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Prophet, Nancy Elizabeth. (Warwick, RI, 1890-Providence, RI, 1960)
 

Bibliography and Exhibitions

MONOGRAPHS AND SOLO EXHIBITIONS:

Cullen, Countee.
ELIZABETH PROPHET, Sculptress.
1930.
In: Opportunity 8 (July 1930):204-205. 4to (11 x 8 in.), wraps.

Kirschenbaum, Blossom S.
NANCY ELIZABETH PROPHET, Sculptor.
1987.
In: Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 4 (Spring 1987): 45-52. Important biographical information. Other artists mentioned: Mahler B. Ryder, Henry O. Tanner, Edward Scott (Prophet's student) Jenelsie Walden Holloway, Hale Woodruff, Edmonia Lewis, Meta Warrick Fuller, James A. Porter.

PROPHET, NANCY ELIZABETH.
Diary, 1922-1934, Paris, France.
1922-34.
1 vol. Unpag. (43 pp. Manuscript. [Brown University, Providence, RI; Hay Manuscripts Collection, Ms. 90.8.]

San Francisco (CA). San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA).
SARGENT JOHNSON: African American Modernist.
March 13-July 7, 1998.
95 pp. exhib. cat., 39 color plates, numerous 16 b&w illus., checklist, chronol., exhibs., and bibliog. by Gwendolyn Shaw. Texts by Lizzetta Lefalle-Collins and Judith Wilson discuss the artist's stylistic development in historic and cultural contexts, including the work of Meta Warrick Fuller, Augusta Savage, Richmond Barthé, Elizabeth Prophet, and May Howard Jackson. Sargent Johnson (1888-1967) was a major West Coast sculptor whose early work explores important issues of racial identity. 4to (27 cm.), self-wraps. First ed.

GENERAL BOOKS AND GROUP EXHIBITIONS:

ALFORD, STERLING G.
Famous First Blacks.
New York: Vantage, 1974.
Minimal coverage of art, pp. 9-11. Artists included: Edward Bannister, Joshua Johnson, Scipio Moorhead, Georg Olden, Henry Tanner, Richmond Barthé, Selma Burke, Edmonia Lewis, Elizabeth Prophet, William Majors, Jacob Lawrence.

APPIAH, KWAME ANTHONY and HENRY LOUIS GATES, Jr.
Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience.
Oxford University Press, 1999; 2005.
5 Vols. 4500 pp., 1000 photographs, maps, illus. Expanded to 8 vols. No new information or in-depth discussion of the visual arts. Names of visual artists included in the accounts of each period of black history are often lumped into a one sentence list; very few have additional biographical entries. [As of 2011, far more substantial information on most of the artists is available from Wikipedia than is included in this Encyclopedia.] Includes mention of: James Presley Ball, Jean-Michel Basquiat, David A. Bailey, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Cornelius Battey, Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey, Everald Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Roland Charles, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Albert V. Chong, Robert H. Colescott, Allan R. Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Murry Depillars, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, the Goodridge Brothers, Rex Goreleigh, Tapfuma Gutsa, Palmer Hayden, Lyle Ashton Harris, Chester Higgins, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Seydou Keita, Lois Mailou Jones, William (Woody) Joseph, Wifredo Lam, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Fern Logan, Stephen Marc, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Willie Middlebrook, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald Motley, Gordon Parks, Horace Pippin, Prentiss H. Polk, James A. Porter, Elizabeth Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Chéri Samba, Augusta Savage, Jeffrey Scales, Addison L. Scurlock, Charles Sebree, Johannes Segogela, Twins Seven-Seven, Coreen Simpson, Lorna Simpson, Moneta Sleet, Marvin & Morgan Smith, Renée Stout, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Hank Willis Thomas, Dox Thrash, James Vanderzee, Christian Walker, the Wall of Respect, Laura Wheeler Waring, Augustus Washington, Carrie Mae Weems, Charles White, Cynthia Wiggins, Carla Williams, Pat Ward Williams, et al. The entry on African Women Artists includes an odd and out-of-date collection of names: Elizabeth Olowu, Agnes Nyanhongo, Alice Sani, Iriji Efflatoun, Grace Chigumira, Thersa Musoke, Palma Sintoa, Elsa Jacob, and Terhas Iyassu. Hopefully future editions will follow the path of the substantially expanded edition of 2005 and will alter the overall impression that black visual artists are not worth the time and attention of the editors. [Note: Now out-of-print and available only through exorbitant subscription to the Oxford African American Studies Center (OAASC) a single database incorporating multiple Oxford encyclopedias, ongoing addiitions will apparently be unavailable to individuals or to most small libraries in the U.S. or worldwide.] 4to (29 cm.; 10.9 x 8.6 in.), cloth. Seond ed.

ATLANTA (GA). Sage.
Artists and Artisans.
Atlanta: Sage Women's Educational Press, 1987.
85 pp., photos, illus. Special issue of Sage: A scholarly journal of Black women Vol. 4, no. 1 (Spring 1987). Includes: Harriet Powers: portrait of a Black quilter / Gladys-Marie Frye; African-American women artists: an historical perspective / Arna Alexander Bontemps and Jacqueline Fonvielle-Bontemps; Afrofemcentrism in the art of Elizabeth Catlett and Faith Ringgold / Freida High Tesfagiorgis; Caneweaving : a nineteen-year quest / Annette Jones White;.Sometimes a poem is twenty years of memory, 1967-1987 / Carroll Parrott Blue; Portrait of self contemplating self: the narrative of a Black female artist / Malaika Favorite; Memoirs of an artist / Mildred Thompson; Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, sculptor / Blossom S. Kirschenbaum; The grande dame of Afro-American art: Lois Mailou Jones / Betty LaDuke; The International Sweethearts of Rhythm / Liz Sher; Nike Twins Seven Seven: Nigerian batik artist / Betty LaDuke; Ayoka Chenzira, filmmaker / Afua Kafi-Akua; Faith Ringgold : an American artist / Jacqueline Jones Royster.

ATLANTA (GA). Spelman College.
Showcase & Tell: Treasures from the Spelman College Permanent Collection.
January 29-May 16, 2009.
Group exhibition of more than 60 works. Included: James Adair, Amalia Amaki, Herman "Kofi" Bailey, Romare Bearden, iona rozeal brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Sam Gilliam, Debra Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Freddie Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Jacqueline Tarry, Jenelsie Walden Holloway, Hale Woodruff, and many others.

ATLANTA (GA). Spelman College Museum.
Bearing Witness: Contemporary Works by African-American Women Artists.
1996.
176 pp. exhib. cat., 80 color plates, 14 b&w illus., chronol., extensive bibliog., index. Ed. Jontyle Theresa Robinson; foreword by Maya Angelou, six essays, chronol., bibliog., index. A beautiful book with fine scholarly texts by African American women art historians covering the accomplishments of important women artists whose work has been absent from many other surveys. Includes: Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Hilda Wilkinson Brown, Beverly Buchanan, Selma H. Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Sarah Mapps Douglass, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Maren Hassinger, Freida High, Charnelle Holloway, Varnette P. Honeywood, Stephanie Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jean Lacy, Mary Edmonia Lewis, Valerie Maynard, Geraldine McCullough, Howardena, Pindell, Stephanie Pogue, Harriet Powers, Debra Priestly, Elizabeth Prophet, Rachelle Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, Lorna Simpson, Alma W. Thomas, Annie E.A. Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Philemona Williamson, Beulah Ecton Woodard. [Traveled to: Tuskegee University Art Gallery, Tuskegee, AL; Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, IN; St. Paul Museum, St. Paul, MN; Museum of African-American Culture, Fort Worth, TX; Portland Museum of Art, Portland, OR; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX.] 4to, cloth, dust jacket. First ed.

ATLANTA (GA). Spelman College Museum.
Hale Woodruff, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, and the Academy: Art, Activism and the African Diaspora.
January 18-May 12, 2007.
216 pp. exhib. cat., illus., bibliog., index. Exhibition of over 75 works including paintings, watercolors, woodcuts by Woodruff and all 12 known existing sculptures by Prophet. Texts by Amalia Amaki, Andrea Barnwell Brownlee, Richard Long, M. Akua McDaniel, Anne Collins Smith and Mary Parks Washington. 4to (30 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

BARDOLPH, RICHARD.
The Negro Vanguard.
New York: Rinehart, 1959.
viii, 495, xvi pp., bibliog., index. Mentions very briefly approximately 40 African American visual artists (419-425). 8vo (24 cm.), cloth, d.j.

BELLEVUE (WA). Bellevue Art Museum.
Hidden Heritage: Afro-American Art, 1800-1950.
1985.
104 pp., 59 illus. (18 color plates including cover plates), checklist of 84 works by 42 artists, notes, bibliography. Driskell's essay is an excellent general survey including numerous artists not in the exhibition. Artists in exhibition in chronological order include: Joshua Johnson, William Simpson, David Bowser, Robert Duncanson, Edward Bannister, Grafton T. Brown, Edmonia Lewis, Henry Ossawa Tanner, William A. Harper, William E. Scott. Sargent Johnson, Horace Pippin, Elizabeth Prophet, Archibald Motley, Augusta Savage, Palmer Hayden, Malvin G. Johnson, Aaron Douglas, Meta Warrick Fuller, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Richmond Barthé, Selma Burke, Beauford Delaney, William H. Johnson, James L. Wells, Joseph Delaney, Lois Mailou Jones, James Porter, Charles Alston, Marion Perkins, Norman Lewis, Romare Bearden, Ernest Crichlow, Charles Sebree, Hughie-Lee Smith, Claude Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Jacob Lawrence, Charles White, Elizabeth Catlett, James Lewis. [Traveling exhibition.] 4to, wraps. First ed.

BONTEMPS, ARNA, ed.
Forever Free: Art by African-American Women 1862-1980.
Hampton: Hampton University and Stephenson Inc., Alexandria, VA, 1980.
214 pp. exhib. cat., 44 color plates, 4 b&w illus., plus b&w thumbnail photos of artists, checklist of 118 works, biogs., bibliogs., colls, exhibs. for each artist. Intro. David Driskell; intro. by Roslyn A. Walker, book-length text by Arna Bontemps and Jacqueline Fonvielle-Bontemps; afterword by Keith Morrison; biogs. by Alan M. Gordon (often with quotes from the artists.) Artists include: Rose Auld, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Vivian E. Browne, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Catti, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Minnie Evans, Meta Fuller, Ethel Guest, Maren Hassinger, Adrienne Hoard, Varnette Honeywood, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, Suzanne Jackson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Vivian Key, Edmonia Lewis, Geraldine McCullough, Victoria Susan Meek, Eva Hamlin-Miller, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Winnie Owens, Delilah Pierce, Georgette Powell, Nancy Prophet, Helen Ramsaran, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Sylvia Snowden, Shirley Stark, Ann Tanksley, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, Yvonne Tucker, Annie Walker, Laura Waring, Deborah Wilkins, Viola Wood, Shirley Woodson, Estella Wright, Barbara Zuber. [Traveled to: Center for Visual Arts, Normal, IL; Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, Montgomery, AL; Indianapolis Museum of Art.] [Review by Susan Willand Worteck, Feminist Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1. (Spring, 1982):97-108.] Large 4to, cloth, pictorial d.j. First ed.

BOSTON (MA). Robert C. Vose, Jr. Galleries.
Decorative Paintings by Casey Roberts and Sculpture by N. Elizabeth Prophet from October 31, 1932-November 19, 1932.
October 31-November 19, 1932.
Two-person exhibition. Exhibition checklist. [Review by Katharine Hughes, Boston Herald, November 6, 1932:9; Albert Franz Cochrane, "A Sculptress Who Carves Her Own," Boston Evening Transcript, November 2, 1932:4.]

BRAWLEY, BENJAMIN G.
The Negro Genius: A New Appraisal of the Achievement of the American Negro in Literature and the Fine Arts.
New York: Dodd, Mead, 1937.
xiii, 366 pp., frontispiece illus., plates, portraits, bibliog. Chapters 7 and 12 are particularly noteworthy: Chap. 7: Music and Art, 178-189; Chap. 12: The New Temper in Painting and Sculpture, 317-330. Includes 40 painters, sculptors, and printmakers. [Reprinted in 1966 by Biblo and Tannen.] 8vo (21 cm.), cloth, dust jacket. First ed.

BRITTON, CRYSTAL A.
African-American Art: The Long Struggle.
New York: Smithmark, 1996.
128 pp., 107 color plates (mostly full-page and double-page), notes, index. Artists include: Terry Adkins, Charles Alston, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Radcliffe Bailey, Xenobia Bailey, James P. Ball, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Edward Mitchell Bannister, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, David Bustill Bowser, Grafton Tyler Brown, James Andrew Brown, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Ed Clark, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Renée Cox, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Giza Daniels-Endesha, Dave [the Potter], Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Leonardo Drew, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, William Farrow, Gilbert Fletcher, James Forman, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Michele Godwin, David Hammons, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Thomas Heath, white artist Jon Hendricks (no illus.), Robin Holder, May Howard Jackson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Lois Mailou Jones, Cliff Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie-Lee Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Juan Logan, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Sam Middleton, Scipio Moorhead, Keith Morrison, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Sana Musasama, Marilyn Nance, Gordon Parks, Marion Perkins, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Harriet Powers, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, Patrick Reason, Gary Rickson, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Lorna Simpson, William H. Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, Frank Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Nelson Stevens, Renée Stout, Freddie L. Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Jean Toche (no illus.), Lloyd Toone, Bill Traylor, James Vanderzee, Annie E. Walker, William Walker, Laura Wheeler Waring, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Grace Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Pat Ward Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, Hale Woodruff, et al. 4to (32 cm.), pictorial boards, d.j. First ed.

CALO, MARY ANN.
Distinction and Denial: Race, Nation and the Critical Construction of the African American Artist, 1920-1940.
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2007.
xiv, 264 pp., substantial scholarly notes, bibliog., index. Chapters on Alain Locke and the Invention of "Negro Art," Institutional Contexts: Negro Art Initiatives in the Interwar Decades, Framing the African American Artist, Advances (and Retreats) on the Art Front. Discussion of Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Cloyd Boykin, Aaron Douglas, John T. Hailstalk, John Hardrick, Palmer Hayden, James Herring, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ronald Joseph, Archibald Motley, James A. Porter, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Albert A. Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, James L. Wells, Hale Woodruff. Briefest mention of another 31 artists. Important research on the Boykin School of Art and Harlem Art Workshop of 1933 and the establishment of the Harlem Community Art Center. 8vo (23 x 16 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

CAMPBELL, MARY SCHMIDT.
Harlem Renaissance: Art of Black America.
New York: The Studio Museum and Abrams, N.Y., 1994.
200 pp., 140 illus., 55 in color, 29 artists mentioned along with an overall focus on music, dance, literature, and general culture, chronols., bibliog., good reference bibliography, books and magazines illustrated by Aaron Douglas, index. Texts by David Levering Lewis, David C. Driskell, Deborah Willis Ryan, J. Stewart. Artists included: Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Selma Burke, Allan Rohan Crite, Roy DeCarava, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Meta Vaux Fuller, Palmer Hayden, Charles S. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Archibald Motley, Richard B. Nugent, James A. Porter, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Charles Sebree, Marvin and Morgan Smith, Henry O. Tanner, James Vanderzee, Laura W. Waring, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. Many others mentioned very briefly in passing. [Review: Kay Larsen, "Born Again," New York Magazine, March 16, 1987:74-75, color illus.] 4to (30 cm.; 11.5 x 8.6 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

CANTON (NY). Richard F. Brush Art Gallery, Saint Lawrence University.
Afro-America ’88: A Dream Deferred?.
1988.
Group exhibition. Curated by Joe Lewis. Included: Charles Abramson, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Eldrzier Cortor, Mel Edwards, Darrel Ellis, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Jacob Lawrence, Joe Lewis, Al Loving, Sana Musasama, Tyrone Mitchell, Nefertiti, Reg Patrick, Elizabeth N. Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Augusta Savage, Joyce Scott, Linda Whitaker. [Information courtesy Carole Mathey, Asst. Curator, Richard F. Brush Art Gallery.] Poster.

CHADWICK, WHITNEY and TIRZA TRUE LATIMER, eds.
The Modern Woman Revisited: Paris Between the Wars.
New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2003.
259 pp., bibliog., index. Includes: "Gender, Race and Miscegenation," by Tyler Stovall; "Modern Dancers and African Amazons: Augusta Savage's Sculptures of Women, 1929-1930," by Theresa Leininger-Miller; discussion of numerous black expatriates in Paris. Includes (some with only brief mention): William Artist, Josephine Baker, Richmond Barthé, Ernest Crichlow, Palmer Hayden, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, James A. Porter, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Hale Woodruff. 8vo (10.5 x 7 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

CHIARMONTE, PAULA.
Women Artists in the United States. A Selective Bibliography and Resource Guide on the Fine and Decorative Arts, 1750-1986.
Boston: G.K. Hall & Co., 1990.
Non-black or male artists who were erroneously included are omitted from this list: Eileen Abdulrashid, Mrs. Allen, Charlotte Amevor, Emma Amos, Dorothy Atkins, Joan Cooper Bacchus, Ellen Banks, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, [as Bottanon], Shirley Bolton, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Sheryle Butler, Carole Byard, Catti [as Caiti], Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Doris L. Colbert, Luiza Combs, Marva Cremer, Doris Crudup, Oletha Devane, Stephanie Douglas, Eugenia Dunn, Queen Ellis, Annette Lewis Ensley, Minnie Jones Evans, Irene Foreman, Miriam Francis, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Ibibio Fundi [as Ibibin] (a.k.a. Jo Austin), Alice Gafford, Wilhelmina Godfrey [as Wihelmina], Amanda Gordon, Cynthia Hawkins, Kitty L. Hayden, Lana T. Henderson [as Lane], Vernita Henderson, Adrienne Hoard, Jacqui Holmes, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, Claudia Jane Hutchinson, Martha E. Jackson, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Rosalind Jeffries, Marie Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu [as Jones-Hogn], Harriet Kennedy, Gwendolyn Knight, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Ida Magwood, Mary Manigault, Valerie Maynard, Geraldine McCullough, Mrs. McIntosh, Dorothy McQuarter, Yvonne Cole Meo, Onnie Millar, Eva Hamlin Miller, Evangeline Montgomery, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Norma Morgan, Marilyn Nance, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Senga Nengudi, Winifred Owens-Hart, Denise Palm, Louise Parks, Angela Perkins, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Harriet Powers, Elizabeth Prophet, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Brenda Rogers, Juanita Rogers, Nellie Mae Rowe, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Elizabeth Scott, Joyce Scott, Jewel Simon, Shirley Stark, Della Brown Taylor [as Delia Braun Taylor], Jessie Telfair [as Jessi], Alma Thomas, Phyllis Thompson, Roberta Thompson, Betty Tolbert, Elaine Tomlin, Lucinda Toomer, Elaine Towns, Yvonne Tucker, Charlene Tull, Anna Tyler, Florestee Vance, Pinkie Veal, Ruth Waddy, Carole Ward, Laura W. Waring, Pecolia Warner, Mary Parks Washington, Laura W. Williams, Yvonne Williams. A few African American male artists are also included: Leslie Garland Bolling, Ademola Olugebefola [as Adennola].

COLLINS, JIMMIE LEE and GLENN B. OPITZ.
Women Artists in America: Eighteenth Century to Present.
Chattanooga, 1973.
Unpag. (426 pp.), illus. Lists Elizabeth Catlett, Meta Fuller, May Jackson, Lois Mailou Jones, Edmonia Lewis, Pauline Powell, Elizabeth Prophet, and Waring. The 1975 ediition adds: Barbara Chase-Riboud, Betye Saar, Jewel Simon. The 1980 edition adds: Carole Byard, Catti, Norma Morgan, Minnie Evans, Suzanne Jackson, Virginia Kiah, Valerie Maynard, Delilah Pierce, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Lucille (Malkia) Roberts, Ann Tanksley, Alma Thomas. 8vo, cloth.

COOKS, BRIDGET R.
Exhibiting Blackness: African Americans and the American Art Museum.
Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2011.
240 pp., color illus., notes, index. The narrative begins in 1927 with the Chicago "Negro in Art Week" exhibition, and in the 1930s with the Museum of Modern Art's exhibition of "William Edmondson" (1937) and "Contemporary Negro Art" (1939) at the Baltimore Museum of Art; the focus, however, is on exhibitions held from the 1960s to present with chapters on "Harlem on My Mind" (1969), "Two Centuries of Black American Art" (1976); "Black Male" (1994-95); and "The Quilts of Gee's Bend" (2202). Numerous artists, but most mentioned only in passing: Cedric Adams, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, numerous Bendolphs (Annie, Jacob, Mary Ann, Mary Lee, Louisiana) and Loretta Bennett, Ed Bereal, Donald Bernard, Nayland Blake, Gloria Bohanon, Leslie Bolling, St. Clair Bourne, Cloyd Boykin, Kay Brown, Selma Burke, Bernie Casey, Roland Charles, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Claude Clark, Linda Day Clark, Robert Colescott, Dan Concholar, Emilio Cruz, Ernest Crichlow (footnote only), Alonzo Davis, Selma Day (footnote only), Roy DeCarava, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Robert M. Douglass, Jr., David Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Elton Fax (footnote only), Cecil L. Fergerson, Roland Freeman, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon (footnote only), K.D. Ganaway, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Vertis C. Hayes, Barkley L. Hendricks, James V. Herring, Richard Hunt, Rudy Irwin, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Joshua Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Wifredo Lam, Artis Lane, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Alvin Loving (footnote only), William Majors (footnote only), Richard Mayhew, Reginald McGhee, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Richard Mayhew, Willie Middlebrook, Ron Moody, Lottie and Lucy Mooney, Flora Moore, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Sara Murrell (footnote only), Otto Neals (footnote only), Odili Donald Odita, Noni Olubisi, Ademola Olugebefola, John Outterbridge, Gordon Parks, six Pettways (Annie E., Arlonzia, Bertha, Clinton, Jr., Jesse T., Letisha), James Phillips, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Carl Pope, James A. Porter, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Martin Puryear, Okoe Pyatt (footnote only), Robert Reid (footnote only), John Rhoden, John Riddle, Faith Ringgold (footnote only), Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders (footnote only), Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Georgette Seabrook, James Sepyo (footnote only), Taiwo Shabazz (footnote only), Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Merton Simpson (footnote only), Albert Alexander Smith, Arenzo Smith, Frank Stewart, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Danny Tisdale, Melvin Van Peebles, James Vanderzee, Annie Walker, Kara Walker, Augustus Washington, Timothy Washington, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Pat Ward Williams, William T. Williams, Deborah Willis, Fred Wilson, Ernest C. Withers, Beulah Ecton Woodard, Hale Woodruff, Lloyd Yearwood, Annie Mae and Nettie Pettway Young. 8vo (9 x 6 in.), wraps.

DOSS, ERIKA.
Twentieth-Century American Art.
Oxford University Press, 2002.
288 pp., 151 illus. (including 91 in color). Although it includes a chapter on "Feminist art and Black art," this by no means summarizes the level of inclusion of black artists at every point throughout the text. There are many glaring omissions (John Biggers, Mildred Howard, Lois Mailou Jones, Martin Puryear, Bob Thompson, etc.) and some odd summary comments (for example, Norman Lewis's work is described as "improvisatory environments"), but it's hard to quibble with the first survey of American art to give more than token acknowledgement to the work of African American artists. Over fifty artists and 17 illustrations are included: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Amiri Baraka, Jean-Michel Basquiat (illus.), Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Michael Ray Charles (illus.), Barbara Chase-Riboud, Robert Colescott (illus.), Thornton Dial (illus.), Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Melvin Edwards (illus.), Sam Gilliam, Coco Fusco (illus.), David Hammons (illus.), Palmer Hayden, Lonnie Holley, Cliff Joseph, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson (illus.), William H. Johnson, Cliff Joseph, Byron Kim, K.O.S., Jacob Lawrence (illus.), Norman Lewis (illus.), Alvin Loving, Kerry James Marshall, Archibald J. Motley (illus.), Chris Ofili, Lorraine O'Grady, Joe Overstreet, Gordon Parks, Adrian Piper, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Gary Rickson, Faith Ringgold (illus.), Alison Saar (illus.), Betye Saar (illus.), Augusta Savage, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Alma Thomas, Iké Udé, James Vanderzee, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems (illus.), Charles White, Pat Ward Williams (illus.), Fred Wilson (illus.), Hale Woodruff. Karamu House, the Black Arts Movement and Spiral are mentioned in passing. 8vo (9.2 x 6.5 in..), wraps.

DURHAM (NC). NCCU Art Museum, North Carolina Central University.
Black Women Artists: North Carolina Connections.
1990.
Exhib. cat. Includes important text by Lynn Igoe: "Black Women Artists: An Introduction." Provides an extensive list of exhibits featuring black women artists since the first such show in 1947 at the Barnett Aden Gallery, Washington, DC. Artists mentioned includes the usual 50-60 names: Edmonia Lewis, Meta Warrick Fuller, May Howard Jackson, Bertina Lee, Betty Blayton, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Harriet Powers, Minnie Evans, Clementine Hunter, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Eva Hamlin Miller, Jacqueline Fonvielle-Bontemps, Betye Saar, Alison Saar, Lezley Saar, Nellie Mae Rowe, Liani Foster, Barbara Tyson Mosley, Camille Billops, Alma Thomas, Maren Hassinger. Checklist of women artists includes: Emma Amos, Gwendolyn Bennett, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Kay Brown, Margery Wheeler Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Minnie Evans, Meta Warrick Fuller, Maren Hassinger, Varnette P. Honeywood, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Louise Jefferson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Saunders Lewis, Dindga McCannon, Geraldine McCullough, Allie McGhee, Valerie Maynard, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Norma Morgan, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Senga Nengudi (Sue Irons), Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Georgette Powell, Harriet Powers, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Malkia (Lucille) Roberts, Nellie Mae Rowe, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Jewel Simon, Ann Tanksley, Alma Thomas, Ruth Waddy, Laura Wheeler Waring. The exhibition includes many of the same artists but also a number of artists not in Igoe's essay or checklist. Exhib. checklist lists the following: Marvette Pratt Aldrich, Brenda Branch, Mable Bullock, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Collins, Davis, Minnie Evans, Olivia Gatewood, Gail Hansberry, Lana Thompson Henderson, Hill, Lois Mailou Jones, Eva Hamlin Miller, Norma Morgan, Stephanie Pogue, Mercedes Barnes Thompson.

FABRE, MICHEL.
From Harlem to Paris: Black American Writers in France, 1840-1980.
Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
358 pp. Although the focus is on writers, musicians and visual artists are mentioned as well. Artists mentioned include: Josephine Baker, Richmond Barthé, Hart Leroy Bibbs, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Ed Clark, Beauford Delaney, Palmer Hayden, Hector Hyppolite, Ted Joans, Clarence Major, Sam Middleton, Gordon Parks, Elizabeth Prophet, Henry O. Tanner, Melvin Van Peebles, Eugene Warburg, Hale Woodruff. Passing mention of numerous others such as Larry Potter, Walter Coleman, Agustín Cardenas, Wifredo Lam (as Wilfredo), Hervé Télémaque, et al. [Fabre's earlier "Les Noirs Americains" (Paris: Librarie Armand Colin, 1970) had mentioned only 8 black visual artists Jacob Lawrence, Palmer Hayden, Charles White, Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Lawrence Taylor, Beulah Woodward, Richard Hunt.] 8vo (9.3 x 6.2 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

FALK, PETER HASTINGS, ed.
Who Was Who in American Art, 1564-1975.
Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1999.
3 Vols. 3724 pp. The 1985 publication is a summary compiled from the original 34 volumes of American Art Annual: Who's Who in Art, no new entries. It is in some ways an account of the spotty knowledge that the white art world had acquired about black artists during the decades after WWII. Many glaring omissions. The 1999 edition seems to have substantial additions. Included: Alonzo Aden, Frank Herman Alston, Jr., Frederick Cornelius Alston, Dorothy Austin, Henry Avery, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Richmond Barthé, John Biggers, Leslie Bolling, William E. Braxton, Wendell T. Brooks, Elmer William Brown, Eugene J. Brown, Samuel Joseph Brown, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Taylor Goss Burroughs, Elmer Simms Campbell, William S. Carter, Dana C. Chandler, Jr., Samuel O. Collins, Eldzier Cortor, Norma Criss, Allan Crite, Charles C. Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Arthur Diggs, Frank J. Dillon, Aaron Douglas, Charles Early, Walter W. Ellison, Annette Ensley, William M. Farrow, Allan Freelon, Meta Fuller, Robert Gates, Rex Goreleigh, Donald O. Greene, Samuel P. Greene, Charles E. Haines, John Wesley Hardrick, William A. Harper, John Taylor Harris, Palmer Hayden, Dion Henderson, James V. Herring, Clifton Thompson Hill, Hector Hill, Raymond Howell, Bill Hutson, May Howard Jackson, Oliver Jackson, Wilmer Jennings, George H. Benjamin Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frederick D. Jones, Jr., Henry B. Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Joseph Kersey, Vivian Schuyler Key, Jacob Lawrence, Bertina B. Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Elba Lightfoot, Ed Loper, John Lutz, William McBride, Sr., Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Robert L. Neal, John B. Payne, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Nancy Prophet, Oliver Richard Reid, Earl Richardson, Marion Sampler, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Albert Alexander Smith, Teressa Staats, Thelma J. Streat, Henry O. Tanner, Dox Thrash, Laura Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Benjamin L. Wigfall, Ellis Wilson, John W. Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Terrance Yancey. 4to, cloth.

FARRINGTON, LISA E.
Creating Their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists.
New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
354 pp., 150 color plates, 100 b&w illus. A history of African American women artists, from slavery to the present day. Draws on numerous interviews with contemporary artists. The following are included with illustration(s): Laylah Ali, Emma Amos, Xenobia Bailey, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Chakaia Booker, Kay Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Carole Byard, Carol Ann Carter, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Yvonne Parks Catchings, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Luiza Francis Combs, Josie Covington, Renée Cox, Sarah Mapps Douglass, Sharon Dunn, Gaye Ellington, Minnie Evans, Meta Warrick Fuller, Ellen Gallagher, Deborah Grant, Alyne Harris, Bessie Harvey, Robin Holder, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Elizabeth Keckly, Pamela Jennings, Jean Lacy, Ruth Lampkins, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Geraldine McCullough, Vicki Meek, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Lorraine O'Grady, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Winnie Owens-Hart, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Harriet Powers, Debra Priestly, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Helen Evans Ramsaran, Nellie Mae Rowe, Betye Saar, Gail Shaw-Clemons, Mary T. Smith, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Joyce J. Scott, Lorna Simpson, Sylvia Snowden, Renée Stout, Freida High W. Tesfagiogis, Alma Thomas, Annie E. Anderson Walker, Kara Walker, Adell Westbrook, Laura Wheeler Waring, Carrie Mae Weems, Joyce Wellman, Philemona Williamson, Deborah Willis, Beulah Ecton Woodard. Others such as Margaret Burroughs, Catti, Tana Hargest, Kira Lynn Harris, Cynthia Hawkins, Jennie C. Jones, Adia Millett, Julie Mehretu, Camille Norment, Aminah Robinson, Nadine Robinson, Gilda Snowden, Ann Tanksley, Shirley Woodson, are briefly mentioned in passing. [Review: April F. Masten, Illuminating the Color Line Artist by Artist," Reviews in American History Vol. 35, No. 2 (June 2007):265-272; Renée Ater, "Creating Their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists," NWSA Journal Vol. 19, No. 1 (Spring 2007):211-217.] 4to (11 x 8 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

FATTAL, LAURA FELLEMAN and CAROL SALUS, eds.
Out of Context: American Artists Abroad.
Westport (CT): Praeger, 2004.
xiv, 176 pp., illus., bibliog., index. Contributions to the study of art and architecture, no. 8. Contains one article of interest: "Heads of thought and reflection: busts of African warriors by Nancy Elizabeth Prophet and Augusta Savage, African American sculptors in Paris, 1922-1934" by Theresa Leininger-Miller. 4to (25 cm.), cloth.

FRANKLIN, JOHN HOPE.
From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans.
New York: Knopf. 1967.
From the point of view of research in the visual arts, this third edition is preferable to the earlier editions, containing mention of many more artists including spinners, weavers, jewelers, printers and engravers, architects, cabinetmakers. Individual artists receive 5 pp. and include: Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Selma Burke, Simms Campbell, Ernest Crichlow, Aaron Douglas, Meta Fuller, Edwin Harleston, Sargent Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, James Porter, Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Laura Wheeler Waring, Hale Woodruff.

GATES, HENRY LOUIS and EVELYN BROOKS HIGGINBOTHAM, eds.
African American National Biography.
2009.
Originally published in 8 volumes, the set has grown to 12 vollumes with the addition of 1000 new entries. Also available as online database of biographies, accessible only to paid subscribers (well-endowed institutions and research libraries.) As per update of February 2, 2009, the following artists were included in the 8-volume set, plus addenda. A very poor showing for such an important reference work. Hopefully there are many more artists in the new entries: Jesse Aaron, Julien Abele (architect), John H. Adams, Jr., Ron Adams, Salimah Ali, James Latimer Allen, Charles H. Alston, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Herman "Kofi" Bailey, Walter T. Bailey (architect), James Presley Ball, Edward M. Bannister, Anthony Barboza, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Cornelius Marion Battey, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Arthur Bedou, Mary A. Bell, Cuesta Ray Benberry, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Howard Bingham, Alpha Blackburn, Robert H. Blackburn, Walter Scott Blackburn, Melvin R. Bolden, David Bustill Bowser, Wallace Branch, Barbara Brandon, Grafton Tyler Brown, Richard Lonsdale Brown, Barbara Bullock, Selma Hortense Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Taylor Goss Burroughs, John Bush, Elmer Simms Campbell, Elizabeth Catlett, David C. Chandler, Jr., Raven Chanticleer, Ed Clark, Allen Eugene Cole, Robert H. Colescott, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest T. Crichlow, Michael Cummings, Dave the Potter [David Drake], Griffith J. Davis, Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Thornton Dial, Sr., Joseph Eldridge Dodd, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Sam Doyle, David Clyde Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Ed Dwight (listed as military, not as artist); Mel Edwards, Minnie Jones Evans, William McNight Farrow, Elton Fax, Daniel Freeman, Meta Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon, King Daniel Ganaway, the Goodridge Brothers, Rex Goreleigh, Tyree Guyton, James Hampton, Della Brown Taylor (Hardman), Edwin Augustus Harleston, Charles "Teenie" Harris, Lyle Ashton Harris, Bessie Harvey, Isaac Scott Hathaway, Palmer Hayden, Nestor Hernandez, George Joseph Herriman, Varnette Honeywood, Walter Hood, Richard L. Hunster, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Bill Hutson, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Claude Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Ann Keesee, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Jules Lion, Edward Love, Estella Conwill Majozo, Ellen Littlejohn, Kerry James Marshall, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Richard Mayhew, Carolyn Mazloomi, Aaron Vincent McGruder, Robert H. McNeill, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald H. Motley, Jr., Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Mr. Imagination (Gregory Warmack), Lorraine O'Grady, Jackie Ormes, Joe Overstreet, Carl Owens, Gordon Parks, Sr., Gordon Parks, Jr., C. Edgar Patience, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Margaret Smith Piper, Rose Piper, Horace Pippin, William Sidney Pittman, Stephanie Pogue, Prentiss Herman Polk (as Prentice), James Amos Porter, Harriet Powers, Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, Patrick Henry Reason, Michael Richards, Arthur Rose, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, Addison Scurlock, George Scurlock, Willie Brown Seals, Charles Sebree, Joe Selby, Lorna Simpson, Norma Merrick Sklarek, Clarissa Sligh, Albert Alexander Smith, Damballah Smith, Marvin and Morgan Smith, Maurice B. Sorrell, Simon Sparrow, Rozzell Sykes, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, J.J. Thomas, Robert Louis (Bob) Thompson, Mildred Jean Thompson, Dox Thrash, William Tolliver, Bill Traylor, Leo F. Twiggs, James Augustus Joseph Vanderzee, Kara Walker, William Onikwa Wallace, Laura Wheeler Waring, Augustus Washington, James W. Washington, Jr., Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, John H. White, Jack Whitten, Carla Williams, Daniel S. Williams, Paul Revere Williams (architect), Deborah Willis, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, John Woodrow Wilson, Ernest C. Withers, Beulah Ecton Woodard, Hale Aspacio Woodruff.

GOODRICH, LLOYD and JOHN I. H. BAUR.
American Art of Our Century.
New York: Praeger, 1961.
Catalogue of the Whitney Museum of American Art collection. Includes: Richmond Barthé, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Horace Pippin, Elizabeth Prophet, Charles White, and Walter Williams. 8vo.

GREENVILLE (SC). Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority. Beta lota Omega Chapter.
Afro-American Women in Art: their achievements in sculpture and painting.
Greenville: Negro Heritage Committee, 1969.
32 pp., illus., bibliog. Introduction by Leroy F. Holmes, Jr. Artists included and mentioned: Emma Amos, Betty Blayton, Mildred A. Braxton, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Yvonne Catchings, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Ladybird Cleveland, Virginia Cox, Eugenia V. Christian Dunn, Edmonia Lewis, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Ethel Guest, Esther Hill, May Howard Jackson, Lois Mailou Jones, Eva Hamlin Miller, Geraldine Hamilton McCullough, Norma Morgan, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Laura Wheeler Waring, et al. 4to, wraps. First ed.

HARLEY, RALPH L., JR.
Checklist of Afro-American Art and Artists.
Kent State University Libraries, 1970.
In: Serif 7 (December 1970):3-63. What could have been the solid foundation of future scholarship is unfortunately marred by errors of all kinds and the inclusion of numerous white artists. All Black artists are cross-referenced.

HARRIS, MICHAEL D.
From Double Consciousness to Double Vision: The Africentric Artist.
1994.
In: African Arts Vol. 27, No. 2 (April 1994):44-53, 94-95, color illus., bibliog. Discusses Sargent Johnson, James Phillips, E. H. Sorrells-Adewale. Numerous other artists mentioned in passing: Jeff Donaldson, Palmer Hayden, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Richmond Barthé, Wall of Respect mural, Jacob Lawrence, John Biggers, Africobra, Charles Searles, Barkley Hendricks, Renée Stout. 4to, wraps.

HELLER, JULES and NANCY G. HELLER, eds.
North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary.
New York: Garland, 1995.
612 pp., 100 b&w illus., 1500 aritsts' biogs. Includes approx. 49 African American artists: Emma Amos, Ellen Banks, Erlena Bland, Betty Blayton-Taylor, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Lilian Thomas Burwell, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Dewayne Chase-Riboud, Barbara Chavous, Minnie Jones Evans, Meta Warrick Fuller, Maren Hassinger, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Fitzallen Jackson, Vera Jackson, Marie E. Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Viola Burley Leak, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Sanders Lewis, Louise Martin, Geraldine McCullough, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Winnie Owens-Hart, Louise Parks, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Elaine Pogue, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Augusta Christine Savage, Georgette Seabrooke, Jewel Woodard Simon, Clarissa Sligh, Sylvia Snowden, Renée Stout, Alma Thomas, Denise Ward-Brown, Laura Wheeler Waring, Adell Westbrook. Stout 4to, cloth.

HEMPSTEAD (NY). Emily Lowe Gallery, Hofstra University.
A Blossoming of New Promises: Art in the Spirit of the Harlem Renaissance.
February 5-March 14, 1984.
28 pp., 19 b&w illus., 5 full-page color plates (including cover plate), checklist of 55 works by 25 artists, notes, bibliog. Text by Gail Gelburd. Includes (only 5 women artists): Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Aaron Douglas, Meta Warrick Fuller, Edwin A. Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Archibald Motley, P.H. Polk, James Porter, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, William Scott, Albert Alexander Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, James Vanderzee, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. 4to, stapled wraps. First ed.

HILDEBRANDT, LORRAINE and RICHARD S. AIKEN, eds.
A Bibliography of Afro-American Print and Non-Print Resources in Libraries of Pierce County, Washington.
Tacoma Community College Library, 1969.
Artists include: Charles Alston, William Artis, Henry Avery, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Carter Bazile, Romare Bearden, Richmond Beadon (painter), Carl Beathea, Rigaud Bénoit, Charles Bible, John Biggers, Wilson Bigaud, Eloise Bishop, Robert Blackburn, Ramos Blanco (Uruguayan), James Bland, Julius Bledsoe (painter), Leslie Bolling, Seymour Bottex, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Samuel Brown, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, E. Simms Campbell, William Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase, Don Cherry, Ernest Crichlow, Claude Clark, William Arthur Cooper, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Harvey Cropper, Charles Dawson, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Lillian A. Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Glanton Dowdell, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Fred Flemister, Allan Freelon, Meta Fuller, Rex Goreleigh [as Gorleigh], Bernard Goss, Eugene Grigsby, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William Harper, Isaac Hathaway, Palmer Hayden, William Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Geoffrey Holder, Al Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Richard Hunt, May Jackson, Daniel Larue Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent C. Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Henry B. Jones, Lois Jones, Ronald Joseph, Paul Keene, Joseph Kersey, Oliver LaGrone, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Edward Loper, John C. Lutz, Geraldine McCullough, Charles McGee, Lloyd McNeil, William Majors, Sam Middleton, Ronald C. Moody, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Archibald Motley, Robert L. Neal, Hayward L. Oubré, Joe Overstreet, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso [as Argudin (Pastor) Pedrosa], Marion Perkins, Harper Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Horace Pippin, Robert Pious, James Porter, Elizabeth Prophet, Florence Purviance, John Robinson, Leo Robinson, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Georgette Seabrooke, Charles Sebree, Merton Simpson, William H. Simpson, Albert Alexander Smith, Marvin Smith, Thelma Johnson Streat, Henry O. Tanner, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash [as Thrasher], Laura Waring, James Washington, James Wells [see also Lesesne Wells], Charles White, Jack Whitten, Walter Williams, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff.

HINE, DARLENE CLARK and KATHLEEN THOMPSON.
A Shining Thread of Hope: The History of Black Women in America.
New York: Broadway Books, 1998.
368 pp. Only passing notice of visual artists with brief mention of Selma Burke, May Howard Jackson, Edmonia Lewis, Georgette Powell, Harriet Powers, Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Faith Ringgold, and others. 8vo, cloth, d.j.

HUNTSVILLE (AL). Huntsville Museum of Art.
Black Artists / South.
April 1-July 29, 1979.
64 pp., illus., bibliog. Dedicated to Aaron Douglas. One of the most substantial exhibitions of Black artists of the '70s, curated by Ralph M. Hudson. 150 artists included: Charles H. Alston, Frederick C. Alston, Emma Amos, William Anderson, Benny Andrews, Emmanuel V. Asihene, William E. Artis, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Herman Beasley, John T. Biggers, Betty Blayton, Shirley Bolton, Arthur L. Britt, Sr., Wendell T. Brooks, Arthur Carraway, George Washington Carver, Yvonne Parks Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Don Cincone, Claude Clark, Claude Lockhart Clark, Benny Cole, Tarrence Corbin, G. C. Coxe, Ernest Crichlow, Ernest J. Davidson, Jr., Joseph Delaney, James Denmark, Murry N. Depillars, Hayward R. Dinsmore, Sr., Jeff R. Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, William Edmondson, Marion Epting, Burford E. Evans, Minnie Evans, Elton Fax, Sam Gilliam, J. Eugene Grigsby, Robert Hall, Phillip Hampton, Isaac Hathaway, Wilbur Haynie, Alfred Hinton, Fannie Holman, Earl J. Hooks, John W. Howard, Jean Paul Hubbard, Earnestine Huff, James Huff, Clementine Hunter, A.B. Jackson, Wilmer Jennings, Bill Johnson, Harvey L. Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, William E. Johnston, James Edward Jones, Lawrence A. Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Ted Jones, Jack Jordan, James E. Kennedy, Virginia Jackson Kiah, Simmie L. Knox, Lawrence Compton Kolawole, Jean Lacy, Larry Francis Lebby, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Henri Linton, Oscar Logan, Jesse Lott, Nina Lovelace, Edward McCluney, Jr., Phillip L. Mason, Steve Matthews, Grady Garfield Miles, Minnie Marianne Miles, Lev Mills, Clifford Mitchell, Corinne Mitchell, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Jimmie Mosely, Jr., Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Otto Neals, Trudell Mimms Obey, Hayward L. Oubré, John Outterbridge, Joe Overstreet, Roderick Owens, William Pajaud, Curtis Patterson, John Payne, Clifton Pearson, Marion Perkins, Harper Phillips, Robert Pious, Stephanie Pogue, P.H. Polk, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Roscoe C. Reddix, Robert Reid, Leon Renfro, John W. Rhoden, John T. Riddle, Jr., Gregory D. Ridley, Jr., Haywood Rivers, Arthur Rose, John T. Scott, Thomas Sills, Carroll H. Simms, Jewel Woodard Simon, Merton D. Simpson, Van E. Slater, Maurice Strider, Clarence Talley, James Tanner, Alma Thomas, Elaine F. Thomas, Bob Thompson, Mose Tolliver, Dox Thrash, Leo F. Twiggs, Harry Vital, Larry Walker, James W. Washington, Jr., James Watkins, Clifton G. Webb, James Lesesne Wells, Amos White, Charles White, Jessie Whitehead, Claudia Widdiss, Chester Williams, Walter J. Williams, William T. Williams, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Everett L. Winrow, Viola Wood, Hale Woodruff, Doris Woodson, Charles A. Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. 4to (29 cm.), felt-covered wraps. First ed.

Ivoryton (CT). ART Gallery Magazine.
The ART Gallery Magazine: Afro-American issue (Vol. 11, no. 7, April 1968).
1968.
Special Afro-American issue. Approx. 100 pp., b&w and color illus. Includes: Alonzo J. Aden, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Eric Anderson, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Sheman Beck, Ed Bereal, John T. Biggers, Betty Blayton, Sylvester Britton, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, William S. Carter, Bernie Casey, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Christmas, Claude Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Emilio Cruz, Mary Reed Daniel, Charles C. Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Avel DeKnight, Richard Dempsey, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David C. Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Eugene Eda, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, John Farrar, Frederick C. Flemister, Meta Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Russell T. Gordon, Bernard Goss, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Romaine Harris, Eugene Hawkins, Palmer Hayden, Wilbur Haynie, Reginald Helm, James Herring, Leon Hicks, Vivian Hieber (?), Felrath Hines, Alvin Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Richard Hunt, A.B. Jackson, Hiram E. Jackson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frederic Jones (presumably Frederick D. Jones, Jr.), Lois Mailou Jones, Robert Edmond Jones, Jack Jordan, Sr., Louis Joseph Jordan, Ronald Joseph (as Joseph Ronald), Paul Keene, Joseph Kersey, Herman King, Sidney Kumalo, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Clifford Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, James Edward Lewis, Jr., Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Alvin Loving, William Majors, Howard Mallory, Jr., David Mann, Richard Mayhew, Anna McCullough, Geraldine McCullough, Charles W. McGee, Lloyd McNeill, Jr., Earl Miller, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Mosely, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Texeira Nash, Frank W. Neal, George E. Neal, Hayward L. Oubre, Jr., James D. Parks, Marion Perkins, Robert S. Pious, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Judson Powell, Ramon Price, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Mavis Pusey, Robert D. Reid, John W. Rhoden, Haywood "Bill" Rivers, Henry C. Rollins, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Jewel Simon, Merton D. Simpson, Van Slater, Carroll Sockwell, John Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Ralph M. Tate, Lawrence Taylor, John Torres, Jr., Alfred J. Tyler, Ruth G. Waddy, William Walker, Eugene Warburg, Howard N. Watson, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Jack H. White, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Sam William, Douglas R. Williams, Jose Williams, Todd Williams, Walter H. Williams, Stan Williamson, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, John W. Wilson, Roger Wilson, Hale A. Woodruff, James E. Woods, Roosevelt (Rip) Woods, Charles Yates, Hartwell Yeargans, et al. 8vo (24 cm.; 9 x 6 in.), wraps.

LEININGER-MILLER, THERESA.
New Negro Artists in Paris: African American Painters and Sculptors in the City of Light, 1922-1934.
New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2001.
xiii, 320 pp., 20 color plates and 120 b&w illus., bibliog., index. Organized as a series of individual art-historical biographies with critical discussion of the different aesthetic principles of each artist and the issues of patronage. Includes the sculptors Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Palmer Hayden, Hale Woodruff, Archibald Motley, and Albert Alexander Smith. Briefer mention of numerous other artists. 4to (27 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

LOCKE, ALAIN.
Negro Art: Past and Present.
Washington, DC: Associates in Negro Folk Education (Bronze Booklet No. 3), 1936.
(vi) 122 pp., no illustrations, bibliography for each chapter. Covers the history of images of African Americans and art by African Americans through contemporary artists of the mid-1930s; the final chapter is on African art. Highly important early book on African American art by one of its most eminent cultural spokespersons. Includes: Charles Alston, William E. Artis, Henry Bannarn, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Samual Blount, Richard Lonsdale Brown, Samuel J. Brown, William A. Cooper, Samuel Countee, Allan Rohan Crite, William Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Gamaliel Derrick, Arthur Diggs, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Allan Freelon, Meta Vaux Fuller, Rex Goreleigh, John Hardrick, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Vertis C. Hayes, Hanry Hudson, May Howard Jackson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Henry Bozeman Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Charles Keene, Edmonia Lewis, Lenwood Morris, Archibald Motley, Sara Murrell, Bruce Nugent, Robert Pious, James A. Porter, Georgette Seabrooke (Powell), Nancy E. Prophet, Dan Terry Reid, (Oliver) Richard Reid, Earle Richardson, Winfred Russell, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Albert A. Smith, Henry O. Tanner, John Urquhart, Grayson Walker, Eugene Warburg, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Hale Woodruff. [Also mentions an artist named Otto Farrill for whom there is no independent listing; the Serif and Cederholm listings are derived from Locke.] [Reprinteed by Arno Press 8vo, wraps. First ed.

LOCKE, ALAIN.
The American Negro as Artist.
New York. American Federation of Arts, 1931.
In: The American Magazine of Art Vol. 23, No. 3 (September 1931):210-220. This issue contains the groundbreaking illustrated article by Alain Locke, the leading art critic of the Harlem Renaissance. 12 b&w illustrations of work by Edwin A. Harleston, Lillian Dorsey, Malvin Gray Johnson, Archibald T. Motley, William H. Johnson, Hale Woodruff, James Lesesne Wells, Laura Wheeler Waring, Sargent Johnson, Richmond Barthé. Also includes mention of Edward M. Bannister, Edmonia Lewis, Robert Duncanson, William Farrow, Meta Warrick Fuller, Palmer Hayden, Edwin A. Harleston, May Jackson, William Edouard Scott, Albert A. Smith, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Henry Ossawa Tanner. This issue also includes an article by Walter R. Agard on the paintings of Africa by Clarence Carter and Paul B. Travis. [Locke's essay is reprinted in: The Critical Temper of Alain Locke. A Selection of His Essays on Art and Culture, edited by Jeffrey C. Stuart. [New York: Garland]:171-79.] 8vo, wraps.

LOCKE, ALAIN, ed.
The Negro in Art: A Pictorial Record of The Negro Artist and of The Negro Theme In Art.
Washington, DC: Associates in Negro Folk education, 1940.
224 pp., leaf of plates, illus. (1 in color), selected bibliography. Reprinted by Hacker Books, 1968, 1968, 1971, 1979 (0878170138). 4to (31 cm.), green gilt-lettered cloth. First printing, December 1940.

LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum.
Three Generations of African American Women Sculptors: A Study in Paradox.
September 5-November 16, 1997.
Group exhibition. Co-curated by Tritobia Hayes Benjamin. Seventy-four sculptures from the following artists: Mary Edmonia Lewis, Meta Warrick Fuller, May Howard Jackson, Augusta Savage, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Beulah Woodard, Selma Hortense Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Geraldine McCullough and Barbara Chase-Riboud. [Traveled to: The Equitable Gallery, NY; Telfair Museum of Art, Savannah, December 9, 1997-February 15, 1998; Smithsonian, Washington, DC.]

LOS ANGELES (CA). Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).
The Figure in American Sculpture: A Question of Modernity.
February 26-April 30, 1995.
Exhib. cat., checklist, biogs. of all artists. Texts by Ilene Susan Fort, Mary L. Lenihan, Marlene Park, Susan Rather, Roberta K. Tarbell. Artists include: William Artis, Richmond Barthé, Leslie Bolling, Selma Burke, William Edmondson, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, May Howard Jackson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Samella Lewis, James Porter, Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Henry Ossawa Tanner. [Exhibition traveled to Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, AL, June 22-Sept. 10; Wichita Art Museum, KS, Oct. 22, 1995-Jan. 7, 1996; National Academy of Design, Feb. 15-May 5, 1996.]

MCCABE, JANE A.
Fine Arts and the Black American / Music and the Black American.
Bloomington: Indiana University Libraries, 1969.
33 pp. Useful older bibliographic reference. 4to, stapled wraps, mimeograph.

NEW YORK (NY). Harmon Foundation / International House.
Exhibit of Fine Arts by American Negro Artists.
January 3-15, 1929.
Unpag. (16 pp.) exhib. cat. Group exhibition held at International House where it is said to have been viewed by over 6500 visitors. Gold medal: William H. Johnson; silver medal: Albert A. Smith; bronze medal to Sargent Johnson; special prize for best single exhibit went to Elizabeth Prophet for her two busts "Silence" and "Head of a Negro." Included: Frederick Cornelius Alston, Richmond Barthé, Samuel Ellis Blount, William E. Braxton, Elmer J. Campbell, Frank J. Dillon, Ferdinand W. Ellington, Allan R. Freelon, William Grant, Ruth Gray, John T. Hailstalk, John W. Hardrick, Palmer C. Hayden, Clifton T. Hill, Jessie M. Howard, May Howard Jackson, George H. Benjamin Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Henry Bozeman Jones, Richard W. Lindsey, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Edward T. McDowell, James Porter, Hale Woodruff, et al. [Winners listed in The Crisis, February 1930.] The exhibition traveled next to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, where it was exhibited in the museum foyer, and then to other venues. [Review: Ada Rainey, "Negro Art Exhibition Has Merit," Washington Post, May 19, 1929: Arts Review section, p.9.] 8vo (22 cm.), wraps.

NEW YORK (NY). Harmon Foundation at the Art Center.
Exhibition of productions by Negro artists: presented by the Harmon Foundation at the Art Center.
February 20-March 4, 1933.
55 pp. exhib. cat., 36 illus., checklist of 107 works. Text "The Negro Takes His Place in American Art" by Alain Locke; unsigned essay, "News Happenings in the Field of Negro Art;" "A Forecast" by Howard Giles; list of 1933 award winners and Prize winner in previous exhibitions, 1926-1930, plus notes on 125 "Negro artists whose works have been shown in Harmon Foundation Exhibitions." Exhibited artists include: Palmer Hayden (Winner, Mrs. John D. Rockefeller Prize), James Lesesne Wells (bronze medal for most representative work in black and white.) and Charles J., Charles Henry Anderson, Frederick Cornelius Alston, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso, William Artis, George Edward Bailey, Mike Bannarn, Richmond Barthé, Humphreys Becket, James Bland, Samuel Ellis Blount, David P. Boyd, Cloyd L. Boykin, Edward J. Brandford, William E. Braxton, Daisy Brooks, Mabel Brooks, Samuel Joseph Worthington Brown, Eugene Burkes, William A. Cooper, Samuel A. Countee, Allan Crite, Charles C. Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Arthur Diggs, Frank J. Dillon, Lilian Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, Ferdinand W. Ellington, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Allan R. Freelon, Meta Vaux Fuller, Otis Galbreath, William Goss, William E. Grant, Ruth Gray, Constance Grayson, John Hailstalk, John W. Hardrick, Edwin A. Harleston, John Taylor Harris, Palmer C. Hayden, Anzola D. Laird Hegomin, James V. Herring, Clifton Hill, Jesse Mae Housley, May Howard Jackson, J. Antonio Jarvis, Cornelius W. Johnson, George H. Benjamin Johnson, Gertrude Johnson, Gladys L. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Archie Jones, Henry Bozeman Jones, Vivian Key, Benjamin Kitchin, Richard W. Lindsey, Romeyn Van Vleck Lippmann, Howard H. Mackey, Harold E. Marshall, Effie Mason, Helen Mason, Samuel E. MacAlpine, Edward T. McDowell, Susie McIver, C. G. McKenzie, Elenor McLaren, Archibald J. Motley, Richard B. Nugent, Allison Oglesby, Maude Owens, Suzanne Ogunjami Wilson (as Suzanna Ogunjami), Kenneth R. O'Neal, Elenor E. Paul, John Phillipis, Philip Leo Pierre, Robert S. Pious, Celestine Gustava Johnson Pope, James Porter, Elizabeth Prophet, Oliver Reid, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Charles A. Robinson, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Albert A. Smith, Walter W. Smith, Charles Spears, Jr., Teressa Staats, Jesse Stubbs, Mary Lee Tate, Ulysses S. Tayes, Daniel Tillman, John E. Toodles, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Simeon Sir Henry Williams, Ellis Wilson, Arthur Glenn Winslow, Hale Woodruff, et al. [Review: Rose Henderson, "Negro Artists In the Fifth Harmon Exhibition," The Southern Workman 62 (April 1933):175-181.] 8vo (22 cm.), stapled wraps. Cover illus. by James Porter; back cover illus. by Back cover illus. Head of a Girl by William Ellisworth Artis.

NEW YORK (NY). Harmon Foundation at the Art Center.
Exhibition of the Work of Negro Artists presented by the Harmon Foundation at the Art Center.
February 16-28, 1931.
47 pp. exhib. cat., 34 b&w illus., checklist of 123 works by more than fifty artists. Illustrations include: "Chester" by Sargent Claude Johnson (front cover); . back cover illus. "The Old Servant" by Edwin Augustus Harleston. Texts: "Some Historical Reflections" by A. A. Schomburg and "The African Legacy and the Negro Artist" by Alain Locke; "Art and the Public Library" by Ernestine Rose; "A university Art Service" by James V. Herring. Artists include: James Latimer Allen, Frederick Alston, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, James Bland, Cloyd L. Boykin, Edward J. Brandford, Eugene A. Burkes, William A. Cooper, Allan Rohan Crite, Lilian A. Dorsey, Robert S. Duncanson, William M. Farrow, Allan R. Freelon, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, King Daniel Ganaway, William T. Goss, William E. Grant, John Wesley Hardrick, Edwin A. Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Anzola D. Laird Hegomin, May Howard Jackson, Malvin G. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Henry Bozeman Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Vivian S. Key, Benjamin S. Kitchin, Edward T. McDowell, Richard W. Lindsey, Archibald J. Motley, Richard Nugent, Allison L. Oglesby, Philip Leo Pierre, Robert S. Pious (5 paintings), Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Dan Terry Reid, Donald Redvers Reid, D. Richard Reid, J. H. D. Robinson, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Albert A. Smith, Mary Lee Tate, Daniel Norman Tillman, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Richard Milby Williams, Arthur Glenn Winslow, Hale Woodruff, et al. 8vo (22 cm.), tan wraps. Front cover illus. by Sargent Johnson.

NEW YORK (NY). Harmon Foundation in cooperation with the Delphic Studios.
Negro Artists. An Illustrated Review of Their Achievements.
April 22-May 4, 1935.
59 (1) pp. exhib. cat., 39 b&w illus. and photographs. Contains an important 18 page artist directory with addresses, brief bios and exhibition info. on 113 artists. Illustrations of work by Richmond Barthé, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Charles Alston, Hale Woodruff, Lawrence Edelin, Samuel Joseph Brown, Suzanne Ogunjami Wilson (as Suzanna Ogunjami), Leslie Garland Bowling, Aaron Douglas, Palmer Hayden, Wilmer Jennings; news notes on exhibitions by many others. The last and largest of the blockbuster Harmon Foundation exhibitions of the 1930s. Included roughly 150 artists in all media. The Malvin Gray Johnson Memorial section included the equivalent of a large solo exhibition: 35 oils and 18 watercolors; 21 works by Barthé and Johnson. [Reprint editions issued by Freeport, N.Y., Books for Libraries Press, 1971 and by Ayer Co., Salem, NH, 1991.] 8vo (23 cm.), stapled wraps. Cover illus. by Malvin Gray Johnson.

NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem.
Challenge of the Modern: African American Artists, 1925-1946.
January 23-March 30, 2003.
125 pp., illus. (many in color), bibliog. Texts by Lowery Stokes Sims, Rocio Aranda-Alvarado, Leronn Brooks, Leslie King-Hammond and Helen Shannon. Artists include: James Latimer Allen, Charles Alston, William Artis, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Robert Blackburn, Samuel Joseph Brown, Jr., Selma Burke, Albert I. Cassell, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Stuart Davis, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, William Edmondson, Louis Fry, Palmer Hayden, Clementine Hunter, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Anna Russell Jones, Wifredo Lam, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Howard Mackey, Edna Manley, Robert McNeil, Archibald Motley, Bruce Nugent, Philomé Obin, Hayward Oubré, Horace Pippin, Elizabeth Prophet, Hilyard Robinson, Charles Sebree, Morgan and Marvin Smith, James Vanderzee, Carl Van Vechten (white), James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, Clarence "Cap" Wigington, Hale Woodruff. 4to (11 x 8.5 in.; 30 cm.), wraps. First ed.

NEW YORK (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art.
1935 Sculpture Biennial.
1935.
Group exhibition. Included: Nancy Elizabeth Prophet.

NEW YORK (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art.
1937 Sculpture Biennial.
1937.
Group exhibition. Included: Nancy Elizabeth Prophet.

NEWPORT (RI). Art Association of Newport.
Twenty-First Annual Exhibition.
1932.
Group exhibition. Elizabeth Prophet elected a member of the Art Association of Newport, after winning first prize for her wood sculpture Congolaise, one of several works she exhibited in the show. Her first prize win garnered much attention in the press. Reviews include; "Negress Wins the First Prize at Newport," Art Digest (August 1, 1932):14; "Newport Art Prize Given Woodcarving," NYT (July 9, 1932):8; "Newport Exhibition Marks Twenty-Fifth Year of Group," New York Herald Tribuen (July 10, 1932); photograph of Prophet on cover of Crisis 39, October, 1932;

NEWPORT (RI). Newport Art Museum.
Rhode Island Artists: Rightful Recognition.
Thru June 11, 2000.
Group exhibition. Included: Andrew Bain, Morgan Monceaux, Arnold Prince, and Nancy Elizabeth Prophet.

OPITZ, GLENN B. ed.
Dictionary of American Sculptors: 18th Century to the Present.
Poughkeepsie: Apollo, 1984.
656 pp. Includes: Charles Alston, William Artis, Annabelle Baker, Richmond Barthé, Edward Bereal, John Biggers, Leslie Bolling, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Harold Cousins, Frederick Eversley, Florville Foy, Charlotte White Franklin, James Hampton, Richard Hunt, May Howard Jackson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Lester Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Edmonia Lewis, Juan Logan, Lester Nathan Matthews, Valerie Maynard, Ned [Brown], Daniel G. Olney, Hayward Oubré, Curtis Patterson, Elliott Pinkney, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, John Rhoden, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Jewel Woodard Simon, Robert J. Stull, Bill Taylor (William Badley Taylor], Rod Allen Taylor, Dox Thrash, Eugene Warburg, Meta Vaux Warrick [Fuller], James W. Washington, Jr., and Todd Williams.

OTFINOSKI, STEVEN.
African Americans in the Visual Arts.
New York: Facts on File, 2003.
x, 262 pp., 50 b&w photos of some artists, brief 2-page bibliog., index. Part of the A to Z of African Americans series. Lists over 170 visual artists (including 18 photographers) and 22 filmmakers with brief biographies and token bibliog. for each. An erratic selection, far less complete than the St. James Guide to Black Artists, and inexplicably leaving out over 250 artists of obvious historic importance (for ex.: Edwin A. Harleston, Grafton Tyler Brown, Charles Ethan Porter, Wadsworth Jarrell, John Outterbridge, Noah Purifoy, William Majors, Camille Billops, Whitfield Lovell, Al Loving, Ed Clark, John T. Scott, Maren Hassinger, Lorraine O'Grady, Winnie Owens-Hart, Adrienne Hoard, Oliver Jackson, Frederick Eversley, Glenn Ligon, Sam Middleton, Ed Hamilton, Pat Ward Williams, etc. and omitting a generation of well-established contemporary artists who emerged during the late 70s-90s. [Note: a newly revised edition of 2012 (ten pages longer) has not rendered it a worthy reference work on this topic.] 8vo (25 com), laminated papered boards.

PARIS (France). Galeries nationales du Grand Palais.
Salon de la Société des Artistes français.
1929.
Exhib. cat. Included sculptures by Elizabeth Prophet, Buste marbre, no. 3905, p.201; Buste d'homme, no. 3934, p.207. 8vo, wraps.

PARIS (France). Salon d'Automne.
Societé du Salon d'Automne.
1925.
Group exhibition. Included: Nancy Elizabeth Prophet.

PARIS (France). Salon d'Automne.
Societé du Salon d'Automne.
1924.
Group exhibition. Included: Nancy Elizabeth Prophet (Wood bust).

PARIS (France). Salon d'Automne.
Societé du Salon d'Automne.
1926.
Group exhibition. Included: Nancy Elizabeth Prophet.

PARIS (France). Salon d'Automne.
Societé du Salon d'Automne. Catalogue des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, dessin....
Paris: 1927.
Exhib. cat. Group exhibition. Included: Nancy Elizabeth Prophet (no. 29. Tete de jeune fille), p.291.

PARIS (France). Salon d'Automne.
Societé du Salon d'Automne. Catalogue des ouvrages....
1929.
Exhib. cat. Group exhibition. Included: Nancy Elizabeth Prophet (Bust of a Man.)

PETTEYS, CHRIS.
Dictionary of Women Artists: An International Dictionary of Women Artists born before 1900.
Boston, G.K. Hall & Co., 1985.
xviii, 851 pp., over 20,000 artist entries with brief bibliographic references for each, bibliog. Includes only: Minnie Evans, Meta Vaux Fuller, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Bertina Lee, Edmonia Lewis, Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Alma Thomas, and Laura Wheeler Waring. Large stout 4to, cloth. First ed.

PHAGAN, PATRICIA.
Art in Georgia from 1895 to 1960: Overview.
Published 7/28/2006.
In: The New Georgia Encyclopedia [http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1035]. Includes: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, George Andrews, Cyrus Bowens, Jerome Carter, Ulysses Davis, William O. Golding, Phillip J. Hampton, Wilmer Jennings, Harriet Powers, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Nellie Mae Rowe, Jewel W. Simon, Walter A. Simon, Alma Thomas, Hale Woodruff. 8vo, wraps.

PHILADELPHIA (PA). African American Museum in Philadelphia.
3 Generations of African American Women Sculptors: a study in paradox.
March-September, 1996.
70 pp., checklist of 74 works by 10 artists, all illus. (including 10 large color plates), chronol., bibliog. Curated by Leslie King-Hammond and Tritobia Hayes Benjamin. Includes: May Howard Jackson, Edmonia Lewis, Meta Warrick Fuller, Augusta Savage, Nancy Prophet, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Geraldine McCullough, Beulah Woodard, Barbara Chase-Riboud. A beautiful production. [Traveled to Equitable Gallery, NY, November 21, 1996-January 11, 1997; Center for the Study of African American Life and Culture, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, March-August 1998; and other venues.] Large sq. 4to (31 x 31 cm.), wraps. First ed.

PHILADELPHIA (PA). School District and Museum of the Philadelphia Civic Center.
Afro-American Artists, 1800-1969.
December 5-29, 1969.
40 pp., list of over 100 artists. Important exhibition juried by Al Hollingsworth, Reginald Gammon and Louis Sloan. Intro. by curator Randall J. Craig mentions many artists not in the exhibition. Exhibition includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Ralph Arnold, James Ayers, Frederick Bacon, Joseph C. Bailey, Janette Banks, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Harry W. Bayton, Romare Bearden, Betty Blayton, James Brantley, Arthur Britt, Charles E. Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Reginald Bryant, Barbara Bullock, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Frederick Campbell, Barbara Chase-Riboud, LeRoy Clarke, Louise Clement, Eldzier Cortor, R. J. Craig, Nicholas Davis, William Day, Avel DeKnight, J. Brooks Dendy, James Denmark, Reba Dickerson (a.k.a. Reba Dickerson-Hill), Thomas Dickerson Jr., Robert Duncanson, Walter Edmonds, Cliff Eubanks Jr., Charlotte White Franklin, Allan Freelon, Reginald Gammon, Charles W. Gavin, Ranson Z. Gaymon, Walter S. Gilliam, Marvin Hardin, Bernard Harmon, Palmer Hayden, Barkley Hendricks, Alvin Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Alfonzo Hudson, Leroy Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Lois M. Jones, Cliff Joseph, Paul Keene, Columbus P. Knox, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, James Lewis, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Geraldine McCullough, Charles McGee, Thomas A. McKinney, Lloyd McNeill, Juanita Miller, Robert C. Moore, Jimmie Mosely, Horace Pippin, James Porter, Simon D. Prioleau, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Ed J. Purnell, Percy Ricks, Anita B. Riley, Faith Ringgold, Raymond Saunders, Charles Searles, Michael Shelton, Thomas Sills, John Simpson, Merton Simpson, Louis Sloan, Carl R. Smith, Dolphus Smith, Philippe Smith, Frank Stephens, Mary L. Stuckey, Eldridge Suggs III, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Mary Alice Taylor, Russ Thompson, Dox Thrash, Ellen Powell Tiberino, Lloyd Toone, John Wade, Cranston Oliver Walker, Laura Wheeler Waring, Howard Watson, John Brantley Wilder, Earl A. Wilkie, Ed Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Charles E. Yates, Hartwell Yeargans. 4to (26 cm.), wraps. First ed.

PORTER, JAMES A.
Modern Negro Art.
New York: Dryden Press, 1943.
200 pp. text and indices, bibliog, index of names, plus 76 pp. illus. (4 colorplates.) Foundation reference work from which many others still take their information. Includes: John Henry Adams, Jr., Charles Alston, William E. Artis, Henry A. Avery, Henry (Mike) Bannarn, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Gwendolyn Bennett, Edmund Bereal, Bob Blackburn, Leslie G. Bolling, David Bustill Bowser, William Ernest Braxton, Elmer Brown, Hilda Brown (also listed as Hilda Wilkerson), Richard L. Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Selma Burke, John P. Burr, E. Simms Campbell, John Carlis, Jr., Fred Carlo, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, John G. Chaplin, Samuel O. Collins, William Arthur Cooper, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Robert Crump, Charles Davis, Thomas Day, Charles C. Davis, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Elba Lightfoot DeReyes, Joseph C. DeVillis, Frank J. Dillon, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, William M. Farrow, Slave of Thomas Fleet, Frederick C. Flemister, B.E. Fountaine (as Fontaine), Allan Freelon, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, John W. Gore, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Henry Gudgell, John Hailstalk, Clark Hampton, John W. Hardrick, John T. Hailstalk, Edwin A. Harleston, William A. Harper, Oliver Harrington (as Henry), Marcellus Hawkins, Palmer Hayden, Vertis Hayes, James V. Herring, G. W. Hobbs (now known to have been a white artist), Charles F. Holland, Fred Hollingsworth, Julien Hudson, George Hulsinger, Thomas W. Hunster, Sterling V. Hykes, Zell Ingram, John Spencer Jackson, May Howard Jackson, Wilmer Jennings, Everett Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Allen Jones, Henry B. Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Joseph Kersey, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Bertina Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Robert H. Lewis, Gerrit Loguen, Edward Loper, Scipio Moorhead, Lenwood Morris, Lottie E. Moss, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., George E. Neal, Robert L. Neal, Alexandre Pickhil, Horace Pippin, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Pauline Powell, Nelson A. Primus, Elizabeth Prophet, Patrick Reason, Earle W. Richardson, William Ross, Winfred Russell, Charles L. Sallee, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, William Simpson, Albert A. Smith, William E. Smith, Ella Spencer, Teresa Staats, Edward Stidum, Curtis E. Tann, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, W.O. Thompson, Neptune Thurston, Thurmond Townsend, Vidal, Earl Walker, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Aedina White, Charles White, James Williams, A.B. Wilson, Hale Woodruff. [Reprinted in 1969 with a new preface by Porter; and in 1992 in an important scholarly edition by Howard University Press with new introduction by David Driskell, a James A. Porter chronology by Constance Porter Uzelac, and including the prefaces to all prior editions.] 8vo, wraps. Reprint ed.

PORTER, JAMES A.
The Negro Artist and Racial Bias.
1937.
In: Art Front 3 (June-July, 1937):8-9. The controversial article in which Porter branded Alain Locke a segregationist. [See Locke's reply in Art Front 3 (October, 1937):19-20. Mentions: Charles Alston, Henry Bannarn, David Bowser, Grafton Brown, John G. Chaplin, William H. Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Robert Douglass, Robert Duncanson, Meta Fuller, William Harper, May Jackson, Sargent Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Edmonia Lewis, Nelson Primus, Elizabeth Prophet, Patrick Reason, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, William Simpson, Smith [Albert A.?], Henry Ossawa Tanner, Hale Woodruff.

PROVIDENCE (RI). E. M. Bannister Gallery, Rhode Island College.
Four from Providence: Black Artists in the Rhode Island Social Landscape.
1978.
Exhib. cat. Text by Leslie King Hammond. Includes: E. M. Bannister, Elizabeth Prophet, Charles Alston, Wilmer Jennings.

REYNOLDS, GARY A. and BERYL J. WRIGHT.
Against the Odds: African American Artists and the Harmon Foundation.
Newark: The Newark Museum, 1989.
298 pp., 129 illus., 28 in color, plus photos of all artists, exhib. Checklist of 130 works, Harmon Foundation exhib. records and awards, bibliog., index. A major reference catalogue with eight important scholarly texts by David Driskell, Gary A. Reynolds, Richard J. Powell, Deborah Willis, and Beryl J. Wright. Artists include: James Latimer Allen, William Ellisworth Artis, Richmond Barthé, Leslie Garland Bolling, Samuel Joseph Brown, Jr., Allan Rohan Crite, Charles Clarence Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Frank Joseph Dillon, William McKnight Farrow, Allan Randall Freelon, King Daniel Ganaway; Edwin Augustus Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Wilmer Angier Jennings, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Claude Johnson, William Henry Johnson, Henry Bozeman Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Archibald John Motley Jr., Edgar Eugene Phipps, Robert Savon Pious, James Amos Porter, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Albert Alexander Smith, James Lesesne Wells, Ellis Wilson, Hale Aspacio Woodruff. 4to (29 x 23 cm.), cloth, dust jacket. First ed.

RIGGS, THOMAS, ed.
St. James Guide to Black Artists.
Detroit: St. James Press, 1997.
xxiv, 625 pp., illus. A highly selective reference work listing only approximately 400 artists of African descent worldwide (including around 300 African American artists, approximately 20% women artists.) Illus. of work or photos of many artists, brief descriptive texts by well-known scholars, with selected list of exhibitions for each, plus many artists' statements. A noticeable absence of many artists under 45, most photographers, and many women artists. Far fewer artists listed here than in Igoe, Cederholm, or other sources. Stout 4to (29 cm.), laminated yellow papered boards. First ed.

ROTILY, JOCELYNE.
Artistes américains à Paris, 1914-1939: des artistes en quête d'identité dans le contexte franco-américain d'une époque entre guerres et paix.
Paris: L'Harmattan, 1998.
463 pp., substantial bibliog. Scholarly study with new research. In French. Includes: Palmer Hayden, Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Albert A. Smith, et al. 8vo (22 cm.), cloth.

SMITH, JESSIE CARNEY, ed.
Notable Black American Women Books I and II.
Detroit: Gale Research, 1992; 1995.
Book I: 1333 pp.; Book II: 775 pp., illus., indices. Artists who receive individual biographies in Book I: Phoebe Beasley, Camille Billops, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Charlotte White Franklin, Meta Warrick Fuller, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Lois Mailou Jones, Elizabeth Keckly, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Effie Lee Newsome, Elizabeth Prophet, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Alma Thomas, Laura Wheeler Waring. Many other artists mentioned in passing. Book II includes: Minnie Evans, Louise E. Jefferson, and Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe. Stout 4to (11.4 x 8.7 in.), cloth.

SPRADLING, MARY MACE.
In Black and White: Afro-Americans in Print.
Kalamazoo: Kalamazoo Public Library, 1980.
2 vols. 1089 pp. Includes: John H. Adams, Ron Adams, Alonzo Aden, Muhammad Ali, Baba Alabi Alinya, Charles Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Benny Andrews, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Jacqueline Ayer, Calvin Bailey, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Dutreuil Barjon, Ernie Barnes, Carolyn Plaskett Barrow, Richmond Barthé, Beatrice Bassette, Ad Bates, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Roberta Bell, Cleveland Bellow, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, DeVoice Berry, Cynthia Bethune, Charles Bible, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Irving Blaney, Bessie Blount, Gloria Bohanon, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Charles Bonner, Michael Borders, John Borican, Earl Bostic, Augustus Bowen, David Bowser, David Bradford, Edward Brandford, Brumsic Brandon, William Braxton, Arthur Britt Sr., Benjamin Britt, Sylvester Britton, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Kay Brown, Margery Brown, Richard L. Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Henry Brownlee, Linda Bryant, Starmanda Bullock, Juana Burke, Selma Burke, Eugene Burkes, Viola Burley, Calvin Burnett, John Burr, Margaret Burroughs, Nathaniel Bustion, Sheryle Butler, Elmer Simms Campbell, Thomas Cannon, Nick Canyon, Edward Carr, Art Carraway, Ted Carroll, Joseph S. Carter, William Carter, Catti, George Washington Carver, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Dana Chandler, Kitty Chavis, George Clack, Claude Clark, Ed Clark, J. Henrik Clarke, Leroy Clarke, Ladybird Cleveland, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Margaret Collins, Paul Collins, Sam Collins, Dan Concholar, Arthur Coppedge, Wallace X. Conway, Leonard Cooper, William A. Cooper, Art Coppedge, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, William Craft, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Jerrolyn Crooks, Harvey Cropper, Doris Crudup, Robert Crump, Dewey Crumpler, Frank E. Cummings, William Curtis, Mary Reed Daniel, Alonzo Davis, Charles Davis, Willis "Bing" Davis, Dale Davis, Charles C. Dawson, Juette Day, Thomas Day, Roy DeCarava, Paul DeCroom, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Murry DePillars, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Leo Dillon, Raymond Dobard, Vernon Dobard, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Robert Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, David Driskell, Yolande Du Bois, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Dunn, Adolphus Ealey, Eugene Eda, Melvin Edwards, Gaye Elliington, Annette Ensley, Marion Epting, Minnie Evans, Frederick Eversley, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Allen Fannin, John Farrar, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Muriel Feelings, Tom Feelings, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Thomas Floyd, Doyle Foreman, Mozelle Forte (costume and fabric designer), Amos Fortune, Mrs. C.R. Foster, Inez Fourcard (as Fourchard), John Francis, Miriam Francis, Allan Freelon, Meta Warrick Fuller, Stephany Fuller, Gale Fulton-Ross, Ibibio Fundi, Alice Gafford, Otis Galbreath, West Gale, Reginald Gammon, Jim Gary, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Jimmy Gibbez, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Manuel Gomez, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Samuel Green, William Green, Donald Greene, Joseph Grey, Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Henry Gudgell, Charles Haines, Clifford Hall, Horathel Hall, Wesley Hall, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Lorraine Hansberry, Marvin Harden, Arthur Hardie, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Gilbert Harris, John Harris, Maren Hassinger, Isaac Hathaway, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Wilbur Haynie, Dion Henderson, Ernest Herbert, Leon Hicks, Hector Hill, Tony Hill, Geoffrey Holder, Al Hollingsworth, Varnette Honeywood, Earl Hooks, Humbert Howard, James Howard, Raymond Howell, Julien Hudson, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Thomas Hunster, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Norman Hunter, Orville Hurt, Bill Hutson, Nell Ingram, Tanya Izanhour, Ambrose Jackson, Earl Jackson, May Jackson, Nigel Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Louise Jefferson, Ted Joans, Daniel Johnson, Lester L. Johnson, Jr., Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Barbara Jones, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Frederick D. Jones Jr., James Arlington Jones, Lawrence Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Eddie Jack Jordan, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Paul Keene, Elyse J. Kennart, Joseph Kersey, Gwendolyn Knight, Lawrence Compton Kolawole, Oliver LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Lewis H. Latimer, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Bertina Lee, Joanna Lee, Peter Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Leon Leonard, Curtis Lewis, Edmonia Lewis, James Edward Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Charles Lilly, Henri Linton, Jules Lion, Romeyn Lippman, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Juan Logan, Willie Longshore, Ed Loper, Ed Love, Al Loving, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, James McMillan, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, David Mann, William Marshall, Helen Mason, Philip Mason, Winifred Mason, Calvin Massey, Lester (Nathan) Mathews, William Maxwell, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Yvonne Meo, Sam Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Eva Miller, Lev Mills, P'lla Mills, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Arthur Monroe, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Ken Morris, Calvin Morrison, Jimmie Mosely, Leo Moss, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Frank Neal, George Neal, Otto Neals, Shirley Nero, Effie Newsome, Nommo, George Norman, Georg Olden, Ademola Olugebefola, Conora O'Neal (fashion designer), Cora O'Neal, Lula O'Neal, Pearl O'Neal, Ron O'Neal, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Carl Owens, Lorenzo Pace, Alvin Paige, Robert Paige, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, Norman Parish, Jules Parker, James Parks, Edgar Patience, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Jacqueline Peters, Douglas Phillips, Harper Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Julie Ponceau, James Porter, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Nancy Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Otis Rathel, Patrick Reason, William Reid, John Rhoden, Barbara Chase-Riboud, William Richmond, Percy Ricks, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, George Rogers, Arthur Rose, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russell, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, Marion Sampler, John Sanders, Walter Sanford, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Thomas Sills, Carroll Simms, Jewel Simon, Walter Simon, Merton Simpson, William H. Simpson, Louis Slaughter, Gwen Small, Albert A. Smith, Alvin Smith, Hughie Lee-Smith, John Henry Smith, Jacob Lawrence, John Steptoe, Nelson Stevens, Edward Stidum, Elmer C. Stoner, Lou Stovall, Henry O. Tanner, Ralph Tate, Betty Blayton Taylor, Della Taylor, Bernita Temple, Herbert Temple, Alma Thomas, Elaine Thomas, Larry Thomas, Carolyn Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Mozelle Thompson, Robert (Bob) Thompson, Dox Thrash, Neptune Thurston, John Torres, Nat Turner, Leo Twiggs, Bernard Upshur, Royce Vaughn, Ruth Waddy, Anthony Walker, Earl Walker, Larry Walker, William Walker, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Carole Ward, Laura Waring, Mary P. Washington, James Watkins, Lawrence Watson, Edward Webster, Allen A. Weeks, Robert Weil, James Wells, Pheoris West, Sarah West, John Weston, Delores Wharton, Amos White, Charles White, Garrett Whyte, Alfredus Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas R. Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Morris Williams, Peter Williams, Rosetta Williams (as Rosita), Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley Wilson, Vincent Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Bernard Wright, Charles Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. [Note the 3rd edition consists of two volumes published by Gale Research in 1980, with a third supplemental volume issued in 1985.] Large stout 4tos, red cloth. 3rd revised expanded edition.

ST LOUIS (MO). St. Louis Public Library.
An index to Black American artists.
St. Louis: St. Louis Public Library, 1972.
50 pp. Also includes art historians such as Henri Ghent. In this database, only artists are cross-referenced. 4to (28 cm.)

THOMISON, DENNIS.
The Black Artist in America: An Index to Reproductions.
Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1991.
Includes: index to Black artists, bibliography (including doctoral dissertations and audiovisual materials.) Many of the dozens of spelling errors and incomplete names have been corrected in this entry and names of known white artists omitted from our entry, but errors may still exist in this entry, so beware: Jesse Aaron, Charles Abramson, Maria Adair, Lauren Adam, Ovid P. Adams, Ron Adams, Terry Adkins, (Jonathan) Ta Coumba T. Aiken, Jacques Akins, Lawrence E. Alexander, Tina Allen, Pauline Alley-Barnes, Charles Alston, Frank Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Emma Amos (Levine), Allie Anderson, Benny Andrews, Edmund Minor Archer, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso [as Y. Pedroso Argudin], Anna Arnold, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Kwasi Seitu Asante [as Kwai Seitu Asantey], Steve Ashby, Rose Auld, Ellsworth Ausby, Henry Avery, Charles Axt, Roland Ayers, Annabelle Bacot, Calvin Bailey, Herman Kofi Bailey, Malcolm Bailey, Annabelle Baker, E. Loretta Ballard, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Bill Banks, Ellen Banks, John W. Banks, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Curtis R. Barnes, Ernie Barnes, James MacDonald Barnsley, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Daniel Carter Beard, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Falcon Beazer, Arthello Beck, Sherman Beck, Cleveland Bellow, Gwendolyn Bennett, Herbert Bennett, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, Devoice Berry, Ben Bey, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Eloise Bishop, Robert Blackburn, Tarleton Blackwell, Lamont K. Bland, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Hawkins Bolden, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Higgins Bond, Erma Booker, Michael Borders, Ronald Boutte, Siras Bowens, Lynn Bowers, Frank Bowling, David Bustill Bowser, David Patterson Boyd, David Bradford, Harold Bradford, Peter Bradley, Fred Bragg, Winston Branch, Brumsic Brandon, James Brantley, William Braxton, Bruce Brice, Arthur Britt, James Britton, Sylvester Britton, Moe Brooker, Bernard Brooks, Mable Brooks, Oraston Brooks-el, David Scott Brown, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Frederick Brown, Grafton Brown, James Andrew Brown, Joshua Brown, Kay Brown, Marvin Brown, Richard Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian Browne, Henry Brownlee, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Arlene Burke-Morgan, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Cecil Burton, Charles Burwell, Nathaniel Bustion, David Butler, Carole Byard, Albert Byrd, Walter Cade, Joyce Cadoo, Bernard Cameron, Simms Campbell, Frederick Campbell, Thomas Cannon (as Canon), Nicholas Canyon, John Carlis, Arthur Carraway, Albert Carter, Allen Carter, George Carter, Grant Carter, Ivy Carter, Keithen Carter, Robert Carter, William Carter, Yvonne Carter, George Washington Carver, Bernard Casey, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Frances Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Catti, Charlotte Chambless, Dana Chandler, John Chandler, Robin Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Kitty Chavis, Edward Christmas, Petra Cintron, George Clack, Claude Clark Sr., Claude Lockhart Clark, Edward Clark, Irene Clark, LeRoy Clarke, Pauline Clay, Denise Cobb, Gylbert Coker, Marion Elizabeth Cole, Archie Coleman, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Robert Colescott, Carolyn Collins, Paul Collins, Richard Collins, Samuel Collins, Don Concholar, Wallace Conway, Houston Conwill, William A. Cooper, Arthur Coppedge, Jean Cornwell, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Norma Criss, Allan Rohan Crite, Harvey Cropper, Geraldine Crossland, Rushie Croxton, Doris Crudup, Dewey Crumpler, Emilio Cruz, Charles Cullen (White artist), Vince Cullers, Michael Cummings, Urania Cummings, DeVon Cunningham, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, Artis Dameron, Mary Reed Daniel, Aaron Darling, Alonzo Davis, Bing Davis, Charles Davis, Dale Davis, Rachel Davis, Theresa Davis, Ulysses Davis, Walter Lewis Davis, Charles C. Davis, William Dawson, Juette Day, Roy DeCarava, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Nadine Delawrence, Louis Delsarte, Richard Dempsey, J. Brooks Dendy, III (as Brooks Dendy), James Denmark, Murry DePillars, Joseph DeVillis, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Voris Dickerson, Charles Dickson, Frank Dillon, Leo Dillon, Robert Dilworth, James Donaldson, Jeff Donaldson, Lillian Dorsey, William Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Calvin Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, John Dowell, Sam Doyle, David Driskell, Ulric S. Dunbar, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Morris Dunn, Edward Dwight, Adolphus Ealey, Lawrence Edelin, William Edmondson, Anthony Edwards, Melvin Edwards, Eugene Eda [as Edy], John Elder, Maurice Ellison, Walter Ellison, Mae Engron, Annette Easley, Marion Epting, Melvyn Ettrick (as Melvin), Clifford Eubanks, Minnie Evans, Darrell Evers, Frederick Eversley, Cyril Fabio, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Josephus Farmer, John Farrar, William Farrow, Malaika Favorite, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Claude Ferguson, Violet Fields, Lawrence Fisher, Thomas Flanagan, Walter Flax, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Batunde Folayemi, George Ford, Doyle Foreman, Leroy Foster, Walker Foster, John Francis, Richard Franklin, Ernest Frazier, Allan Freelon, Gloria Freeman, Pam Friday, John Fudge, Meta Fuller, Ibibio Fundi, Ramon Gabriel, Alice Gafford, West Gale, George Gamble, Reginald Gammon, Christine Gant, Jim Gary, Adolphus Garrett, Leroy Gaskin, Lamerol A. Gatewood, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Ezekiel Gibbs, William Giles, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, William Golding, Paul Goodnight, Erma Gordon, L. T. Gordon, Robert Gordon, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Joe Grant, Oscar Graves, Todd Gray, Annabelle Green, James Green, Jonathan Green, Robert Green, Donald Greene, Michael Greene, Joseph Grey, Charles Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Raymond Grist, Michael Gude, Ethel Guest, John Hailstalk, Charles Haines, Horathel Hall, Karl Hall, Wesley Hall, Edward Hamilton, Eva Hamlin-Miller, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William Harper, Hugh Harrell, Oliver Harrington, Gilbert Harris, Hollon Harris, John Harris, Scotland J. B. Harris, Warren Harris, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins (as Thelma), William Hawkins, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, William Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Anthony Haynes, Wilbur Haynie, Benjamin Hazard, June Hector, Dion Henderson, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, William Henderson, Barkley Hendricks, Gregory A. Henry, Robert Henry, Ernest Herbert, James Herring, Mark Hewitt, Leon Hicks, Renalda Higgins, Hector Hill, Felrath Hines, Alfred Hinton, Tim Hinton, Adrienne Hoard, Irwin Hoffman, Raymond Holbert, Geoffrey Holder, Robin Holder, Lonnie Holley, Alvin Hollingsworth, Eddie Holmes, Varnette Honeywood, Earl J. Hooks, Ray Horner, Paul Houzell, Helena Howard, Humbert Howard, John Howard, Mildred Howard, Raymond Howell, William Howell, Calvin Hubbard, Henry Hudson, Julien Hudson, James Huff, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Raymond Hunt, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Elliott Hunter, Arnold Hurley, Bill Hutson, Zell Ingram, Sue Irons, A. B. Jackson, Gerald Jackson, Harlan Jackson, Hiram Jackson, May Jackson, Oliver Jackson, Robert Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Bob James, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jasmin Joseph [as Joseph Jasmin], Archie Jefferson, Rosalind Jeffries, Noah Jemison, Barbara Fudge Jenkins, Florian Jenkins, Chester Jennings, Venola Jennings, Wilmer Jennings, Georgia Jessup, Johana, Daniel Johnson, Edith Johnson, Harvey Johnson, Herbert Johnson, Jeanne Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Milton Derr (as Milton Johnson), Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Dorcas Jones, Frank A. Jones, Frederick D. Jones, Jr. (as Frederic Jones), Henry B. Jones, Johnny Jones, Lawrence Arthur Jones, Leon Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Nathan Jones, Tonnie Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Edward Judie, Michael Kabu, Arthur Kaufman, Charles Keck, Paul Keene, John Kendrick, Harriet Kennedy, Leon Kennedy, Joseph Kersey; Virginia Kiah, Henri King, James King, Gwendolyn Knight, Robert Knight, Lawrence Kolawole, Brenda Lacy, (Laura) Jean Lacy, Roy LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, James Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Louis LeBlanc, James Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Lizetta LeFalle-Collins, Leon Leonard, Bruce LeVert, Edmonia Lewis, Edwin E. Lewis, Flora Lewis, James E. Lewis, Norman Lewis, Roy Lewis, Samella Lewis, Elba Lightfoot, Charles Lilly [as Lily], Arturo Lindsay, Henry Linton, Jules Lion, James Little, Marcia Lloyd, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Donald Locke, Lionel Lofton, Juan Logan, Bert Long, Willie Longshore, Edward Loper, Francisco Lord, Jesse Lott, Edward Love, Nina Lovelace, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin Loving, Ramon Loy, William Luckett, John Lutz, Don McAllister, Theadius McCall, Dindga McCannon, Edward McCluney, Jesse McCowan, Sam McCrary, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, Karl McIntosh, Joseph Mack, Edward McKay, Thomas McKinney, Alexander McMath, Robert McMillon, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, Clarence Major, William Majors, David Mann, Ulysses Marshall, Phillip Lindsay Mason, Lester Mathews, Sharon Matthews, William (Bill) Maxwell, Gordon Mayes, Marietta Mayes, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Victoria Meek, Leon Meeks, Yvonne Meo, Helga Meyer, Gaston Micheaux, Charles Mickens, Samuel Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Algernon Miller, Don Miller, Earl Miller, Eva Hamlin Miller, Guy Miller, Julia Miller, Charles Milles, Armsted Mills, Edward Mills, Lev Mills, Priscilla Mills (P'lla), Carol Mitchell, Corinne Mitchell, Tyrone Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Elizabeth Montgomery, Ronald Moody, Ted Moody, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Sabra Moore, Theophilus Moore, William Moore, Leedell Moorehead, Scipio Moorhead, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Patricia Morris, Keith Morrison, Lee Jack Morton, Jimmie Mosely, David Mosley, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Betty Murchison, J. B. Murry, Teixera Nash, Inez Nathaniel, Frank Neal, George Neal, Jerome Neal, Robert Neal, Otto Neals, Robert Newsome, James Newton, Rochelle Nicholas, John Nichols, Isaac Nommo, Oliver Nowlin, Trudell Obey, Constance Okwumabua, Osira Olatunde, Kermit Oliver, Yaounde Olu, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary O'Neal, Haywood Oubré, Simon Outlaw, John Outterbridge, Joseph Overstreet, Carl Owens, Winnie Owens-Hart, Lorenzo Pace, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, James Pappas, Christopher Parks, James Parks, Louise Parks, Vera Parks, Oliver Parson, James Pate, Edgar Patience, John Payne, Leslie Payne, Sandra Peck, Alberto Pena, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Bertrand Phillips, Charles James Phillips, Harper Phillips, Ted Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Elijah Pierce, Harold Pierce, Anderson Pigatt, Stanley Pinckney, Howardena Pindell, Elliott Pinkney, Jerry Pinkney, Robert Pious, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Betty Pitts, Stephanie Pogue, Naomi Polk, Charles Porter, James Porter, Georgette Powell, Judson Powell, Richard Powell, Daniel Pressley, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Arnold Prince, E. (Evelyn?) Proctor, Nancy Prophet, Ronnie Prosser, William Pryor, Noah Purifoy, Florence Purviance, Martin Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Helen Ramsaran, Joseph Randolph; Thomas Range, Frank Rawlings, Jennifer Ray, Maxine Raysor, Patrick Reason, Roscoe Reddix, Junius Redwood, James Reed, Jerry Reed, Donald Reid, O. Richard Reid, Robert Reid, Leon Renfro, John Rhoden, Ben Richardson, Earle Richardson, Enid Richardson, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Haywood Rivers, Arthur Roach, Malkia Roberts, Royal Robertson, Aminah Robinson, Charles Robinson, John N. Robinson, Peter L. Robinson, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, Herbert Rogers, Juanita Rogers, Sultan Rogers, Bernard Rollins, Henry Rollins, Arthur Rose, Charles Ross, James Ross, Nellie Mae Rowe, Sandra Rowe, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russsell, Mahler Ryder, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, JoeSam., Marion Sampler, Bert Samples, Juan Sanchez, Eve Sandler, Walter Sanford, Floyd Sapp, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Ann Sawyer, Sydney Schenck, Vivian Schuyler Key, John Scott (Johnny) , John Tarrell Scott, Joyce Scott, William Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Bernard Sepyo, Bennie Settles, Franklin Shands, Frank Sharpe, Christopher Shelton, Milton Sherrill, Thomas Sills, Gloria Simmons, Carroll Simms, Jewell Simon, Walter Simon, Coreen Simpson, Ken Simpson, Merton Simpson, William Simpson, Michael Singletary (as Singletry), Nathaniel Sirles, Margaret Slade (Kelley), Van Slater, Louis Sloan, Albert A. Smith, Alfred J. Smith, Alvin Smith, Arenzo Smith, Damballah Dolphus Smith, Floyd Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Howard Smith, John Henry Smith, Marvin Smith, Mary T. Smith, Sue Jane Smith, Vincent Smith, William Smith, Zenobia Smith, Rufus Snoddy, Sylvia Snowden, Carroll Sockwell, Ben Solowey, Edgar Sorrells, Georgia Speller, Henry Speller, Shirley Stark, David Stephens, Lewis Stephens, Walter Stephens, Erik Stephenson, Nelson Stevens, Mary Stewart, Renée Stout, Edith Strange, Thelma Streat, Richard Stroud, Dennis Stroy, Charles Suggs, Sharon Sulton, Johnnie Swearingen, Earle Sweeting, Roderick Sykes, Clarence Talley, Ann Tanksley, Henry O. Tanner, James Tanner, Ralph Tate, Carlton Taylor, Cecil Taylor, Janet Taylor Pickett, Lawrence Taylor, William (Bill) Taylor, Herbert Temple, Emerson Terry, Evelyn Terry, Freida Tesfagiorgis, Alma Thomas, Charles Thomas, James "Son Ford" Thomas, Larry Erskine Thomas, Matthew Thomas, Roy Thomas, William Thomas (a.k.a. Juba Solo), Conrad Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Bob Thompson, Russ Thompson, Dox Thrash, Mose Tolliver, William Tolliver, Lloyd Toone, John Torres, Elaine Towns, Bill Traylor, Charles Tucker, Clive Tucker, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Charlene Tull, Donald Turner, Leo Twiggs, Alfred Tyler, Anna Tyler, Barbara Tyson Mosley, Bernard Upshur, Jon Urquhart, Florestee Vance, Ernest Varner, Royce Vaughn, George Victory, Harry Vital, Ruth Waddy, Annie Walker, Charles Walker, Clinton Walker, Earl Walker, Lawrence Walker, Raymond Walker [a.k.a. Bo Walker], William Walker, Bobby Walls, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Denise Ward-Brown, Evelyn Ware, Laura Waring, Masood Ali Warren, Horace Washington, James Washington, Mary Washington, Timothy Washington, Richard Waters, James Watkins, Curtis Watson, Howard Watson, Willard Watson, Richard Waytt, Claude Weaver, Stephanie Weaver, Clifton Webb, Derek Webster, Edward Webster, Albert Wells, James Wells, Roland Welton, Barbara Wesson, Pheoris West, Lamonte Westmoreland, Charles White, Cynthia White, Franklin White, George White, J. Philip White, Jack White (sculptor), Jack White (painter), John Whitmore, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Benjamin Wigfall, Bertie Wiggs, Deborah Wilkins, Timothy Wilkins, Billy Dee Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas Williams, Frank Williams, George Williams, Gerald Williams, Jerome Williams, Jose Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Michael K. Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Randy Williams, Roy Lee Williams, Todd Williams, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Yvonne Williams, Philemona Williamson, Stan Williamson, Luster Willis, A. B. Wilson, Edward Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, George Wilson, Henry Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley C. Wilson, Linda Windle, Eugene Winslow, Vernon Winslow, Cedric Winters, Viola Wood, Hale Woodruff, Roosevelt Woods, Shirley Woodson, Beulah Woodard, Bernard Wright, Dmitri Wright, Estella Viola Wright, George Wright, Richard Wyatt, Frank Wyley, Richard Yarde, James Yeargans, Joseph Yoakum, Bernard Young, Charles Young, Clarence Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young.

WARDLAW, ALVIA J., ROBERT V. MOZELLE, and MAUREEN A. MCKENNA, eds..
Black Art, Ancestral Legacy: The African Impulse in African-American Art.
Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art and New York, Abrams, 1989.
305 pp., 320 illus. (170 in fine color), biogs. and exhibs. for individual artists, general bibliog., index. Texts: Edmund B. Gaither, R. A. Perry, Alvia J. Wardlaw, William Ferris, Ute Stebich, Robert F. Thompson. A topical exhibition of great interest, not a survey of Afro-American art. More than 150 works by 49 African American and Afro-Caribbean artists (including 7 women artists): Xenobia Bailey, Minnie Evans Bessie Harvey, Lois Mailou Jones, Jean Lacy, Nancy Prophet, Renée Stout, along with Richmond Barthé, John Biggers, William Edmondson, Aaron Douglas, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Hale Woodruff, Rigaud Bénoit, Gabriel Bien-Aimé, Everald Brown, Edgar Brierre, Murat Brierre, Houston Conwill, Amos Ferguson, Mr. Imagination, Ben Jones, William (Woody) Joseph, Kofi Kayiga, John Landry, Georges Liautaud, Ed Love, Vusumuzi Maduna, David Miller, Jr., David Miller, Sr., Ademola Olugebefola, James Phillips, David Philpot, Anderson Pigatt, Daniel Pressley, Earle Richardson, Sultan Rogers, Bert Samples, Osmond and Willard Watson, Derek Webster, Rip Woods. [Review: Robert L. Douglas, "Formalizing an African-American Aesthetic," New Art Examiner (June/Summer 1991):18-24, illus.] 4to (12 x 9 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.

WINTZ, CARY D. and PAUL FINKELMAN, eds.
Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance.
Routledge, 2004.
An obvious inadequate allowance of space for the visual arts in the general subject entries. Only those artists allotted a biography entry receive any serious attention at all. Includes: Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, William E. Braxton, Samuel Countee, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, William McKnight Farrow, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Edwin A. Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Frank Sheinall, Albert A. Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, James Vanderzee, Hale Woodruff.