, 2009.
Group exhibition to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of The National Conference of Artists (NCA). Included: Ana Maria Allen, Kwabena Ampofo-Anti, Daniel T. Brooking, Gloria A. Bradley, Margaret T. Burroughs, Floyd Coleman, David C. Driskell, Sandra Epps, Claudia Aziza Gibson-Hunter, Margo Humphrey, Larry B. Joseph, Gloria C. Kirk, Serenity Knight, E. J. Montgomery, Magruder Murray, Bruce McNeil, Norman Parish, Donte Player, Rachel Pope, Amber Robles-Gordon, Malia Kai Salaam-Steeple, Emma Smith, Frank Smith, George Shoman Smith, Willard Taylor, Derrek Vaughn.

WASHINGTON (DC). Parish Gallery.
Summer Group Show.
July 16-September 14, 2010.
Group exhibition. Included: Tayo Adenaike, Antonio Carréno, Ed Clark, Dennis Cook, Charles Earley, Victor Ekpuk, Robert Freeman, Herbert Gentry, Sharon Geraci, Winston Harris, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Cynthia Farrell Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Hamid Kachmar, Eugene Martin, Percy Martin, Richard Mayhew, Bruce McNeil, E.J. Montgomery, Curtis Nelson, Oggi Ogburn, Kenneth Pasley, James A. Porter, John Scott, Frank Smith, Tesfaye Tessema, Zerihum Yetmgeta, and Kenneth Young.

WASHINGTON (DC). Washington Project for the Arts.
Art in Washington and Its Afro-American Presence 1940-1970.
April 2-May 11, 1985.
110 pp. exhib. cat., 42 illus. and photos (incl. 11 color plates), bibliog., artists' biogs., checklist of 108 American works plus 44 comparative African and European works, bibliog. Text by Keith Morrison. Includes: Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Bernice Cross, Richard Dempsey, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David C. Driskell, Robert Gates, Sam Gilliam, James Herring, Earl Hooks, Jasmin Joseph, Edward Jerimiah, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edward L. Loper, Norman Lewis, Ed Love, Lloyd McNeill, Keith Morrison, Delilah Pierce, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Malkia Roberts, John Robinson, Raymond Saunders, Charles Sebree, Merton D. Simpson, Frank E. Smith, Carroll Sockwell, Nelson Stevens, Lou Stovall, white French artist Celene Tabary, Bill Taylor, Alma Thomas, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Gerald Williams, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Kenneth Young, and others. 4to (28 cm.), wraps.